chiark / gitweb /
unit: use the UNIT() macro consistently
[elogind.git] / src / load-fragment.c
index 591b73d..0961d94 100644 (file)
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8 -*-*/
+/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
 
 /***
   This file is part of systemd.
@@ -29,6 +29,9 @@
 #include <sys/prctl.h>
 #include <sys/mount.h>
 #include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/resource.h>
 
 #include "unit.h"
 #include "strv.h"
 #include "securebits.h"
 #include "missing.h"
 #include "unit-name.h"
+#include "bus-errors.h"
 
-#define COMMENTS "#;\n"
-#define LINE_MAX 4096
+#ifndef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
+int config_parse_warn_compat(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        log_debug("[%s:%u] Support for option %s= has been disabled at compile time and is ignored", filename, line, lvalue);
+        return 0;
+}
+#endif
 
-static int config_parse_deps(
+int config_parse_unit_deps(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
-        UnitDependency d = PTR_TO_UINT(data);
+        UnitDependency d = ltype;
         Unit *u = userdata;
         char *w;
         size_t l;
@@ -62,11 +80,12 @@ static int config_parse_deps(
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
                 char *t, *k;
                 int r;
 
-                if (!(t = strndup(w, l)))
+                t = strndup(w, l);
+                if (!t)
                         return -ENOMEM;
 
                 k = unit_name_printf(u, t);
@@ -76,20 +95,21 @@ static int config_parse_deps(
                         return -ENOMEM;
 
                 r = unit_add_dependency_by_name(u, d, k, NULL, true);
-                free(k);
-
                 if (r < 0)
-                        return r;
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add dependency on %s, ignoring: %s", filename, line, k, strerror(-r));
+
+                free(k);
         }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_names(
+int config_parse_unit_names(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -104,7 +124,7 @@ static int config_parse_names(
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
                 char *t, *k;
                 int r;
 
@@ -118,20 +138,25 @@ static int config_parse_names(
                         return -ENOMEM;
 
                 r = unit_merge_by_name(u, k);
-                free(k);
 
-                if (r < 0)
-                        return r;
+                if (r < 0) {
+                        log_error("Failed to add name %s, ignoring: %s", k, strerror(-r));
+                        free(k);
+                        return 0;
+                }
+
+                free(k);
         }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_string_printf(
+int config_parse_unit_string_printf(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -160,17 +185,83 @@ static int config_parse_string_printf(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_listen(
+int config_parse_unit_strv_printf(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
+        Unit *u = userdata;
+        char *k;
         int r;
-        SocketPort *p;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(u);
+
+        k = unit_full_printf(u, rvalue);
+        if (!k)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        r = config_parse_strv(filename, line, section, lvalue, ltype, k, data, userdata);
+        free(k);
+
+        return r;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_path_printf(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Unit *u = userdata;
+        char **s = data;
+        char *k;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(s);
+        assert(u);
+
+        if (!(k = unit_full_printf(u, rvalue)))
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        if (!path_is_absolute(k)) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Not an absolute path: %s", filename, line, k);
+                free(k);
+                return -EINVAL;
+        }
+
+        path_kill_slashes(k);
+
+        free(*s);
+        *s = k;
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_socket_listen(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        SocketPort *p, *tail;
         Socket *s;
 
         assert(filename);
@@ -186,19 +277,62 @@ static int config_parse_listen(
         if (streq(lvalue, "ListenFIFO")) {
                 p->type = SOCKET_FIFO;
 
-                if (!(p->path = strdup(rvalue))) {
+                if (!(p->path = unit_full_printf(UNIT(s), rvalue))) {
+                        free(p);
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+                }
+
+                path_kill_slashes(p->path);
+
+        } else if (streq(lvalue, "ListenSpecial")) {
+                p->type = SOCKET_SPECIAL;
+
+                if (!(p->path = unit_full_printf(UNIT(s), rvalue))) {
+                        free(p);
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+                }
+
+                path_kill_slashes(p->path);
+
+        } else if (streq(lvalue, "ListenMessageQueue")) {
+
+                p->type = SOCKET_MQUEUE;
+
+                if (!(p->path = unit_full_printf(UNIT(s), rvalue))) {
                         free(p);
                         return -ENOMEM;
                 }
 
                 path_kill_slashes(p->path);
+
+        } else if (streq(lvalue, "ListenNetlink")) {
+                char  *k;
+                int r;
+
+                p->type = SOCKET_SOCKET;
+                k = unit_full_printf(UNIT(s), rvalue);
+                r = socket_address_parse_netlink(&p->address, k);
+                free(k);
+
+                if (r < 0) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse address value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        free(p);
+                        return 0;
+                }
+
         } else {
+                char *k;
+                int r;
+
                 p->type = SOCKET_SOCKET;
+                k = unit_full_printf(UNIT(s), rvalue);
+                r = socket_address_parse(&p->address, k);
+                free(k);
 
-                if ((r = socket_address_parse(&p->address, rvalue)) < 0) {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse address value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                if (r < 0) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse address value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
                         free(p);
-                        return r;
+                        return 0;
                 }
 
                 if (streq(lvalue, "ListenStream"))
@@ -211,22 +345,29 @@ static int config_parse_listen(
                 }
 
                 if (socket_address_family(&p->address) != AF_LOCAL && p->address.type == SOCK_SEQPACKET) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Address family not supported, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
                         free(p);
-                        return -EPROTONOSUPPORT;
+                        return 0;
                 }
         }
 
         p->fd = -1;
-        LIST_PREPEND(SocketPort, port, s->ports, p);
+
+        if (s->ports) {
+                LIST_FIND_TAIL(SocketPort, port, s->ports, tail);
+                LIST_INSERT_AFTER(SocketPort, port, s->ports, tail, p);
+        } else
+                LIST_PREPEND(SocketPort, port, s->ports, p);
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_socket_bind(
+int config_parse_socket_bind(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -245,8 +386,8 @@ static int config_parse_socket_bind(
                 int r;
 
                 if ((r = parse_boolean(rvalue)) < 0) {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse bind IPv6 only value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        return -EBADMSG;
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse bind IPv6 only value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
                 }
 
                 s->bind_ipv6_only = r ? SOCKET_ADDRESS_IPV6_ONLY : SOCKET_ADDRESS_BOTH;
@@ -256,182 +397,183 @@ static int config_parse_socket_bind(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_nice(
+int config_parse_exec_nice(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
         ExecContext *c = data;
-        int priority, r;
+        int priority;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((r = safe_atoi(rvalue, &priority)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse nice priority: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &priority) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse nice priority, ignoring: %s. ", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         if (priority < PRIO_MIN || priority >= PRIO_MAX) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Nice priority out of range: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -ERANGE;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Nice priority out of range, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         c->nice = priority;
-        c->nice_set = false;
+        c->nice_set = true;
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_oom_adjust(
+int config_parse_exec_oom_score_adjust(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
         ExecContext *c = data;
-        int oa, r;
+        int oa;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((r = safe_atoi(rvalue, &oa)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse OOM adjust value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &oa) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse the OOM score adjust value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        if (oa < OOM_DISABLE || oa > OOM_ADJUST_MAX) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] OOM adjust value out of range: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -ERANGE;
+        if (oa < OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN || oa > OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] OOM score adjust value out of range, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        c->oom_adjust = oa;
-        c->oom_adjust_set = true;
+        c->oom_score_adjust = oa;
+        c->oom_score_adjust_set = true;
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_mode(
+int config_parse_exec(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
-        mode_t *m = data;
-        long l;
-        char *x = NULL;
+        ExecCommand **e = data, *nce;
+        char *path, **n;
+        unsigned k;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
-        assert(data);
+        assert(e);
 
