chiark / gitweb /
core: add new .slice unit type for partitioning systems
authorLennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net>
Mon, 17 Jun 2013 19:33:26 +0000 (21:33 +0200)
committerLennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net>
Mon, 17 Jun 2013 19:36:51 +0000 (21:36 +0200)
In order to prepare for the kernel cgroup rework, let's introduce a new
unit type to systemd, the "slice". Slices can be arranged in a tree and
are useful to partition resources freely and hierarchally by the user.

Each service unit can now be assigned to one of these slices, and later
on login users and machines may too.

Slices translate pretty directly to the cgroup hierarchy, and the
various objects can be assigned to any of the slices in the tree.

23 files changed:
Makefile.am
TODO
src/core/cgroup.c
src/core/dbus-slice.c [new file with mode: 0644]
src/core/dbus-slice.h [new file with mode: 0644]
src/core/load-fragment-gperf.gperf.m4
src/core/load-fragment.c
src/core/load-fragment.h
src/core/mount.c
src/core/service.c
src/core/slice.c [new file with mode: 0644]
src/core/slice.h [new file with mode: 0644]
src/core/socket.c
src/core/special.h
src/core/swap.c
src/core/unit.c
src/core/unit.h
src/shared/cgroup-util.c
src/shared/cgroup-util.h
src/shared/unit-name.c
src/shared/unit-name.h
src/systemctl/systemctl.c
src/test/test-cgroup-util.c

index a74c19d..5a285be 100644 (file)
@@ -843,6 +843,8 @@ libsystemd_core_la_SOURCES = \
        src/core/timer.h \
        src/core/path.c \
        src/core/path.h \
+       src/core/slice.c \
+       src/core/slice.h \
        src/core/load-dropin.c \
        src/core/load-dropin.h \
        src/core/execute.c \
@@ -881,6 +883,8 @@ libsystemd_core_la_SOURCES = \
        src/core/dbus-kill.h \
        src/core/dbus-path.c \
        src/core/dbus-path.h \
+       src/core/dbus-slice.c \
+       src/core/dbus-slice.h \
        src/core/cgroup.c \
        src/core/cgroup.h \
        src/core/selinux-access.c \
diff --git a/TODO b/TODO
index df3725f..cfd2763 100644 (file)
--- a/TODO
+++ b/TODO
@@ -28,6 +28,17 @@ Fedora 19:
 
 Features:
 
+* when a service changes state make reflect that in the
+  RUNNING/LISTENING states of its socket
+
+* slices:
+  - fix libsystemd-login to handle slices properly
+  - add option to pam_systemd to move login session into a slice
+  - add call to logind's dbus intrface to register a machine (also, calls for listing them)
+
+* when recursively showing the cgroup hierarchy, optionally also show
+  the hierarchies of child processes
+
 * document logic of auto/noauto and fail/nofail in fstab in systemd.mount or systemd-fstab-generator man page
 
 * we should properly escape hostnames we add into dbus server strings
index 83df0f3..a995d14 100644 (file)
@@ -340,14 +340,14 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
         }
 
         if (m->running_as == SYSTEMD_SYSTEM)
-                suffix = "/system";
+                suffix = NULL;
         else {
                 sprintf(suffix_buffer, "/systemd-%lu", (unsigned long) getpid());
                 suffix = suffix_buffer;
         }
 
