chiark / gitweb /
timer: implement calendar time events
[elogind.git] / src / core / service.c
1 /*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
2
3 /***
4   This file is part of systemd.
5
6   Copyright 2010 Lennart Poettering
7
8   systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9   under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
10   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
11   (at your option) any later version.
12
13   systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
14   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16   Lesser General Public License for more details.
17
18   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
19   along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
20 ***/
21
22 #include <errno.h>
23 #include <signal.h>
24 #include <dirent.h>
25 #include <unistd.h>
26 #include <sys/reboot.h>
27
28 #include "manager.h"
29 #include "unit.h"
30 #include "service.h"
31 #include "load-fragment.h"
32 #include "load-dropin.h"
33 #include "log.h"
34 #include "strv.h"
35 #include "unit-name.h"
36 #include "unit-printf.h"
37 #include "dbus-service.h"
38 #include "special.h"
39 #include "bus-errors.h"
40 #include "exit-status.h"
41 #include "def.h"
42 #include "path-util.h"
43 #include "util.h"
44 #include "utf8.h"
45
46 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
47
48 #define DEFAULT_SYSV_TIMEOUT_USEC (5*USEC_PER_MINUTE)
49
50 typedef enum RunlevelType {
51         RUNLEVEL_UP,
52         RUNLEVEL_DOWN
53 } RunlevelType;
54
55 static const struct {
56         const char *path;
57         const char *target;
58         const RunlevelType type;
59 } rcnd_table[] = {
60         /* Standard SysV runlevels for start-up */
61         { "rc1.d",  SPECIAL_RESCUE_TARGET,    RUNLEVEL_UP },
62         { "rc2.d",  SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL2_TARGET, RUNLEVEL_UP },
63         { "rc3.d",  SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL3_TARGET, RUNLEVEL_UP },
64         { "rc4.d",  SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL4_TARGET, RUNLEVEL_UP },
65         { "rc5.d",  SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL5_TARGET, RUNLEVEL_UP },
66
67         /* Standard SysV runlevels for shutdown */
68         { "rc0.d",  SPECIAL_POWEROFF_TARGET,  RUNLEVEL_DOWN },
69         { "rc6.d",  SPECIAL_REBOOT_TARGET,    RUNLEVEL_DOWN }
70
71         /* Note that the order here matters, as we read the
72            directories in this order, and we want to make sure that
73            sysv_start_priority is known when we first load the
74            unit. And that value we only know from S links. Hence
75            UP must be read before DOWN */
76 };
77
78 #define RUNLEVELS_UP "12345"
79 #endif
80
81 static const UnitActiveState state_translation_table[_SERVICE_STATE_MAX] = {
82         [SERVICE_DEAD] = UNIT_INACTIVE,
83         [SERVICE_START_PRE] = UNIT_ACTIVATING,
84         [SERVICE_START] = UNIT_ACTIVATING,
85         [SERVICE_START_POST] = UNIT_ACTIVATING,
86         [SERVICE_RUNNING] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
87         [SERVICE_EXITED] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
88         [SERVICE_RELOAD] = UNIT_RELOADING,
89         [SERVICE_STOP] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
90         [SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
91         [SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
92         [SERVICE_STOP_POST] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
93         [SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
94         [SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
95         [SERVICE_FAILED] = UNIT_FAILED,
96         [SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART] = UNIT_ACTIVATING
97 };
98
99 /* For Type=idle we never want to delay any other jobs, hence we
100  * consider idle jobs active as soon as we start working on them */
101 static const UnitActiveState state_translation_table_idle[_SERVICE_STATE_MAX] = {
102         [SERVICE_DEAD] = UNIT_INACTIVE,
103         [SERVICE_START_PRE] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
104         [SERVICE_START] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
105         [SERVICE_START_POST] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
106         [SERVICE_RUNNING] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
107         [SERVICE_EXITED] = UNIT_ACTIVE,
108         [SERVICE_RELOAD] = UNIT_RELOADING,
109         [SERVICE_STOP] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
110         [SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
111         [SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
112         [SERVICE_STOP_POST] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
113         [SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
114         [SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL] = UNIT_DEACTIVATING,
115         [SERVICE_FAILED] = UNIT_FAILED,
116         [SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART] = UNIT_ACTIVATING
117 };
118
119 static void service_init(Unit *u) {
120         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
121
122         assert(u);
123         assert(u->load_state == UNIT_STUB);
124
125         s->timeout_start_usec = DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_USEC;
126         s->timeout_stop_usec = DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_USEC;
127         s->restart_usec = DEFAULT_RESTART_USEC;
128         s->type = _SERVICE_TYPE_INVALID;
129
130         watch_init(&s->watchdog_watch);
131         watch_init(&s->timer_watch);
132
133 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
134         s->sysv_start_priority = -1;
135         s->sysv_start_priority_from_rcnd = -1;
136 #endif
137         s->socket_fd = -1;
138         s->guess_main_pid = true;
139
140         exec_context_init(&s->exec_context);
141         kill_context_init(&s->kill_context);
142
143         RATELIMIT_INIT(s->start_limit, 10*USEC_PER_SEC, 5);
144
145         s->control_command_id = _SERVICE_EXEC_COMMAND_INVALID;
146 }
147
148 static void service_unwatch_control_pid(Service *s) {
149         assert(s);
150
151         if (s->control_pid <= 0)
152                 return;
153
154         unit_unwatch_pid(UNIT(s), s->control_pid);
155         s->control_pid = 0;
156 }
157
158 static void service_unwatch_main_pid(Service *s) {
159         assert(s);
160
161         if (s->main_pid <= 0)
162                 return;
163
164         unit_unwatch_pid(UNIT(s), s->main_pid);
165         s->main_pid = 0;
166 }
167
168 static void service_unwatch_pid_file(Service *s) {
169         if (!s->pid_file_pathspec)
170                 return;
171
172         log_debug("Stopping watch for %s's PID file %s", UNIT(s)->id, s->pid_file_pathspec->path);
173         path_spec_unwatch(s->pid_file_pathspec, UNIT(s));
174         path_spec_done(s->pid_file_pathspec);
175         free(s->pid_file_pathspec);
176         s->pid_file_pathspec = NULL;
177 }
178
179 static int service_set_main_pid(Service *s, pid_t pid) {
180         pid_t ppid;
181
182         assert(s);
183
184         if (pid <= 1)
185                 return -EINVAL;
186
187         if (pid == getpid())
188                 return -EINVAL;
189
190         s->main_pid = pid;
191         s->main_pid_known = true;
192
193         if (get_parent_of_pid(pid, &ppid) >= 0 && ppid != getpid()) {
194                 log_warning("%s: Supervising process %lu which is not our child. We'll most likely not notice when it exits.",
195                             UNIT(s)->id, (unsigned long) pid);
196
197                 s->main_pid_alien = true;
198         } else
199                 s->main_pid_alien = false;
200
201         exec_status_start(&s->main_exec_status, pid);
202
203         return 0;
204 }
205
206 static void service_close_socket_fd(Service *s) {
207         assert(s);
208
209         if (s->socket_fd < 0)
210                 return;
211
212         close_nointr_nofail(s->socket_fd);
213         s->socket_fd = -1;
214 }
215
216 static void service_connection_unref(Service *s) {
217         assert(s);
218
219         if (!UNIT_DEREF(s->accept_socket))
220                 return;
221
222         socket_connection_unref(SOCKET(UNIT_DEREF(s->accept_socket)));
223         unit_ref_unset(&s->accept_socket);
224 }
225
226 static void service_stop_watchdog(Service *s) {
227         assert(s);
228
229         unit_unwatch_timer(UNIT(s), &s->watchdog_watch);
230         s->watchdog_timestamp.realtime = 0;
231         s->watchdog_timestamp.monotonic = 0;
232 }
233
234 static void service_enter_dead(Service *s, ServiceResult f, bool allow_restart);
235
236 static void service_handle_watchdog(Service *s) {
237         usec_t offset;
238         int r;
239
240         assert(s);
241
242         if (s->watchdog_usec == 0)
243                 return;
244
245         offset = now(CLOCK_MONOTONIC) - s->watchdog_timestamp.monotonic;
246         if (offset >= s->watchdog_usec) {
247                 log_error("%s watchdog timeout!", UNIT(s)->id);
248                 service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_WATCHDOG, true);
249                 return;
250         }
251
252         r = unit_watch_timer(UNIT(s), CLOCK_MONOTONIC, true, s->watchdog_usec - offset, &s->watchdog_watch);
253         if (r < 0)
254                 log_warning("%s failed to install watchdog timer: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
255 }
256
257 static void service_reset_watchdog(Service *s) {
258         assert(s);
259
260         dual_timestamp_get(&s->watchdog_timestamp);
261         service_handle_watchdog(s);
262 }
263
264 static void service_done(Unit *u) {
265         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
266
267         assert(s);
268
269         free(s->pid_file);
270         s->pid_file = NULL;
271
272 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
273         free(s->sysv_runlevels);
274         s->sysv_runlevels = NULL;
275 #endif
276
277         free(s->status_text);
278         s->status_text = NULL;
279
280         exec_context_done(&s->exec_context);
281         exec_command_free_array(s->exec_command, _SERVICE_EXEC_COMMAND_MAX);
282         s->control_command = NULL;
283         s->main_command = NULL;
284
285         set_free(s->restart_ignore_status.code);
286         s->restart_ignore_status.code = NULL;
287         set_free(s->restart_ignore_status.signal);
288         s->restart_ignore_status.signal = NULL;
289
290         set_free(s->success_status.code);
291         s->success_status.code = NULL;
292         set_free(s->success_status.signal);
293         s->success_status.signal = NULL;
294
295         /* This will leak a process, but at least no memory or any of
296          * our resources */
297         service_unwatch_main_pid(s);
298         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
299         service_unwatch_pid_file(s);
300
301         if (s->bus_name)  {
302                 unit_unwatch_bus_name(u, s->bus_name);
303                 free(s->bus_name);
304                 s->bus_name = NULL;
305         }
306
307         service_close_socket_fd(s);
308         service_connection_unref(s);
309
310         unit_ref_unset(&s->accept_socket);
311
312         service_stop_watchdog(s);
313
314         unit_unwatch_timer(u, &s->timer_watch);
315 }
316
317 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
318 static char *sysv_translate_name(const char *name) {
319         char *r;
320
321         if (!(r = new(char, strlen(name) + sizeof(".service"))))
322                 return NULL;
323
324 #if defined(TARGET_DEBIAN) || defined(TARGET_UBUNTU) || defined(TARGET_ANGSTROM)
325         if (endswith(name, ".sh"))
326                 /* Drop Debian-style .sh suffix */
327                 strcpy(stpcpy(r, name) - 3, ".service");
328 #endif
329 #ifdef TARGET_FRUGALWARE
330         if (startswith(name, "rc."))
331                 /* Drop Frugalware-style rc. prefix */
332                 strcpy(stpcpy(r, name + 3), ".service");
333 #endif
334         else
335                 /* Normal init scripts */
336                 strcpy(stpcpy(r, name), ".service");
337
338         return r;
339 }
340
341 static int sysv_translate_facility(const char *name, const char *filename, char **_r) {
342
343         /* We silently ignore the $ prefix here. According to the LSB
344          * spec it simply indicates whether something is a
345          * standardized name or a distribution-specific one. Since we
346          * just follow what already exists and do not introduce new
347          * uses or names we don't care who introduced a new name. */
348
349         static const char * const table[] = {
350                 /* LSB defined facilities */
351                 "local_fs",             SPECIAL_LOCAL_FS_TARGET,
352 #if defined(TARGET_MANDRIVA) || defined(TARGET_MAGEIA)
353 #else
354                 /* Due to unfortunate name selection in Mandriva,
355                  * $network is provided by network-up which is ordered
356                  * after network which actually starts interfaces.