-        errno = 0;
-        l = strtol(rvalue, &x, 8);
-        if (!x || *x || errno) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse mode value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return errno ? -errno : -EINVAL;
-        }
+        /* We accept an absolute path as first argument, or
+         * alternatively an absolute prefixed with @ to allow
+         * overriding of argv[0]. */
 
-        if (l < 0000 || l > 07777) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] mode value out of range: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -ERANGE;
-        }
+        e += ltype;
 
-        *m = (mode_t) l;
-        return 0;
-}
+        for (;;) {
+                char *w;
+                size_t l;
+                char *state;
+                bool honour_argv0 = false, ignore = false;
 
-static int config_parse_exec(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
+                path = NULL;
+                nce = NULL;
+                n = NULL;
 
-        ExecCommand **e = data, *nce = NULL;
-        char **n;
-        char *w;
-        unsigned k;
-        size_t l;
-        char *state, *path = NULL;
-        bool honour_argv0, write_to_path;
+                rvalue += strspn(rvalue, WHITESPACE);
 
-        assert(filename);
-        assert(lvalue);
-        assert(rvalue);
-        assert(data);
+                if (rvalue[0] == 0)
+                        break;
 
-        /* We accept an absolute path as first argument, or
-         * alternatively an absolute prefixed with @ to allow
-         * overriding of argv[0]. */
+                if (rvalue[0] == '-') {
+                        ignore = true;
+                        rvalue ++;
+                }
+
+                if (rvalue[0] == '@') {
+                        honour_argv0 = true;
+                        rvalue ++;
+                }
 
-        honour_argv0 = rvalue[0] == '@';
+                if (*rvalue != '/') {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Invalid executable path in command line, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
+                }
 
-        if (rvalue[honour_argv0 ? 1 : 0] != '/') {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Invalid executable path in command line: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EINVAL;
-        }
+                k = 0;
+                FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+                        if (strncmp(w, ";", MAX(l, 1U)) == 0)
+                                break;
 
-        k = 0;
-        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state)
-                k++;
+                        k++;
+                }
 
-        if (!(n = new(char*, k + (honour_argv0 ? 0 : 1))))
-                return -ENOMEM;
+                if (!(n = new(char*, k + !honour_argv0)))
+                        return -ENOMEM;
 
-        k = 0;
-        write_to_path = honour_argv0;
-        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
-                if (write_to_path) {
-                        if (!(path = strndup(w+1, l-1)))
-                                goto fail;
-                        write_to_path = false;
-                } else {
-                        if (!(n[k++] = strndup(w, l)))
-                                goto fail;
+                k = 0;
+                FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+                        if (strncmp(w, ";", MAX(l, 1U)) == 0)
+                                break;
+
+                        if (honour_argv0 && w == rvalue) {
+                                assert(!path);
+                                if (!(path = cunescape_length(w, l)))
+                                        goto fail;
+                        } else {
+                                if (!(n[k++] = cunescape_length(w, l)))
+                                        goto fail;
+                        }
                 }
-        }
 
-        n[k] = NULL;
+                n[k] = NULL;
 
-        if (!n[0]) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Invalid command line: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                strv_free(n);
-                return -EINVAL;
-        }
+                if (!n[0]) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Invalid command line, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        strv_free(n);
+                        free(path);
+                        return 0;
+                }
 
-        if (!path)
-                if (!(path = strdup(n[0])))
-                        goto fail;
+                if (!path)
+                        if (!(path = strdup(n[0])))
+                                goto fail;
+
+                assert(path_is_absolute(path));
 
-        assert(path_is_absolute(path));
+                if (!(nce = new0(ExecCommand, 1)))
+                        goto fail;
 
-        if (!(nce = new0(ExecCommand, 1)))
-                goto fail;
+                nce->argv = n;
+                nce->path = path;
+                nce->ignore = ignore;
 
-        nce->argv = n;
-        nce->path = path;
+                path_kill_slashes(nce->path);
 
-        path_kill_slashes(nce->path);
+                exec_command_append_list(e, nce);
 
-        exec_command_append_list(e, nce);
+                rvalue = state;
+        }
 
         return 0;
 
@@ -444,39 +586,15 @@ fail:
         return -ENOMEM;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_usec(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
-
-        usec_t *usec = data;
-        int r;
-
-        assert(filename);
-        assert(lvalue);
-        assert(rvalue);
-        assert(data);
-
-        if ((r = parse_usec(rvalue, usec)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse time value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
-        }
-
-        return 0;
-}
-
-static DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_service_type, service_type, ServiceType, "Failed to parse service type");
-static DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_service_restart, service_restart, ServiceRestart, "Failed to parse service restart specifier");
+DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_service_type, service_type, ServiceType, "Failed to parse service type");
+DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_service_restart, service_restart, ServiceRestart, "Failed to parse service restart specifier");
 
-static int config_parse_bindtodevice(
+int config_parse_socket_bindtodevice(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -501,14 +619,15 @@ static int config_parse_bindtodevice(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_output, exec_output, ExecOutput, "Failed to parse output specifier");
-static DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_input, exec_input, ExecInput, "Failed to parse input specifier");
+DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_output, exec_output, ExecOutput, "Failed to parse output specifier");
+DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_input, exec_input, ExecInput, "Failed to parse input specifier");
 
-static int config_parse_facility(
+int config_parse_facility(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -521,21 +640,22 @@ static int config_parse_facility(
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((x = log_facility_from_string(rvalue)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse log facility: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+        if ((x = log_facility_unshifted_from_string(rvalue)) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse log facility, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        *o = LOG_MAKEPRI(x, LOG_PRI(*o));
+        *o = (x << 3) | LOG_PRI(*o);
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_level(
+int config_parse_level(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -549,19 +669,20 @@ static int config_parse_level(
         assert(data);
 
         if ((x = log_level_from_string(rvalue)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse log level: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse log level, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        *o = LOG_MAKEPRI(LOG_FAC(*o), x);
+        *o = (*o & LOG_FACMASK) | x;
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_io_class(
+int config_parse_exec_io_class(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -575,8 +696,8 @@ static int config_parse_io_class(
         assert(data);
 
         if ((x = ioprio_class_from_string(rvalue)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse IO scheduling class: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse IO scheduling class, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         c->ioprio = IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(x, IOPRIO_PRIO_DATA(c->ioprio));
@@ -585,11 +706,12 @@ static int config_parse_io_class(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_io_priority(
+int config_parse_exec_io_priority(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -603,8 +725,8 @@ static int config_parse_io_priority(
         assert(data);
 
         if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &i) < 0 || i < 0 || i >= IOPRIO_BE_NR) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse io priority: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse io priority, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         c->ioprio = IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(c->ioprio), i);
@@ -613,11 +735,12 @@ static int config_parse_io_priority(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_cpu_sched_policy(
+int config_parse_exec_cpu_sched_policy(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -632,8 +755,8 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_sched_policy(
         assert(data);
 
         if ((x = sched_policy_from_string(rvalue)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU scheduling policy: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU scheduling policy, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         c->cpu_sched_policy = x;
@@ -642,11 +765,12 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_sched_policy(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_cpu_sched_prio(
+int config_parse_exec_cpu_sched_prio(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -661,8 +785,8 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_sched_prio(
 
         /* On Linux RR/FIFO have the same range */
         if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &i) < 0 || i < sched_get_priority_min(SCHED_RR) || i > sched_get_priority_max(SCHED_RR)) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU scheduling priority: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU scheduling priority, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         c->cpu_sched_priority = i;
@@ -671,11 +795,12 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_sched_prio(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_cpu_affinity(
+int config_parse_exec_cpu_affinity(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -690,7 +815,7 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_affinity(
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
                 char *t;
                 int r;
                 unsigned cpu;
@@ -706,8 +831,8 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_affinity(
                                 return -ENOMEM;
 
                 if (r < 0 || cpu >= c->cpuset_ncpus) {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU affinity: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        return -EBADMSG;
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU affinity, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
                 }
 