         free(m->cgroup_hierarchy);
-        if (endswith(current, suffix)) {
+        if (!suffix || endswith(current, suffix)) {
                 /* We probably got reexecuted and can continue to use our root cgroup */
                 m->cgroup_hierarchy = current;
                 current = NULL;
diff --git a/src/core/dbus-slice.c b/src/core/dbus-slice.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..8a318fa
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
+
+/***
+  This file is part of systemd.
+
+  Copyright 2013 Lennart Poettering
+
+  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+  (at your option) any later version.
+
+  systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+  Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+  along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+***/
+
+#include <errno.h>
+
+#include "dbus-unit.h"
+#include "dbus-slice.h"
+#include "dbus-common.h"
+#include "selinux-access.h"
+
+#define BUS_SLICE_INTERFACE                                             \
+        " <interface name=\"org.freedesktop.systemd1.Slice\">\n"        \
+        BUS_UNIT_CGROUP_INTERFACE                                       \
+        " </interface>\n"
+
+#define INTROSPECTION                                                   \
+        DBUS_INTROSPECT_1_0_XML_DOCTYPE_DECL_NODE                       \
+        "<node>\n"                                                      \
+        BUS_UNIT_INTERFACE                                              \
+        BUS_SLICE_INTERFACE                                             \
+        BUS_PROPERTIES_INTERFACE                                        \
+        BUS_PEER_INTERFACE                                              \
+        BUS_INTROSPECTABLE_INTERFACE                                    \
+        "</node>\n"
+
+#define INTERFACES_LIST                              \
+        BUS_UNIT_INTERFACES_LIST                     \
+        "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Slice\0"
+
+const char bus_slice_interface[] _introspect_("Slice") = BUS_SLICE_INTERFACE;
+
+DBusHandlerResult bus_slice_message_handler(Unit *u, DBusConnection *c, DBusMessage *message) {
+        const BusBoundProperties bps[] = {
+                { "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit",  bus_unit_properties,             u },
+                { "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Slice", bus_unit_cgroup_properties,      u },
+                { NULL, }
+        };
+
+        SELINUX_UNIT_ACCESS_CHECK(u, c, message, "status");
+
+        return bus_default_message_handler(c, message, INTROSPECTION, INTERFACES_LIST, bps);
+}
diff --git a/src/core/dbus-slice.h b/src/core/dbus-slice.h
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..7e7e299
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
+
+#pragma once
+
+/***
+  This file is part of systemd.
+
+  Copyright 2013 Lennart Poettering
+
+  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+  (at your option) any later version.
+
+  systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+  Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+  along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+***/
+
+#include <dbus/dbus.h>
+
+#include "unit.h"
+
+DBusHandlerResult bus_slice_message_handler(Unit *u, DBusConnection *c, DBusMessage *message);
+
+extern const char bus_slice_interface[];
index 4e1454e..9e5a408 100644 (file)
@@ -66,16 +66,6 @@ $1.LimitMSGQUEUE,                config_parse_limit,                 RLIMIT_MSGQ
 $1.LimitNICE,                    config_parse_limit,                 RLIMIT_NICE,                   offsetof($1, exec_context.rlimit)
 $1.LimitRTPRIO,                  config_parse_limit,                 RLIMIT_RTPRIO,                 offsetof($1, exec_context.rlimit)
 $1.LimitRTTIME,                  config_parse_limit,                 RLIMIT_RTTIME,                 offsetof($1, exec_context.rlimit)
-$1.ControlGroup,                 config_parse_unit_cgroup,           0,                             0
-$1.ControlGroupAttribute,        config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr,      0,                             0
-$1.CPUShares,                    config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.MemoryLimit,                  config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.MemorySoftLimit,              config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.DeviceAllow,                  config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.DeviceDeny,                   config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.BlockIOWeight,                config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.BlockIOReadBandwidth,         config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
-$1.BlockIOWriteBandwidth,        config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
 $1.ReadWriteDirectories,         config_parse_path_strv,             0,                             offsetof($1, exec_context.read_write_dirs)
 $1.ReadOnlyDirectories,          config_parse_path_strv,             0,                             offsetof($1, exec_context.read_only_dirs)
 $1.InaccessibleDirectories,      config_parse_path_strv,             0,                             offsetof($1, exec_context.inaccessible_dirs)
@@ -94,6 +84,18 @@ m4_define(`KILL_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS',
 $1.KillMode,                     config_parse_kill_mode,             0,                             offsetof($1, kill_context.kill_mode)
 $1.KillSignal,                   config_parse_kill_signal,           0,                             offsetof($1, kill_context.kill_signal)'
 )m4_dnl
+m4_define(`CGROUP_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS',
+`$1.ControlGroup,                 config_parse_unit_cgroup,          0,                             0
