chiark / gitweb /
shutdown: Adding binary to shutdown the system
authorFabiano Fidencio <fidencio@profusion.mobi>
Thu, 7 Oct 2010 11:24:41 +0000 (04:24 -0700)
committerLennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net>
Thu, 7 Oct 2010 17:23:46 +0000 (19:23 +0200)
This functions are working as follows:
   - Send a SIGTERM to all processes that may be finished
   - Send a SIGKILL to all processes that still live and may be finished
   - Try to unmount all mount points
   - Try to remount read-only all mount points that can't be umounted
   - Umount all swap devices
   - Umount and detach all loopback devices
   - Call [poweroff|halt|reboot|kexec]

TODO:
   - Umount device-mapper.
   - Make log work. So far it is being useless as we do not parse
     /etc/systemd/system.conf, kernel command line but just
     environment, however we're executed by init and thus have no
     useful variables. Forcing it to target=kmsg/console and
     level=debug also does not produce any output, however writing to
     /dev/console does work (hack used during debug).

Makefile.am
src/shutdown.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index 4b248c0..a79e94e 100644 (file)
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ tmpfilesdir=$(sysconfdir)/tmpfiles.d
 # And these are the special ones for /
 rootdir=@rootdir@
 rootbindir=$(rootdir)/bin
+rootsbindir=$(rootdir)/sbin
 rootlibexecdir=$(rootdir)/lib/systemd
 systemunitdir=$(rootdir)/lib/systemd/system
 
@@ -50,9 +51,11 @@ AM_CPPFLAGS = \
        -DSESSION_DATA_UNIT_PATH=\"$(sessionunitdir)\" \
        -DCGROUP_AGENT_PATH=\"$(rootlibexecdir)/systemd-cgroups-agent\" \
        -DSYSTEMD_BINARY_PATH=\"$(rootbindir)/systemd\" \
+       -DSYSTEMD_SHUTDOWN_BINARY_PATH=\"$(rootlibexecdir)/systemd-shutdown\" \
        -DSYSTEMCTL_BINARY_PATH=\"$(rootbindir)/systemctl\" \
        -DRUNTIME_DIR=\"$(localstatedir)/run\" \
        -DRANDOM_SEED=\"$(localstatedir)/lib/random-seed\" \
+       -DKEXEC_BINARY_PATH=\"$(rootsbindir)/kexec\" \
        -I $(top_srcdir)/src
 
 if TARGET_GENTOO
@@ -96,6 +99,7 @@ rootlibexec_PROGRAMS = \
        systemd-update-utmp \
        systemd-random-seed \
        systemd-shutdownd \
+       systemd-shutdown \
        systemd-modules-load \
        systemd-remount-api-vfs \
        systemd-kmsg-syslogd \
@@ -639,6 +643,19 @@ systemd_shutdownd_CFLAGS = \
 systemd_shutdownd_LDADD = \
        libsystemd-basic.la
 
+systemd_shutdown_SOURCES = \
+       src/mount-setup.c \
+       src/umount.c \
+       src/shutdown.c
+
+systemd_shutdown_CFLAGS = \
+       $(AM_CFLAGS) \
+       $(UDEV_CFLAGS)
+
+systemd_shutdown_LDADD = \
+       libsystemd-basic.la \
+       $(UDEV_LIBS)
+
 systemd_modules_load_SOURCES = \
        src/modules-load.c
 