                 CPU_SET_S(cpu, CPU_ALLOC_SIZE(c->cpuset_ncpus), c->cpuset);
@@ -716,11 +841,12 @@ static int config_parse_cpu_affinity(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_capabilities(
+int config_parse_exec_capabilities(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -737,8 +863,8 @@ static int config_parse_capabilities(
                 if (errno == ENOMEM)
                         return -ENOMEM;
 
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse capabilities: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EBADMSG;
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse capabilities, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         if (c->capabilities)
@@ -748,11 +874,12 @@ static int config_parse_capabilities(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_secure_bits(
+int config_parse_exec_secure_bits(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -767,7 +894,7 @@ static int config_parse_secure_bits(
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
                 if (first_word(w, "keep-caps"))
                         c->secure_bits |= SECURE_KEEP_CAPS;
                 else if (first_word(w, "keep-caps-locked"))
@@ -781,19 +908,20 @@ static int config_parse_secure_bits(
                 else if (first_word(w, "noroot-locked"))
                         c->secure_bits |= SECURE_NOROOT_LOCKED;
                 else {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse secure bits: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        return -EBADMSG;
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse secure bits, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
                 }
         }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_bounding_set(
+int config_parse_exec_bounding_set(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -802,13 +930,25 @@ static int config_parse_bounding_set(
         char *w;
         size_t l;
         char *state;
+        bool invert = false;
+        uint64_t sum = 0;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+        if (rvalue[0] == '~') {
+                invert = true;
+                rvalue++;
+        }
+
+        /* Note that we store this inverted internally, since the
+         * kernel wants it like this. But we actually expose it
+         * non-inverted everywhere to have a fully normalized
+         * interface. */
+
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
                 char *t;
                 int r;
                 cap_value_t cap;
@@ -820,37 +960,42 @@ static int config_parse_bounding_set(
                 free(t);
 
                 if (r < 0) {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse capability bounding set: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        return -EBADMSG;
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse capability bounding set, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
                 }
 
-                c->capability_bounding_set_drop |= 1 << cap;
+                sum |= ((uint64_t) 1ULL) << (uint64_t) cap;
         }
 
+        if (invert)
+                c->capability_bounding_set_drop |= sum;
+        else
+                c->capability_bounding_set_drop |= ~sum;
+
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_timer_slack_nsec(
+int config_parse_exec_timer_slack_nsec(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
         ExecContext *c = data;
         unsigned long u;
-        int r;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((r = safe_atolu(rvalue, &u)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse time slack value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        if (safe_atolu(rvalue, &u) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse time slack value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         c->timer_slack_nsec = u;
@@ -858,27 +1003,31 @@ static int config_parse_timer_slack_nsec(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_limit(
+int config_parse_limit(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
         struct rlimit **rl = data;
         unsigned long long u;
-        int r;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((r = safe_atollu(rvalue, &u)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse resource value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        rl += ltype;
+
+        if (streq(rvalue, "infinity"))
+                u = (unsigned long long) RLIM_INFINITY;
+        else if (safe_atollu(rvalue, &u) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse resource value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         if (!*rl)
@@ -889,11 +1038,12 @@ static int config_parse_limit(
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_cgroup(
+int config_parse_unit_cgroup(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
@@ -903,311 +1053,970 @@ static int config_parse_cgroup(
         size_t l;
         char *state;
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
-                char *t;
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+                char *t, *k;
                 int r;
 
-                if (!(t = strndup(w, l)))
+                t = strndup(w, l);
+                if (!t)
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                k = unit_full_printf(u, t);
+                free(t);
+
+                if (!k)
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                t = cunescape(k);
+                free(k);
+
+                if (!t)
                         return -ENOMEM;
 
                 r = unit_add_cgroup_from_text(u, t);
                 free(t);
 
-                if (r < 0)
-                        return r;
+                if (r < 0) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse cgroup value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
+                }
         }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_sysv_priority(
+#ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
+int config_parse_sysv_priority(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
         int *priority = data;
-        int r, i;
+        int i;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((r = safe_atoi(rvalue, &i)) < 0 || i < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse SysV start priority: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &i) < 0 || i < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse SysV start priority, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
         *priority = (int) i;
         return 0;
 }
+#endif
 
-static DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_kill_mode, kill_mode, KillMode, "Failed to parse kill mode");
-
-static int config_parse_mount_flags(
+int config_parse_fsck_passno(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
-        ExecContext *c = data;
-        char *w;
-        size_t l;
-        char *state;
-        unsigned long flags = 0;
+        int *passno = data;
+        int i;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        FOREACH_WORD(w, l, rvalue, state) {
-                if (strncmp(w, "shared", l) == 0)
-                        flags |= MS_SHARED;
-                else if (strncmp(w, "slave", l) == 0)
-                        flags |= MS_SLAVE;
-                else if (strncmp(w, "private", l) == 0)
-                        flags |= MS_PRIVATE;
-                else {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse mount flags: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        return -EINVAL;
-                }
+        if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &i) || i < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse fsck pass number, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        c->mount_flags = flags;
+        *passno = (int) i;
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_timer(
+DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_kill_mode, kill_mode, KillMode, "Failed to parse kill mode");
+
+int config_parse_kill_signal(
                 const char *filename,
                 unsigned line,
                 const char *section,
                 const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
                 const char *rvalue,
                 void *data,
                 void *userdata) {
 
-        Timer *t = data;
-        usec_t u;
+        int *sig = data;
         int r;
-        TimerValue *v;
-        TimerBase b;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
-        assert(data);
+        assert(sig);
 
-        if ((b = timer_base_from_string(lvalue)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse timer base: %s", filename, line, lvalue);
-                return -EINVAL;
+        if ((r = signal_from_string_try_harder(rvalue)) <= 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse kill signal, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        *sig = r;
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_exec_mount_flags(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        ExecContext *c = data;
+        char *w;
+        size_t l;
+        char *state;
+        unsigned long flags = 0;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+                if (strncmp(w, "shared", MAX(l, 6U)) == 0)
+                        flags |= MS_SHARED;
+                else if (strncmp(w, "slave", MAX(l, 5U)) == 0)
+                        flags |= MS_SLAVE;
+                else if (strncmp(w, "private", MAX(l, 7U)) == 0)
+                        flags |= MS_PRIVATE;
+                else {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse mount flags, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
+                }
         }
 
