chiark / gitweb /
shared: add formats-util.h
[elogind.git] / src / shared / log.c
index 9663464..32ec581 100644 (file)
 #include <sys/socket.h>
 #include <sys/un.h>
 #include <stddef.h>
+#include <printf.h>
 
 #include "log.h"
 #include "util.h"
 #include "missing.h"
 #include "macro.h"
 #include "socket-util.h"
+#include "formats-util.h"
 
 #define SNDBUF_SIZE (8*1024*1024)
 
@@ -50,6 +52,8 @@ static bool syslog_is_stream = false;
 static bool show_color = false;
 static bool show_location = false;
 
+static bool upgrade_syslog_to_journal = false;
+
 /* Akin to glibc's __abort_msg; which is private and we hence cannot
  * use here. */
 static char *log_abort_msg = NULL;
@@ -61,7 +65,7 @@ void log_close_console(void) {
 
         if (getpid() == 1) {
                 if (console_fd >= 3)
-                        close_nointr_nofail(console_fd);
+                        safe_close(console_fd);
 
                 console_fd = -1;
         }
@@ -73,14 +77,9 @@ static int log_open_console(void) {
                 return 0;
 
         if (getpid() == 1) {
-
                 console_fd = open_terminal("/dev/console", O_WRONLY|O_NOCTTY|O_CLOEXEC);
-                if (console_fd < 0) {
-                        log_error("Failed to open /dev/console for logging: %s", strerror(-console_fd));
+                if (console_fd < 0)
                         return console_fd;
-                }
-
-                log_debug("Successfully opened /dev/console for logging.");
         } else
                 console_fd = STDERR_FILENO;
 
@@ -88,12 +87,7 @@ static int log_open_console(void) {
 }
 
 void log_close_kmsg(void) {
-
-        if (kmsg_fd < 0)
-                return;
-
-        close_nointr_nofail(kmsg_fd);
-        kmsg_fd = -1;
+        kmsg_fd = safe_close(kmsg_fd);
 }
 
 static int log_open_kmsg(void) {
@@ -102,51 +96,50 @@ static int log_open_kmsg(void) {
                 return 0;
 
         kmsg_fd = open("/dev/kmsg", O_WRONLY|O_NOCTTY|O_CLOEXEC);
-        if (kmsg_fd < 0) {
-                log_error("Failed to open /dev/kmsg for logging: %s", strerror(errno));
+        if (kmsg_fd < 0)
                 return -errno;
-        }
-
-        log_debug("Successfully opened /dev/kmsg for logging.");
 
         return 0;
 }
 
 void log_close_syslog(void) {
-
-        if (syslog_fd < 0)
-                return;
-
-        close_nointr_nofail(syslog_fd);
-        syslog_fd = -1;
+        syslog_fd = safe_close(syslog_fd);
 }
 
 static int create_log_socket(int type) {
+        struct timeval tv;
         int fd;
 
-        /* All output to the syslog/journal fds we do asynchronously,
-         * and if the buffers are full we just drop the messages */
-
-        fd = socket(AF_UNIX, type|SOCK_CLOEXEC|SOCK_NONBLOCK, 0);
+        fd = socket(AF_UNIX, type|SOCK_CLOEXEC, 0);
         if (fd < 0)
                 return -errno;
 
         fd_inc_sndbuf(fd, SNDBUF_SIZE);
 
+        /* We need a blocking fd here since we'd otherwise lose
+        messages way too early. However, let's not hang forever in the
+        unlikely case of a deadlock. */
+        if (getpid() == 1)
+                timeval_store(&tv, 10 * USEC_PER_MSEC);
+        else
+                timeval_store(&tv, 10 * USEC_PER_SEC);
+        (void) setsockopt(fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_SNDTIMEO, &tv, sizeof(tv));
+
         return fd;
 }
 
 static int log_open_syslog(void) {
-        union sockaddr_union sa;
+
+        static const union sockaddr_union sa = {
+                .un.sun_family = AF_UNIX,
+                .un.sun_path = "/dev/log",
+        };
+
         int r;
 
         if (syslog_fd >= 0)
                 return 0;
 
