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Analog 4.13: The domains file

The domains file tells analog which country is represented by each domain. You can tell analog where to find your domains file with a command like
DOMAINSFILE lang/mydomains.tab
Normally you don't need this command, because if there is a domains file in your language, it should be selected automatically. But the DOMAINSFILE command can be useful if you want to use a domains file in a new language, for example.

You should have got a domains file with the program, but if you've lost it, you can download one from http://www.analog.cx/ukdom.tab. It should contain on each line a domain code, followed by a number, followed by its location, like this:

ad  2  Andorra
ae  3  United Arab Emirates
It does not need to be in alphabetical order, though humans may prefer it that way. Subdomains do not go in the domains file: you can list them in the Domain Report using the SUBDOMAIN command.
The number beside each domain represents how many levels deep an "organisation" is considered to be, for the purposes of the Organisation Report. For example, consider the hostname www.sta.ad. The organisation is sta.ad, at the second level, so Andorra has a 2 in the above list. But in the UAE, a host looks like www.economy.gov.ae. There is an extra level in the hierarchy, so the UAE has its organisations at level 3.

There are some problems with this. A few countries have organisations at both levels 2 and 3 (for example asaspace.at and univie.ac.at). In those cases I've favoured false negatives over false positives by using the bigger number. (Also there is a correction which will make most of them right again: the first component is always removed from a hostname of three or more components.) For other countries, I don't have enough information to tell what the level should be. I've just given those a 1. Do let me know if you have any more information, or corrections, for the numbers.

If you want HTML special characters in the domains file, you have to precede them with a backslash, like this:
am   Arm\énie

Only domains which occur in the domains file will get their own line in the Domain Report: the rest are probably spurious, and will be accumulated together as "unknown domains". If you have debugging turned on, you can see which domains were unknown.

Lines starting with a hash (#) in the domains file are considered to be comments.

Go to the analog home page.

Stephen Turner
11 October 2000

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