357                  * To break the loop, just ignore it */
358                 "network",              SPECIAL_NETWORK_TARGET,
359 #endif
360                 "named",                SPECIAL_NSS_LOOKUP_TARGET,
361                 "portmap",              SPECIAL_RPCBIND_TARGET,
362                 "remote_fs",            SPECIAL_REMOTE_FS_TARGET,
363                 "syslog",               SPECIAL_SYSLOG_TARGET,
364                 "time",                 SPECIAL_TIME_SYNC_TARGET,
365
366                 /* common extensions */
367                 "mail-transfer-agent",  SPECIAL_MAIL_TRANSFER_AGENT_TARGET,
368                 "x-display-manager",    SPECIAL_DISPLAY_MANAGER_SERVICE,
369                 "null",                 NULL,
370
371 #if defined(TARGET_DEBIAN) || defined(TARGET_UBUNTU) || defined(TARGET_ANGSTROM)
372                 "mail-transport-agent", SPECIAL_MAIL_TRANSFER_AGENT_TARGET,
373 #endif
374
375 #ifdef TARGET_SUSE
376                 "smtp",                 SPECIAL_MAIL_TRANSFER_AGENT_TARGET,
377 #endif
378         };
379
380         unsigned i;
381         char *r;
382         const char *n;
383
384         assert(name);
385         assert(_r);
386
387         n = *name == '$' ? name + 1 : name;
388
389         for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(table); i += 2) {
390
391                 if (!streq(table[i], n))
392                         continue;
393
394                 if (!table[i+1])
395                         return 0;
396
397                 if (!(r = strdup(table[i+1])))
398                         return -ENOMEM;
399
400                 goto finish;
401         }
402
403         /* If we don't know this name, fallback heuristics to figure
404          * out whether something is a target or a service alias. */
405
406         if (*name == '$') {
407                 if (!unit_prefix_is_valid(n))
408                         return -EINVAL;
409
410                 /* Facilities starting with $ are most likely targets */
411                 r = unit_name_build(n, NULL, ".target");
412         } else if (filename && streq(name, filename))
413                 /* Names equaling the file name of the services are redundant */
414                 return 0;
415         else
416                 /* Everything else we assume to be normal service names */
417                 r = sysv_translate_name(n);
418
419         if (!r)
420                 return -ENOMEM;
421
422 finish:
423         *_r = r;
424
425         return 1;
426 }
427
428 static int sysv_fix_order(Service *s) {
429         Unit *other;
430         int r;
431
432         assert(s);
433
434         if (s->sysv_start_priority < 0)
435                 return 0;
436
437         /* For each pair of services where at least one lacks a LSB
438          * header, we use the start priority value to order things. */
439
440         LIST_FOREACH(units_by_type, other, UNIT(s)->manager->units_by_type[UNIT_SERVICE]) {
441                 Service *t;
442                 UnitDependency d;
443                 bool special_s, special_t;
444
445                 t = SERVICE(other);
446
447                 if (s == t)
448                         continue;
449
450                 if (UNIT(t)->load_state != UNIT_LOADED)
451                         continue;
452
453                 if (t->sysv_start_priority < 0)
454                         continue;
455
456                 /* If both units have modern headers we don't care
457                  * about the priorities */
458                 if ((UNIT(s)->fragment_path || s->sysv_has_lsb) &&
459                     (UNIT(t)->fragment_path || t->sysv_has_lsb))
460                         continue;
461
462                 special_s = s->sysv_runlevels && !chars_intersect(RUNLEVELS_UP, s->sysv_runlevels);
463                 special_t = t->sysv_runlevels && !chars_intersect(RUNLEVELS_UP, t->sysv_runlevels);
464
465                 if (special_t && !special_s)
466                         d = UNIT_AFTER;
467                 else if (special_s && !special_t)
468                         d = UNIT_BEFORE;
469                 else if (t->sysv_start_priority < s->sysv_start_priority)
470                         d = UNIT_AFTER;
471                 else if (t->sysv_start_priority > s->sysv_start_priority)
472                         d = UNIT_BEFORE;
473                 else
474                         continue;
475
476                 /* FIXME: Maybe we should compare the name here lexicographically? */
477
478                 if ((r = unit_add_dependency(UNIT(s), d, UNIT(t), true)) < 0)
479                         return r;
480         }
481
482         return 0;
483 }
484
485 static ExecCommand *exec_command_new(const char *path, const char *arg1) {
486         ExecCommand *c;
487
488         if (!(c = new0(ExecCommand, 1)))
489                 return NULL;
490
491         if (!(c->path = strdup(path))) {
492                 free(c);
493                 return NULL;
494         }
495
496         if (!(c->argv = strv_new(path, arg1, NULL))) {
497                 free(c->path);
498                 free(c);
499                 return NULL;
500         }
501
502         return c;
503 }
504
505 static int sysv_exec_commands(Service *s, const bool supports_reload) {
506         ExecCommand *c;
507
508         assert(s);
509         assert(s->is_sysv);
510         assert(UNIT(s)->source_path);
511
512         c = exec_command_new(UNIT(s)->source_path, "start");
513         if (!c)
514                 return -ENOMEM;
515         exec_command_append_list(s->exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_START, c);
516
517         c = exec_command_new(UNIT(s)->source_path, "stop");
518         if (!c)
519                 return -ENOMEM;
520         exec_command_append_list(s->exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_STOP, c);
521
522         if (supports_reload) {
523                 c = exec_command_new(UNIT(s)->source_path, "reload");
524                 if (!c)
525                         return -ENOMEM;
526                 exec_command_append_list(s->exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_RELOAD, c);
527         }
528
529         return 0;
530 }
531
532 static bool usage_contains_reload(const char *line) {
533         return (strcasestr(line, "{reload|") ||
534                 strcasestr(line, "{reload}") ||
535                 strcasestr(line, "{reload\"") ||
536                 strcasestr(line, "|reload|") ||
537                 strcasestr(line, "|reload}") ||
538                 strcasestr(line, "|reload\""));
539 }
540
541 static int service_load_sysv_path(Service *s, const char *path) {
542         FILE *f;
543         Unit *u;
544         unsigned line = 0;
545         int r;
546         enum {
547                 NORMAL,
548                 DESCRIPTION,
549                 LSB,
550                 LSB_DESCRIPTION,
551                 USAGE_CONTINUATION
552         } state = NORMAL;
553         char *short_description = NULL, *long_description = NULL, *chkconfig_description = NULL, *description;
554         struct stat st;
555         bool supports_reload = false;
556
557         assert(s);
558         assert(path);
559
560         u = UNIT(s);
561
562         f = fopen(path, "re");
563         if (!f) {
564                 r = errno == ENOENT ? 0 : -errno;
565                 goto finish;
566         }
567
568         if (fstat(fileno(f), &st) < 0) {
569                 r = -errno;
570                 goto finish;
571         }
572
573         free(u->source_path);
574         u->source_path = strdup(path);
575         if (!u->source_path) {
576                 r = -ENOMEM;
577                 goto finish;
578         }
579         u->source_mtime = timespec_load(&st.st_mtim);
580
581         if (null_or_empty(&st)) {
582                 u->load_state = UNIT_MASKED;
583                 r = 0;
584                 goto finish;
585         }
586
587         s->is_sysv = true;
588
589         while (!feof(f)) {
590                 char l[LINE_MAX], *t;
591
592                 if (!fgets(l, sizeof(l), f)) {
593                         if (feof(f))
594                                 break;
595
596                         r = -errno;
597                         log_error("Failed to read configuration file '%s': %s", path, strerror(-r));
598                         goto finish;
599                 }
600
601                 line++;
602
603                 t = strstrip(l);
604                 if (*t != '#') {
605                         /* Try to figure out whether this init script supports
606                          * the reload operation. This heuristic looks for
607                          * "Usage" lines which include the reload option. */
608                         if ( state == USAGE_CONTINUATION ||
609                             (state == NORMAL && strcasestr(t, "usage"))) {
610                                 if (usage_contains_reload(t)) {
611                                         supports_reload = true;
612                                         state = NORMAL;
613                                 } else if (t[strlen(t)-1] == '\\')
614                                         state = USAGE_CONTINUATION;
615                                 else
616                                         state = NORMAL;
617                         }
618
619                         continue;
620                 }
621
622                 if (state == NORMAL && streq(t, "### BEGIN INIT INFO")) {
623                         state = LSB;
624                         s->sysv_has_lsb = true;
625                         continue;
626                 }
627
628                 if ((state == LSB_DESCRIPTION || state == LSB) && streq(t, "### END INIT INFO")) {
629                         state = NORMAL;
630                         continue;
631                 }
632
633                 t++;
634                 t += strspn(t, WHITESPACE);
635
636                 if (state == NORMAL) {
637
638                         /* Try to parse Red Hat style chkconfig headers */
639
640                         if (startswith_no_case(t, "chkconfig:")) {
641                                 int start_priority;
642                                 char runlevels[16], *k;
643
644                                 state = NORMAL;
645
646                                 if (sscanf(t+10, "%15s %i %*i",
647                                            runlevels,
648                                            &start_priority) != 2) {
649
650                                         log_warning("[%s:%u] Failed to parse chkconfig line. Ignoring.", path, line);
651                                         continue;
652                                 }
653
654                                 /* A start priority gathered from the
655                                  * symlink farms is preferred over the
656                                  * data from the LSB header. */
657                                 if (start_priority < 0 || start_priority > 99)
658                                         log_warning("[%s:%u] Start priority out of range. Ignoring.", path, line);
659                                 else
660                                         s->sysv_start_priority = start_priority;
661
662                                 char_array_0(runlevels);
663                                 k = delete_chars(runlevels, WHITESPACE "-");
664
665                                 if (k[0]) {
666                                         char *d;
667
668                                         if (!(d = strdup(k))) {
669                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
670                                                 goto finish;
671                                         }
672
673                                         free(s->sysv_runlevels);
674                                         s->sysv_runlevels = d;
675                                 }
676
677                         } else if (startswith_no_case(t, "description:")) {
678
679                                 size_t k = strlen(t);
680                                 char *d;
681                                 const char *j;
682
683                                 if (t[k-1] == '\\') {
684                                         state = DESCRIPTION;
685                                         t[k-1] = 0;
686                                 }
687
688                                 if ((j = strstrip(t+12)) && *j) {
689                                         if (!(d = strdup(j))) {
690                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
691                                                 goto finish;
692                                         }
693                                 } else
694                                         d = NULL;
695
696                                 free(chkconfig_description);
697                                 chkconfig_description = d;
698
699                         } else if (startswith_no_case(t, "pidfile:")) {
700
701                                 char *fn;
702
703                                 state = NORMAL;
704
705                                 fn = strstrip(t+8);
706                                 if (!path_is_absolute(fn)) {
707                                         log_warning("[%s:%u] PID file not absolute. Ignoring.", path, line);
708                                         continue;
709                                 }
710
711                                 if (!(fn = strdup(fn))) {
712                                         r = -ENOMEM;
713                                         goto finish;
714                                 }
715
716                                 free(s->pid_file);
717                                 s->pid_file = fn;
718                         }
719
720                 } else if (state == DESCRIPTION) {
721
722                         /* Try to parse Red Hat style description
723                          * continuation */
724
725                         size_t k = strlen(t);
726                         char *j;
727
728                         if (t[k-1] == '\\')
729                                 t[k-1] = 0;
730                         else
731                                 state = NORMAL;
732
733                         if ((j = strstrip(t)) && *j) {
734                                 char *d = NULL;
735
736                                 if (chkconfig_description)
737                                         d = strjoin(chkconfig_description, " ", j, NULL);
738                                 else
739                                         d = strdup(j);
740
741                                 if (!d) {
742                                         r = -ENOMEM;
743                                         goto finish;
744                                 }
745
746                                 free(chkconfig_description);
747                                 chkconfig_description = d;
748                         }
749
750                 } else if (state == LSB || state == LSB_DESCRIPTION) {
751
752                         if (startswith_no_case(t, "Provides:")) {
753                                 char *i, *w;
754                                 size_t z;
755
756                                 state = LSB;
757
758                                 FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, z, t+9, i) {
759                                         char *n, *m;
760
761                                         if (!(n = strndup(w, z))) {
762                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
763                                                 goto finish;
764                                         }
765
766                                         r = sysv_translate_facility(n, path_get_file_name(path), &m);
767                                         free(n);
768
769                                         if (r < 0)
770                                                 goto finish;
771
772                                         if (r == 0)
773                                                 continue;
774
775                                         if (unit_name_to_type(m) == UNIT_SERVICE)
776                                                 r = unit_add_name(u, m);
777                                         else
778                                                 /* NB: SysV targets
779                                                  * which are provided
780                                                  * by a service are
781                                                  * pulled in by the
782                                                  * services, as an
783                                                  * indication that the
784                                                  * generic service is
785                                                  * now available. This
786                                                  * is strictly
787                                                  * one-way. The
788                                                  * targets do NOT pull
789                                                  * in the SysV
790                                                  * services! */
791                                                 r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(u, UNIT_BEFORE, UNIT_WANTS, m, NULL, true);
792
793                                         if (r < 0)
794                                                 log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add LSB Provides name %s, ignoring: %s", path, line, m, strerror(-r));
795
796                                         free(m);
797                                 }
798
799                         } else if (startswith_no_case(t, "Required-Start:") ||
800                                    startswith_no_case(t, "Should-Start:") ||
801                                    startswith_no_case(t, "X-Start-Before:") ||
802                                    startswith_no_case(t, "X-Start-After:")) {
803                                 char *i, *w;
804                                 size_t z;
805
806                                 state = LSB;
807
808                                 FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, z, strchr(t, ':')+1, i) {
809                                         char *n, *m;
810
811                                         if (!(n = strndup(w, z))) {
812                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
813                                                 goto finish;
814                                         }
815
816                                         r = sysv_translate_facility(n, path_get_file_name(path), &m);
817
818                                         if (r < 0) {
819                                                 log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to translate LSB dependency %s, ignoring: %s", path, line, n, strerror(-r));
820                                                 free(n);
821                                                 continue;
822                                         }
823
824                                         free(n);
825
826                                         if (r == 0)
827                                                 continue;
828
829                                         r = unit_add_dependency_by_name(u, startswith_no_case(t, "X-Start-Before:") ? UNIT_BEFORE : UNIT_AFTER, m, NULL, true);
830
831                                         if (r < 0)
832                                                 log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add dependency on %s, ignoring: %s", path, line, m, strerror(-r));
833
834                                         free(m);
835                                 }
836                         } else if (startswith_no_case(t, "Default-Start:")) {
837                                 char *k, *d;
838
839                                 state = LSB;
840
841                                 k = delete_chars(t+14, WHITESPACE "-");
842
843                                 if (k[0] != 0) {
844                                         if (!(d = strdup(k))) {
845                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
846                                                 goto finish;
847                                         }
848
849                                         free(s->sysv_runlevels);
850                                         s->sysv_runlevels = d;
851                                 }
852
853                         } else if (startswith_no_case(t, "Description:")) {
854                                 char *d, *j;
855
856                                 state = LSB_DESCRIPTION;
857
858                                 if ((j = strstrip(t+12)) && *j) {
859                                         if (!(d = strdup(j))) {
860                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
861                                                 goto finish;
862                                         }
863                                 } else
864                                         d = NULL;
865
866                                 free(long_description);
867                                 long_description = d;
868
869                         } else if (startswith_no_case(t, "Short-Description:")) {
870                                 char *d, *j;
871
872                                 state = LSB;
873
874                                 if ((j = strstrip(t+18)) && *j) {
875                                         if (!(d = strdup(j))) {
876                                                 r = -ENOMEM;
877                                                 goto finish;
878                                         }
879                                 } else
880                                         d = NULL;
881
882                                 free(short_description);
883                                 short_description = d;
884
885                         } else if (state == LSB_DESCRIPTION) {
886
887                                 if (startswith(l, "#\t") || startswith(l, "#  ")) {
888                                         char *j;
889
890                                         if ((j = strstrip(t)) && *j) {
891                                                 char *d = NULL;
892
893                                                 if (long_description)
894                                                         d = strjoin(long_description, " ", t, NULL);
895                                                 else
896                                                         d = strdup(j);
897
898                                                 if (!d) {
899                                                         r = -ENOMEM;
900                                                         goto finish;
901                                                 }
902
903                                                 free(long_description);
904                                                 long_description = d;
905                                         }
906
907                                 } else
908                                         state = LSB;
909                         }
910                 }
911         }
912
913         if ((r = sysv_exec_commands(s, supports_reload)) < 0)
914                 goto finish;
915
916         if (s->sysv_runlevels && !chars_intersect(RUNLEVELS_UP, s->sysv_runlevels)) {
917                 /* If there a runlevels configured for this service
918                  * but none of the standard ones, then we assume this
919                  * is some special kind of service (which might be
920                  * needed for early boot) and don't create any links
921                  * to it. */
922
923                 UNIT(s)->default_dependencies = false;
924
925                 /* Don't timeout special services during boot (like fsck) */
926                 s->timeout_start_usec = 0;
927                 s->timeout_stop_usec = 0;
928         } else {
929                 s->timeout_start_usec = DEFAULT_SYSV_TIMEOUT_USEC;
930                 s->timeout_stop_usec = DEFAULT_SYSV_TIMEOUT_USEC;
931         }
932
933         /* Special setting for all SysV services */
934         s->type = SERVICE_FORKING;
935         s->remain_after_exit = !s->pid_file;
936         s->guess_main_pid = false;
937         s->restart = SERVICE_RESTART_NO;
938         s->exec_context.ignore_sigpipe = false;
939         s->kill_context.kill_mode = KILL_PROCESS;
940
941         /* We use the long description only if
942          * no short description is set. */
943
944         if (short_description)
945                 description = short_description;
946         else if (chkconfig_description)
947                 description = chkconfig_description;
948         else if (long_description)
949                 description = long_description;
950         else
951                 description = NULL;
952
953         if (description) {
954                 char *d;
955
956                 if (!(d = strappend(s->sysv_has_lsb ? "LSB: " : "SYSV: ", description))) {
957                         r = -ENOMEM;
958                         goto finish;
959                 }
960
961                 u->description = d;
962         }
963
964         /* The priority that has been set in /etc/rcN.d/ hierarchies
965          * takes precedence over what is stored as default in the LSB
966          * header */
967         if (s->sysv_start_priority_from_rcnd >= 0)
968                 s->sysv_start_priority = s->sysv_start_priority_from_rcnd;
969
970         u->load_state = UNIT_LOADED;
971         r = 0;
972
973 finish:
974
975         if (f)
976                 fclose(f);
977
978         free(short_description);
979         free(long_description);
980         free(chkconfig_description);
981
982         return r;
983 }
984
985 static int service_load_sysv_name(Service *s, const char *name) {
986         char **p;
987
988         assert(s);
989         assert(name);
990
991         /* For SysV services we strip the rc.* and *.sh
992          * prefixes/suffixes. */
993 #if defined(TARGET_DEBIAN) || defined(TARGET_UBUNTU) || defined(TARGET_ANGSTROM)
994         if (endswith(name, ".sh.service"))
995                 return -ENOENT;
996 #endif
997
998 #ifdef TARGET_FRUGALWARE
999         if (startswith(name, "rc."))