-        if ((r = parse_usec(rvalue, &u)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse timer value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        c->mount_flags = flags;
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_timer(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Timer *t = data;
+        usec_t u;
+        TimerValue *v;
+        TimerBase b;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if ((b = timer_base_from_string(lvalue)) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse timer base, ignoring: %s", filename, line, lvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (parse_usec(rvalue, &u) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse timer value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (!(v = new0(TimerValue, 1)))
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        v->base = b;
+        v->value = u;
+
+        LIST_PREPEND(TimerValue, value, t->values, v);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_timer_unit(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Timer *t = data;
+        int r;
+        DBusError error;
+        Unit *u;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        dbus_error_init(&error);
+
+        if (endswith(rvalue, ".timer")) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Unit cannot be of type timer, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        r = manager_load_unit(UNIT(t)->manager, rvalue, NULL, NULL, &u);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to load unit %s, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue, bus_error(&error, r));
+                dbus_error_free(&error);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        unit_ref_set(&t->unit, u);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_path_spec(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Path *p = data;
+        PathSpec *s;
+        PathType b;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if ((b = path_type_from_string(lvalue)) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse path type, ignoring: %s", filename, line, lvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (!path_is_absolute(rvalue)) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Path is not absolute, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (!(s = new0(PathSpec, 1)))
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        if (!(s->path = strdup(rvalue))) {
+                free(s);
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        path_kill_slashes(s->path);
+
+        s->type = b;
+        s->inotify_fd = -1;
+
+        LIST_PREPEND(PathSpec, spec, p->specs, s);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_path_unit(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Path *t = data;
+        int r;
+        DBusError error;
+        Unit *u;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        dbus_error_init(&error);
+
+        if (endswith(rvalue, ".path")) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Unit cannot be of type path, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if ((r = manager_load_unit(UNIT(t)->manager, rvalue, NULL, &error, &u)) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to load unit %s, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue, bus_error(&error, r));
+                dbus_error_free(&error);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        unit_ref_set(&t->unit, u);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_socket_service(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Socket *s = data;
+        int r;
+        DBusError error;
+        Unit *x;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        dbus_error_init(&error);
+
+        if (!endswith(rvalue, ".service")) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Unit must be of type service, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        r = manager_load_unit(UNIT(s)->manager, rvalue, NULL, &error, &x);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to load unit %s, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue, bus_error(&error, r));
+                dbus_error_free(&error);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        unit_ref_set(&s->service, x);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_service_sockets(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Service *s = data;
+        int r;
+        char *state, *w;
+        size_t l;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        FOREACH_WORD_QUOTED(w, l, rvalue, state) {
+                char *t, *k;
+
+                t = strndup(w, l);
+                if (!t)
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                k = unit_name_printf(UNIT(s), t);
+                free(t);
+
+                if (!k)
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                if (!endswith(k, ".socket")) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Unit must be of type socket, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        free(k);
+                        continue;
+                }
+
+                r = unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(UNIT(s), UNIT_WANTS, UNIT_AFTER, k, NULL, true);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add dependency on %s, ignoring: %s", filename, line, k, strerror(-r));
+
+                r = unit_add_dependency_by_name(UNIT(s), UNIT_TRIGGERED_BY, k, NULL, true);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
+                free(k);
+        }
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_env_file(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        char ***env = data, **k;
+        Unit *u = userdata;
+        char *s;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        s = unit_full_printf(u, rvalue);
+        if (!s)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        if (!path_is_absolute(s[0] == '-' ? s + 1 : s)) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Path '%s' is not absolute, ignoring.", filename, line, s);
+                free(s);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        k = strv_append(*env, s);
+        free(s);
+        if (!k)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        strv_free(*env);
+        *env = k;
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_ip_tos(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        int *ip_tos = data, x;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if ((x = ip_tos_from_string(rvalue)) < 0)
+                if (safe_atoi(rvalue, &x) < 0) {
+                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse IP TOS value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                        return 0;
+                }
+
+        *ip_tos = x;
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_condition_path(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        ConditionType cond = ltype;
+        Unit *u = data;
+        bool trigger, negate;
+        Condition *c;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        trigger = rvalue[0] == '|';
+        if (trigger)
+                rvalue++;
+
+        negate = rvalue[0] == '!';
+        if (negate)
+                rvalue++;
+
+        if (!path_is_absolute(rvalue)) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Path in condition not absolute, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        c = condition_new(cond, rvalue, trigger, negate);
+        if (!c)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        LIST_PREPEND(Condition, conditions, u->conditions, c);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_condition_string(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        ConditionType cond = ltype;
+        Unit *u = data;
+        bool trigger, negate;
+        Condition *c;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if ((trigger = rvalue[0] == '|'))
+                rvalue++;
+
+        if ((negate = rvalue[0] == '!'))
+                rvalue++;
+
+        if (!(c = condition_new(cond, rvalue, trigger, negate)))
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        LIST_PREPEND(Condition, conditions, u->conditions, c);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_condition_null(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Unit *u = data;
+        Condition *c;
+        bool trigger, negate;
+        int b;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if ((trigger = rvalue[0] == '|'))
+                rvalue++;
+
+        if ((negate = rvalue[0] == '!'))
+                rvalue++;
+
+        if ((b = parse_boolean(rvalue)) < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse boolean value in condition, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (!b)
+                negate = !negate;
+
+        if (!(c = condition_new(CONDITION_NULL, NULL, trigger, negate)))
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        LIST_PREPEND(Condition, conditions, u->conditions, c);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_notify_access, notify_access, NotifyAccess, "Failed to parse notify access specifier");
+
+int config_parse_unit_cgroup_attr(
+                const char *filename,
+                unsigned line,
+                const char *section,
+                const char *lvalue,
+                int ltype,
+                const char *rvalue,
+                void *data,
+                void *userdata) {
+
+        Unit *u = data;
+        char **l;
+        int r;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        l = strv_split_quoted(rvalue);
+        if (!l)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        if (strv_length(l) != 2) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u, NULL, l[0], l[1], NULL);
+        strv_free(l);
+
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_cpu_shares(const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata) {
+        Unit *u = data;
+        int r;
+        unsigned long ul;
+        char *t;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if (safe_atolu(rvalue, &ul) < 0 || ul < 1) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse CPU shares value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (asprintf(&t, "%lu", ul) < 0)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u, "cpu", "cpu.shares", t, NULL);
+        free(t);
+
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+int config_parse_unit_memory_limit(const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata) {
+        Unit *u = data;
+        int r;
+        off_t sz;
+        char *t;
+
+        assert(filename);
+        assert(lvalue);
+        assert(rvalue);
+        assert(data);
+
+        if (parse_bytes(rvalue, &sz) < 0 || sz <= 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse memory limit value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        if (!(v = new0(TimerValue, 1)))
+        if (asprintf(&t, "%llu", (unsigned long long) sz) < 0)
                 return -ENOMEM;
 
-        v->base = b;
-        v->value = u;
+        r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u,
+                                      "memory",
+                                      streq(lvalue, "MemorySoftLimit") ? "memory.soft_limit_in_bytes" : "memory.limit_in_bytes",
+                                      t, NULL);
+        free(t);
 
-        LIST_PREPEND(TimerValue, value, t->values, v);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_timer_unit(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
+static int device_map(const char *controller, const char *name, const char *value, char **ret) {
+        char **l;
 
-        Timer *t = data;
-        int r;
+        assert(controller);
+        assert(name);
+        assert(value);
+        assert(ret);
 
-        if (endswith(rvalue, ".timer")) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Unit cannot be of type timer: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EINVAL;
-        }
+        l = strv_split_quoted(value);
+        if (!l)
+                return -ENOMEM;
 
-        if ((r = manager_load_unit(t->meta.manager, rvalue, NULL, &t->unit)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to load unit: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        assert(strv_length(l) >= 1);
+
+        if (streq(l[0], "*")) {
+
+                if (asprintf(ret, "a *:*%s%s",
+                             isempty(l[1]) ? "" : " ", strempty(l[1])) < 0) {
+                        strv_free(l);
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+                }
+
+        } else {
+                struct stat st;
+
+                if (stat(l[0], &st) < 0) {
+                        log_warning("Couldn't stat device %s", l[0]);
+                        strv_free(l);
+                        return -errno;
+                }
+
+                if (!S_ISCHR(st.st_mode) && !S_ISBLK(st.st_mode)) {
+                        log_warning("%s is not a device.", l[0]);
+                        strv_free(l);
+                        return -ENODEV;
+                }
+
+                if (asprintf(ret, "%c %u:%u%s%s",
+                             S_ISCHR(st.st_mode) ? 'c' : 'b',
+                             major(st.st_rdev), minor(st.st_rdev),
+                             isempty(l[1]) ? "" : " ", strempty(l[1])) < 0) {
+
+                        strv_free(l);
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+                }
         }
 
+        strv_free(l);
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_path_spec(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
-
-        Path *p = data;
-        PathSpec *s;
-        PathType b;
+int config_parse_unit_device_allow(const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata) {
+        Unit *u = data;
+        char **l;
+        int r;
+        unsigned k;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((b = path_type_from_string(lvalue)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse path type: %s", filename, line, lvalue);
-                return -EINVAL;
-        }
+        l = strv_split_quoted(rvalue);
+        if (!l)
+                return -ENOMEM;
 