-        zero(sa);
-        sa.un.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
-        strncpy(sa.un.sun_path, "/dev/log", sizeof(sa.un.sun_path));
-
         syslog_fd = create_log_socket(SOCK_DGRAM);
         if (syslog_fd < 0) {
                 r = syslog_fd;
@@ -154,7 +147,7 @@ static int log_open_syslog(void) {
         }
 
         if (connect(syslog_fd, &sa.sa, offsetof(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path) + strlen(sa.un.sun_path)) < 0) {
-                close_nointr_nofail(syslog_fd);
+                safe_close(syslog_fd);
 
                 /* Some legacy syslog systems still use stream
                  * sockets. They really shouldn't. But what can we
@@ -174,27 +167,24 @@ static int log_open_syslog(void) {
         } else
                 syslog_is_stream = false;
 
-        log_debug("Successfully opened syslog for logging.");
-
         return 0;
 
 fail:
         log_close_syslog();
-        log_debug("Failed to open syslog for logging: %s", strerror(-r));
         return r;
 }
 
 void log_close_journal(void) {
-
-        if (journal_fd < 0)
-                return;
-
-        close_nointr_nofail(journal_fd);
-        journal_fd = -1;
+        journal_fd = safe_close(journal_fd);
 }
 
 static int log_open_journal(void) {
-        union sockaddr_union sa;
+
+        static const union sockaddr_union sa = {
+                .un.sun_family = AF_UNIX,
+                .un.sun_path = "/run/systemd/journal/socket",
+        };
+
         int r;
 
         if (journal_fd >= 0)
@@ -206,22 +196,15 @@ static int log_open_journal(void) {
                 goto fail;
         }
 
-        zero(sa);
-        sa.un.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
-        strncpy(sa.un.sun_path, "/run/systemd/journal/socket", sizeof(sa.un.sun_path));
-
         if (connect(journal_fd, &sa.sa, offsetof(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path) + strlen(sa.un.sun_path)) < 0) {
                 r = -errno;
                 goto fail;
         }
 
-        log_debug("Successfully opened journal for logging.");
-
         return 0;
 
 fail:
         log_close_journal();
-        log_debug("Failed to open journal for logging: %s", strerror(-r));
         return r;
 }
 
@@ -284,8 +267,6 @@ int log_open(void) {
         log_close_journal();
         log_close_syslog();
 
-        /* Get the real /dev/console if we are PID=1, hence reopen */
-        log_close_console();
         return log_open_console();
 }
 
@@ -293,6 +274,13 @@ void log_set_target(LogTarget target) {
         assert(target >= 0);
         assert(target < _LOG_TARGET_MAX);
 
+        if (upgrade_syslog_to_journal) {
+                if (target == LOG_TARGET_SYSLOG)
+                        target = LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL;
+                else if (target == LOG_TARGET_SYSLOG_OR_KMSG)
+                        target = LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL_OR_KMSG;
+        }
+
         log_target = target;
 }
 
@@ -319,26 +307,31 @@ void log_set_facility(int facility) {
 
 static int write_to_console(
                 int level,
-                const char*file,
+                int error,
+                const char *file,
                 int line,
                 const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
                 const char *buffer) {
 
-        char location[64];
-        struct iovec iovec[5];
+        char location[64], prefix[1 + DECIMAL_STR_MAX(int) + 2];
+        struct iovec iovec[6] = {};
         unsigned n = 0;
         bool highlight;
 
         if (console_fd < 0)
                 return 0;
 
-        highlight = LOG_PRI(level) <= LOG_ERR && show_color;
+        if (log_target == LOG_TARGET_CONSOLE_PREFIXED) {
+                sprintf(prefix, "<%i>", level);
+                IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], prefix);
+        }
 
-        zero(iovec);
+        highlight = LOG_PRI(level) <= LOG_ERR && show_color;
 
         if (show_location) {
-                snprintf(location, sizeof(location), "(%s:%u) ", file, line);
-                char_array_0(location);
+                snprintf(location, sizeof(location), "(%s:%i) ", file, line);
                 IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], location);
         }
 