+$1.ControlGroupAttribute,        config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr,      0,                             0
+$1.CPUShares,                    config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.MemoryLimit,                  config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.MemorySoftLimit,              config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.DeviceAllow,                  config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.DeviceDeny,                   config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.BlockIOWeight,                config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.BlockIOReadBandwidth,         config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0
+$1.BlockIOWriteBandwidth,        config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty, 0,                           0'
+)m4_dnl
 Unit.Description,                config_parse_unit_string_printf,    0,                             offsetof(Unit, description)
 Unit.Documentation,              config_parse_documentation,         0,                             offsetof(Unit, documentation)
 Unit.SourcePath,                 config_parse_path,                  0,                             offsetof(Unit, source_path)
@@ -123,6 +125,7 @@ Unit.OnFailureIsolate,           config_parse_bool,                  0,
 Unit.IgnoreOnIsolate,            config_parse_bool,                  0,                             offsetof(Unit, ignore_on_isolate)
 Unit.IgnoreOnSnapshot,           config_parse_bool,                  0,                             offsetof(Unit, ignore_on_snapshot)
 Unit.JobTimeoutSec,              config_parse_sec,                   0,                             offsetof(Unit, job_timeout)
+Unit.Slice,                      config_parse_unit_slice,            0,                             0
 Unit.ConditionPathExists,        config_parse_unit_condition_path,   CONDITION_PATH_EXISTS,         0
 Unit.ConditionPathExistsGlob,    config_parse_unit_condition_path,   CONDITION_PATH_EXISTS_GLOB,    0
 Unit.ConditionPathIsDirectory,   config_parse_unit_condition_path,   CONDITION_PATH_IS_DIRECTORY,   0
@@ -172,6 +175,7 @@ Service.NotifyAccess,            config_parse_notify_access,         0,
 Service.Sockets,                 config_parse_service_sockets,       0,                             0
 Service.FsckPassNo,              config_parse_fsck_passno,           0,                             offsetof(Service, fsck_passno)
 EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Service)m4_dnl
+CGROUP_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Service)m4_dnl
 KILL_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Service)m4_dnl
 m4_dnl
 Socket.ListenStream,             config_parse_socket_listen,         SOCKET_SOCKET,                 0
@@ -214,6 +218,7 @@ Socket.SmackLabel,               config_parse_string,                0,
 Socket.SmackLabelIPIn,           config_parse_string,                0,                             offsetof(Socket, smack_ip_in)
 Socket.SmackLabelIPOut,          config_parse_string,                0,                             offsetof(Socket, smack_ip_out)
 EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Socket)m4_dnl
+CGROUP_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Socket)m4_dnl
 KILL_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Socket)m4_dnl
 m4_dnl
 Mount.What,                      config_parse_string,                0,                             offsetof(Mount, parameters_fragment.what)
@@ -224,6 +229,7 @@ Mount.FsckPassNo,                config_parse_fsck_passno,           0,
 Mount.TimeoutSec,                config_parse_sec,                   0,                             offsetof(Mount, timeout_usec)
 Mount.DirectoryMode,             config_parse_mode,                  0,                             offsetof(Mount, directory_mode)
 EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Mount)m4_dnl
+CGROUP_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Mount)m4_dnl
 KILL_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Mount)m4_dnl
 m4_dnl
 Automount.Where,                 config_parse_path,                  0,                             offsetof(Automount, where)
@@ -233,6 +239,7 @@ Swap.What,                       config_parse_path,                  0,
 Swap.Priority,                   config_parse_int,                   0,                             offsetof(Swap, parameters_fragment.priority)
 Swap.TimeoutSec,                 config_parse_sec,                   0,                             offsetof(Swap, timeout_usec)
 EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Swap)m4_dnl
+CGROUP_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Swap)m4_dnl
 KILL_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Swap)m4_dnl
 m4_dnl
 Timer.OnCalendar,                config_parse_timer,                 0,                             0
@@ -251,6 +258,8 @@ Path.DirectoryNotEmpty,          config_parse_path_spec,             0,
 Path.Unit,                       config_parse_trigger_unit,          0,                             0
 Path.MakeDirectory,              config_parse_bool,                  0,                             offsetof(Path, make_directory)
 Path.DirectoryMode,              config_parse_mode,                  0,                             offsetof(Path, directory_mode)
+m4_dnl
+CGROUP_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(Slice)m4_dnl
 m4_dnl The [Install] section is ignored here.
 Install.Alias,                   NULL,                               0,                             0
 Install.WantedBy,                NULL,                               0,                             0
index e2015ed..4a835b6 100644 (file)
@@ -2058,6 +2058,48 @@ int config_parse_syscall_filter(const char *unit,
         return 0;
 }
 