diff --git a/src/shutdown.c b/src/shutdown.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..023648c
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,345 @@
+/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
+
+/***
+  This file is part of systemd.
+
+  Copyright 2010 ProFUSION embedded systems
+
+  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+  (at your option) any later version.
+
+  systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+  General Public License for more details.
+
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+  along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+***/
+
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <dirent.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include "log.h"
+#include "umount.h"
+#include "util.h"
+
+#define TIMEOUT_USEC    (5 * USEC_PER_SEC)
+#define FINALIZE_ATTEMPTS 50
+#define FINALIZE_CRITICAL_ATTEMPTS 10
+
+_noreturn_ static void freeze(void) {
+        for (;;)
+                pause();
+}
+
+static bool ignore_proc(pid_t pid) {
+        if (pid == 1)
+                return true;
+
+        /* TODO: add more ignore rules here: device-mapper, etc */
+
+        return false;
+}
+
+static bool is_kernel_thread(pid_t pid)
+{
+        char buf[PATH_MAX];
+        FILE *f;
+        char c;
+        size_t count;
+
+        snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%lu/cmdline", (unsigned long)pid);
+        f = fopen(buf, "re");
+        if (!f)
+                return true; /* not really, but has the desired effect */
+
+        count = fread(&c, 1, 1, f);
+        fclose(f);
+        return count != 1;
+}
+
+static int killall(int sign) {
+        DIR *dir;
+        struct dirent *d;
+        unsigned int processes = 0;
+
+        if ((dir = opendir("/proc")) == NULL)
+                return -errno;
+
+        while ((d = readdir(dir))) {
+                pid_t pid;
+
+                if (parse_pid(d->d_name, &pid) < 0)
+                        continue;
+
+                if (is_kernel_thread(pid))
+                        continue;
+
+                if (ignore_proc(pid))
+                        continue;
+
+                if (kill(pid, sign) == 0)
+                        processes++;
+                else
+                        log_warning("Could not kill %d: %m", pid);
+        }
+
+        closedir(dir);
+
+        return processes;
+}
+
+static int send_signal(int sign) {
+        sigset_t mask, oldmask;
+        usec_t until;
+        int processes;
+        struct timespec ts;
+
+        assert_se(sigemptyset(&mask) == 0);
+        assert_se(sigaddset(&mask, SIGCHLD) == 0);
+        if (sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &mask, &oldmask) != 0)
+                return -errno;
+
+        if (kill(-1, SIGSTOP) < 0)
+                log_warning("Failed kill(-1, SIGSTOP): %m");
+
+        processes = killall(sign);
+
+        if (kill(-1, SIGCONT) < 0)
+                log_warning("Failed kill(-1, SIGCONT): %m");
+
+        if (processes <= 0)
+                goto finish;
+
+        until = now(CLOCK_MONOTONIC) + TIMEOUT_USEC;
+        for (;;) {
+                usec_t n = now(CLOCK_MONOTONIC);
+                for (;;) {
+                        pid_t pid = waitpid(-1, NULL, WNOHANG);
+                        if (pid == 0)
+                                break;
+                        else if (pid < 0 && errno == ECHILD) {
+                                processes = 0;
+                                goto finish;
+                        }
+
+                        if (--processes == 0)
+                                goto finish;
+                }
+
+                if (n >= until)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                timespec_store(&ts, until - n);
+                if (sigtimedwait(&mask, NULL, &ts) != SIGCHLD)
+                        log_warning("Failed: sigtimedwait did not return SIGCHLD: %m");
+        }
+
+finish:
+        sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &oldmask, NULL);
+
+        return processes;
+}
+
+static int rescue_send_signal(int sign) {
+        sigset_t mask, oldmask;
+        usec_t until;
+        struct timespec ts;
+        int r;
+
+        sigemptyset(&mask);
+        sigaddset(&mask, SIGCHLD);
+        if (sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &mask, &oldmask) != 0)
+                return -errno;
+
+        if (kill(-1, SIGSTOP) < 0)
+                log_warning("Failed kill(-1, SIGSTOP): %m");
+
+        r = kill(-1, sign);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_warning("Failed kill(-1, %d): %m", sign);
+
+        if (kill(-1, SIGCONT) < 0)
+                log_warning("Failed kill(-1, SIGCONT): %m");
+
+        if (r < 0)
+                goto finish;
+
+        until = now(CLOCK_MONOTONIC) + TIMEOUT_USEC;
+        for (;;) {
+                usec_t n = now(CLOCK_MONOTONIC);
+                for (;;) {
+                        pid_t pid = waitpid(-1, NULL, WNOHANG);
+                        if (pid == 0)
+                                break;
+                        else if (pid < 0 && errno == ECHILD)
+                                goto finish;
+                }
+
+                if (n >= until)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                timespec_store(&ts, until - n);
+                if (sigtimedwait(&mask, NULL, &ts) != SIGCHLD)
+                        log_warning("Failed: sigtimedwait did not return SIGCHLD: %m");
+        }
+
+finish:
+        sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &oldmask, NULL);
+
+        return r;
+}
+
