chiark / gitweb /
journald: do not free space when disk space runs low
authorZbigniew Jędrzejewski-Szmek <zbyszek@in.waw.pl>
Wed, 13 Nov 2013 05:42:22 +0000 (00:42 -0500)
committerZbigniew Jędrzejewski-Szmek <zbyszek@in.waw.pl>
Sat, 11 Jan 2014 21:54:59 +0000 (16:54 -0500)
Before, journald would remove journal files until both MaxUse= and
KeepFree= settings would be satisfied. The first one depends (if set
automatically) on the size of the file system and is constant.  But
the second one depends on current use of the file system, and a spike
in disk usage would cause journald to delete journal files, trying to
reach usage which would leave 15% of the disk free. This behaviour is
surprising for the user who doesn't expect his logs to be purged when
disk usage goes above 85%, which on a large disk could be some
gigabytes from being full. In addition attempting to keep 15% free
provides an attack vector where filling the disk sufficiently disposes
of almost all logs.

Instead, obey KeepFree= only as a limit on adding additional files.
When replacing old files with new, ignore KeepFree=. This means that
if journal disk usage reached some high point that at some later point
start to violate the KeepFree= constraint, journald will not add files
to go above this point, but it will stay (slightly) below it. When
journald is restarted, it forgets the previous maximum usage value,
and sets the limit based on the current usage, so if disk remains to
be filled, journald might use one journal-file-size less on each
restart, if restarts happen just after rotation. This seems like a
reasonable compromise between implementation complexity and robustness.

man/journald.conf.xml
src/journal/journal-file.h
src/journal/journal-vacuum.c
src/journal/journal-vacuum.h
src/journal/journald-server.c
src/journal/test-journal-interleaving.c
src/journal/test-journal.c
src/shared/macro.h

index b362c5d..e0796e1 100644 (file)
                                 <para><varname>SystemMaxUse=</varname>
                                 and <varname>RuntimeMaxUse=</varname>
                                 control how much disk space the
-                                journal may use up at
-                                maximum. Defaults to 10% of the size
-                                of the respective file
-                                system. <varname>SystemKeepFree=</varname>
-                                and
+                                journal may use up at maximum.
+                                <varname>SystemKeepFree=</varname> and
                                 <varname>RuntimeKeepFree=</varname>
                                 control how much disk space
-                                systemd-journald shall always leave
-                                free for other uses. Defaults to 15%
-                                of the size of the respective file
-                                system. systemd-journald will respect
-                                both limits, i.e. use the smaller of
-                                the two values.
-                                <varname>SystemMaxFileSize=</varname>
+                                systemd-journald shall leave free for
+                                other uses.
+                                <command>systemd-journald</command>
+                                will respect both limits and use the
+                                smaller of the two values.</para>
+
+                                <para>The first pair defaults to 10%
+                                and the second to 15% of the size of
+                                the respective file system. If the
+                                file system is nearly full and either
+                                <varname>SystemKeepFree=</varname> or
+                                <varname>RuntimeKeepFree=</varname> is
+                                violated when systemd-journald is
+                                started, the value will be raised to
+                                percentage that is actually free. This
+                                means that if before there was enough
+                                free space and journal files were
+                                created, and subsequently something
+                                else causes the file system to fill
+                                up, journald will stop using more
+                                space, but it'll will not removing
+                                existing files to go reduce footprint
+                                either.</para>
+
+                                <para><varname>SystemMaxFileSize=</varname>
                                 and
                                 <varname>RuntimeMaxFileSize=</varname>
                                 control how large individual journal
index 885b3b1..50dbe29 100644 (file)
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
 
 typedef struct JournalMetrics {
         uint64_t max_use;
+        uint64_t use;
         uint64_t max_size;
         uint64_t min_size;
         uint64_t keep_free;
index b2b47d6..c92c198 100644 (file)
@@ -150,7 +150,6 @@ static int journal_file_empty(int dir_fd, const char *name) {
 int journal_directory_vacuum(
                 const char *directory,
                 uint64_t max_use,
-                uint64_t min_free,
                 usec_t max_retention_usec,
                 usec_t *oldest_usec) {
 
@@ -164,7 +163,7 @@ int journal_directory_vacuum(
 
         assert(directory);
 
-        if (max_use <= 0 && min_free <= 0 && max_retention_usec <= 0)
+        if (max_use <= 0 && max_retention_usec <= 0)
                 return 0;
 
         if (max_retention_usec > 0) {
@@ -309,8 +308,7 @@ int journal_directory_vacuum(
                 }
 
                 if ((max_retention_usec <= 0 || list[i].realtime >= retention_limit) &&
-                    (max_use <= 0 || sum <= max_use) &&
-                    (min_free <= 0 || (uint64_t) ss.f_bavail * (uint64_t) ss.f_bsize >= min_free))
+                    (max_use <= 0 || sum <= max_use))
                         break;
 
                 if (unlinkat(dirfd(d), list[i].filename, 0) >= 0) {
index f5e3e52..bc30c3a 100644 (file)
@@ -23,4 +23,4 @@
 