1000                 return -ENOENT;
1001 #endif
1002
1003         STRV_FOREACH(p, UNIT(s)->manager->lookup_paths.sysvinit_path) {
1004                 char *path;
1005                 int r;
1006
1007                 path = strjoin(*p, "/", name, NULL);
1008                 if (!path)
1009                         return -ENOMEM;
1010
1011                 assert(endswith(path, ".service"));
1012                 path[strlen(path)-8] = 0;
1013
1014                 r = service_load_sysv_path(s, path);
1015
1016 #if defined(TARGET_DEBIAN) || defined(TARGET_UBUNTU) || defined(TARGET_ANGSTROM)
1017                 if (r >= 0 && UNIT(s)->load_state == UNIT_STUB) {
1018                         /* Try Debian style *.sh source'able init scripts */
1019                         strcat(path, ".sh");
1020                         r = service_load_sysv_path(s, path);
1021                 }
1022 #endif
1023                 free(path);
1024
1025 #ifdef TARGET_FRUGALWARE
1026                 if (r >= 0 && UNIT(s)->load_state == UNIT_STUB) {
1027                         /* Try Frugalware style rc.* init scripts */
1028
1029                         path = strjoin(*p, "/rc.", name, NULL);
1030                         if (!path)
1031                                 return -ENOMEM;
1032
1033                         /* Drop .service suffix */
1034                         path[strlen(path)-8] = 0;
1035                         r = service_load_sysv_path(s, path);
1036                         free(path);
1037                 }
1038 #endif
1039
1040                 if (r < 0)
1041                         return r;
1042
1043                 if ((UNIT(s)->load_state != UNIT_STUB))
1044                         break;
1045         }
1046
1047         return 0;
1048 }
1049
1050 static int service_load_sysv(Service *s) {
1051         const char *t;
1052         Iterator i;
1053         int r;
1054
1055         assert(s);
1056
1057         /* Load service data from SysV init scripts, preferably with
1058          * LSB headers ... */
1059
1060         if (strv_isempty(UNIT(s)->manager->lookup_paths.sysvinit_path))
1061                 return 0;
1062
1063         if ((t = UNIT(s)->id))
1064                 if ((r = service_load_sysv_name(s, t)) < 0)
1065                         return r;
1066
1067         if (UNIT(s)->load_state == UNIT_STUB)
1068                 SET_FOREACH(t, UNIT(s)->names, i) {
1069                         if (t == UNIT(s)->id)
1070                                 continue;
1071
1072                         if ((r = service_load_sysv_name(s, t)) < 0)
1073                                 return r;
1074
1075                         if (UNIT(s)->load_state != UNIT_STUB)
1076                                 break;
1077                 }
1078
1079         return 0;
1080 }
1081 #endif
1082
1083 static int fsck_fix_order(Service *s) {
1084         Unit *other;
1085         int r;
1086
1087         assert(s);
1088
1089         if (s->fsck_passno <= 0)
1090                 return 0;
1091
1092         /* For each pair of services where both have an fsck priority
1093          * we order things based on it. */
1094
1095         LIST_FOREACH(units_by_type, other, UNIT(s)->manager->units_by_type[UNIT_SERVICE]) {
1096                 Service *t;
1097                 UnitDependency d;
1098
1099                 t = SERVICE(other);
1100
1101                 if (s == t)
1102                         continue;
1103
1104                 if (UNIT(t)->load_state != UNIT_LOADED)
1105                         continue;
1106
1107                 if (t->fsck_passno <= 0)
1108                         continue;
1109
1110                 if (t->fsck_passno < s->fsck_passno)
1111                         d = UNIT_AFTER;
1112                 else if (t->fsck_passno > s->fsck_passno)
1113                         d = UNIT_BEFORE;
1114                 else
1115                         continue;
1116
1117                 if ((r = unit_add_dependency(UNIT(s), d, UNIT(t), true)) < 0)
1118                         return r;
1119         }
1120
1121         return 0;
1122 }
1123
1124 static int service_verify(Service *s) {
1125         assert(s);
1126
1127         if (UNIT(s)->load_state != UNIT_LOADED)
1128                 return 0;
1129
1130         if (!s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START]) {
1131                 log_error("%s lacks ExecStart setting. Refusing.", UNIT(s)->id);
1132                 return -EINVAL;
1133         }
1134
1135         if (s->type != SERVICE_ONESHOT &&
1136             s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START]->command_next) {
1137                 log_error("%s has more than one ExecStart setting, which is only allowed for Type=oneshot services. Refusing.", UNIT(s)->id);
1138                 return -EINVAL;
1139         }
1140
1141         if (s->type == SERVICE_DBUS && !s->bus_name) {
1142                 log_error("%s is of type D-Bus but no D-Bus service name has been specified. Refusing.", UNIT(s)->id);
1143                 return -EINVAL;
1144         }
1145
1146         if (s->bus_name && s->type != SERVICE_DBUS)
1147                 log_warning("%s has a D-Bus service name specified, but is not of type dbus. Ignoring.", UNIT(s)->id);
1148
1149         if (s->exec_context.pam_name && s->kill_context.kill_mode != KILL_CONTROL_GROUP) {
1150                 log_error("%s has PAM enabled. Kill mode must be set to 'control-group'. Refusing.", UNIT(s)->id);
1151                 return -EINVAL;
1152         }
1153
1154         return 0;
1155 }
1156
1157 static int service_add_default_dependencies(Service *s) {
1158         int r;
1159
1160         assert(s);
1161
1162         /* Add a number of automatic dependencies useful for the
1163          * majority of services. */
1164
1165         /* First, pull in base system */
1166         if (UNIT(s)->manager->running_as == SYSTEMD_SYSTEM) {
1167
1168                 if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(UNIT(s), UNIT_AFTER, UNIT_REQUIRES, SPECIAL_BASIC_TARGET, NULL, true)) < 0)
1169                         return r;
1170
1171         } else if (UNIT(s)->manager->running_as == SYSTEMD_USER) {
1172
1173                 if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(UNIT(s), UNIT_AFTER, UNIT_REQUIRES, SPECIAL_SOCKETS_TARGET, NULL, true)) < 0)
1174                         return r;
1175         }
1176
1177         /* Second, activate normal shutdown */
1178         return unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(UNIT(s), UNIT_BEFORE, UNIT_CONFLICTS, SPECIAL_SHUTDOWN_TARGET, NULL, true);
1179 }
1180
1181 static void service_fix_output(Service *s) {
1182         assert(s);
1183
1184         /* If nothing has been explicitly configured, patch default
1185          * output in. If input is socket/tty we avoid this however,
1186          * since in that case we want output to default to the same
1187          * place as we read input from. */
1188
1189         if (s->exec_context.std_error == EXEC_OUTPUT_INHERIT &&
1190             s->exec_context.std_output == EXEC_OUTPUT_INHERIT &&
1191             s->exec_context.std_input == EXEC_INPUT_NULL)
1192                 s->exec_context.std_error = UNIT(s)->manager->default_std_error;
1193
1194         if (s->exec_context.std_output == EXEC_OUTPUT_INHERIT &&
1195             s->exec_context.std_input == EXEC_INPUT_NULL)
1196                 s->exec_context.std_output = UNIT(s)->manager->default_std_output;
1197 }
1198
1199 static int service_load(Unit *u) {
1200         int r;
1201         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
1202
1203         assert(s);
1204
1205         /* Load a .service file */
1206         if ((r = unit_load_fragment(u)) < 0)
1207                 return r;
1208
1209 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
1210         /* Load a classic init script as a fallback, if we couldn't find anything */
1211         if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB)
1212                 if ((r = service_load_sysv(s)) < 0)
1213                         return r;
1214 #endif
1215
1216         /* Still nothing found? Then let's give up */
1217         if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB)
1218                 return -ENOENT;
1219
1220         /* We were able to load something, then let's add in the
1221          * dropin directories. */
1222         if ((r = unit_load_dropin(unit_follow_merge(u))) < 0)
1223                 return r;
1224
1225         /* This is a new unit? Then let's add in some extras */
1226         if (u->load_state == UNIT_LOADED) {
1227                 if (s->type == _SERVICE_TYPE_INVALID)
1228                         s->type = s->bus_name ? SERVICE_DBUS : SERVICE_SIMPLE;
1229
1230                 /* Oneshot services have disabled start timeout by default */
1231                 if (s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT && !s->start_timeout_defined)
1232                         s->timeout_start_usec = 0;
1233
1234                 service_fix_output(s);
1235
1236                 if ((r = unit_add_exec_dependencies(u, &s->exec_context)) < 0)
1237                         return r;
1238
1239                 if ((r = unit_add_default_cgroups(u)) < 0)
1240                         return r;
1241
1242 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
1243                 if ((r = sysv_fix_order(s)) < 0)
1244                         return r;
1245 #endif
1246
1247                 if ((r = fsck_fix_order(s)) < 0)
1248                         return r;
1249
1250                 if (s->bus_name)
1251                         if ((r = unit_watch_bus_name(u, s->bus_name)) < 0)
1252                                 return r;
1253
1254                 if (s->type == SERVICE_NOTIFY && s->notify_access == NOTIFY_NONE)
1255                         s->notify_access = NOTIFY_MAIN;
1256
1257                 if (s->watchdog_usec > 0 && s->notify_access == NOTIFY_NONE)
1258                         s->notify_access = NOTIFY_MAIN;
1259
1260                 if (s->type == SERVICE_DBUS || s->bus_name)
1261                         if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(u, UNIT_AFTER, UNIT_REQUIRES, SPECIAL_DBUS_SOCKET, NULL, true)) < 0)
1262                                 return r;
1263
1264                 if (UNIT(s)->default_dependencies)
1265                         if ((r = service_add_default_dependencies(s)) < 0)
1266                                 return r;
1267
1268                 r = unit_exec_context_defaults(u, &s->exec_context);
1269                 if (r < 0)
1270                         return r;
1271         }
1272
1273         return service_verify(s);
1274 }
1275
1276 static void service_dump(Unit *u, FILE *f, const char *prefix) {
1277
1278         ServiceExecCommand c;
1279         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
1280         const char *prefix2;
1281         char *p2;
1282
1283         assert(s);
1284
1285         p2 = strappend(prefix, "\t");
1286         prefix2 = p2 ? p2 : prefix;
1287
1288         fprintf(f,
1289                 "%sService State: %s\n"
1290                 "%sResult: %s\n"
1291                 "%sReload Result: %s\n"
1292                 "%sPermissionsStartOnly: %s\n"
1293                 "%sRootDirectoryStartOnly: %s\n"
1294                 "%sRemainAfterExit: %s\n"
1295                 "%sGuessMainPID: %s\n"
1296                 "%sType: %s\n"
1297                 "%sRestart: %s\n"
1298                 "%sNotifyAccess: %s\n",
1299                 prefix, service_state_to_string(s->state),
1300                 prefix, service_result_to_string(s->result),
1301                 prefix, service_result_to_string(s->reload_result),
1302                 prefix, yes_no(s->permissions_start_only),
1303                 prefix, yes_no(s->root_directory_start_only),
1304                 prefix, yes_no(s->remain_after_exit),
1305                 prefix, yes_no(s->guess_main_pid),
1306                 prefix, service_type_to_string(s->type),
1307                 prefix, service_restart_to_string(s->restart),
1308                 prefix, notify_access_to_string(s->notify_access));
1309
1310         if (s->control_pid > 0)
1311                 fprintf(f,
1312                         "%sControl PID: %lu\n",
1313                         prefix, (unsigned long) s->control_pid);
1314
1315         if (s->main_pid > 0)
1316                 fprintf(f,
1317                         "%sMain PID: %lu\n"
1318                         "%sMain PID Known: %s\n"
1319                         "%sMain PID Alien: %s\n",
1320                         prefix, (unsigned long) s->main_pid,
1321                         prefix, yes_no(s->main_pid_known),
1322                         prefix, yes_no(s->main_pid_alien));
1323
1324         if (s->pid_file)
1325                 fprintf(f,
1326                         "%sPIDFile: %s\n",
1327                         prefix, s->pid_file);
1328
1329         if (s->bus_name)
1330                 fprintf(f,
1331                         "%sBusName: %s\n"
1332                         "%sBus Name Good: %s\n",
1333                         prefix, s->bus_name,
1334                         prefix, yes_no(s->bus_name_good));
1335
1336         kill_context_dump(&s->kill_context, f, prefix);
1337         exec_context_dump(&s->exec_context, f, prefix);
1338
1339         for (c = 0; c < _SERVICE_EXEC_COMMAND_MAX; c++) {
1340
1341                 if (!s->exec_command[c])
1342                         continue;
1343
1344                 fprintf(f, "%s-> %s:\n",
1345                         prefix, service_exec_command_to_string(c));
1346
1347                 exec_command_dump_list(s->exec_command[c], f, prefix2);
1348         }
1349
1350 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
1351         if (s->is_sysv)
1352                 fprintf(f,
1353                         "%sSysV Init Script has LSB Header: %s\n"
1354                         "%sSysVEnabled: %s\n",
1355                         prefix, yes_no(s->sysv_has_lsb),
1356                         prefix, yes_no(s->sysv_enabled));
1357
1358         if (s->sysv_start_priority >= 0)
1359                 fprintf(f,
1360                         "%sSysVStartPriority: %i\n",
1361                         prefix, s->sysv_start_priority);
1362
1363         if (s->sysv_runlevels)
1364                 fprintf(f, "%sSysVRunLevels: %s\n",
1365                         prefix, s->sysv_runlevels);
1366 #endif
1367
1368         if (s->fsck_passno > 0)
1369                 fprintf(f,
1370                         "%sFsckPassNo: %i\n",
1371                         prefix, s->fsck_passno);
1372
1373         if (s->status_text)
1374                 fprintf(f, "%sStatus Text: %s\n",
1375                         prefix, s->status_text);
1376
1377         free(p2);
1378 }
1379
1380 static int service_load_pid_file(Service *s, bool may_warn) {
1381         char *k;
1382         int r;
1383         pid_t pid;
1384
1385         assert(s);
1386
1387         if (!s->pid_file)
1388                 return -ENOENT;
1389
1390         if ((r = read_one_line_file(s->pid_file, &k)) < 0) {
1391                 if (may_warn)
1392                         log_info("PID file %s not readable (yet?) after %s.",
1393                                  s->pid_file, service_state_to_string(s->state));
1394                 return r;
1395         }
1396
1397         r = parse_pid(k, &pid);
1398         free(k);
1399
1400         if (r < 0)
1401                 return r;
1402
1403         if (kill(pid, 0) < 0 && errno != EPERM) {
1404                 if (may_warn)
1405                         log_info("PID %lu read from file %s does not exist.",
1406                                  (unsigned long) pid, s->pid_file);
1407                 return -ESRCH;
1408         }
1409
1410         if (s->main_pid_known) {
1411                 if (pid == s->main_pid)
1412                         return 0;
1413
1414                 log_debug("Main PID changing: %lu -> %lu",
1415                           (unsigned long) s->main_pid, (unsigned long) pid);
1416                 service_unwatch_main_pid(s);
1417                 s->main_pid_known = false;
1418         } else
1419                 log_debug("Main PID loaded: %lu", (unsigned long) pid);
1420
1421         if ((r = service_set_main_pid(s, pid)) < 0)
1422                 return r;
1423
1424         if ((r = unit_watch_pid(UNIT(s), pid)) < 0)
1425                 /* FIXME: we need to do something here */
1426                 return r;
1427
1428         return 0;
1429 }
1430
1431 static int service_search_main_pid(Service *s) {
1432         pid_t pid;
1433         int r;
1434
1435         assert(s);
1436
1437         /* If we know it anyway, don't ever fallback to unreliable
1438          * heuristics */
1439         if (s->main_pid_known)
1440                 return 0;
1441
1442         if (!s->guess_main_pid)
1443                 return 0;
1444
1445         assert(s->main_pid <= 0);
1446
1447         if ((pid = cgroup_bonding_search_main_pid_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings)) <= 0)
1448                 return -ENOENT;
1449
1450         log_debug("Main PID guessed: %lu", (unsigned long) pid);
1451         if ((r = service_set_main_pid(s, pid)) < 0)
1452                 return r;
1453
1454         if ((r = unit_watch_pid(UNIT(s), pid)) < 0)
1455                 /* FIXME: we need to do something here */
1456                 return r;
1457
1458         return 0;
1459 }
1460
1461 static void service_notify_sockets_dead(Service *s, bool failed_permanent) {
1462         Iterator i;
1463         Unit *u;
1464
1465         assert(s);
1466
1467         /* Notifies all our sockets when we die */
1468
1469         if (s->socket_fd >= 0)
1470                 return;
1471
1472         SET_FOREACH(u, UNIT(s)->dependencies[UNIT_TRIGGERED_BY], i)
1473                 if (u->type == UNIT_SOCKET)
1474                         socket_notify_service_dead(SOCKET(u), failed_permanent);
1475
1476         return;
1477 }
1478
1479 static void service_set_state(Service *s, ServiceState state) {
1480         ServiceState old_state;