@@ -349,42 +342,65 @@ static int write_to_console(
                 IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], ANSI_HIGHLIGHT_OFF);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], "\n");
 
-        if (writev(console_fd, iovec, n) < 0)
-                return -errno;
+        if (writev(console_fd, iovec, n) < 0) {
+
+                if (errno == EIO && getpid() == 1) {
+
+                        /* If somebody tried to kick us from our
+                         * console tty (via vhangup() or suchlike),
+                         * try to reconnect */
+
+                        log_close_console();
+                        log_open_console();
+
+                        if (console_fd < 0)
+                                return 0;
+
+                        if (writev(console_fd, iovec, n) < 0)
+                                return -errno;
+                } else
+                        return -errno;
+        }
 
         return 1;
 }
 
 static int write_to_syslog(
-        int level,
-        const char*file,
-        int line,
-        const char *func,
-        const char *buffer) {
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char *file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
+                const char *buffer) {
 
-        char header_priority[16], header_time[64], header_pid[16];
-        struct iovec iovec[5];
-        struct msghdr msghdr;
+        char header_priority[2 + DECIMAL_STR_MAX(int) + 1],
+             header_time[64],
+             header_pid[4 + DECIMAL_STR_MAX(pid_t) + 1];
+        struct iovec iovec[5] = {};
+        struct msghdr msghdr = {
+                .msg_iov = iovec,
+                .msg_iovlen = ELEMENTSOF(iovec),
+        };
         time_t t;
         struct tm *tm;
 
         if (syslog_fd < 0)
                 return 0;
 
-        snprintf(header_priority, sizeof(header_priority), "<%i>", level);
-        char_array_0(header_priority);
+        xsprintf(header_priority, "<%i>", level);
 
         t = (time_t) (now(CLOCK_REALTIME) / USEC_PER_SEC);
-        if (!(tm = localtime(&t)))
+        tm = localtime(&t);
+        if (!tm)
                 return -EINVAL;
 
         if (strftime(header_time, sizeof(header_time), "%h %e %T ", tm) <= 0)
                 return -EINVAL;
 
-        snprintf(header_pid, sizeof(header_pid), "[%lu]: ", (unsigned long) getpid());
-        char_array_0(header_pid);
+        xsprintf(header_pid, "["PID_FMT"]: ", getpid());
 
-        zero(iovec);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[0], header_priority);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[1], header_time);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[2], program_invocation_short_name);
@@ -395,10 +411,6 @@ static int write_to_syslog(
         if (syslog_is_stream)
                 iovec[4].iov_len++;
 
-        zero(msghdr);
-        msghdr.msg_iov = iovec;
-        msghdr.msg_iovlen = ELEMENTSOF(iovec);
-
         for (;;) {
                 ssize_t n;
 
@@ -417,25 +429,25 @@ static int write_to_syslog(
 }
 
 static int write_to_kmsg(
-        int level,
-        const char*file,
-        int line,
-        const char *func,
-        const char *buffer) {
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char*file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
+                const char *buffer) {
 
-        char header_priority[16], header_pid[16];
-        struct iovec iovec[5];
+        char header_priority[2 + DECIMAL_STR_MAX(int) + 1],
+             header_pid[4 + DECIMAL_STR_MAX(pid_t) + 1];
+        struct iovec iovec[5] = {};
 
         if (kmsg_fd < 0)
                 return 0;
 
-        snprintf(header_priority, sizeof(header_priority), "<%i>", level);
-        char_array_0(header_priority);
+        xsprintf(header_priority, "<%i>", level);
+        xsprintf(header_pid, "["PID_FMT"]: ", getpid());
 
-        snprintf(header_pid, sizeof(header_pid), "[%lu]: ", (unsigned long) getpid());
-        char_array_0(header_pid);
-
-        zero(iovec);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[0], header_priority);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[1], program_invocation_short_name);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[2], header_pid);
@@ -448,43 +460,69 @@ static int write_to_kmsg(
         return 1;
 }
 