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
+        int cmd, r, retries;
+        bool need_umount = true, need_swapoff = true, need_loop_detach = true;
+
+        log_parse_environment();
+        log_set_target(LOG_TARGET_KMSG); /* syslog will die if not gone yet */
+        log_open();
+
+        if (getpid() != 1) {
+                log_error("Not executed by init (pid-1).");
+                r = -EPERM;
+                goto error;
+        }
+
+        if (argc != 2) {
+                log_error("Invalid number of arguments.");
+                r = -EINVAL;
+                goto error;
+        }
+
+        if (streq(argv[1], "reboot"))
+                cmd = RB_AUTOBOOT;
+        else if (streq(argv[1], "poweroff"))
+                cmd = RB_POWER_OFF;
+        else if (streq(argv[1], "halt"))
+                cmd = RB_HALT_SYSTEM;
+        else if (streq(argv[1], "kexec"))
+                cmd = LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_KEXEC;
+        else {
+                log_error("Unknown action '%s'.", argv[1]);
+                r = -EINVAL;
+                goto error;
+        }
+
+        /* lock us into memory */
+        if (mlockall(MCL_CURRENT|MCL_FUTURE) != 0)
+                log_warning("Cannot lock process memory: %m");
+
+        log_info("Sending SIGTERM to processes");
+        r = send_signal(SIGTERM);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_warning("Cannot send SIGTERM to all process: %s", strerror(r));
+
+        log_info("Sending SIGKILL to processes");
+        r = send_signal(SIGKILL);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_warning("Cannot send SIGKILL to all process: %s", strerror(r));
+
+
+        /* preventing that we won't block umounts */
+        if (chdir("/") != 0)
+                log_warning("Cannot chdir(\"/\"): %m. Unmounts likely to fail.");
+
+        /* umount all mountpoints, swaps, and loopback devices */
+        retries = FINALIZE_ATTEMPTS;
+        while (need_umount || need_swapoff || need_loop_detach) {
+                if (need_umount) {
+                        log_info("Unmounting filesystems.");
+                        r = umount_all();
+                        if (r == 0)
+                                need_umount = false;
+                        else if (r > 0)
+                                log_warning("Not all filesystems unmounted, %d left.", r);
+                        else
+                                log_error("Error unmounting filesystems: %s", strerror(-r));
+                }
+
+                if (need_swapoff) {
+                        log_info("Disabling swaps.");
+                        r = swapoff_all();
+                        if (r == 0)
+                                need_swapoff = false;
+                        else if (r > 0)
+                                log_warning("Not all swaps are off, %d left.", r);
+                        else
+                                log_error("Error turning off swaps: %s", strerror(-r));
+                }
+
+                if (need_loop_detach) {
+                        log_info("Detaching loop devices.");
+                        r = loopback_detach_all();
+                        if (r == 0)
+                                need_loop_detach = false;
+                        else if (r > 0)
+                                log_warning("Not all loop devices detached, %d left.", r);
+                        else
+                                log_error("Error detaching loop devices: %s", strerror(-r));
+
+                }
+
+                if (need_umount || need_swapoff || need_loop_detach) {
+                        retries--;
+
+                        if (retries <= FINALIZE_CRITICAL_ATTEMPTS) {
+                                log_warning("Approaching critical level to finalize filesystem and devices, try to kill all processes.");
+                                rescue_send_signal(SIGTERM);
+                                rescue_send_signal(SIGKILL);
+                        }
+
+                        if (retries > 0)
+                                log_info("Action still required, %d tries left", retries);
+                        else {
+                                log_error("Tried enough but still action required need_umount=%d, need_swapoff=%d, need_loop_detach=%d", need_umount, need_swapoff, need_loop_detach);
+                                r = -EBUSY;
+                                goto error;
+                        }
+                }
+        }
+
+        sync();
+
+        if (cmd == LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_KEXEC) {
+                /* we cheat and exec kexec to avoid doing all its work */
+                pid_t pid = fork();
+                if (pid < 0) {
+                        log_error("Could not fork: %m. Falling back to reboot.");
+                        cmd = RB_AUTOBOOT;
+                } else if (pid > 0) {
+                        waitpid(pid, NULL, 0);
+                        log_warning("Failed %s -e -x -f. Falling back to reboot", KEXEC_BINARY_PATH);
+                        cmd = RB_AUTOBOOT;
+                } else {
+                        const char *args[5] = {KEXEC_BINARY_PATH, "-e", "-f", "-x", NULL};
+                        execv(args[0], (char * const *) args);
+                        return EXIT_FAILURE;
+                }
+        }
+
+        reboot(cmd);
+        r = errno;
+
+  error:
+        sync();
+        if (r < 0)
+                r = -r;
+        log_error("Critical error while doing system shutdown: %s", strerror(r));
+        freeze();
+        return 0;
+}