1481         const UnitActiveState *table;
1482         assert(s);
1483
1484         table = s->type == SERVICE_IDLE ? state_translation_table_idle : state_translation_table;
1485
1486         old_state = s->state;
1487         s->state = state;
1488
1489         service_unwatch_pid_file(s);
1490
1491         if (state != SERVICE_START_PRE &&
1492             state != SERVICE_START &&
1493             state != SERVICE_START_POST &&
1494             state != SERVICE_RELOAD &&
1495             state != SERVICE_STOP &&
1496             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM &&
1497             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL &&
1498             state != SERVICE_STOP_POST &&
1499             state != SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM &&
1500             state != SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL &&
1501             state != SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART)
1502                 unit_unwatch_timer(UNIT(s), &s->timer_watch);
1503
1504         if (state != SERVICE_START &&
1505             state != SERVICE_START_POST &&
1506             state != SERVICE_RUNNING &&
1507             state != SERVICE_RELOAD &&
1508             state != SERVICE_STOP &&
1509             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM &&
1510             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL) {
1511                 service_unwatch_main_pid(s);
1512                 s->main_command = NULL;
1513         }
1514
1515         if (state != SERVICE_START_PRE &&
1516             state != SERVICE_START &&
1517             state != SERVICE_START_POST &&
1518             state != SERVICE_RELOAD &&
1519             state != SERVICE_STOP &&
1520             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM &&
1521             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL &&
1522             state != SERVICE_STOP_POST &&
1523             state != SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM &&
1524             state != SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL) {
1525                 service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
1526                 s->control_command = NULL;
1527                 s->control_command_id = _SERVICE_EXEC_COMMAND_INVALID;
1528         }
1529
1530         if (state == SERVICE_DEAD ||
1531             state == SERVICE_STOP ||
1532             state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM ||
1533             state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL ||
1534             state == SERVICE_STOP_POST ||
1535             state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM ||
1536             state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL ||
1537             state == SERVICE_FAILED ||
1538             state == SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART)
1539                 service_notify_sockets_dead(s, false);
1540
1541         if (state != SERVICE_START_PRE &&
1542             state != SERVICE_START &&
1543             state != SERVICE_START_POST &&
1544             state != SERVICE_RUNNING &&
1545             state != SERVICE_RELOAD &&
1546             state != SERVICE_STOP &&
1547             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM &&
1548             state != SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL &&
1549             state != SERVICE_STOP_POST &&
1550             state != SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM &&
1551             state != SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL &&
1552             !(state == SERVICE_DEAD && UNIT(s)->job)) {
1553                 service_close_socket_fd(s);
1554                 service_connection_unref(s);
1555         }
1556
1557         if (state == SERVICE_STOP)
1558                 service_stop_watchdog(s);
1559
1560         /* For the inactive states unit_notify() will trim the cgroup,
1561          * but for exit we have to do that ourselves... */
1562         if (state == SERVICE_EXITED && UNIT(s)->manager->n_reloading <= 0)
1563                 cgroup_bonding_trim_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings, true);
1564
1565         if (old_state != state)
1566                 log_struct(LOG_DEBUG,
1567                            "UNIT=%s", UNIT(s)->id,
1568                            "MESSAGE=%s changed %s -> %s", UNIT(s)->id,
1569                                    service_state_to_string(old_state),
1570                                    service_state_to_string(state),
1571                            NULL);
1572
1573         unit_notify(UNIT(s), table[old_state], table[state], s->reload_result == SERVICE_SUCCESS);
1574         s->reload_result = SERVICE_SUCCESS;
1575 }
1576
1577 static int service_coldplug(Unit *u) {
1578         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
1579         int r;
1580
1581         assert(s);
1582         assert(s->state == SERVICE_DEAD);
1583
1584         if (s->deserialized_state != s->state) {
1585
1586                 if (s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START_PRE ||
1587                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START ||
1588                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START_POST ||
1589                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_RELOAD ||
1590                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP ||
1591                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM ||
1592                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL ||
1593                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_POST ||
1594                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM ||
1595                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL ||
1596                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART) {
1597                         if (s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART || s->timeout_start_usec > 0) {
1598                                 usec_t k;
1599
1600                                 k = s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART ? s->restart_usec : s->timeout_start_usec;
1601
1602                                 r = unit_watch_timer(UNIT(s), CLOCK_MONOTONIC, true, k, &s->timer_watch);
1603                                 if (r < 0)
1604                                         return r;
1605                         }
1606                 }
1607
1608                 if ((s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START &&
1609                      (s->type == SERVICE_FORKING ||
1610                       s->type == SERVICE_DBUS ||
1611                       s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT ||
1612                       s->type == SERVICE_NOTIFY)) ||
1613                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START_POST ||
1614                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_RUNNING ||
1615                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_RELOAD ||
1616                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP ||
1617                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM ||
1618                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL)
1619                         if (s->main_pid > 0)
1620                                 if ((r = unit_watch_pid(UNIT(s), s->main_pid)) < 0)
1621                                         return r;
1622
1623                 if (s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START_PRE ||
1624                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START ||
1625                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START_POST ||
1626                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_RELOAD ||
1627                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP ||
1628                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM ||
1629                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL ||
1630                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_STOP_POST ||
1631                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM ||
1632                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL)
1633                         if (s->control_pid > 0)
1634                                 if ((r = unit_watch_pid(UNIT(s), s->control_pid)) < 0)
1635                                         return r;
1636
1637                 if (s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_START_POST ||
1638                     s->deserialized_state == SERVICE_RUNNING)
1639                         service_handle_watchdog(s);
1640
1641                 service_set_state(s, s->deserialized_state);
1642         }
1643         return 0;
1644 }
1645
1646 static int service_collect_fds(Service *s, int **fds, unsigned *n_fds) {
1647         Iterator i;
1648         int r;
1649         int *rfds = NULL;
1650         unsigned rn_fds = 0;
1651         Unit *u;
1652
1653         assert(s);
1654         assert(fds);
1655         assert(n_fds);
1656
1657         if (s->socket_fd >= 0)
1658                 return 0;
1659
1660         SET_FOREACH(u, UNIT(s)->dependencies[UNIT_TRIGGERED_BY], i) {
1661                 int *cfds;
1662                 unsigned cn_fds;
1663                 Socket *sock;
1664
1665                 if (u->type != UNIT_SOCKET)
1666                         continue;
1667
1668                 sock = SOCKET(u);
1669
1670                 if ((r = socket_collect_fds(sock, &cfds, &cn_fds)) < 0)
1671                         goto fail;
1672
1673                 if (!cfds)
1674                         continue;
1675
1676                 if (!rfds) {
1677                         rfds = cfds;
1678                         rn_fds = cn_fds;
1679                 } else {
1680                         int *t;
1681
1682                         if (!(t = new(int, rn_fds+cn_fds))) {
1683                                 free(cfds);
1684                                 r = -ENOMEM;
1685                                 goto fail;
1686                         }
1687
1688                         memcpy(t, rfds, rn_fds * sizeof(int));
1689                         memcpy(t+rn_fds, cfds, cn_fds * sizeof(int));
1690                         free(rfds);
1691                         free(cfds);
1692
1693                         rfds = t;
1694                         rn_fds = rn_fds+cn_fds;
1695                 }
1696         }
1697
1698         *fds = rfds;
1699         *n_fds = rn_fds;
1700
1701         return 0;
1702
1703 fail:
1704         free(rfds);
1705
1706         return r;
1707 }
1708
1709 static int service_spawn(
1710                 Service *s,
1711                 ExecCommand *c,
1712                 bool timeout,
1713                 bool pass_fds,
1714                 bool apply_permissions,
1715                 bool apply_chroot,
1716                 bool apply_tty_stdin,
1717                 bool set_notify_socket,
1718                 bool is_control,
1719                 pid_t *_pid) {
1720
1721         pid_t pid;
1722         int r;
1723         int *fds = NULL, *fdsbuf = NULL;
1724         unsigned n_fds = 0, n_env = 0;
1725         char **argv = NULL, **final_env = NULL, **our_env = NULL;
1726
1727         assert(s);
1728         assert(c);
1729         assert(_pid);
1730
1731         if (pass_fds ||
1732             s->exec_context.std_input == EXEC_INPUT_SOCKET ||
1733             s->exec_context.std_output == EXEC_OUTPUT_SOCKET ||
1734             s->exec_context.std_error == EXEC_OUTPUT_SOCKET) {
1735
1736                 if (s->socket_fd >= 0) {
1737                         fds = &s->socket_fd;
1738                         n_fds = 1;
1739                 } else {
1740                         if ((r = service_collect_fds(s, &fdsbuf, &n_fds)) < 0)
1741                                 goto fail;
1742
1743                         fds = fdsbuf;
1744                 }
1745         }
1746
1747         if (timeout && s->timeout_start_usec) {
1748                 r = unit_watch_timer(UNIT(s), CLOCK_MONOTONIC, true, s->timeout_start_usec, &s->timer_watch);
1749                 if (r < 0)
1750                         goto fail;
1751         } else
1752                 unit_unwatch_timer(UNIT(s), &s->timer_watch);
1753
1754         if (!(argv = unit_full_printf_strv(UNIT(s), c->argv))) {
1755                 r = -ENOMEM;
1756                 goto fail;
1757         }
1758
1759         our_env = new0(char*, 5);
1760         if (!our_env) {
1761                 r = -ENOMEM;
1762                 goto fail;
1763         }
1764
1765         if (set_notify_socket)
1766                 if (asprintf(our_env + n_env++, "NOTIFY_SOCKET=%s", UNIT(s)->manager->notify_socket) < 0) {
1767                         r = -ENOMEM;
1768                         goto fail;
1769                 }
1770
1771         if (s->main_pid > 0)
1772                 if (asprintf(our_env + n_env++, "MAINPID=%lu", (unsigned long) s->main_pid) < 0) {
1773                         r = -ENOMEM;
1774                         goto fail;
1775                 }
1776
1777         if (s->watchdog_usec > 0)
1778                 if (asprintf(our_env + n_env++, "WATCHDOG_USEC=%llu", (unsigned long long) s->watchdog_usec) < 0) {
1779                         r = -ENOMEM;
1780                         goto fail;
1781                 }
1782
1783         if (s->meta.manager->running_as != SYSTEMD_SYSTEM)
1784                 if (asprintf(our_env + n_env++, "MANAGERPID=%lu", (unsigned long) getpid()) < 0) {
1785                         r = -ENOMEM;
1786                         goto fail;
1787                 }
1788
1789         final_env = strv_env_merge(2, UNIT(s)->manager->environment, our_env, NULL);
1790         if (!final_env) {
1791                 r = -ENOMEM;
1792                 goto fail;
1793         }
1794
1795         r = exec_spawn(c,
1796                        argv,
1797                        &s->exec_context,
1798                        fds, n_fds,
1799                        final_env,
1800                        apply_permissions,
1801                        apply_chroot,
1802                        apply_tty_stdin,
1803                        UNIT(s)->manager->confirm_spawn,
1804                        UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings,
1805                        UNIT(s)->cgroup_attributes,
1806                        is_control ? "control" : NULL,
1807                        UNIT(s)->id,
1808                        s->type == SERVICE_IDLE ? UNIT(s)->manager->idle_pipe : NULL,
1809                        &pid);
1810
1811         if (r < 0)
1812                 goto fail;
1813
1814         if ((r = unit_watch_pid(UNIT(s), pid)) < 0)
1815                 /* FIXME: we need to do something here */
1816                 goto fail;
1817
1818         free(fdsbuf);
1819         strv_free(argv);
1820         strv_free(our_env);
1821         strv_free(final_env);
1822
1823         *_pid = pid;
1824
1825         return 0;
1826
1827 fail:
1828         free(fdsbuf);
1829         strv_free(argv);
1830         strv_free(our_env);
1831         strv_free(final_env);
1832
1833         if (timeout)
1834                 unit_unwatch_timer(UNIT(s), &s->timer_watch);
1835
1836         return r;
1837 }
1838
1839 static int main_pid_good(Service *s) {
1840         assert(s);
1841
1842         /* Returns 0 if the pid is dead, 1 if it is good, -1 if we
1843          * don't know */
1844
1845         /* If we know the pid file, then lets just check if it is
1846          * still valid */
1847         if (s->main_pid_known) {
1848
1849                 /* If it's an alien child let's check if it is still
1850                  * alive ... */
1851                 if (s->main_pid_alien)
1852                         return kill(s->main_pid, 0) >= 0 || errno != ESRCH;
1853
1854                 /* .. otherwise assume we'll get a SIGCHLD for it,
1855                  * which we really should wait for to collect exit
1856                  * status and code */
1857                 return s->main_pid > 0;
1858         }
1859
1860         /* We don't know the pid */
1861         return -EAGAIN;
1862 }
1863
1864 static int control_pid_good(Service *s) {
1865         assert(s);
1866
1867         return s->control_pid > 0;
1868 }
1869
1870 static int cgroup_good(Service *s) {
1871         int r;
1872
1873         assert(s);
1874
1875         if ((r = cgroup_bonding_is_empty_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings)) < 0)
1876                 return r;
1877
1878         return !r;
1879 }
1880
1881 static void service_enter_dead(Service *s, ServiceResult f, bool allow_restart) {
1882         int r;
1883         assert(s);
1884
1885         if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
1886                 s->result = f;
1887
1888         service_set_state(s, s->result != SERVICE_SUCCESS ? SERVICE_FAILED : SERVICE_DEAD);
1889
1890         if (allow_restart &&
1891             !s->forbid_restart &&
1892             (s->restart == SERVICE_RESTART_ALWAYS ||
1893              (s->restart == SERVICE_RESTART_ON_SUCCESS && s->result == SERVICE_SUCCESS) ||
1894              (s->restart == SERVICE_RESTART_ON_FAILURE && s->result != SERVICE_SUCCESS) ||
1895              (s->restart == SERVICE_RESTART_ON_ABORT && (s->result == SERVICE_FAILURE_SIGNAL ||
1896                                                          s->result == SERVICE_FAILURE_CORE_DUMP))) &&
1897             (s->result != SERVICE_FAILURE_EXIT_CODE ||
1898              !set_contains(s->restart_ignore_status.code, INT_TO_PTR(s->main_exec_status.status))) &&
1899             (s->result != SERVICE_FAILURE_SIGNAL ||
1900              !set_contains(s->restart_ignore_status.signal, INT_TO_PTR(s->main_exec_status.status)))
1901                 ) {
1902
1903                 r = unit_watch_timer(UNIT(s), CLOCK_MONOTONIC, true, s->restart_usec, &s->timer_watch);
1904                 if (r < 0)
1905                         goto fail;