-static int write_to_journal(
-        int level,
-        const char*file,
-        int line,
-        const char *func,
-        const char *buffer) {
-
-        char header[LINE_MAX];
-        struct iovec iovec[3];
-        struct msghdr mh;
-
-        if (journal_fd < 0)
-                return 0;
+static int log_do_header(
+                char *header,
+                size_t size,
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char *file, int line, const char *func,
+                const char *object_field, const char *object) {
 
-        snprintf(header, sizeof(header),
+        snprintf(header, size,
                  "PRIORITY=%i\n"
                  "SYSLOG_FACILITY=%i\n"
-                 "CODE_FILE=%s\n"
-                 "CODE_LINE=%i\n"
-                 "CODE_FUNCTION=%s\n"
-                 "SYSLOG_IDENTIFIER=%s\n"
-                 "MESSAGE=",
+                 "%s%s%s"
+                 "%s%.*i%s"
+                 "%s%s%s"
+                 "%s%.*i%s"
+                 "%s%s%s"
+                 "SYSLOG_IDENTIFIER=%s\n",
                  LOG_PRI(level),
                  LOG_FAC(level),
-                 file,
-                 line,
-                 func,
+                 isempty(file) ? "" : "CODE_FILE=",
+                 isempty(file) ? "" : file,
+                 isempty(file) ? "" : "\n",
+                 line ? "CODE_LINE=" : "",
+                 line ? 1 : 0, line, /* %.0d means no output too, special case for 0 */
+                 line ? "\n" : "",
+                 isempty(func) ? "" : "CODE_FUNCTION=",
+                 isempty(func) ? "" : func,
+                 isempty(func) ? "" : "\n",
+                 error ? "ERRNO=" : "",
+                 error ? 1 : 0, error,
+                 error ? "\n" : "",
+                 isempty(object) ? "" : object_field,
+                 isempty(object) ? "" : object,
+                 isempty(object) ? "" : "\n",
                  program_invocation_short_name);
 
-        char_array_0(header);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int write_to_journal(
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char*file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
+                const char *buffer) {
+
+        char header[LINE_MAX];
+        struct iovec iovec[4] = {};
+        struct msghdr mh = {};
+
+        if (journal_fd < 0)
+                return 0;
+
+        log_do_header(header, sizeof(header), level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object);
 
-        zero(iovec);
         IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[0], header);
-        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[1], buffer);
-        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[2], "\n");
+        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[1], "MESSAGE=");
+        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[2], buffer);
+        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[3], "\n");
 
-        zero(mh);
         mh.msg_iov = iovec;
         mh.msg_iovlen = ELEMENTSOF(iovec);
 
@@ -495,21 +533,27 @@ static int write_to_journal(
 }
 
 static int log_dispatch(
-        int level,
-        const char*file,
-        int line,
-        const char *func,
-        char *buffer) {
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char *file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
+                char *buffer) {
 
-        int r = 0;
+        assert(buffer);
 
         if (log_target == LOG_TARGET_NULL)
-                return 0;
+                return -error;
 
         /* Patch in LOG_DAEMON facility if necessary */
         if ((level & LOG_FACMASK) == 0)
                 level = log_facility | LOG_PRI(level);
 
+        if (error < 0)
+                error = -error;
+
         do {
                 char *e;
                 int k = 0;
@@ -526,25 +570,23 @@ static int log_dispatch(
                     log_target == LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL_OR_KMSG ||
                     log_target == LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL) {
 
-                        k = write_to_journal(level, file, line, func, buffer);
+                        k = write_to_journal(level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object, buffer);
                         if (k < 0) {
                                 if (k != -EAGAIN)
                                         log_close_journal();
                                 log_open_kmsg();
-                        } else if (k > 0)
-                                r++;
+                        }
                 }
 
                 if (log_target == LOG_TARGET_SYSLOG_OR_KMSG ||
                     log_target == LOG_TARGET_SYSLOG) {
 