+int config_parse_unit_slice(
+                const char *unit,
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        _cleanup_free_ char *k = NULL;
+        Unit *u = userdata, *slice;
+        int r;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(u);
+
+        k = unit_name_printf(u, rvalue);
+        if (!k)
+                log_syntax(unit, LOG_ERR, filename, line, EINVAL,
+                           "Failed to resolve unit specifiers on %s. Ignoring.", rvalue);
+
+        r = manager_load_unit(u->manager, k ? k : rvalue, NULL, NULL, &slice);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_syntax(unit, LOG_ERR, filename, line, -r,
+                           "Failed to load slice unit %s. Ignoring.", k ? k : rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (slice->type != UNIT_SLICE) {
+                log_syntax(unit, LOG_ERR, filename, line, EINVAL,
+                           "Slice unit %s is not a slice. Ignoring.", k ? k : rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        unit_ref_set(&u->slice, slice);
+        return 0;
+}
+
 #define FOLLOW_MAX 8
 
 static int open_follow(char **filename, FILE **_f, Set *names, char **_final) {
@@ -2446,6 +2488,7 @@ void unit_dump_config_items(FILE *f) {
                 { config_parse_unit_condition_path,   "CONDITION" },
                 { config_parse_unit_condition_string, "CONDITION" },
                 { config_parse_unit_condition_null,   "CONDITION" },
+                { config_parse_unit_slice,            "SLICE" },
         };
 
         const char *prev = NULL;
index ff7f22a..f9677ba 100644 (file)
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ int config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr_pretty(const char *unit, const char *filename,
 int config_parse_unit_requires_mounts_for(const char *unit, const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata);
 int config_parse_syscall_filter(const char *unit, const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata);
 int config_parse_environ(const char *unit, const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata);
+int config_parse_unit_slice(const char *unit, const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata);
 
 /* gperf prototypes */
 const struct ConfigPerfItem* load_fragment_gperf_lookup(const char *key, unsigned length);
index 0ad3d95..e21e774 100644 (file)
@@ -647,6 +647,10 @@ static int mount_add_extras(Mount *m) {
                         return r;
         }
 
+        r = unit_add_default_slice(u);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
         r = unit_add_default_cgroups(u);
         if (r < 0)
                 return r;
index dadd981..ac8cdb2 100644 (file)
@@ -1225,6 +1225,10 @@ static int service_load(Unit *u) {
                 if (r < 0)
                         return r;
 