1906
1907                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART);
1908         }
1909
1910         s->forbid_restart = false;
1911
1912         return;
1913
1914 fail:
1915         log_warning("%s failed to run install restart timer: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
1916         service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES, false);
1917 }
1918
1919 static void service_enter_signal(Service *s, ServiceState state, ServiceResult f);
1920
1921 static void service_enter_stop_post(Service *s, ServiceResult f) {
1922         int r;
1923         assert(s);
1924
1925         if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
1926                 s->result = f;
1927
1928         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
1929
1930         if ((s->control_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_STOP_POST])) {
1931                 s->control_command_id = SERVICE_EXEC_STOP_POST;
1932
1933                 r = service_spawn(s,
1934                                   s->control_command,
1935                                   true,
1936                                   false,
1937                                   !s->permissions_start_only,
1938                                   !s->root_directory_start_only,
1939                                   true,
1940                                   false,
1941                                   true,
1942                                   &s->control_pid);
1943                 if (r < 0)
1944                         goto fail;
1945
1946
1947                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_STOP_POST);
1948         } else
1949                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
1950
1951         return;
1952
1953 fail:
1954         log_warning("%s failed to run 'stop-post' task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
1955         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
1956 }
1957
1958 static void service_enter_signal(Service *s, ServiceState state, ServiceResult f) {
1959         int r;
1960         Set *pid_set = NULL;
1961         bool wait_for_exit = false;
1962
1963         assert(s);
1964
1965         if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
1966                 s->result = f;
1967
1968         if (s->kill_context.kill_mode != KILL_NONE) {
1969                 int sig = (state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM || state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM) ? s->kill_context.kill_signal : SIGKILL;
1970
1971                 if (s->main_pid > 0) {
1972                         if (kill_and_sigcont(s->main_pid, sig) < 0 && errno != ESRCH)
1973                                 log_warning("Failed to kill main process %li: %m", (long) s->main_pid);
1974                         else
1975                                 wait_for_exit = !s->main_pid_alien;
1976                 }
1977
1978                 if (s->control_pid > 0) {
1979                         if (kill_and_sigcont(s->control_pid, sig) < 0 && errno != ESRCH)
1980                                 log_warning("Failed to kill control process %li: %m", (long) s->control_pid);
1981                         else
1982                                 wait_for_exit = true;
1983                 }
1984
1985                 if (s->kill_context.kill_mode == KILL_CONTROL_GROUP) {
1986
1987                         pid_set = set_new(trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func);
1988                         if (!pid_set) {
1989                                 r = -ENOMEM;
1990                                 goto fail;
1991                         }
1992
1993                         /* Exclude the main/control pids from being killed via the cgroup */
1994                         if (s->main_pid > 0)
1995                                 if ((r = set_put(pid_set, LONG_TO_PTR(s->main_pid))) < 0)
1996                                         goto fail;
1997
1998                         if (s->control_pid > 0)
1999                                 if ((r = set_put(pid_set, LONG_TO_PTR(s->control_pid))) < 0)
2000                                         goto fail;
2001
2002                         r = cgroup_bonding_kill_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings, sig, true, false, pid_set, NULL);
2003                         if (r < 0) {
2004                                 if (r != -EAGAIN && r != -ESRCH && r != -ENOENT)
2005                                         log_warning("Failed to kill control group: %s", strerror(-r));
2006                         } else if (r > 0)
2007                                 wait_for_exit = true;
2008
2009                         set_free(pid_set);
2010                         pid_set = NULL;
2011                 }
2012         }
2013
2014         if (wait_for_exit) {
2015                 if (s->timeout_stop_usec > 0) {
2016                         r = unit_watch_timer(UNIT(s), CLOCK_MONOTONIC, true, s->timeout_stop_usec, &s->timer_watch);
2017                         if (r < 0)
2018                                 goto fail;
2019                 }
2020
2021                 service_set_state(s, state);
2022         } else if (state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM || state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL)
2023                 service_enter_stop_post(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2024         else
2025                 service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS, true);
2026
2027         return;
2028
2029 fail:
2030         log_warning("%s failed to kill processes: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2031
2032         if (state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM || state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL)
2033                 service_enter_stop_post(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2034         else
2035                 service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES, true);
2036
2037         if (pid_set)
2038                 set_free(pid_set);
2039 }
2040
2041 static void service_enter_stop(Service *s, ServiceResult f) {
2042         int r;
2043
2044         assert(s);
2045
2046         if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2047                 s->result = f;
2048
2049         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
2050
2051         if ((s->control_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_STOP])) {
2052                 s->control_command_id = SERVICE_EXEC_STOP;
2053
2054                 r = service_spawn(s,
2055                                   s->control_command,
2056                                   true,
2057                                   false,
2058                                   !s->permissions_start_only,
2059                                   !s->root_directory_start_only,
2060                                   false,
2061                                   false,
2062                                   true,
2063                                   &s->control_pid);
2064                 if (r < 0)
2065                         goto fail;
2066
2067                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_STOP);
2068         } else
2069                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2070
2071         return;
2072
2073 fail:
2074         log_warning("%s failed to run 'stop' task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2075         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2076 }
2077
2078 static void service_enter_running(Service *s, ServiceResult f) {
2079         int main_pid_ok, cgroup_ok;
2080         assert(s);
2081
2082         if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2083                 s->result = f;
2084
2085         main_pid_ok = main_pid_good(s);
2086         cgroup_ok = cgroup_good(s);
2087
2088         if ((main_pid_ok > 0 || (main_pid_ok < 0 && cgroup_ok != 0)) &&
2089             (s->bus_name_good || s->type != SERVICE_DBUS))
2090                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_RUNNING);
2091         else if (s->remain_after_exit)
2092                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_EXITED);
2093         else
2094                 service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2095 }
2096
2097 static void service_enter_start_post(Service *s) {
2098         int r;
2099         assert(s);
2100
2101         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
2102
2103         if (s->watchdog_usec > 0)
2104                 service_reset_watchdog(s);
2105
2106         if ((s->control_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START_POST])) {
2107                 s->control_command_id = SERVICE_EXEC_START_POST;
2108
2109                 r = service_spawn(s,
2110                                   s->control_command,
2111                                   true,
2112                                   false,
2113                                   !s->permissions_start_only,
2114                                   !s->root_directory_start_only,
2115                                   false,
2116                                   false,
2117                                   true,
2118                                   &s->control_pid);
2119                 if (r < 0)
2120                         goto fail;
2121
2122                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_START_POST);
2123         } else
2124                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2125
2126         return;
2127
2128 fail:
2129         log_warning("%s failed to run 'start-post' task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2130         service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2131 }
2132
2133 static void service_enter_start(Service *s) {
2134         pid_t pid;
2135         int r;
2136         ExecCommand *c;
2137
2138         assert(s);
2139
2140         assert(s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START]);
2141         assert(!s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START]->command_next || s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT);
2142
2143         if (s->type == SERVICE_FORKING)
2144                 service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
2145         else
2146                 service_unwatch_main_pid(s);
2147
2148         /* We want to ensure that nobody leaks processes from
2149          * START_PRE here, so let's go on a killing spree, People
2150          * should not spawn long running processes from START_PRE. */
2151         cgroup_bonding_kill_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings, SIGKILL, true, true, NULL, "control");
2152
2153         if (s->type == SERVICE_FORKING) {
2154                 s->control_command_id = SERVICE_EXEC_START;
2155                 c = s->control_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START];
2156
2157                 s->main_command = NULL;
2158         } else {
2159                 s->control_command_id = _SERVICE_EXEC_COMMAND_INVALID;
2160                 s->control_command = NULL;
2161
2162                 c = s->main_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START];
2163         }
2164
2165         r = service_spawn(s,
2166                           c,
2167                           s->type == SERVICE_FORKING || s->type == SERVICE_DBUS || s->type == SERVICE_NOTIFY || s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT,
2168                           true,
2169                           true,
2170                           true,
2171                           true,
2172                           s->notify_access != NOTIFY_NONE,
2173                           false,
2174                           &pid);
2175         if (r < 0)
2176                 goto fail;
2177
2178         if (s->type == SERVICE_SIMPLE || s->type == SERVICE_IDLE) {
2179                 /* For simple services we immediately start
2180                  * the START_POST binaries. */
2181
2182                 service_set_main_pid(s, pid);
2183                 service_enter_start_post(s);
2184
2185         } else  if (s->type == SERVICE_FORKING) {
2186
2187                 /* For forking services we wait until the start
2188                  * process exited. */
2189
2190                 s->control_pid = pid;
2191                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_START);
2192
2193         } else if (s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT ||
2194                    s->type == SERVICE_DBUS ||
2195                    s->type == SERVICE_NOTIFY) {
2196
2197                 /* For oneshot services we wait until the start
2198                  * process exited, too, but it is our main process. */
2199
2200                 /* For D-Bus services we know the main pid right away,
2201                  * but wait for the bus name to appear on the
2202                  * bus. Notify services are similar. */
2203
2204                 service_set_main_pid(s, pid);
2205                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_START);
2206         } else
2207                 assert_not_reached("Unknown service type");
2208
2209         return;
2210
2211 fail:
2212         log_warning("%s failed to run 'start' task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2213         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2214 }
2215
2216 static void service_enter_start_pre(Service *s) {
2217         int r;
2218
2219         assert(s);
2220
2221         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
2222
2223         if ((s->control_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START_PRE])) {
2224
2225                 /* Before we start anything, let's clear up what might
2226                  * be left from previous runs. */
2227                 cgroup_bonding_kill_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings, SIGKILL, true, true, NULL, "control");
2228
2229                 s->control_command_id = SERVICE_EXEC_START_PRE;
2230
2231                 r = service_spawn(s,
2232                                   s->control_command,
2233                                   true,
2234                                   false,
2235                                   !s->permissions_start_only,
2236                                   !s->root_directory_start_only,
2237                                   true,
2238                                   false,
2239                                   true,
2240                                   &s->control_pid);
2241                 if (r < 0)
2242                         goto fail;
2243
2244                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_START_PRE);
2245         } else
2246                 service_enter_start(s);
2247
2248         return;
2249
2250 fail:
2251         log_warning("%s failed to run 'start-pre' task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2252         service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES, true);
2253 }
2254
2255 static void service_enter_restart(Service *s) {
2256         int r;
2257         DBusError error;
2258
2259         assert(s);
2260         dbus_error_init(&error);
2261
2262         if (UNIT(s)->job && UNIT(s)->job->type == JOB_STOP) {
2263                 /* Don't restart things if we are going down anyway */
2264                 log_info("Stop job pending for unit, delaying automatic restart.");
2265
2266                 r = unit_watch_timer(UNIT(s), CLOCK_MONOTONIC, true, s->restart_usec, &s->timer_watch);
2267                 if (r < 0)
2268                         goto fail;
2269
2270                 return;
2271         }
2272
2273         /* Any units that are bound to this service must also be
2274          * restarted. We use JOB_RESTART (instead of the more obvious
2275          * JOB_START) here so that those dependency jobs will be added
2276          * as well. */
2277         r = manager_add_job(UNIT(s)->manager, JOB_RESTART, UNIT(s), JOB_FAIL, false, &error, NULL);
2278         if (r < 0)
2279                 goto fail;
2280
2281         /* Note that we stay in the SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART state here,
2282          * it will be canceled as part of the service_stop() call that
2283          * is executed as part of JOB_RESTART. */
2284
2285         log_debug("%s scheduled restart job.", UNIT(s)->id);
2286         return;
2287
2288 fail:
2289         log_warning("%s failed to schedule restart job: %s", UNIT(s)->id, bus_error(&error, -r));
2290         service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES, false);
2291
2292         dbus_error_free(&error);
2293 }
2294
2295 static void service_enter_reload(Service *s) {
2296         int r;
2297
2298         assert(s);
2299
2300         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
2301
2302         if ((s->control_command = s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_RELOAD])) {
2303                 s->control_command_id = SERVICE_EXEC_RELOAD;
2304
2305                 r = service_spawn(s,
2306                                   s->control_command,
2307                                   true,
2308                                   false,
2309                                   !s->permissions_start_only,
2310                                   !s->root_directory_start_only,
2311                                   false,
2312                                   false,
2313                                   true,
2314                                   &s->control_pid);
2315                 if (r < 0)
2316                         goto fail;
2317
2318                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_RELOAD);
2319         } else
2320                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2321
2322         return;
2323
2324 fail:
2325         log_warning("%s failed to run 'reload' task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2326         s->reload_result = SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES;