-                        k = write_to_syslog(level, file, line, func, buffer);
+                        k = write_to_syslog(level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object, buffer);
                         if (k < 0) {
                                 if (k != -EAGAIN)
                                         log_close_syslog();
                                 log_open_kmsg();
-                        } else if (k > 0)
-                                r++;
+                        }
                 }
 
                 if (k <= 0 &&
@@ -554,179 +596,246 @@ static int log_dispatch(
                      log_target == LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL_OR_KMSG ||
                      log_target == LOG_TARGET_KMSG)) {
 
-                        k = write_to_kmsg(level, file, line, func, buffer);
+                        k = write_to_kmsg(level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object, buffer);
                         if (k < 0) {
                                 log_close_kmsg();
                                 log_open_console();
-                        } else if (k > 0)
-                                r++;
+                        }
                 }
 
-                if (k <= 0) {
-                        k = write_to_console(level, file, line, func, buffer);
-                        if (k < 0)
-                                return k;
-                }
+                if (k <= 0)
+                        (void) write_to_console(level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object, buffer);
 
                 buffer = e;
         } while (buffer);
 
-        return r;
+        return -error;
 }
 
 int log_dump_internal(
         int level,
-        const char*file,
+        int error,
+        const char *file,
         int line,
         const char *func,
         char *buffer) {
 
-        int saved_errno, r;
+        PROTECT_ERRNO;
 
         /* This modifies the buffer... */
 
-        if (_likely_(LOG_PRI(level) > log_max_level))
-                return 0;
+        if (error < 0)
+                error = -error;
 
-        saved_errno = errno;
-        r = log_dispatch(level, file, line, func, buffer);
-        errno = saved_errno;
+        if (_likely_(LOG_PRI(level) > log_max_level))
+                return -error;
 
-        return r;
+        return log_dispatch(level, error, file, line, func, NULL, NULL, buffer);
 }
 
-int log_metav(
-        int level,
-        const char*file,
-        int line,
-        const char *func,
-        const char *format,
-        va_list ap) {
+int log_internalv(
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char*file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *format,
+                va_list ap) {
 
+        PROTECT_ERRNO;
         char buffer[LINE_MAX];
-        int saved_errno, r;
+
+        if (error < 0)
+                error = -error;
 
         if (_likely_(LOG_PRI(level) > log_max_level))
-                return 0;
+                return -error;
+
+        /* Make sure that %m maps to the specified error */
+        if (error != 0)
+                errno = error;
 
-        saved_errno = errno;
         vsnprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), format, ap);
-        char_array_0(buffer);
 
-        r = log_dispatch(level, file, line, func, buffer);
-        errno = saved_errno;
+        return log_dispatch(level, error, file, line, func, NULL, NULL, buffer);
+}
+
+int log_internal(
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char*file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *format, ...) {
+
+        va_list ap;
+        int r;
+
+        va_start(ap, format);
+        r = log_internalv(level, error, file, line, func, format, ap);
+        va_end(ap);
 
         return r;
 }
 
-int log_meta(
-        int level,
-        const char*file,
-        int line,
-        const char *func,
-        const char *format, ...) {
+int log_object_internalv(
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char*file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
+                const char *format,
+                va_list ap) {
+
+        PROTECT_ERRNO;
+        char buffer[LINE_MAX];
+
+        if (error < 0)
+                error = -error;
+
+        if (_likely_(LOG_PRI(level) > log_max_level))
+                return -error;
+
+        /* Make sure that %m maps to the specified error */
+        if (error != 0)
+                errno = error;
+
+        vsnprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), format, ap);
+
+        return log_dispatch(level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object, buffer);
+}
+
+int log_object_internal(
+                int level,
+                int error,
+                const char*file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *object_field,
+                const char *object,
+                const char *format, ...) {
 
-        int r;
         va_list ap;
+        int r;
 
         va_start(ap, format);
-        r = log_metav(level, file, line, func, format, ap);
+        r = log_object_internalv(level, error, file, line, func, object_field, object, format, ap);
         va_end(ap);
 
         return r;
 }
 
-#pragma GCC diagnostic push
-#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-nonliteral"
-_noreturn_ static void log_assert(const char *text, const char *file, int line, const char *func, const char *format) {
+static void log_assert(
+                int level,
+                const char *text,
+                const char *file,
+                int line,
+                const char *func,
+                const char *format) {
+
         static char buffer[LINE_MAX];
 