+                r = unit_add_default_slice(u);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
                 r = unit_add_default_cgroups(u);
                 if (r < 0)
                         return r;
diff --git a/src/core/slice.c b/src/core/slice.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..c1c33fe
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,298 @@
+/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
+
+/***
+  This file is part of systemd.
+
+  Copyright 2013 Lennart Poettering
+
+  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+  (at your option) any later version.
+
+  systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+  Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+  along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+***/
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "unit.h"
+#include "slice.h"
+#include "load-fragment.h"
+#include "log.h"
+#include "dbus-slice.h"
+#include "special.h"
+#include "unit-name.h"
+
+static const UnitActiveState state_translation_table[_SLICE_STATE_MAX] = {
+        [SLICE_DEAD] = UNIT_INACTIVE,
+        [SLICE_ACTIVE] = UNIT_ACTIVE
+};
+
+static void slice_set_state(Slice *t, SliceState state) {
+        SliceState old_state;
+        assert(t);
+
+        old_state = t->state;
+        t->state = state;
+
+        if (state != old_state)
+                log_debug("%s changed %s -> %s",
+                          UNIT(t)->id,
+                          slice_state_to_string(old_state),
+                          slice_state_to_string(state));
+
+        unit_notify(UNIT(t), state_translation_table[old_state], state_translation_table[state], true);
+}
+
+static int slice_add_slice_link(Slice *s) {
+        char *a, *dash;
+        int r;
+        Unit *parent;
+
+        assert(s);
+
+        if (UNIT_DEREF(UNIT(s)->slice))
+                return 0;
+
+        a = strdupa(UNIT(s)->id);
+
+        dash = strrchr(a, '-');
+        if (!dash)
+                return 0;
+
+        strcpy(dash, ".slice");
+
+        r = manager_load_unit(UNIT(s)->manager, a, NULL, NULL, &parent);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        unit_ref_set(&UNIT(s)->slice, parent);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int slice_add_default_dependencies(Slice *s) {
+        int r;
+
+        assert(s);
+
+        /* Make sure slices are unloaded on shutdown */
+        r = unit_add_dependency_by_name(UNIT(s), UNIT_CONFLICTS, SPECIAL_SHUTDOWN_TARGET, NULL, true);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int slice_verify(Slice *s) {
+        assert(s);
+
+        if (UNIT(s)->load_state != UNIT_LOADED)
+                return 0;
+
+        if (UNIT_DEREF(UNIT(s)->slice)) {
+                char *a, *dash;
+
+                a = strdupa(UNIT(s)->id);
+                dash = strrchr(a, '-');
+                if (dash) {
+                        strcpy(dash, ".slice");
+
+                        if (!unit_has_name(UNIT_DEREF(UNIT(s)->slice), a)) {
+                                log_error_unit(UNIT(s)->id,
+                                               "%s located outside its parent slice. Refusing.", UNIT(s)->id);
+                                return -EINVAL;
+                        }
+                }
+        }
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int slice_load(Unit *u) {
+        Slice *s = SLICE(u);
+        int r;
+
+        assert(s);
+
+        r = unit_load_fragment_and_dropin(u);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        /* This is a new unit? Then let's add in some extras */
+        if (u->load_state == UNIT_LOADED) {
+
+                r = slice_add_slice_link(s);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
+                if (u->default_dependencies) {
+                        r = slice_add_default_dependencies(s);
+                        if (r < 0)
+                                return r;
+                }
+
+                r = unit_add_default_cgroups(UNIT(s));
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+        }
+
+        return slice_verify(s);
+}
+
+static int slice_coldplug(Unit *u) {
+        Slice *t = SLICE(u);
+
+        assert(t);
+        assert(t->state == SLICE_DEAD);
+
+        if (t->deserialized_state != t->state)
+                slice_set_state(t, t->deserialized_state);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static void slice_dump(Unit *u, FILE *f, const char *prefix) {
+        Slice *t = SLICE(u);
+
+        assert(t);
+        assert(f);
+
+        fprintf(f,
+                "%sSlice State: %s\n",
+                prefix, slice_state_to_string(t->state));
+}
+
+static int slice_start(Unit *u) {
+        Slice *t = SLICE(u);
+        int r;
+
+        assert(t);
+        assert(t->state == SLICE_DEAD);
+
+        r = cgroup_bonding_realize_list(u->cgroup_bondings);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        cgroup_attribute_apply_list(u->cgroup_attributes, u->cgroup_bondings);
+
+        slice_set_state(t, SLICE_ACTIVE);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int slice_stop(Unit *u) {
+        Slice *t = SLICE(u);
+
+        assert(t);
+        assert(t->state == SLICE_ACTIVE);
+
+        /* We do not need to trim the cgroup explicitly, unit_notify()
+         * will do that for us anyway. */
+
+        slice_set_state(t, SLICE_DEAD);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int slice_kill(Unit *u, KillWho who, int signo, DBusError *error) {
+        return unit_kill_common(u, who, signo, -1, -1, error);
+}
+
+static int slice_serialize(Unit *u, FILE *f, FDSet *fds) {
+        Slice *s = SLICE(u);
+
+        assert(s);
+        assert(f);
+        assert(fds);
+
+        unit_serialize_item(u, f, "state", slice_state_to_string(s->state));
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int slice_deserialize_item(Unit *u, const char *key, const char *value, FDSet *fds) {
+        Slice *s = SLICE(u);
+
+        assert(u);
+        assert(key);
+        assert(value);
+        assert(fds);
+
+        if (streq(key, "state")) {
+                SliceState state;
+
+                state = slice_state_from_string(value);
+                if (state < 0)
+                        log_debug("Failed to parse state value %s", value);
+                else
+                        s->deserialized_state = state;
+
+        } else
+                log_debug("Unknown serialization key '%s'", key);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+_pure_ static UnitActiveState slice_active_state(Unit *u) {
+        assert(u);
+
+        return state_translation_table[SLICE(u)->state];
+}
+
+_pure_ static const char *slice_sub_state_to_string(Unit *u) {
+        assert(u);
+
+        return slice_state_to_string(SLICE(u)->state);
+}
+
+static const char* const slice_state_table[_SLICE_STATE_MAX] = {
+        [SLICE_DEAD] = "dead",
+        [SLICE_ACTIVE] = "active"
+};
+
+DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(slice_state, SliceState);
+
+const UnitVTable slice_vtable = {
+        .object_size = sizeof(Slice),
+        .sections =
+                "Unit\0"
+                "Slice\0"
+                "Install\0",
+
+        .no_alias = true,
+        .no_instances = true,
+
+        .load = slice_load,
+        .coldplug = slice_coldplug,
+
+        .dump = slice_dump,
+
+        .start = slice_start,
+        .stop = slice_stop,
+
+        .kill = slice_kill,
+
+        .serialize = slice_serialize,
+        .deserialize_item = slice_deserialize_item,
+
+        .active_state = slice_active_state,
+        .sub_state_to_string = slice_sub_state_to_string,
+
+        .bus_interface = "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Slice",
+        .bus_message_handler = bus_slice_message_handler,
+
+        .status_message_formats = {
+                .finished_start_job = {
+                        [JOB_DONE]       = "Installed slice %s.",
+                        [JOB_DEPENDENCY] = "Dependency failed for %s.",
+                },
+                .finished_stop_job = {
+                        [JOB_DONE]       = "Deinstalled slice %s.",
+                },
+        },
+};
diff --git a/src/core/slice.h b/src/core/slice.h
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..4320a63
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
+
+#pragma once
+
+/***
+  This file is part of systemd.
+
+  Copyright 2013 Lennart Poettering
+
+  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+  (at your option) any later version.
+
+  systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+  Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+  along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+***/
+
+typedef struct Slice Slice;
+
+#include "unit.h"
+
+typedef enum SliceState {
+        SLICE_DEAD,
+        SLICE_ACTIVE,
+        _SLICE_STATE_MAX,
+        _SLICE_STATE_INVALID = -1
+} SliceState;
+
+struct Slice {
+        Unit meta;
+
+        SliceState state, deserialized_state;
+};
+
+extern const UnitVTable slice_vtable;
+
+const char* slice_state_to_string(SliceState i) _const_;
+SliceState slice_state_from_string(const char *s) _pure_;
index 37ca228..2b3b681 100644 (file)
@@ -395,7 +395,12 @@ static int socket_load(Unit *u) {
                         if ((r = unit_add_exec_dependencies(u, &s->exec_context)) < 0)
                                 return r;
 