-        if (!path_is_absolute(rvalue)) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Path is not absolute: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EINVAL;
+        k = strv_length(l);
+        if (k < 1 || k > 2) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse device value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        if (!(s = new0(PathSpec, 1)))
-                return -ENOMEM;
-
-        if (!(s->path = strdup(rvalue))) {
-                free(s);
-                return -ENOMEM;
+        if (!streq(l[0], "*") && !path_startswith(l[0], "/dev")) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Device node path not absolute, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        path_kill_slashes(s->path);
+        if (!isempty(l[1]) && !in_charset(l[1], "rwm")) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Device access string invalid, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
+        strv_free(l);
 
-        s->type = b;
-        s->inotify_fd = -1;
+        r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u, "devices",
+                                      streq(lvalue, "DeviceAllow") ? "devices.allow" : "devices.deny",
+                                      rvalue, device_map);
 
-        LIST_PREPEND(PathSpec, spec, p->specs, s);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_path_unit(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
+static int blkio_map(const char *controller, const char *name, const char *value, char **ret) {
+        struct stat st;
+        char **l;
+        dev_t d;
 
-        Path *t = data;
-        int r;
+        assert(controller);
+        assert(name);
+        assert(value);
+        assert(ret);
 
-        if (endswith(rvalue, ".path")) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Unit cannot be of type path: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -EINVAL;
+        l = strv_split_quoted(value);
+        if (!l)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        assert(strv_length(l) == 2);
+
+        if (stat(l[0], &st) < 0) {
+                log_warning("Couldn't stat device %s", l[0]);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return -errno;
         }
 
-        if ((r = manager_load_unit(t->meta.manager, rvalue, NULL, &t->unit)) < 0) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to load unit: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return r;
+        if (S_ISBLK(st.st_mode))
+                d = st.st_rdev;
+        else if (major(st.st_dev) != 0) {
+                /* If this is not a device node then find the block
+                 * device this file is stored on */
+                d = st.st_dev;
+
+                /* If this is a partition, try to get the originating
+                 * block device */
+                block_get_whole_disk(d, &d);
+        } else {
+                log_warning("%s is not a block device and file system block device cannot be determined or is not local.", l[0]);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return -ENODEV;
+        }
+
+        if (asprintf(ret, "%u:%u %s", major(d), minor(d), l[1]) < 0) {
+                strv_free(l);
+                return -ENOMEM;
         }
 
+        strv_free(l);
         return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_env_file(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
-
-        FILE *f;
+int config_parse_unit_blkio_weight(const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata) {
+        Unit *u = data;
         int r;
-        char ***env = data;
+        unsigned long ul;
+        const char *device = NULL, *weight;
+        unsigned k;
+        char *t, **l;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if (!(f = fopen(rvalue, "re"))) {
-                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to open environment file '%s': %m", filename, line, rvalue);
-                return -errno;
+        l = strv_split_quoted(rvalue);
+        if (!l)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        k = strv_length(l);
+        if (k < 1 || k > 2) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse weight value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        while (!feof(f)) {
-                char l[LINE_MAX], *p;
-                char **t;
+        if (k == 1)
+                weight = l[0];
+        else {
+                device = l[0];
+                weight = l[1];
+        }
 
-                if (!fgets(l, sizeof(l), f)) {
-                        if (feof(f))
-                                break;
+        if (device && !path_is_absolute(device)) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse block device node value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
 
-                        r = -errno;
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to read environment file '%s': %m", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        goto finish;
-                }
+        if (safe_atolu(weight, &ul) < 0 || ul < 10 || ul > 1000) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse block IO weight value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
 
-                p = strstrip(l);
+        if (device)
+                r = asprintf(&t, "%s %lu", device, ul);
+        else
+                r = asprintf(&t, "%lu", ul);
+        strv_free(l);
 
-                if (!*p)
-                        continue;
+        if (r < 0)
+                return -ENOMEM;
 
-                if (strchr(COMMENTS, *p))
-                        continue;
+        if (device)
+                r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u, "blkio", "blkio.weight_device", t, blkio_map);
+        else
+                r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u, "blkio", "blkio.weight", t, NULL);
+        free(t);
 
-                t = strv_env_set(*env, p);
-                strv_free(*env);
-                *env = t;
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
         }
 
-        r = 0;
-
-finish:
-        if (f)
-                fclose(f);
-
-        return r;
+        return 0;
 }
 
-static int config_parse_ip_tos(
-                const char *filename,
-                unsigned line,
-                const char *section,
-                const char *lvalue,
-                const char *rvalue,
-                void *data,
-                void *userdata) {
-
-        int *ip_tos = data, x;
+int config_parse_unit_blkio_bandwidth(const char *filename, unsigned line, const char *section, const char *lvalue, int ltype, const char *rvalue, void *data, void *userdata) {
+        Unit *u = data;
         int r;
+        off_t bytes;
+        unsigned k;
+        char *t, **l;
 
         assert(filename);
         assert(lvalue);
         assert(rvalue);
         assert(data);
 
-        if ((x = ip_tos_from_string(rvalue)) < 0)
-                if ((r = safe_atoi(rvalue, &x)) < 0) {
-                        log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse IP TOS value: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
-                        return r;
-                }
+        l = strv_split_quoted(rvalue);
+        if (!l)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        k = strv_length(l);
+        if (k != 2) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse bandwidth value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (!path_is_absolute(l[0])) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse block device node value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (parse_bytes(l[1], &bytes) < 0 || bytes <= 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to parse block IO bandwith value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                strv_free(l);
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        r = asprintf(&t, "%s %llu", l[0], (unsigned long long) bytes);
+        strv_free(l);
+
+        if (r < 0)
+                return -ENOMEM;
+
+        r = unit_add_cgroup_attribute(u, "blkio",
+                                      streq(lvalue, "BlockIOReadBandwidth") ? "blkio.read_bps_device" : "blkio.write_bps_device",
+                                      t, blkio_map);
+        free(t);
+
+        if (r < 0) {
+                log_error("[%s:%u] Failed to add cgroup attribute value, ignoring: %s", filename, line, rvalue);
+                return 0;
+        }
 
-        *ip_tos = x;
         return 0;
 }
 
-static DEFINE_CONFIG_PARSE_ENUM(config_parse_notify_access, notify_access, NotifyAccess, "Failed to parse notify access specifier");
 
 #define FOLLOW_MAX 8
 
@@ -1234,16 +2043,23 @@ static int open_follow(char **filename, FILE **_f, Set *names, char **_final) {
                 path_kill_slashes(*filename);
 
                 /* Add the file name we are currently looking at to
-                 * the names of this unit */
+                 * the names of this unit, but only if it is a valid
+                 * unit name. */
                 name = file_name_from_path(*filename);
-                if (!(id = set_get(names, name))) {
 
-                        if (!(id = strdup(name)))
-                                return -ENOMEM;
+                if (unit_name_is_valid(name, true)) {
 
-                        if ((r = set_put(names, id)) < 0) {
-                                free(id);
-                                return r;
+                        id = set_get(names, name);
+                        if (!id) {
+                                id = strdup(name);
+                                if (!id)
+                                        return -ENOMEM;
+
+                                r = set_put(names, id);
+                                if (r < 0) {
+                                        free(id);
+                                        return r;
+                                }
                         }
                 }
 
@@ -1262,7 +2078,7 @@ static int open_follow(char **filename, FILE **_f, Set *names, char **_final) {
                 *filename = target;
         }
 
-        if (!(f = fdopen(fd, "r"))) {
+        if (!(f = fdopen(fd, "re"))) {
                 r = -errno;
                 close_nointr_nofail(fd);
                 return r;
@@ -1293,7 +2109,7 @@ static int merge_by_names(Unit **u, Set *names, const char *id) {
                          * ours? Then let's try it the other way
                          * round */
 