+        if (_likely_(LOG_PRI(level) > log_max_level))
+                return;
+
+        DISABLE_WARNING_FORMAT_NONLITERAL;
         snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), format, text, file, line, func);
+        REENABLE_WARNING;
 
-        char_array_0(buffer);
         log_abort_msg = buffer;
 
-        log_dispatch(LOG_CRIT, file, line, func, buffer);
+        log_dispatch(level, 0, file, line, func, NULL, NULL, buffer);
+}
+
+noreturn void log_assert_failed(const char *text, const char *file, int line, const char *func) {
+        log_assert(LOG_CRIT, text, file, line, func, "Assertion '%s' failed at %s:%u, function %s(). Aborting.");
         abort();
 }
-#pragma GCC diagnostic pop
 
-_noreturn_ void log_assert_failed(const char *text, const char *file, int line, const char *func) {
-        log_assert(text, file, line, func, "Assertion '%s' failed at %s:%u, function %s(). Aborting.");
+noreturn void log_assert_failed_unreachable(const char *text, const char *file, int line, const char *func) {
+        log_assert(LOG_CRIT, text, file, line, func, "Code should not be reached '%s' at %s:%u, function %s(). Aborting.");
+        abort();
 }
 
-_noreturn_ void log_assert_failed_unreachable(const char *text, const char *file, int line, const char *func) {
-        log_assert(text, file, line, func, "Code should not be reached '%s' at %s:%u, function %s(). Aborting.");
+void log_assert_failed_return(const char *text, const char *file, int line, const char *func) {
+        PROTECT_ERRNO;
+        log_assert(LOG_DEBUG, text, file, line, func, "Assertion '%s' failed at %s:%u, function %s(). Ignoring.");
 }
 
 int log_oom_internal(const char *file, int line, const char *func) {
-        log_meta(LOG_ERR, file, line, func, "Out of memory.");
+        log_internal(LOG_ERR, ENOMEM, file, line, func, "Out of memory.");
         return -ENOMEM;
 }
 
 int log_struct_internal(
                 int level,
+                int error,
                 const char *file,
                 int line,
                 const char *func,
                 const char *format, ...) {
 
-        int saved_errno;
+        char buf[LINE_MAX];
+        bool found = false;
+        PROTECT_ERRNO;
         va_list ap;
-        int r;
+
+        if (error < 0)
+                error = -error;
 
         if (_likely_(LOG_PRI(level) > log_max_level))
-                return 0;
+                return -error;
 
         if (log_target == LOG_TARGET_NULL)
-                return 0;
+                return -error;
 
         if ((level & LOG_FACMASK) == 0)
                 level = log_facility | LOG_PRI(level);
 
-        saved_errno = errno;
-
         if ((log_target == LOG_TARGET_AUTO ||
              log_target == LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL_OR_KMSG ||
              log_target == LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL) &&
             journal_fd >= 0) {
-
                 char header[LINE_MAX];
-                struct iovec iovec[17];
+                struct iovec iovec[17] = {};
                 unsigned n = 0, i;
-                struct msghdr mh;
-                const char nl = '\n';
+                struct msghdr mh = {
+                        .msg_iov = iovec,
+                };
+                static const char nl = '\n';
+                bool fallback = false;
 
                 /* If the journal is available do structured logging */
-
-                snprintf(header, sizeof(header),
-                        "PRIORITY=%i\n"
-                        "SYSLOG_FACILITY=%i\n"
-                        "CODE_FILE=%s\n"
-                        "CODE_LINE=%i\n"
-                        "CODE_FUNCTION=%s\n"
-                        "SYSLOG_IDENTIFIER=%s\n",
-                        LOG_PRI(level),
-                        LOG_FAC(level),
-                        file,
-                        line,
-                        func,
-                        program_invocation_short_name);
-                char_array_0(header);
-
-                zero(iovec);
+                log_do_header(header, sizeof(header), level, error, file, line, func, NULL, NULL);
                 IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], header);
 
                 va_start(ap, format);
                 while (format && n + 1 < ELEMENTSOF(iovec)) {
-                        char *buf;
+                        va_list aq;
+                        char *m;
+
+                        /* We need to copy the va_list structure,
+                         * since vasprintf() leaves it afterwards at
+                         * an undefined location */
+
+                        if (error != 0)
+                                errno = error;
 