-                if ((r = unit_add_default_cgroups(u)) < 0)
+                r = unit_add_default_slice(u);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
+                r = unit_add_default_cgroups(u);
+                if (r < 0)
                         return r;
 
                 if (UNIT(s)->default_dependencies)
index a9b50bc..e183056 100644 (file)
 #define SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL3_TARGET "runlevel3.target"
 #define SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL4_TARGET "runlevel4.target"
 #define SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL5_TARGET "runlevel5.target"
+
+/* Where we add all our system units by default */
+#define SPECIAL_SYSTEM_SLICE "system.slice"
index d503fe2..d6721a6 100644 (file)
@@ -287,6 +287,10 @@ static int swap_load(Unit *u) {
                 if (r < 0)
                         return r;
 
+                r = unit_add_default_slice(u);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
                 r = unit_add_default_cgroups(u);
                 if (r < 0)
                         return r;
index 9b36b22..b97158f 100644 (file)
@@ -60,7 +60,8 @@ const UnitVTable * const unit_vtable[_UNIT_TYPE_MAX] = {
         [UNIT_AUTOMOUNT] = &automount_vtable,
         [UNIT_SNAPSHOT] = &snapshot_vtable,
         [UNIT_SWAP] = &swap_vtable,
-        [UNIT_PATH] = &path_vtable
+        [UNIT_PATH] = &path_vtable,
+        [UNIT_SLICE] = &slice_vtable
 };
 
 Unit *unit_new(Manager *m, size_t size) {
@@ -853,6 +854,7 @@ int unit_add_default_target_dependency(Unit *u, Unit *target) {
 }
 
 static int unit_add_default_dependencies(Unit *u) {
+
         static const UnitDependency deps[] = {
                 UNIT_REQUIRED_BY,
                 UNIT_REQUIRED_BY_OVERRIDABLE,
@@ -868,9 +870,17 @@ static int unit_add_default_dependencies(Unit *u) {
         assert(u);
 
         for (k = 0; k < ELEMENTSOF(deps); k++)
-                SET_FOREACH(target, u->dependencies[deps[k]], i)
-                        if ((r = unit_add_default_target_dependency(u, target)) < 0)
+                SET_FOREACH(target, u->dependencies[deps[k]], i) {
+                        r = unit_add_default_target_dependency(u, target);
+                        if (r < 0)
                                 return r;
+                }
+
+        if (u->default_dependencies && UNIT_DEREF(u->slice)) {
+                r = unit_add_two_dependencies(u, UNIT_AFTER, UNIT_WANTS, UNIT_DEREF(u->slice), true);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+        }
 
         return 0;
 }
@@ -1977,10 +1987,17 @@ static int unit_add_cgroup(Unit *u, CGroupBonding *b) {
 }
 
 char *unit_default_cgroup_path(Unit *u) {
-        _cleanup_free_ char *escaped_instance = NULL;
+        _cleanup_free_ char *escaped_instance = NULL, *slice = NULL;
+        int r;
 
         assert(u);
 
+        if (UNIT_DEREF(u->slice)) {
+                r = cg_slice_to_path(UNIT_DEREF(u->slice)->id, &slice);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return NULL;
+        }
+
         escaped_instance = cg_escape(u->id);
         if (!escaped_instance)
                 return NULL;
@@ -1996,9 +2013,13 @@ char *unit_default_cgroup_path(Unit *u) {
                 if (!escaped_template)
                         return NULL;
 
-                return strjoin(u->manager->cgroup_hierarchy, "/", escaped_template, "/", escaped_instance, NULL);
+                return strjoin(u->manager->cgroup_hierarchy, "/",
+                               slice ? slice : "", slice ? "/" : "",
+                               escaped_template, "/", escaped_instance, NULL);
         } else
-                return strjoin(u->manager->cgroup_hierarchy, "/", escaped_instance, NULL);
+                return strjoin(u->manager->cgroup_hierarchy, "/",
+                               slice ? slice : "", slice ? "/" : "",
+                               escaped_instance, NULL);
 }
 
 int unit_add_cgroup_from_text(Unit *u, const char *name, bool overwrite, CGroupBonding **ret) {
@@ -2143,6 +2164,26 @@ fail:
         return r;
 }
 