 #include <inttypes.h>
 
-int journal_directory_vacuum(const char *directory, uint64_t max_use, uint64_t min_free, usec_t max_retention_usec, usec_t *oldest_usec);
+int journal_directory_vacuum(const char *directory, uint64_t max_use, usec_t max_retention_usec, usec_t *oldest_usec);
index a3bacda..d3a1c57 100644 (file)
@@ -158,9 +158,18 @@ static uint64_t available_space(Server *s, bool verbose) {
         }
 
         ss_avail = ss.f_bsize * ss.f_bavail;
-        avail = ss_avail > m->keep_free ? ss_avail - m->keep_free : 0;
 
-        s->cached_available_space = MIN(m->max_use, avail) > sum ? MIN(m->max_use, avail) - sum : 0;
+        /* If we reached a high mark, we will always allow this much
+         * again, unless usage goes above max_use. This watermark
+         * value is cached so that we don't give up space on pressure,
+         * but hover below the maximum usage. */
+
+        if (m->use < sum)
+                m->use = sum;
+
+        avail = LESS_BY(ss_avail, m->keep_free);
+
+        s->cached_available_space = LESS_BY(MIN(m->max_use, avail), sum);
         s->cached_available_space_timestamp = ts;
 
         if (verbose) {
@@ -168,13 +177,14 @@ static uint64_t available_space(Server *s, bool verbose) {
                         fb4[FORMAT_BYTES_MAX], fb5[FORMAT_BYTES_MAX];
 
                 server_driver_message(s, SD_MESSAGE_JOURNAL_USAGE,
-                                      "%s journal is using %s (max %s, leaving %s of free %s, current limit %s).",
+                                      "%s journal is using %s (max allowed %s, "
+                                      "trying to leave %s free of %s available → current limit %s).",
                                       s->system_journal ? "Permanent" : "Runtime",
                                       format_bytes(fb1, sizeof(fb1), sum),
                                       format_bytes(fb2, sizeof(fb2), m->max_use),
                                       format_bytes(fb3, sizeof(fb3), m->keep_free),
                                       format_bytes(fb4, sizeof(fb4), ss_avail),
-                                      format_bytes(fb5, sizeof(fb5), MIN(m->max_use, avail)));
+                                      format_bytes(fb5, sizeof(fb5), s->cached_available_space + sum));
         }
 
         return s->cached_available_space;
@@ -379,7 +389,7 @@ void server_vacuum(Server *s) {
         if (s->system_journal) {
                 char *p = strappenda("/var/log/journal/", ids);
 
-                r = journal_directory_vacuum(p, s->system_metrics.max_use, s->system_metrics.keep_free, s->max_retention_usec, &s->oldest_file_usec);
+                r = journal_directory_vacuum(p, s->system_metrics.max_use, s->max_retention_usec, &s->oldest_file_usec);
                 if (r < 0 && r != -ENOENT)
                         log_error("Failed to vacuum %s: %s", p, strerror(-r));
         }
@@ -387,7 +397,7 @@ void server_vacuum(Server *s) {
         if (s->runtime_journal) {
                 char *p = strappenda("/run/log/journal/", ids);
 
-                r = journal_directory_vacuum(p, s->runtime_metrics.max_use, s->runtime_metrics.keep_free, s->max_retention_usec, &s->oldest_file_usec);
+                r = journal_directory_vacuum(p, s->runtime_metrics.max_use, s->max_retention_usec, &s->oldest_file_usec);
                 if (r < 0 && r != -ENOENT)
                         log_error("Failed to vacuum %s: %s", p, strerror(-r));
         }
index 5b74714..5c96044 100644 (file)
@@ -189,7 +189,7 @@ static void test_skip(void (*setup)(void)) {
         if (arg_keep)
                 log_info("Not removing %s", t);
         else {
-                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, 0, NULL);
+                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, NULL);
 
                 assert_se(rm_rf_dangerous(t, false, true, false) >= 0);
         }
@@ -274,7 +274,7 @@ static void test_sequence_numbers(void) {
         if (arg_keep)
                 log_info("Not removing %s", t);
         else {
-                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, 0, NULL);
+                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, NULL);
 
                 assert_se(rm_rf_dangerous(t, false, true, false) >= 0);
         }
index 189fe07..85b4cf7 100644 (file)
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ static void test_non_empty(void) {
         if (arg_keep)
                 log_info("Not removing %s", t);
         else {
-                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, 0, NULL);
+                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, NULL);
 
                 assert_se(rm_rf_dangerous(t, false, true, false) >= 0);
         }
@@ -165,7 +165,7 @@ static void test_empty(void) {
         if (arg_keep)
                 log_info("Not removing %s", t);
         else {
-                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, 0, NULL);
+                journal_directory_vacuum(".", 3000000, 0, NULL);
 
                 assert_se(rm_rf_dangerous(t, false, true, false) >= 0);
         }
index 79bee03..dfbc201 100644 (file)
@@ -117,6 +117,13 @@ static inline size_t ALIGN_TO(size_t l, size_t ali) {
                         _a < _b ? _a : _b;      \
                 })
 
+#define LESS_BY(A,B)                            \
+        __extension__ ({                        \
+                        typeof(A) _A = (A);     \
+                        typeof(B) _B = (B);     \
+                        _A > _B ? _A - _B : 0;  \
+                })
+
 #ifndef CLAMP
 #define CLAMP(x, low, high)                                             \
         __extension__ ({                                                \