-                        other = manager_get_unit((*u)->meta.manager, k);
+                        other = manager_get_unit((*u)->manager, k);
                         free(k);
 
                         if (other)
@@ -1314,283 +2130,19 @@ static int merge_by_names(Unit **u, Set *names, const char *id) {
         return 0;
 }
 
-static void dump_items(FILE *f, const ConfigItem *items) {
-        const ConfigItem *i;
-        const char *prev_section = NULL;
-        bool not_first = false;
-
-        struct {
-                ConfigParserCallback callback;
-                const char *rvalue;
-        } table[] = {
-                { config_parse_int,              "INTEGER" },
-                { config_parse_unsigned,         "UNSIGNED" },
-                { config_parse_size,             "SIZE" },
-                { config_parse_bool,             "BOOLEAN" },
-                { config_parse_string,           "STRING" },
-                { config_parse_path,             "PATH" },
-                { config_parse_strv,             "STRING [...]" },
-                { config_parse_nice,             "NICE" },
-                { config_parse_oom_adjust,       "OOMADJUST" },
-                { config_parse_io_class,         "IOCLASS" },
-                { config_parse_io_priority,      "IOPRIORITY" },
-                { config_parse_cpu_sched_policy, "CPUSCHEDPOLICY" },
-                { config_parse_cpu_sched_prio,   "CPUSCHEDPRIO" },
-                { config_parse_cpu_affinity,     "CPUAFFINITY" },
-                { config_parse_mode,             "MODE" },
-                { config_parse_env_file,         "FILE" },
-                { config_parse_output,           "OUTPUT" },
-                { config_parse_input,            "INPUT" },
-                { config_parse_facility,         "FACILITY" },
-                { config_parse_level,            "LEVEL" },
-                { config_parse_capabilities,     "CAPABILITIES" },
-                { config_parse_secure_bits,      "SECUREBITS" },
-                { config_parse_bounding_set,     "BOUNDINGSET" },
-                { config_parse_timer_slack_nsec, "TIMERSLACK" },
-                { config_parse_limit,            "LIMIT" },
-                { config_parse_cgroup,           "CGROUP [...]" },
-                { config_parse_deps,             "UNIT [...]" },
-                { config_parse_names,            "UNIT [...]" },
-                { config_parse_exec,             "PATH [ARGUMENT [...]]" },
-                { config_parse_service_type,     "SERVICETYPE" },
-                { config_parse_service_restart,  "SERVICERESTART" },
-                { config_parse_sysv_priority,    "SYSVPRIORITY" },
-                { config_parse_kill_mode,        "KILLMODE" },
-                { config_parse_listen,           "SOCKET [...]" },
-                { config_parse_socket_bind,      "SOCKETBIND" },
-                { config_parse_bindtodevice,     "NETWORKINTERFACE" },
-                { config_parse_usec,             "SECONDS" },
-                { config_parse_path_strv,        "PATH [...]" },
-                { config_parse_mount_flags,      "MOUNTFLAG [...]" },
-                { config_parse_string_printf,    "STRING" },
-                { config_parse_timer,            "TIMER" },
-                { config_parse_timer_unit,       "NAME" },
-                { config_parse_path_spec,        "PATH" },
-                { config_parse_path_unit,        "UNIT" },
-                { config_parse_notify_access,    "ACCESS" },
-                { config_parse_ip_tos,           "TOS" },
-        };
-
-        assert(f);
-        assert(items);
-
-        for (i = items; i->lvalue; i++) {
-                unsigned j;
-                const char *rvalue = "OTHER";
-
-                if (!streq_ptr(i->section, prev_section)) {
-                        if (!not_first)
-                                not_first = true;
-                        else
-                                fputc('\n', f);
-
-                        fprintf(f, "[%s]\n", i->section);
-                        prev_section = i->section;
-                }
-
-                for (j = 0; j < ELEMENTSOF(table); j++)
-                        if (i->parse == table[j].callback) {
-                                rvalue = table[j].rvalue;
-                                break;
-                        }
-
-                fprintf(f, "%s=%s\n", i->lvalue, rvalue);
-        }
-}
-
 static int load_from_path(Unit *u, const char *path) {
-
-        static const char* const section_table[_UNIT_TYPE_MAX] = {
-                [UNIT_SERVICE]   = "Service",
-                [UNIT_TIMER]     = "Timer",
-                [UNIT_SOCKET]    = "Socket",
-                [UNIT_TARGET]    = "Target",
-                [UNIT_DEVICE]    = "Device",
-                [UNIT_MOUNT]     = "Mount",
-                [UNIT_AUTOMOUNT] = "Automount",
-                [UNIT_SNAPSHOT]  = "Snapshot",
-                [UNIT_SWAP]      = "Swap",
-                [UNIT_PATH]      = "Path"
-        };
-
-#define EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(context, section) \
-                { "WorkingDirectory",       config_parse_path,            &(context).working_directory,                    section   }, \
-                { "RootDirectory",          config_parse_path,            &(context).root_directory,                       section   }, \
-                { "User",                   config_parse_string_printf,   &(context).user,                                 section   }, \
-                { "Group",                  config_parse_string_printf,   &(context).group,                                section   }, \
-                { "SupplementaryGroups",    config_parse_strv,            &(context).supplementary_groups,                 section   }, \
-                { "Nice",                   config_parse_nice,            &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "OOMAdjust",              config_parse_oom_adjust,      &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "IOSchedulingClass",      config_parse_io_class,        &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "IOSchedulingPriority",   config_parse_io_priority,     &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "CPUSchedulingPolicy",    config_parse_cpu_sched_policy,&(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "CPUSchedulingPriority",  config_parse_cpu_sched_prio,  &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "CPUSchedulingResetOnFork", config_parse_bool,          &(context).cpu_sched_reset_on_fork,              section   }, \
-                { "CPUAffinity",            config_parse_cpu_affinity,    &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "UMask",                  config_parse_mode,            &(context).umask,                                section   }, \
-                { "Environment",            config_parse_strv,            &(context).environment,                          section   }, \
-                { "EnvironmentFile",        config_parse_env_file,        &(context).environment,                          section   }, \
-                { "StandardInput",          config_parse_input,           &(context).std_input,                            section   }, \
-                { "StandardOutput",         config_parse_output,          &(context).std_output,                           section   }, \
-                { "StandardError",          config_parse_output,          &(context).std_error,                            section   }, \
-                { "TTYPath",                config_parse_path,            &(context).tty_path,                             section   }, \
-                { "SyslogIdentifier",       config_parse_string_printf,   &(context).syslog_identifier,                    section   }, \
-                { "SyslogFacility",         config_parse_facility,        &(context).syslog_priority,                      section   }, \
-                { "SyslogLevel",            config_parse_level,           &(context).syslog_priority,                      section   }, \
-                { "SyslogLevelPrefix",      config_parse_bool,            &(context).syslog_level_prefix,                  section   }, \
-                { "Capabilities",           config_parse_capabilities,    &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "SecureBits",             config_parse_secure_bits,     &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "CapabilityBoundingSetDrop", config_parse_bounding_set, &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "TimerSlackNSec",         config_parse_timer_slack_nsec,&(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "LimitCPU",               config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_CPU],                   section   }, \
-                { "LimitFSIZE",             config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_FSIZE],                 section   }, \
-                { "LimitDATA",              config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_DATA],                  section   }, \
-                { "LimitSTACK",             config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_STACK],                 section   }, \
-                { "LimitCORE",              config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_CORE],                  section   }, \
-                { "LimitRSS",               config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_RSS],                   section   }, \
-                { "LimitNOFILE",            config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_NOFILE],                section   }, \
-                { "LimitAS",                config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_AS],                    section   }, \
-                { "LimitNPROC",             config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_NPROC],                 section   }, \
-                { "LimitMEMLOCK",           config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_MEMLOCK],               section   }, \
-                { "LimitLOCKS",             config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_LOCKS],                 section   }, \
-                { "LimitSIGPENDING",        config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING],            section   }, \
-                { "LimitMSGQUEUE",          config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE],              section   }, \
-                { "LimitNICE",              config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_NICE],                  section   }, \
-                { "LimitRTPRIO",            config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_RTPRIO],                section   }, \
-                { "LimitRTTIME",            config_parse_limit,           &(context).rlimit[RLIMIT_RTTIME],                section   }, \
-                { "ControlGroup",           config_parse_cgroup,          u,                                               section   }, \
-                { "ReadWriteDirectories",   config_parse_path_strv,       &(context).read_write_dirs,                      section   }, \
-                { "ReadOnlyDirectories",    config_parse_path_strv,       &(context).read_only_dirs,                       section   }, \
-                { "InaccessibleDirectories",config_parse_path_strv,       &(context).inaccessible_dirs,                    section   }, \
-                { "PrivateTmp",             config_parse_bool,            &(context).private_tmp,                          section   }, \
-                { "MountFlags",             config_parse_mount_flags,     &(context),                                      section   }, \
-                { "TCPWrapName",            config_parse_string_printf,   &(context).tcpwrap_name,                         section   }, \
-                { "PAMName",                config_parse_string_printf,   &(context).pam_name,                             section   }
-
-        const ConfigItem items[] = {
-                { "Names",                  config_parse_names,           u,                                               "Unit"    },