+int unit_add_default_slice(Unit *u) {
+        Unit *slice;
+        int r;
+
+        assert(u);
+
+        if (UNIT_DEREF(u->slice))
+                return 0;
+
+        if (u->manager->running_as != SYSTEMD_SYSTEM)
+                return 0;
+
+        r = manager_load_unit(u->manager, SPECIAL_SYSTEM_SLICE, NULL, NULL, &slice);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        unit_ref_set(&u->slice, slice);
+        return 0;
+}
+
 int unit_add_default_cgroups(Unit *u) {
         CGroupAttribute *a;
         char **c;
index b04475e..81b8adb 100644 (file)
@@ -118,6 +118,15 @@ enum UnitDependency {
 #include "cgroup.h"
 #include "cgroup-attr.h"
 
+struct UnitRef {
+        /* Keeps tracks of references to a unit. This is useful so
+         * that we can merge two units if necessary and correct all
+         * references to them */
+
+        Unit* unit;
+        LIST_FIELDS(UnitRef, refs);
+};
+
 struct Unit {
         Manager *manager;
 
@@ -168,6 +177,8 @@ struct Unit {
         CGroupBonding *cgroup_bondings;
         CGroupAttribute *cgroup_attributes;
 
+        UnitRef slice;
+
         /* Per type list */
         LIST_FIELDS(Unit, units_by_type);
 
@@ -240,15 +251,6 @@ struct Unit {
         bool in_audit:1;
 };
 
-struct UnitRef {
-        /* Keeps tracks of references to a unit. This is useful so
-         * that we can merge two units if necessary and correct all
-         * references to them */
-
-        Unit* unit;
-        LIST_FIELDS(UnitRef, refs);
-};
-
 struct UnitStatusMessageFormats {
         const char *starting_stopping[2];
         const char *finished_start_job[_JOB_RESULT_MAX];
@@ -265,6 +267,7 @@ struct UnitStatusMessageFormats {
 #include "snapshot.h"
 #include "swap.h"
 #include "path.h"
+#include "slice.h"
 
 struct UnitVTable {
         /* How much memory does an object of this unit type need */
@@ -433,6 +436,7 @@ DEFINE_CAST(AUTOMOUNT, Automount);
 DEFINE_CAST(SNAPSHOT, Snapshot);
 DEFINE_CAST(SWAP, Swap);
 DEFINE_CAST(PATH, Path);
+DEFINE_CAST(SLICE, Slice);
 
 Unit *unit_new(Manager *m, size_t size);
 void unit_free(Unit *u);
@@ -474,6 +478,8 @@ int unit_load_fragment_and_dropin(Unit *u);
 int unit_load_fragment_and_dropin_optional(Unit *u);
 int unit_load(Unit *unit);
 
+int unit_add_default_slice(Unit *u);
+
 const char *unit_description(Unit *u) _pure_;
 
 bool unit_has_name(Unit *u, const char *name);
index 7af0c3c..4f58aff 100644 (file)
@@ -1617,3 +1617,53 @@ bool cg_controller_is_valid(const char *p, bool allow_named) {
 
         return true;
 }
+
+int cg_slice_to_path(const char *unit, char **ret) {
+        _cleanup_free_ char *p = NULL, *s = NULL, *e = NULL;
+        const char *dash;
+
+        assert(unit);
+        assert(ret);
+
+        if (!unit_name_is_valid(unit, false))
+                return -EINVAL;
+
+        if (!endswith(unit, ".slice"))
+                return -EINVAL;
+
+        p = unit_name_to_prefix(unit);
+        if (!p)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        dash = strchr(p, '-');
+        while (dash) {
+                _cleanup_free_ char *escaped = NULL;
+                char n[dash - p + sizeof(".slice")];
+
+                strcpy(stpncpy(n, p, dash - p), ".slice");
+
+                if (!unit_name_is_valid(n, false))
+                        return -EINVAL;
+
+                escaped = cg_escape(n);
+                if (!escaped)
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                if (!strextend(&s, escaped, "/", NULL))
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                dash = strchr(dash+1, '-');
+        }
+
+        e = cg_escape(unit);
+        if (!e)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        if (!strextend(&s, e, NULL))
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        *ret = s;
+        s = NULL;
+
+        return 0;
+}
index 5835e04..84274e6 100644 (file)
@@ -112,3 +112,5 @@ char *cg_escape(const char *p);
 char *cg_unescape(const char *p) _pure_;
 
 bool cg_controller_is_valid(const char *p, bool allow_named);
+
+int cg_slice_to_path(const char *unit, char **ret);
index a809713..2d4cd8d 100644 (file)
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@ static const char* const unit_type_table[_UNIT_TYPE_MAX] = {
         [UNIT_TIMER] = "timer",
         [UNIT_SWAP] = "swap",
         [UNIT_PATH] = "path",
+        [UNIT_SLICE] = "slice"
 };
 
