Lathes

Hardinge HLV-H

For larger machining work I have a Hardinge HLV-H lathe in its metric variant. It is virtually impossible to fault this lathe, although it is not ideally suited to the rough machining of large castings!

It is frequently desirable to be able to cut threads of non standard pitches (for example Holtzapffel thread such as 9.45tpi or 25.71tpi). For this purpose the Hardinge chart is not very useful and most information on the web (and in the manuals) presupposes you are using an imperial lathe. The Norton type gear box in the imperial lathe is arranged to provide a range of integral numbers of threads per inch whereas the variant in the metric lathe is designed for various “round” pitches and is thus considerably different in terms of construction.

The details of the calculations required for a non-standard train are given here (this was the result of some dismantling and gear tooth counting). The quick summary is that you calculate trains assuming that the leadscrew pitch is 2.4mm (position 1), 1.2mm (position 2) or 0.6mm (position 3).

Trains for cutting Holtzapffel threads

The Holtzapffel thread have rather awkward pitches. Information on cutting them on a Myford lathe with 8tpi leadscrew can be found in the book by T. D. Walshaw on Ornamental Turning. The following data are for trains which I have used to cut them on the HLV-H with 3mm pitch metric leadscrew.

NumberPitch (tpi)DialOutput Driven StudDriver StudLeadscrew
(top)(bottom)
19.453127254450
213.09
316.5
419.89
525.71312750 3554
636.1

8mm WW Lathe

The lathe bed is marked "Germany" and a serial number, with no other indication of a maker (nor is there one on any of the other castings), although from the construction style it probably dates from around 1900. The drawbar has a 40tpi thread for collets with an outside diamter of 0.268 inches (collet threads can usefully be cleaned up using a 40tpi chaser from a set of four intented to be used in a Coventry die head for cutting 1/8 inch whitworth 40tpi thread). The lathe is mounted on a piece of scrap 1 inch teak board standing about 1 inch off the table surface to allow room for the securing bolts.

The illustrated motor is from an old car windscreen wiper with two speed connections hence the three wires. The belt tensioning device is a slide from a prototype of some kind of specimen slicer. The motor mount is home made, consisting of two large aluminium pillars which are drilled and counterbored, and through which the motor case bolts pass. The strap at the front is simply to minimise vibrations. The three speed pulley was found in a box of junk.

The motor is driven from a 12V DC variable supply built using a surplus variac feeding a 6A rated toroidal transformer (a special deal for two pounds fifty at a local electronics shop).

Replacement Headstock Pulley

I fabricated a replacement headstock pulley from Delrin glued by means of araldite to a steel centre piece which was turned from the solid. The steel piece looked like a pipe with a large flange with a centre which is bored to a taper which fits the mandrel; the taper was finished off accurately using a specially made D-bit type conical reamer. The circle of 60 holes for dividing are all drilled 1mm diameter to a depth of about 3mm after initial drilling with a metric centre drill (looks similar to BS1 size, but has a 1mm pilot). It was indexed using a 5C spin indexer. All the turning was done on my Lorch-Schmidt 4" plain lathe.