-                        if (vasprintf(&buf, format, ap) < 0) {
-                                r = -ENOMEM;
+                        va_copy(aq, ap);
+                        if (vasprintf(&m, format, aq) < 0) {
+                                va_end(aq);
+                                fallback = true;
                                 goto finish;
                         }
+                        va_end(aq);
 
-                        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], buf);
+                        /* Now, jump enough ahead, so that we point to
+                         * the next format string */
+                        VA_FORMAT_ADVANCE(format, ap);
+
+                        IOVEC_SET_STRING(iovec[n++], m);
 
                         iovec[n].iov_base = (char*) &nl;
                         iovec[n].iov_len = 1;
@@ -734,50 +843,48 @@ int log_struct_internal(
 
                         format = va_arg(ap, char *);
                 }
-                va_end(ap);
 
-                zero(mh);
-                mh.msg_iov = iovec;
                 mh.msg_iovlen = n;
 
-                if (sendmsg(journal_fd, &mh, MSG_NOSIGNAL) < 0)
-                        r = -errno;
-                else
-                        r = 1;
+                (void) sendmsg(journal_fd, &mh, MSG_NOSIGNAL);
 
         finish:
+                va_end(ap);
                 for (i = 1; i < n; i += 2)
                         free(iovec[i].iov_base);
 
-        } else {
-                char buf[LINE_MAX];
-                bool found = false;
+                if (!fallback)
+                        return -error;
+        }
 
-                /* Fallback if journal logging is not available */
+        /* Fallback if journal logging is not available or didn't work. */
 
-                va_start(ap, format);
-                while (format) {
+        va_start(ap, format);
+        while (format) {
+                va_list aq;
 
-                        vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), format, ap);
-                        char_array_0(buf);
+                if (error != 0)
+                        errno = error;
 
-                        if (startswith(buf, "MESSAGE=")) {
-                                found = true;
-                                break;
-                        }
+                va_copy(aq, ap);
+                vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), format, aq);
+                va_end(aq);
 
-                        format = va_arg(ap, char *);
+                if (startswith(buf, "MESSAGE=")) {
+                        found = true;
+                        break;
                 }
-                va_end(ap);
 
-                if (found)
-                        r = log_dispatch(level, file, line, func, buf + 8);
-                else
-                        r = -EINVAL;
+                VA_FORMAT_ADVANCE(format, ap);
+
+                format = va_arg(ap, char *);
         }
+        va_end(ap);
 
-        errno = saved_errno;
-        return r;
+        if (!found)
+                return -error;
+
+        return log_dispatch(level, error, file, line, func, NULL, NULL, buf + 8);
 }
 
 int log_set_target_from_string(const char *e) {
@@ -802,24 +909,68 @@ int log_set_max_level_from_string(const char *e) {
         return 0;
 }
 
+static int parse_proc_cmdline_item(const char *key, const char *value) {
+
+        /*
+         * The systemd.log_xyz= settings are parsed by all tools, and
+         * so is "debug".
+         *
+         * However, "quiet" is only parsed by PID 1, and only turns of
+         * status output to /dev/console, but does not alter the log
+         * level.
+         */
+
+        if (streq(key, "debug") && !value)
+                log_set_max_level(LOG_DEBUG);
+
+        else if (streq(key, "systemd.log_target") && value) {
+
+                if (log_set_target_from_string(value) < 0)
+                        log_warning("Failed to parse log target '%s'. Ignoring.", value);
+
+        } else if (streq(key, "systemd.log_level") && value) {
+
+                if (log_set_max_level_from_string(value) < 0)
+                        log_warning("Failed to parse log level '%s'. Ignoring.", value);
+
+        } else if (streq(key, "systemd.log_color") && value) {
+
+                if (log_show_color_from_string(value) < 0)
+                        log_warning("Failed to parse log color setting '%s'. Ignoring.", value);
+
+        } else if (streq(key, "systemd.log_location") && value) {
+
+                if (log_show_location_from_string(value) < 0)
+                        log_warning("Failed to parse log location setting '%s'. Ignoring.", value);
+        }
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
 void log_parse_environment(void) {
         const char *e;
 