-                { "Description",            config_parse_string_printf,   &u->meta.description,                            "Unit"    },
-                { "Requires",               config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_REQUIRES),                      "Unit"    },
-                { "RequiresOverridable",    config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_REQUIRES_OVERRIDABLE),          "Unit"    },
-                { "Requisite",              config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_REQUISITE),                     "Unit"    },
-                { "RequisiteOverridable",   config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_REQUISITE_OVERRIDABLE),         "Unit"    },
-                { "Wants",                  config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_WANTS),                         "Unit"    },
-                { "Conflicts",              config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_CONFLICTS),                     "Unit"    },
-                { "Before",                 config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_BEFORE),                        "Unit"    },
-                { "After",                  config_parse_deps,            UINT_TO_PTR(UNIT_AFTER),                         "Unit"    },
-                { "RecursiveStop",          config_parse_bool,            &u->meta.recursive_stop,                         "Unit"    },
-                { "StopWhenUnneeded",       config_parse_bool,            &u->meta.stop_when_unneeded,                     "Unit"    },
-                { "OnlyByDependency",       config_parse_bool,            &u->meta.only_by_dependency,                     "Unit"    },
-                { "DefaultDependencies",    config_parse_bool,            &u->meta.default_dependencies,                   "Unit"    },
-
-                { "PIDFile",                config_parse_path,            &u->service.pid_file,                            "Service" },
-                { "ExecStartPre",           config_parse_exec,            u->service.exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_START_PRE,  "Service" },
-                { "ExecStart",              config_parse_exec,            u->service.exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_START,      "Service" },
-                { "ExecStartPost",          config_parse_exec,            u->service.exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_START_POST, "Service" },
-                { "ExecReload",             config_parse_exec,            u->service.exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_RELOAD,     "Service" },
-                { "ExecStop",               config_parse_exec,            u->service.exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_STOP,       "Service" },
-                { "ExecStopPost",           config_parse_exec,            u->service.exec_command+SERVICE_EXEC_STOP_POST,  "Service" },
-                { "RestartSec",             config_parse_usec,            &u->service.restart_usec,                        "Service" },
-                { "TimeoutSec",             config_parse_usec,            &u->service.timeout_usec,                        "Service" },
-                { "Type",                   config_parse_service_type,    &u->service.type,                                "Service" },
-                { "Restart",                config_parse_service_restart, &u->service.restart,                             "Service" },
-                { "PermissionsStartOnly",   config_parse_bool,            &u->service.permissions_start_only,              "Service" },
-                { "RootDirectoryStartOnly", config_parse_bool,            &u->service.root_directory_start_only,           "Service" },
-                { "ValidNoProcess",         config_parse_bool,            &u->service.valid_no_process,                    "Service" },
-                { "SysVStartPriority",      config_parse_sysv_priority,   &u->service.sysv_start_priority,                 "Service" },
-                { "KillMode",               config_parse_kill_mode,       &u->service.kill_mode,                           "Service" },
-                { "NonBlocking",            config_parse_bool,            &u->service.exec_context.non_blocking,           "Service" },
-                { "BusName",                config_parse_string_printf,   &u->service.bus_name,                            "Service" },
-                { "NotifyAccess",           config_parse_notify_access,   &u->service.notify_access,                       "Service" },
-                EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(u->service.exec_context, "Service"),
-
-                { "ListenStream",           config_parse_listen,          &u->socket,                                      "Socket"  },
-                { "ListenDatagram",         config_parse_listen,          &u->socket,                                      "Socket"  },
-                { "ListenSequentialPacket", config_parse_listen,          &u->socket,                                      "Socket"  },
-                { "ListenFIFO",             config_parse_listen,          &u->socket,                                      "Socket"  },
-                { "BindIPv6Only",           config_parse_socket_bind,     &u->socket,                                      "Socket"  },
-                { "Backlog",                config_parse_unsigned,        &u->socket.backlog,                              "Socket"  },
-                { "BindToDevice",           config_parse_bindtodevice,    &u->socket,                                      "Socket"  },
-                { "ExecStartPre",           config_parse_exec,            u->socket.exec_command+SOCKET_EXEC_START_PRE,    "Socket"  },
-                { "ExecStartPost",          config_parse_exec,            u->socket.exec_command+SOCKET_EXEC_START_POST,   "Socket"  },
-                { "ExecStopPre",            config_parse_exec,            u->socket.exec_command+SOCKET_EXEC_STOP_PRE,     "Socket"  },
-                { "ExecStopPost",           config_parse_exec,            u->socket.exec_command+SOCKET_EXEC_STOP_POST,    "Socket"  },
-                { "TimeoutSec",             config_parse_usec,            &u->socket.timeout_usec,                         "Socket"  },
-                { "DirectoryMode",          config_parse_mode,            &u->socket.directory_mode,                       "Socket"  },
-                { "SocketMode",             config_parse_mode,            &u->socket.socket_mode,                          "Socket"  },
-                { "KillMode",               config_parse_kill_mode,       &u->socket.kill_mode,                            "Socket"  },
-                { "Accept",                 config_parse_bool,            &u->socket.accept,                               "Socket"  },
-                { "MaxConnections",         config_parse_unsigned,        &u->socket.max_connections,                      "Socket"  },
-                { "KeepAlive",              config_parse_bool,            &u->socket.keep_alive,                           "Socket"  },
-                { "Priority",               config_parse_int,             &u->socket.priority,                             "Socket"  },
-                { "ReceiveBuffer",          config_parse_size,            &u->socket.receive_buffer,                       "Socket"  },
-                { "SendBuffer",             config_parse_size,            &u->socket.send_buffer,                          "Socket"  },
-                { "IPTOS",                  config_parse_ip_tos,          &u->socket.ip_tos,                               "Socket"  },
-                { "IPTTL",                  config_parse_int,             &u->socket.ip_ttl,                               "Socket"  },
-                { "Mark",                   config_parse_int,             &u->socket.mark,                                 "Socket"  },
-                { "PipeSize",               config_parse_size,            &u->socket.pipe_size,                            "Socket"  },
-                { "FreeBind",               config_parse_bool,            &u->socket.free_bind,                            "Socket"  },
-                EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(u->socket.exec_context, "Socket"),
-
-                { "What",                   config_parse_string,          &u->mount.parameters_fragment.what,              "Mount"   },
-                { "Where",                  config_parse_path,            &u->mount.where,                                 "Mount"   },
-                { "Options",                config_parse_string,          &u->mount.parameters_fragment.options,           "Mount"   },
-                { "Type",                   config_parse_string,          &u->mount.parameters_fragment.fstype,            "Mount"   },
-                { "TimeoutSec",             config_parse_usec,            &u->mount.timeout_usec,                          "Mount"   },
-                { "KillMode",               config_parse_kill_mode,       &u->mount.kill_mode,                             "Mount"   },
-                { "DirectoryMode",          config_parse_mode,            &u->mount.directory_mode,                        "Mount"   },
-                EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS(u->mount.exec_context, "Mount"),
-
-                { "Where",                  config_parse_path,            &u->automount.where,                             "Automount" },
-                { "DirectoryMode",          config_parse_mode,            &u->automount.directory_mode,                    "Automount" },
-
-                { "What",                   config_parse_path,            &u->swap.parameters_fragment.what,               "Swap"    },
-                { "Priority",               config_parse_int,             &u->swap.parameters_fragment.priority,           "Swap"    },
-
-                { "OnActiveSec",            config_parse_timer,           &u->timer,                                       "Timer"   },
-                { "OnBootSec",              config_parse_timer,           &u->timer,                                       "Timer"   },
-                { "OnStartupSec",           config_parse_timer,           &u->timer,                                       "Timer"   },
-                { "OnUnitActiveSec",        config_parse_timer,           &u->timer,                                       "Timer"   },
-                { "OnUnitInactiveSec",      config_parse_timer,           &u->timer,                                       "Timer"   },
-                { "Unit",                   config_parse_timer_unit,      &u->timer,                                       "Timer"   },
-
-                { "PathExists",             config_parse_path_spec,       &u->path,                                        "Path"    },
-                { "PathChanged",            config_parse_path_spec,       &u->path,                                        "Path"    },
-                { "DirectoryNotEmpty",      config_parse_path_spec,       &u->path,                                        "Path"    },
-                { "Unit",                   config_parse_path_unit,       &u->path,                                        "Path"    },
-
-                /* The [Install] section is ignored here. */
-                { "Alias",                  NULL,                         NULL,                                            "Install" },
-                { "WantedBy",               NULL,                         NULL,                                            "Install" },
-                { "Also",                   NULL,                         NULL,                                            "Install" },
-
-                { NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL }
-        };
-
-#undef EXEC_CONTEXT_CONFIG_ITEMS
-
-        const char *sections[4];
         int r;
         Set *symlink_names;
         FILE *f = NULL;
         char *filename = NULL, *id = NULL;
         Unit *merged;
-
-        if (!u) {
-                /* Dirty dirty hack. */
-                dump_items((FILE*) path, items);
-                return 0;
-        }
+        struct stat st;
 