2327         service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2328 }
2329
2330 static void service_run_next_control(Service *s) {
2331         int r;
2332
2333         assert(s);
2334         assert(s->control_command);
2335         assert(s->control_command->command_next);
2336
2337         assert(s->control_command_id != SERVICE_EXEC_START);
2338
2339         s->control_command = s->control_command->command_next;
2340         service_unwatch_control_pid(s);
2341
2342         r = service_spawn(s,
2343                           s->control_command,
2344                           true,
2345                           false,
2346                           !s->permissions_start_only,
2347                           !s->root_directory_start_only,
2348                           s->control_command_id == SERVICE_EXEC_START_PRE ||
2349                           s->control_command_id == SERVICE_EXEC_STOP_POST,
2350                           false,
2351                           true,
2352                           &s->control_pid);
2353         if (r < 0)
2354                 goto fail;
2355
2356         return;
2357
2358 fail:
2359         log_warning("%s failed to run next control task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2360
2361         if (s->state == SERVICE_START_PRE)
2362                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2363         else if (s->state == SERVICE_STOP)
2364                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2365         else if (s->state == SERVICE_STOP_POST)
2366                 service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES, true);
2367         else if (s->state == SERVICE_RELOAD) {
2368                 s->reload_result = SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES;
2369                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2370         } else
2371                 service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2372 }
2373
2374 static void service_run_next_main(Service *s) {
2375         pid_t pid;
2376         int r;
2377
2378         assert(s);
2379         assert(s->main_command);
2380         assert(s->main_command->command_next);
2381         assert(s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT);
2382
2383         s->main_command = s->main_command->command_next;
2384         service_unwatch_main_pid(s);
2385
2386         r = service_spawn(s,
2387                           s->main_command,
2388                           true,
2389                           true,
2390                           true,
2391                           true,
2392                           true,
2393                           s->notify_access != NOTIFY_NONE,
2394                           false,
2395                           &pid);
2396         if (r < 0)
2397                 goto fail;
2398
2399         service_set_main_pid(s, pid);
2400
2401         return;
2402
2403 fail:
2404         log_warning("%s failed to run next main task: %s", UNIT(s)->id, strerror(-r));
2405         service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2406 }
2407
2408 static int service_start_limit_test(Service *s) {
2409         assert(s);
2410
2411         if (ratelimit_test(&s->start_limit))
2412                 return 0;
2413
2414         switch (s->start_limit_action) {
2415
2416         case SERVICE_START_LIMIT_NONE:
2417                 log_warning("%s start request repeated too quickly, refusing to start.", UNIT(s)->id);
2418                 break;
2419
2420         case SERVICE_START_LIMIT_REBOOT: {
2421                 DBusError error;
2422                 int r;
2423
2424                 dbus_error_init(&error);
2425
2426                 log_warning("%s start request repeated too quickly, rebooting.", UNIT(s)->id);
2427
2428                 r = manager_add_job_by_name(UNIT(s)->manager, JOB_START, SPECIAL_REBOOT_TARGET, JOB_REPLACE, true, &error, NULL);
2429                 if (r < 0) {
2430                         log_error("Failed to reboot: %s.", bus_error(&error, r));
2431                         dbus_error_free(&error);
2432                 }
2433
2434                 break;
2435         }
2436
2437         case SERVICE_START_LIMIT_REBOOT_FORCE:
2438                 log_warning("%s start request repeated too quickly, forcibly rebooting.", UNIT(s)->id);
2439                 UNIT(s)->manager->exit_code = MANAGER_REBOOT;
2440                 break;
2441
2442         case SERVICE_START_LIMIT_REBOOT_IMMEDIATE:
2443                 log_warning("%s start request repeated too quickly, rebooting immediately.", UNIT(s)->id);
2444                 sync();
2445                 reboot(RB_AUTOBOOT);
2446                 break;
2447
2448         default:
2449                 log_error("start limit action=%i", s->start_limit_action);
2450                 assert_not_reached("Unknown StartLimitAction.");
2451         }
2452
2453         return -ECANCELED;
2454 }
2455
2456 static int service_start(Unit *u) {
2457         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2458         int r;
2459
2460         assert(s);
2461
2462         /* We cannot fulfill this request right now, try again later
2463          * please! */
2464         if (s->state == SERVICE_STOP ||
2465             s->state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM ||
2466             s->state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL ||
2467             s->state == SERVICE_STOP_POST ||
2468             s->state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM ||
2469             s->state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL)
2470                 return -EAGAIN;
2471
2472         /* Already on it! */
2473         if (s->state == SERVICE_START_PRE ||
2474             s->state == SERVICE_START ||
2475             s->state == SERVICE_START_POST)
2476                 return 0;
2477
2478         /* A service that will be restarted must be stopped first to
2479          * trigger BindsTo and/or OnFailure dependencies. If a user
2480          * does not want to wait for the holdoff time to elapse, the
2481          * service should be manually restarted, not started. We
2482          * simply return EAGAIN here, so that any start jobs stay
2483          * queued, and assume that the auto restart timer will
2484          * eventually trigger the restart. */
2485         if (s->state == SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART)
2486                 return -EAGAIN;
2487
2488         assert(s->state == SERVICE_DEAD || s->state == SERVICE_FAILED);
2489
2490         /* Make sure we don't enter a busy loop of some kind. */
2491         r = service_start_limit_test(s);
2492         if (r < 0) {
2493                 service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_START_LIMIT, false);
2494                 return r;
2495         }
2496
2497         s->result = SERVICE_SUCCESS;
2498         s->reload_result = SERVICE_SUCCESS;
2499         s->main_pid_known = false;
2500         s->main_pid_alien = false;
2501         s->forbid_restart = false;
2502
2503         service_enter_start_pre(s);
2504         return 0;
2505 }
2506
2507 static int service_stop(Unit *u) {
2508         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2509
2510         assert(s);
2511
2512         /* Don't create restart jobs from here. */
2513         s->forbid_restart = true;
2514
2515         /* Already on it */
2516         if (s->state == SERVICE_STOP ||
2517             s->state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM ||
2518             s->state == SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL ||
2519             s->state == SERVICE_STOP_POST ||
2520             s->state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM ||
2521             s->state == SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL)
2522                 return 0;
2523
2524         /* A restart will be scheduled or is in progress. */
2525         if (s->state == SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART) {
2526                 service_set_state(s, SERVICE_DEAD);
2527                 return 0;
2528         }
2529
2530         /* If there's already something running we go directly into
2531          * kill mode. */
2532         if (s->state == SERVICE_START_PRE ||
2533             s->state == SERVICE_START ||
2534             s->state == SERVICE_START_POST ||
2535             s->state == SERVICE_RELOAD) {
2536                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2537                 return 0;
2538         }
2539
2540         assert(s->state == SERVICE_RUNNING ||
2541                s->state == SERVICE_EXITED);
2542
2543         service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2544         return 0;
2545 }
2546
2547 static int service_reload(Unit *u) {
2548         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2549
2550         assert(s);
2551
2552         assert(s->state == SERVICE_RUNNING || s->state == SERVICE_EXITED);
2553
2554         service_enter_reload(s);
2555         return 0;
2556 }
2557
2558 static bool service_can_reload(Unit *u) {
2559         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2560
2561         assert(s);
2562
2563         return !!s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_RELOAD];
2564 }
2565
2566 static int service_serialize(Unit *u, FILE *f, FDSet *fds) {
2567         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2568
2569         assert(u);
2570         assert(f);
2571         assert(fds);
2572
2573         unit_serialize_item(u, f, "state", service_state_to_string(s->state));
2574         unit_serialize_item(u, f, "result", service_result_to_string(s->result));
2575         unit_serialize_item(u, f, "reload-result", service_result_to_string(s->reload_result));
2576
2577         if (s->control_pid > 0)
2578                 unit_serialize_item_format(u, f, "control-pid", "%lu", (unsigned long) s->control_pid);
2579
2580         if (s->main_pid_known && s->main_pid > 0)
2581                 unit_serialize_item_format(u, f, "main-pid", "%lu", (unsigned long) s->main_pid);
2582
2583         unit_serialize_item(u, f, "main-pid-known", yes_no(s->main_pid_known));
2584
2585         if (s->status_text)
2586                 unit_serialize_item(u, f, "status-text", s->status_text);
2587
2588         /* FIXME: There's a minor uncleanliness here: if there are
2589          * multiple commands attached here, we will start from the
2590          * first one again */
2591         if (s->control_command_id >= 0)
2592                 unit_serialize_item(u, f, "control-command", service_exec_command_to_string(s->control_command_id));
2593
2594         if (s->socket_fd >= 0) {
2595                 int copy;
2596
2597                 if ((copy = fdset_put_dup(fds, s->socket_fd)) < 0)
2598                         return copy;
2599
2600                 unit_serialize_item_format(u, f, "socket-fd", "%i", copy);
2601         }
2602
2603         if (s->main_exec_status.pid > 0) {
2604                 unit_serialize_item_format(u, f, "main-exec-status-pid", "%lu", (unsigned long) s->main_exec_status.pid);
2605                 dual_timestamp_serialize(f, "main-exec-status-start", &s->main_exec_status.start_timestamp);
2606                 dual_timestamp_serialize(f, "main-exec-status-exit", &s->main_exec_status.exit_timestamp);
2607
2608                 if (dual_timestamp_is_set(&s->main_exec_status.exit_timestamp)) {
2609                         unit_serialize_item_format(u, f, "main-exec-status-code", "%i", s->main_exec_status.code);
2610                         unit_serialize_item_format(u, f, "main-exec-status-status", "%i", s->main_exec_status.status);
2611                 }
2612         }
2613         if (dual_timestamp_is_set(&s->watchdog_timestamp))
2614                 dual_timestamp_serialize(f, "watchdog-timestamp", &s->watchdog_timestamp);
2615
2616         return 0;
2617 }
2618
2619 static int service_deserialize_item(Unit *u, const char *key, const char *value, FDSet *fds) {
2620         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2621
2622         assert(u);
2623         assert(key);
2624         assert(value);
2625         assert(fds);
2626
2627         if (streq(key, "state")) {
2628                 ServiceState state;
2629
2630                 if ((state = service_state_from_string(value)) < 0)
2631                         log_debug("Failed to parse state value %s", value);
2632                 else
2633                         s->deserialized_state = state;
2634         } else if (streq(key, "result")) {
2635                 ServiceResult f;
2636
2637                 f = service_result_from_string(value);
2638                 if (f < 0)
2639                         log_debug("Failed to parse result value %s", value);
2640                 else if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2641                         s->result = f;
2642
2643         } else if (streq(key, "reload-result")) {
2644                 ServiceResult f;
2645
2646                 f = service_result_from_string(value);
2647                 if (f < 0)
2648                         log_debug("Failed to parse reload result value %s", value);
2649                 else if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2650                         s->reload_result = f;
2651
2652         } else if (streq(key, "control-pid")) {
2653                 pid_t pid;
2654
2655                 if (parse_pid(value, &pid) < 0)
2656                         log_debug("Failed to parse control-pid value %s", value);
2657                 else
2658                         s->control_pid = pid;
2659         } else if (streq(key, "main-pid")) {
2660                 pid_t pid;
2661
2662                 if (parse_pid(value, &pid) < 0)
2663                         log_debug("Failed to parse main-pid value %s", value);
2664                 else
2665                         service_set_main_pid(s, (pid_t) pid);
2666         } else if (streq(key, "main-pid-known")) {
2667                 int b;
2668
2669                 if ((b = parse_boolean(value)) < 0)
2670                         log_debug("Failed to parse main-pid-known value %s", value);
2671                 else
2672                         s->main_pid_known = b;
2673         } else if (streq(key, "status-text")) {
2674                 char *t;
2675
2676                 if ((t = strdup(value))) {
2677                         free(s->status_text);
2678                         s->status_text = t;
2679                 }
2680
2681         } else if (streq(key, "control-command")) {
2682                 ServiceExecCommand id;
2683
2684                 if ((id = service_exec_command_from_string(value)) < 0)
2685                         log_debug("Failed to parse exec-command value %s", value);
2686                 else {
2687                         s->control_command_id = id;
2688                         s->control_command = s->exec_command[id];
2689                 }
2690         } else if (streq(key, "socket-fd")) {
2691                 int fd;
2692
2693                 if (safe_atoi(value, &fd) < 0 || fd < 0 || !fdset_contains(fds, fd))
2694                         log_debug("Failed to parse socket-fd value %s", value);
2695                 else {
2696
2697                         if (s->socket_fd >= 0)
2698                                 close_nointr_nofail(s->socket_fd);
2699                         s->socket_fd = fdset_remove(fds, fd);
2700                 }
2701         } else if (streq(key, "main-exec-status-pid")) {
2702                 pid_t pid;
2703
2704                 if (parse_pid(value, &pid) < 0)
2705                         log_debug("Failed to parse main-exec-status-pid value %s", value);
2706                 else
2707                         s->main_exec_status.pid = pid;
2708         } else if (streq(key, "main-exec-status-code")) {
2709                 int i;
2710
2711                 if (safe_atoi(value, &i) < 0)
2712                         log_debug("Failed to parse main-exec-status-code value %s", value);
2713                 else
2714                         s->main_exec_status.code = i;
2715         } else if (streq(key, "main-exec-status-status")) {
2716                 int i;
2717
2718                 if (safe_atoi(value, &i) < 0)
2719                         log_debug("Failed to parse main-exec-status-status value %s", value);
2720                 else
2721                         s->main_exec_status.status = i;
2722         } else if (streq(key, "main-exec-status-start"))
2723                 dual_timestamp_deserialize(value, &s->main_exec_status.start_timestamp);
2724         else if (streq(key, "main-exec-status-exit"))
2725                 dual_timestamp_deserialize(value, &s->main_exec_status.exit_timestamp);
2726         else if (streq(key, "watchdog-timestamp"))
2727                 dual_timestamp_deserialize(value, &s->watchdog_timestamp);
2728         else
2729                 log_debug("Unknown serialization key '%s'", key);
2730
2731         return 0;
2732 }
2733
2734 static UnitActiveState service_active_state(Unit *u) {
2735         const UnitActiveState *table;
2736
2737         assert(u);
2738
2739         table = SERVICE(u)->type == SERVICE_IDLE ? state_translation_table_idle : state_translation_table;
2740
2741         return table[SERVICE(u)->state];
2742 }
2743
2744 static const char *service_sub_state_to_string(Unit *u) {
2745         assert(u);
2746
2747         return service_state_to_string(SERVICE(u)->state);
2748 }
2749
2750 static bool service_check_gc(Unit *u) {
2751         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2752
2753         assert(s);
2754
2755         /* Never clean up services that still have a process around,
2756          * even if the service is formally dead. */
2757         if (cgroup_good(s) > 0 ||
2758             main_pid_good(s) > 0 ||
2759             control_pid_good(s) > 0)
2760                 return true;
2761
2762 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
2763         if (s->is_sysv)
2764                 return true;
2765 #endif
2766
2767         return false;