+        if (get_ctty_devnr(0, NULL) < 0)
+                /* Only try to read the command line in daemons.
+                   We assume that anything that has a controlling
+                   tty is user stuff. */
+                (void) parse_proc_cmdline(parse_proc_cmdline_item);
+
         e = secure_getenv("SYSTEMD_LOG_TARGET");
         if (e && log_set_target_from_string(e) < 0)
-                log_warning("Failed to parse log target %s. Ignoring.", e);
+                log_warning("Failed to parse log target '%s'. Ignoring.", e);
 
         e = secure_getenv("SYSTEMD_LOG_LEVEL");
         if (e && log_set_max_level_from_string(e) < 0)
-                log_warning("Failed to parse log level %s. Ignoring.", e);
+                log_warning("Failed to parse log level '%s'. Ignoring.", e);
 
         e = secure_getenv("SYSTEMD_LOG_COLOR");
         if (e && log_show_color_from_string(e) < 0)
-                log_warning("Failed to parse bool %s. Ignoring.", e);
+                log_warning("Failed to parse bool '%s'. Ignoring.", e);
 
         e = secure_getenv("SYSTEMD_LOG_LOCATION");
         if (e && log_show_location_from_string(e) < 0)
-                log_warning("Failed to parse bool %s. Ignoring.", e);
+                log_warning("Failed to parse bool '%s'. Ignoring.", e);
 }
 
 LogTarget log_get_target(void) {
@@ -834,10 +985,18 @@ void log_show_color(bool b) {
         show_color = b;
 }
 
+bool log_get_show_color(void) {
+        return show_color;
+}
+
 void log_show_location(bool b) {
         show_location = b;
 }
 
+bool log_get_show_location(void) {
+        return show_location;
+}
+
 int log_show_color_from_string(const char *e) {
         int t;
 
@@ -861,14 +1020,16 @@ int log_show_location_from_string(const char *e) {
 }
 
 bool log_on_console(void) {
-        if (log_target == LOG_TARGET_CONSOLE)
+        if (log_target == LOG_TARGET_CONSOLE ||
+            log_target == LOG_TARGET_CONSOLE_PREFIXED)
                 return true;
 
         return syslog_fd < 0 && kmsg_fd < 0 && journal_fd < 0;
 }
 
-static const char *const log_target_table[] = {
+static const char *const log_target_table[_LOG_TARGET_MAX] = {
         [LOG_TARGET_CONSOLE] = "console",
+        [LOG_TARGET_CONSOLE_PREFIXED] = "console-prefixed",
         [LOG_TARGET_KMSG] = "kmsg",
         [LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL] = "journal",
         [LOG_TARGET_JOURNAL_OR_KMSG] = "journal-or-kmsg",
@@ -880,3 +1041,24 @@ static const char *const log_target_table[] = {
 };
 
 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(log_target, LogTarget);
+
+void log_received_signal(int level, const struct signalfd_siginfo *si) {
+        if (si->ssi_pid > 0) {
+                _cleanup_free_ char *p = NULL;
+
+                get_process_comm(si->ssi_pid, &p);
+
+                log_full(level,
+                         "Received SIG%s from PID %"PRIu32" (%s).",
+                         signal_to_string(si->ssi_signo),
+                         si->ssi_pid, strna(p));
+        } else
+                log_full(level,
+                         "Received SIG%s.",
+                         signal_to_string(si->ssi_signo));
+
+}
+
+void log_set_upgrade_syslog_to_journal(bool b) {
+        upgrade_syslog_to_journal = b;
+}