 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(unit_type, UnitType);
@@ -184,6 +185,7 @@ char *unit_name_change_suffix(const char *n, const char *suffix) {
         assert(n);
         assert(unit_name_is_valid(n, true));
         assert(suffix);
+        assert(suffix[0] == '.');
 
         assert_se(e = strrchr(n, '.'));
         a = e - n;
@@ -506,16 +508,18 @@ char *unit_name_mangle(const char *name) {
         return r;
 }
 
-char *snapshot_name_mangle(const char *name) {
+char *unit_name_mangle_with_suffix(const char *name, const char *suffix) {
         char *r, *t;
         const char *f;
 
         assert(name);
+        assert(suffix);
+        assert(suffix[0] == '.');
 
         /* Similar to unit_name_mangle(), but is called when we know
          * that this is about snapshot units. */
 
-        r = new(char, strlen(name) * 4 + 1 + sizeof(".snapshot")-1);
+        r = new(char, strlen(name) * 4 + strlen(suffix) + 1);
         if (!r)
                 return NULL;
 
@@ -528,8 +532,8 @@ char *snapshot_name_mangle(const char *name) {
                         *(t++) = *f;
         }
 
-        if (!endswith(name, ".snapshot"))
-                strcpy(t, ".snapshot");
+        if (!endswith(name, suffix))
+                strcpy(t, suffix);
         else
                 *t = 0;
 
index 9eca8eb..baa487a 100644 (file)
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ enum UnitType {
         UNIT_TIMER,
         UNIT_SWAP,
         UNIT_PATH,
+        UNIT_SLICE,
         _UNIT_TYPE_MAX,
         _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID = -1
 };
@@ -94,4 +95,4 @@ char *unit_name_to_path(const char *name);
 char *unit_dbus_path_from_name(const char *name);
 
 char *unit_name_mangle(const char *name);
-char *snapshot_name_mangle(const char *name);
+char *unit_name_mangle_with_suffix(const char *name, const char *suffix);
index a453598..8d496ab 100644 (file)
@@ -3736,7 +3736,7 @@ static int snapshot(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
         dbus_error_init(&error);
 
         if (strv_length(args) > 1)
-                n = snapshot_name_mangle(args[1]);
+                n = unit_name_mangle_with_suffix(args[1], ".snapshot");
         else
                 n = strdup("");
         if (!n)
@@ -3811,7 +3811,7 @@ static int delete_snapshot(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
                 _cleanup_free_ char *n = NULL;
                 int r;
 
-                n = snapshot_name_mangle(*name);
+                n = unit_name_mangle_with_suffix(*name, ".snapshot");
                 if (!n)
                         return log_oom();
 
index c9634d4..d4d58b3 100644 (file)
@@ -170,6 +170,25 @@ static void test_controller_is_valid(void) {
         assert_se(!cg_controller_is_valid("tatü", false));
 }
 
+static void test_slice_to_path_one(const char *unit, const char *path, int error) {
+        _cleanup_free_ char *ret = NULL;
+
+        assert_se(cg_slice_to_path(unit, &ret) == error);
+        assert_se(streq_ptr(ret, path));
+}
+
+static void test_slice_to_path(void) {
+
+        test_slice_to_path_one("foobar.slice", "foobar.slice", 0);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("foobar-waldo.slice", "foobar.slice/foobar-waldo.slice", 0);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("foobar-waldo.service", NULL, -EINVAL);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("-.slice", NULL, -EINVAL);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("-foo-.slice", NULL, -EINVAL);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("-foo.slice", NULL, -EINVAL);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("a-b.slice", "a.slice/a-b.slice", 0);
+        test_slice_to_path_one("a-b-c-d-e.slice", "a.slice/a-b.slice/a-b-c.slice/a-b-c-d.slice/a-b-c-d-e.slice", 0);
+}
+
 int main(void) {
         test_path_decode_unit();
         test_path_get_unit();
@@ -178,6 +197,7 @@ int main(void) {
         test_proc();
         test_escape();
         test_controller_is_valid();
+        test_slice_to_path();
 
         return 0;
 }