2768 }
2769
2770 static bool service_check_snapshot(Unit *u) {
2771         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2772
2773         assert(s);
2774
2775         return !s->got_socket_fd;
2776 }
2777
2778 static int service_retry_pid_file(Service *s) {
2779         int r;
2780
2781         assert(s->pid_file);
2782         assert(s->state == SERVICE_START || s->state == SERVICE_START_POST);
2783
2784         r = service_load_pid_file(s, false);
2785         if (r < 0)
2786                 return r;
2787
2788         service_unwatch_pid_file(s);
2789
2790         service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
2791         return 0;
2792 }
2793
2794 static int service_watch_pid_file(Service *s) {
2795         int r;
2796
2797         log_debug("Setting watch for %s's PID file %s", UNIT(s)->id, s->pid_file_pathspec->path);
2798         r = path_spec_watch(s->pid_file_pathspec, UNIT(s));
2799         if (r < 0)
2800                 goto fail;
2801
2802         /* the pidfile might have appeared just before we set the watch */
2803         service_retry_pid_file(s);
2804
2805         return 0;
2806 fail:
2807         log_error("Failed to set a watch for %s's PID file %s: %s",
2808                   UNIT(s)->id, s->pid_file_pathspec->path, strerror(-r));
2809         service_unwatch_pid_file(s);
2810         return r;
2811 }
2812
2813 static int service_demand_pid_file(Service *s) {
2814         PathSpec *ps;
2815
2816         assert(s->pid_file);
2817         assert(!s->pid_file_pathspec);
2818
2819         ps = new0(PathSpec, 1);
2820         if (!ps)
2821                 return -ENOMEM;
2822
2823         ps->path = strdup(s->pid_file);
2824         if (!ps->path) {
2825                 free(ps);
2826                 return -ENOMEM;
2827         }
2828
2829         path_kill_slashes(ps->path);
2830
2831         /* PATH_CHANGED would not be enough. There are daemons (sendmail) that
2832          * keep their PID file open all the time. */
2833         ps->type = PATH_MODIFIED;
2834         ps->inotify_fd = -1;
2835
2836         s->pid_file_pathspec = ps;
2837
2838         return service_watch_pid_file(s);
2839 }
2840
2841 static void service_fd_event(Unit *u, int fd, uint32_t events, Watch *w) {
2842         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2843
2844         assert(s);
2845         assert(fd >= 0);
2846         assert(s->state == SERVICE_START || s->state == SERVICE_START_POST);
2847         assert(s->pid_file_pathspec);
2848         assert(path_spec_owns_inotify_fd(s->pid_file_pathspec, fd));
2849
2850         log_debug("inotify event for %s", u->id);
2851
2852         if (path_spec_fd_event(s->pid_file_pathspec, events) < 0)
2853                 goto fail;
2854
2855         if (service_retry_pid_file(s) == 0)
2856                 return;
2857
2858         if (service_watch_pid_file(s) < 0)
2859                 goto fail;
2860
2861         return;
2862 fail:
2863         service_unwatch_pid_file(s);
2864         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
2865 }
2866
2867 static void service_sigchld_event(Unit *u, pid_t pid, int code, int status) {
2868         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
2869         ServiceResult f;
2870
2871         assert(s);
2872         assert(pid >= 0);
2873
2874         if (UNIT(s)->fragment_path ? is_clean_exit(code, status, &s->success_status) :
2875                                      is_clean_exit_lsb(code, status, &s->success_status))
2876                 f = SERVICE_SUCCESS;
2877         else if (code == CLD_EXITED)
2878                 f = SERVICE_FAILURE_EXIT_CODE;
2879         else if (code == CLD_KILLED)
2880                 f = SERVICE_FAILURE_SIGNAL;
2881         else if (code == CLD_DUMPED)
2882                 f = SERVICE_FAILURE_CORE_DUMP;
2883         else
2884                 assert_not_reached("Unknown code");
2885
2886         if (s->main_pid == pid) {
2887                 /* Forking services may occasionally move to a new PID.
2888                  * As long as they update the PID file before exiting the old
2889                  * PID, they're fine. */
2890                 if (service_load_pid_file(s, false) == 0)
2891                         return;
2892
2893                 s->main_pid = 0;
2894                 exec_status_exit(&s->main_exec_status, &s->exec_context, pid, code, status);
2895
2896                 /* If this is not a forking service than the main
2897                  * process got started and hence we copy the exit
2898                  * status so that it is recorded both as main and as
2899                  * control process exit status */
2900                 if (s->main_command) {
2901                         s->main_command->exec_status = s->main_exec_status;
2902
2903                         if (s->main_command->ignore)
2904                                 f = SERVICE_SUCCESS;
2905                 }
2906
2907                 log_struct(f == SERVICE_SUCCESS ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_NOTICE,
2908                            "MESSAGE=%s: main process exited, code=%s, status=%i/%s",
2909                                   u->id, sigchld_code_to_string(code), status,
2910                                   strna(code == CLD_EXITED
2911                                         ? exit_status_to_string(status, EXIT_STATUS_FULL)
2912                                         : signal_to_string(status)),
2913                            "UNIT=%s", u->id,
2914                            "EXIT_CODE=%s", sigchld_code_to_string(code),
2915                            "EXIT_STATUS=%i", status,
2916                            NULL);
2917
2918                 if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2919                         s->result = f;
2920
2921                 if (s->main_command &&
2922                     s->main_command->command_next &&
2923                     f == SERVICE_SUCCESS) {
2924
2925                         /* There is another command to *
2926                          * execute, so let's do that. */
2927
2928                         log_debug("%s running next main command for state %s", u->id, service_state_to_string(s->state));
2929                         service_run_next_main(s);
2930
2931                 } else {
2932
2933                         /* The service exited, so the service is officially
2934                          * gone. */
2935                         s->main_command = NULL;
2936
2937                         switch (s->state) {
2938
2939                         case SERVICE_START_POST:
2940                         case SERVICE_RELOAD:
2941                         case SERVICE_STOP:
2942                                 /* Need to wait until the operation is
2943                                  * done */
2944                                 break;
2945
2946                         case SERVICE_START:
2947                                 if (s->type == SERVICE_ONESHOT) {
2948                                         /* This was our main goal, so let's go on */
2949                                         if (f == SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2950                                                 service_enter_start_post(s);
2951                                         else
2952                                                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, f);
2953                                         break;
2954                                 }
2955
2956                                 /* Fall through */
2957
2958                         case SERVICE_RUNNING:
2959                                 service_enter_running(s, f);
2960                                 break;
2961
2962                         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM:
2963                         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL:
2964
2965                                 if (!control_pid_good(s))
2966                                         service_enter_stop_post(s, f);
2967
2968                                 /* If there is still a control process, wait for that first */
2969                                 break;
2970
2971                         default:
2972                                 assert_not_reached("Uh, main process died at wrong time.");
2973                         }
2974                 }
2975
2976         } else if (s->control_pid == pid) {
2977
2978                 s->control_pid = 0;
2979
2980                 if (s->control_command) {
2981                         exec_status_exit(&s->control_command->exec_status, &s->exec_context, pid, code, status);
2982
2983                         if (s->control_command->ignore)
2984                                 f = SERVICE_SUCCESS;
2985                 }
2986
2987                 log_full(f == SERVICE_SUCCESS ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_NOTICE,
2988                          "%s: control process exited, code=%s status=%i", u->id, sigchld_code_to_string(code), status);
2989
2990                 if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS)
2991                         s->result = f;
2992
2993                 /* Immediately get rid of the cgroup, so that the
2994                  * kernel doesn't delay the cgroup empty messages for
2995                  * the service cgroup any longer than necessary */
2996                 cgroup_bonding_kill_list(UNIT(s)->cgroup_bondings, SIGKILL, true, true, NULL, "control");
2997
2998                 if (s->control_command &&
2999                     s->control_command->command_next &&
3000                     f == SERVICE_SUCCESS) {
3001
3002                         /* There is another command to *
3003                          * execute, so let's do that. */
3004
3005                         log_debug("%s running next control command for state %s", u->id, service_state_to_string(s->state));
3006                         service_run_next_control(s);
3007
3008                 } else {
3009                         /* No further commands for this step, so let's
3010                          * figure out what to do next */
3011
3012                         s->control_command = NULL;
3013                         s->control_command_id = _SERVICE_EXEC_COMMAND_INVALID;
3014
3015                         log_debug("%s got final SIGCHLD for state %s", u->id, service_state_to_string(s->state));
3016
3017                         switch (s->state) {
3018
3019                         case SERVICE_START_PRE:
3020                                 if (f == SERVICE_SUCCESS)
3021                                         service_enter_start(s);
3022                                 else
3023                                         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, f);
3024                                 break;
3025
3026                         case SERVICE_START:
3027                                 if (s->type != SERVICE_FORKING)
3028                                         /* Maybe spurious event due to a reload that changed the type? */
3029                                         break;
3030
3031                                 if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS) {
3032                                         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, f);
3033                                         break;
3034                                 }
3035
3036                                 if (s->pid_file) {
3037                                         bool has_start_post;
3038                                         int r;
3039
3040                                         /* Let's try to load the pid file here if we can.
3041                                          * The PID file might actually be created by a START_POST
3042                                          * script. In that case don't worry if the loading fails. */
3043
3044                                         has_start_post = !!s->exec_command[SERVICE_EXEC_START_POST];
3045                                         r = service_load_pid_file(s, !has_start_post);
3046                                         if (!has_start_post && r < 0) {
3047                                                 r = service_demand_pid_file(s);
3048                                                 if (r < 0 || !cgroup_good(s))
3049                                                         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
3050                                                 break;
3051                                         }
3052                                 } else
3053                                         service_search_main_pid(s);
3054
3055                                 service_enter_start_post(s);
3056                                 break;
3057
3058                         case SERVICE_START_POST:
3059                                 if (f != SERVICE_SUCCESS) {
3060                                         service_enter_stop(s, f);
3061                                         break;
3062                                 }
3063
3064                                 if (s->pid_file) {
3065                                         int r;
3066
3067                                         r = service_load_pid_file(s, true);
3068                                         if (r < 0) {
3069                                                 r = service_demand_pid_file(s);
3070                                                 if (r < 0 || !cgroup_good(s))
3071                                                         service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
3072                                                 break;
3073                                         }
3074                                 } else
3075                                         service_search_main_pid(s);
3076
3077                                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
3078                                 break;
3079
3080                         case SERVICE_RELOAD:
3081                                 if (f == SERVICE_SUCCESS) {
3082                                         service_load_pid_file(s, true);
3083                                         service_search_main_pid(s);
3084                                 }
3085
3086                                 s->reload_result = f;
3087                                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
3088                                 break;
3089
3090                         case SERVICE_STOP:
3091                                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, f);
3092                                 break;
3093
3094                         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM:
3095                         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL:
3096                                 if (main_pid_good(s) <= 0)
3097                                         service_enter_stop_post(s, f);
3098
3099                                 /* If there is still a service
3100                                  * process around, wait until
3101                                  * that one quit, too */
3102                                 break;
3103
3104                         case SERVICE_STOP_POST:
3105                         case SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM:
3106                         case SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL:
3107                                 service_enter_dead(s, f, true);
3108                                 break;
3109
3110                         default:
3111                                 assert_not_reached("Uh, control process died at wrong time.");
3112                         }
3113                 }
3114         }
3115
3116         /* Notify clients about changed exit status */
3117         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
3118 }
3119
3120 static void service_timer_event(Unit *u, uint64_t elapsed, Watch* w) {
3121         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
3122
3123         assert(s);
3124         assert(elapsed == 1);
3125
3126         if (w == &s->watchdog_watch) {
3127                 service_handle_watchdog(s);
3128                 return;
3129         }
3130
3131         assert(w == &s->timer_watch);
3132
3133         switch (s->state) {
3134
3135         case SERVICE_START_PRE:
3136         case SERVICE_START:
3137                 log_warning("%s operation timed out. Terminating.", u->id);
3138                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3139                 break;
3140
3141         case SERVICE_START_POST:
3142                 log_warning("%s operation timed out. Stopping.", u->id);
3143                 service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3144                 break;
3145
3146         case SERVICE_RELOAD:
3147                 log_warning("%s operation timed out. Stopping.", u->id);
3148                 s->reload_result = SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT;
3149                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
3150                 break;
3151
3152         case SERVICE_STOP:
3153                 log_warning("%s stopping timed out. Terminating.", u->id);
3154                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3155                 break;
3156
3157         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM:
3158                 if (s->kill_context.send_sigkill) {
3159                         log_warning("%s stopping timed out. Killing.", u->id);
3160                         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3161                 } else {
3162                         log_warning("%s stopping timed out. Skipping SIGKILL.", u->id);
3163                         service_enter_stop_post(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3164                 }
3165
3166                 break;
3167
3168         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL:
3169                 /* Uh, we sent a SIGKILL and it is still not gone?
3170                  * Must be something we cannot kill, so let's just be
3171                  * weirded out and continue */
3172
3173                 log_warning("%s still around after SIGKILL. Ignoring.", u->id);
3174                 service_enter_stop_post(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3175                 break;
3176
3177         case SERVICE_STOP_POST:
3178                 log_warning("%s stopping timed out (2). Terminating.", u->id);
3179                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3180                 break;
3181
3182         case SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM:
3183                 if (s->kill_context.send_sigkill) {
3184                         log_warning("%s stopping timed out (2). Killing.", u->id);
3185                         service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT);
3186                 } else {
3187                         log_warning("%s stopping timed out (2). Skipping SIGKILL. Entering failed mode.", u->id);
3188                         service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT, false);
3189                 }
3190
3191                 break;
3192
3193         case SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL:
3194                 log_warning("%s still around after SIGKILL (2). Entering failed mode.", u->id);
3195                 service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_TIMEOUT, true);
3196                 break;
3197
3198         case SERVICE_AUTO_RESTART:
3199                 log_info("%s holdoff time over, scheduling restart.", u->id);
3200                 service_enter_restart(s);
3201                 break;
3202
3203         default:
3204                 assert_not_reached("Timeout at wrong time.");
3205         }
3206 }
3207
3208 static void service_cgroup_notify_event(Unit *u) {
3209         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
3210
3211         assert(u);
3212
3213         log_debug("%s: cgroup is empty", u->id);
3214
3215         switch (s->state) {
3216
3217                 /* Waiting for SIGCHLD is usually more interesting,
3218                  * because it includes return codes/signals. Which is
3219                  * why we ignore the cgroup events for most cases,
3220                  * except when we don't know pid which to expect the
3221                  * SIGCHLD for. */
3222
3223         case SERVICE_START:
3224         case SERVICE_START_POST:
3225                 /* If we were hoping for the daemon to write its PID file,
3226                  * we can give up now. */
3227                 if (s->pid_file_pathspec) {
3228                         log_warning("%s never wrote its PID file. Failing.", UNIT(s)->id);
3229                         service_unwatch_pid_file(s);
3230                         if (s->state == SERVICE_START)
3231                                 service_enter_signal(s, SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
3232                         else
3233                                 service_enter_stop(s, SERVICE_FAILURE_RESOURCES);
3234                 }
3235                 break;
3236
3237         case SERVICE_RUNNING:
3238                 /* service_enter_running() will figure out what to do */
3239                 service_enter_running(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
3240                 break;
3241
3242         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGTERM:
3243         case SERVICE_STOP_SIGKILL:
3244
3245                 if (main_pid_good(s) <= 0 && !control_pid_good(s))
3246                         service_enter_stop_post(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS);
3247
3248                 break;
3249
3250         case SERVICE_FINAL_SIGTERM:
3251         case SERVICE_FINAL_SIGKILL:
3252                 if (main_pid_good(s) <= 0 && !control_pid_good(s))
3253                         service_enter_dead(s, SERVICE_SUCCESS, true);
3254
3255                 break;
3256
3257         default:
3258                 ;
3259         }
3260 }
3261
3262 static void service_notify_message(Unit *u, pid_t pid, char **tags) {
3263         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
3264         const char *e;
3265
3266         assert(u);
3267
3268         if (s->notify_access == NOTIFY_NONE) {
3269                 log_warning("%s: Got notification message from PID %lu, but reception is disabled.",
3270                             u->id, (unsigned long) pid);
3271                 return;
3272         }
3273
3274         if (s->notify_access == NOTIFY_MAIN && pid != s->main_pid) {
3275                 log_warning("%s: Got notification message from PID %lu, but reception only permitted for PID %lu",
3276                             u->id, (unsigned long) pid, (unsigned long) s->main_pid);
3277                 return;
3278         }
3279
3280         log_debug("%s: Got message", u->id);
3281
3282         /* Interpret MAINPID= */
3283         if ((e = strv_find_prefix(tags, "MAINPID=")) &&
3284             (s->state == SERVICE_START ||
3285              s->state == SERVICE_START_POST ||
3286              s->state == SERVICE_RUNNING ||
3287              s->state == SERVICE_RELOAD)) {
3288
3289                 if (parse_pid(e + 8, &pid) < 0)
3290                         log_warning("Failed to parse notification message %s", e);
3291                 else {
3292                         log_debug("%s: got %s", u->id, e);
3293                         service_set_main_pid(s, pid);
3294                 }
3295         }
3296
3297         /* Interpret READY= */
3298         if (s->type == SERVICE_NOTIFY &&
3299             s->state == SERVICE_START &&
3300             strv_find(tags, "READY=1")) {
3301                 log_debug("%s: got READY=1", u->id);
3302
3303                 service_enter_start_post(s);
3304         }
3305
3306         /* Interpret STATUS= */
3307         e = strv_find_prefix(tags, "STATUS=");
3308         if (e) {
3309                 char *t;
3310
3311                 if (e[7]) {
3312
3313                         if (!utf8_is_valid(e+7)) {
3314                                 log_warning("Status message in notification is not UTF-8 clean.");
3315                                 return;
3316                         }
3317
3318                         t = strdup(e+7);
3319                         if (!t) {
3320                                 log_error("Failed to allocate string.");
3321                                 return;
3322                         }
3323
3324                         log_debug("%s: got %s", u->id, e);
3325
3326                         free(s->status_text);
3327                         s->status_text = t;
3328                 } else {
3329                         free(s->status_text);
3330                         s->status_text = NULL;
3331                 }
3332
3333         }
3334         if (strv_find(tags, "WATCHDOG=1")) {
3335                 log_debug("%s: got WATCHDOG=1", u->id);
3336                 service_reset_watchdog(s);
3337         }
3338
3339         /* Notify clients about changed status or main pid */
3340         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
3341 }
3342
3343 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
3344
3345 #ifdef TARGET_SUSE
3346 static void sysv_facility_in_insserv_conf(Manager *mgr) {
3347         FILE *f=NULL;
3348         int r;
3349
3350         if (!(f = fopen("/etc/insserv.conf", "re"))) {
3351                 r = errno == ENOENT ? 0 : -errno;
3352                 goto finish;
3353         }
3354
3355         while (!feof(f)) {
3356                 char l[LINE_MAX], *t;
3357                 char **parsed = NULL;
3358
3359                 if (!fgets(l, sizeof(l), f)) {
3360                         if (feof(f))
3361                                 break;
3362
3363                         r = -errno;
3364                         log_error("Failed to read configuration file '/etc/insserv.conf': %s", strerror(-r));
3365                         goto finish;
3366                 }
3367
3368                 t = strstrip(l);
3369                 if (*t != '$' && *t != '<')
3370                         continue;
3371
3372                 parsed = strv_split(t,WHITESPACE);
3373                 /* we ignore <interactive>, not used, equivalent to X-Interactive */
3374                 if (parsed && !startswith_no_case (parsed[0], "<interactive>")) {
3375                         char *facility;
3376                         Unit *u;
3377                         if (sysv_translate_facility(parsed[0], NULL, &facility) < 0)
3378                                 continue;
3379                         if ((u = manager_get_unit(mgr, facility)) && (u->type == UNIT_TARGET)) {
3380                                 UnitDependency e;
3381                                 char *dep = NULL, *name, **j;
3382
3383                                 STRV_FOREACH (j, parsed+1) {
3384                                         if (*j[0]=='+') {
3385                                                 e = UNIT_WANTS;
3386                                                 name = *j+1;
3387                                         }
3388                                         else {
3389                                                 e = UNIT_REQUIRES;
3390                                                 name = *j;
3391                                         }
3392                                         if (sysv_translate_facility(name, NULL, &dep) < 0)
3393                                                 continue;
3394
3395                                         r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(u, UNIT_BEFORE, e, dep, NULL, true);
3396                                         free(dep);
3397                                 }
3398                         }
3399                         free(facility);
3400                 }
3401                 strv_free(parsed);
3402         }
3403 finish:
3404         if (f)
3405                 fclose(f);
3406
3407 }
3408 #endif
3409
3410 static int service_enumerate(Manager *m) {
3411         char **p;
3412         unsigned i;
3413         DIR *d = NULL;
3414         char *path = NULL, *fpath = NULL, *name = NULL;
3415         Set *runlevel_services[ELEMENTSOF(rcnd_table)], *shutdown_services = NULL;
3416         Unit *service;
3417         Iterator j;
3418         int r;
3419
3420         assert(m);
3421
3422         if (m->running_as != SYSTEMD_SYSTEM)
3423                 return 0;
3424
3425         zero(runlevel_services);
3426
3427         STRV_FOREACH(p, m->lookup_paths.sysvrcnd_path)
3428                 for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(rcnd_table); i ++) {
3429                         struct dirent *de;
3430
3431                         free(path);
3432                         path = strjoin(*p, "/", rcnd_table[i].path, NULL);
3433                         if (!path) {
3434                                 r = -ENOMEM;
3435                                 goto finish;
3436                         }
3437
3438                         if (d)
3439                                 closedir(d);
3440
3441                         if (!(d = opendir(path))) {
3442                                 if (errno != ENOENT)
3443                                         log_warning("opendir() failed on %s: %s", path, strerror(errno));
3444
3445                                 continue;
3446                         }
3447
3448                         while ((de = readdir(d))) {
3449                                 int a, b;
3450
3451                                 if (ignore_file(de->d_name))
3452                                         continue;
3453
3454                                 if (de->d_name[0] != 'S' && de->d_name[0] != 'K')
3455                                         continue;
3456
3457                                 if (strlen(de->d_name) < 4)
3458                                         continue;
3459
3460                                 a = undecchar(de->d_name[1]);
3461                                 b = undecchar(de->d_name[2]);
3462
3463                                 if (a < 0 || b < 0)
3464                                         continue;
3465
3466                                 free(fpath);
3467                                 fpath = strjoin(path, "/", de->d_name, NULL);
3468                                 if (!fpath) {
3469                                         r = -ENOMEM;
3470                                         goto finish;
3471                                 }
3472
3473                                 if (access(fpath, X_OK) < 0) {
3474
3475                                         if (errno != ENOENT)
3476                                                 log_warning("access() failed on %s: %s", fpath, strerror(errno));
3477
3478                                         continue;
3479                                 }
3480
3481                                 free(name);
3482                                 if (!(name = sysv_translate_name(de->d_name + 3))) {
3483                                         r = -ENOMEM;
3484                                         goto finish;
3485                                 }
3486
3487                                 if ((r = manager_load_unit_prepare(m, name, NULL, NULL, &service)) < 0) {
3488                                         log_warning("Failed to prepare unit %s: %s", name, strerror(-r));
3489                                         continue;
3490                                 }
3491
3492                                 if (de->d_name[0] == 'S')  {
3493
3494                                         if (rcnd_table[i].type == RUNLEVEL_UP) {
3495                                                 SERVICE(service)->sysv_start_priority_from_rcnd =
3496                                                         MAX(a*10 + b, SERVICE(service)->sysv_start_priority_from_rcnd);
3497
3498                                                 SERVICE(service)->sysv_enabled = true;
3499                                         }
3500
3501                                         if ((r = set_ensure_allocated(&runlevel_services[i], trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func)) < 0)
3502                                                 goto finish;
3503
3504                                         if ((r = set_put(runlevel_services[i], service)) < 0)
3505                                                 goto finish;
3506
3507                                 } else if (de->d_name[0] == 'K' &&
3508                                            (rcnd_table[i].type == RUNLEVEL_DOWN)) {
3509
3510                                         if ((r = set_ensure_allocated(&shutdown_services, trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func)) < 0)
3511                                                 goto finish;
3512
3513                                         if ((r = set_put(shutdown_services, service)) < 0)
3514                                                 goto finish;
3515                                 }
3516                         }
3517                 }
3518
3519         /* Now we loaded all stubs and are aware of the lowest
3520         start-up priority for all services, not let's actually load
3521         the services, this will also tell us which services are
3522         actually native now */
3523         manager_dispatch_load_queue(m);
3524
3525         /* If this is a native service, rely on native ways to pull in
3526          * a service, don't pull it in via sysv rcN.d links. */
3527         for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(rcnd_table); i ++)
3528                 SET_FOREACH(service, runlevel_services[i], j) {
3529                         service = unit_follow_merge(service);
3530
3531                         if (service->fragment_path)
3532                                 continue;
3533
3534                         if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name_inverse(service, UNIT_AFTER, UNIT_WANTS, rcnd_table[i].target, NULL, true)) < 0)
3535                                 goto finish;
3536                 }
3537
3538         /* We honour K links only for halt/reboot. For the normal
3539          * runlevels we assume the stop jobs will be implicitly added
3540          * by the core logic. Also, we don't really distinguish here
3541          * between the runlevels 0 and 6 and just add them to the
3542          * special shutdown target. */
3543         SET_FOREACH(service, shutdown_services, j) {
3544                 service = unit_follow_merge(service);
3545
3546                 if (service->fragment_path)
3547                         continue;
3548
3549                 if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(service, UNIT_BEFORE, UNIT_CONFLICTS, SPECIAL_SHUTDOWN_TARGET, NULL, true)) < 0)
3550                         goto finish;
3551         }
3552
3553         r = 0;
3554
3555 #ifdef TARGET_SUSE
3556         sysv_facility_in_insserv_conf (m);
3557 #endif
3558
3559 finish:
3560         free(path);
3561         free(fpath);
3562         free(name);
3563
3564         for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(rcnd_table); i++)
3565                 set_free(runlevel_services[i]);
3566         set_free(shutdown_services);
3567
3568         if (d)
3569                 closedir(d);
3570
3571         return r;
3572 }
3573 #endif
3574
3575 static void service_bus_name_owner_change(
3576                 Unit *u,
3577                 const char *name,
3578                 const char *old_owner,
3579                 const char *new_owner) {
3580
3581         Service *s = SERVICE(u);
3582
3583         assert(s);
3584         assert(name);
3585
3586         assert(streq(s->bus_name, name));
3587         assert(old_owner || new_owner);
3588
3589         if (old_owner && new_owner)
3590                 log_debug("%s's D-Bus name %s changed owner from %s to %s", u->id, name, old_owner, new_owner);
3591         else if (old_owner)
3592                 log_debug("%s's D-Bus name %s no longer registered by %s", u->id, name, old_owner);
3593         else
3594                 log_debug("%s's D-Bus name %s now registered by %s", u->id, name, new_owner);
3595
3596         s->bus_name_good = !!new_owner;
3597
3598         if (s->type == SERVICE_DBUS) {
3599
3600                 /* service_enter_running() will figure out what to
3601                  * do */
3602                 if (s->state == SERVICE_RUNNING)