         assert(u);
         assert(path);
 
-        sections[0] = "Unit";
-        sections[1] = section_table[u->meta.type];
-        sections[2] = "Install";
-        sections[3] = NULL;
-
-        if (!(symlink_names = set_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func)))
+        symlink_names = set_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func);
+        if (!symlink_names)
                 return -ENOMEM;
 
         if (path_is_absolute(path)) {
@@ -1611,7 +2163,7 @@ static int load_from_path(Unit *u, const char *path) {
         } else  {
                 char **p;
 
-                STRV_FOREACH(p, u->meta.manager->lookup_paths.unit_path) {
+                STRV_FOREACH(p, u->manager->lookup_paths.unit_path) {
 
                         /* Instead of opening the path right away, we manually
                          * follow all symlinks and add their name to our unit
@@ -1621,7 +2173,13 @@ static int load_from_path(Unit *u, const char *path) {
                                 goto finish;
                         }
 
-                        if ((r = open_follow(&filename, &f, symlink_names, &id)) < 0) {
+                        if (u->manager->unit_path_cache &&
+                            !set_get(u->manager->unit_path_cache, filename))
+                                r = -ENOENT;
+                        else
+                                r = open_follow(&filename, &f, symlink_names, &id);
+
+                        if (r < 0) {
                                 char *sn;
 
                                 free(filename);
@@ -1642,6 +2200,7 @@ static int load_from_path(Unit *u, const char *path) {
         }
 
         if (!filename) {
+                /* Hmm, no suitable file found? */
                 r = 0;
                 goto finish;
         }
@@ -1651,20 +2210,34 @@ static int load_from_path(Unit *u, const char *path) {
                 goto finish;
 
         if (merged != u) {
-                u->meta.load_state = UNIT_MERGED;
+                u->load_state = UNIT_MERGED;
                 r = 0;
                 goto finish;
         }
 
-        /* Now, parse the file contents */
-        if ((r = config_parse(filename, f, sections, items, false, u)) < 0)
+        zero(st);
+        if (fstat(fileno(f), &st) < 0) {
+                r = -errno;
                 goto finish;
+        }
+
+        if (null_or_empty(&st))
+                u->load_state = UNIT_MASKED;
+        else {
+                /* Now, parse the file contents */
+                r = config_parse(filename, f, UNIT_VTABLE(u)->sections, config_item_perf_lookup, (void*) load_fragment_gperf_lookup, false, u);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                u->load_state = UNIT_LOADED;
+        }
 
-        free(u->meta.fragment_path);
-        u->meta.fragment_path = filename;
+        free(u->fragment_path);
+        u->fragment_path = filename;
         filename = NULL;
 
-        u->meta.load_state = UNIT_LOADED;
+        u->fragment_mtime = timespec_load(&st.st_mtim);
+
         r = 0;
 
 finish:
@@ -1679,75 +2252,179 @@ finish:
 
 int unit_load_fragment(Unit *u) {
         int r;
+        Iterator i;
+        const char *t;
 
         assert(u);
+        assert(u->load_state == UNIT_STUB);
+        assert(u->id);
 
-        if (u->meta.fragment_path) {
+        /* First, try to find the unit under its id. We always look
+         * for unit files in the default directories, to make it easy
+         * to override things by placing things in /etc/systemd/system */
+        if ((r = load_from_path(u, u->id)) < 0)
+                return r;
 
-                if ((r = load_from_path(u, u->meta.fragment_path)) < 0)
-                        return r;
+        /* Try to find an alias we can load this with */
+        if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB)
+                SET_FOREACH(t, u->names, i) {
 
-        } else {
-                Iterator i;
-                const char *t;
+                        if (t == u->id)
+                                continue;
 
-                /* Try to find the unit under its id */
-                if ((r = load_from_path(u, u->meta.id)) < 0)
-                        return r;
+                        if ((r = load_from_path(u, t)) < 0)
+                                return r;
 
-                /* Try to find an alias we can load this with */
-                if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB)
-                        SET_FOREACH(t, u->meta.names, i) {
+                        if (u->load_state != UNIT_STUB)
+                                break;
+                }
 
-                                if (t == u->meta.id)
-                                        continue;
+        /* And now, try looking for it under the suggested (originally linked) path */
+        if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB && u->fragment_path) {
 
-                                if ((r = load_from_path(u, t)) < 0)
-                                        return r;
+                if ((r = load_from_path(u, u->fragment_path)) < 0)
+                        return r;
 
-                                if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB)
-                                        break;
-                        }
+                if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB) {
+                        /* Hmm, this didn't work? Then let's get rid
+                         * of the fragment path stored for us, so that
+                         * we don't point to an invalid location. */
+                        free(u->fragment_path);
+                        u->fragment_path = NULL;
+                }
+        }
 
-                /* Now, follow the same logic, but look for a template */
-                if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB && u->meta.instance) {
-                        char *k;
+        /* Look for a template */
+        if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB && u->instance) {
+                char *k;
 
-                        if (!(k = unit_name_template(u->meta.id)))
-                                return -ENOMEM;
+                if (!(k = unit_name_template(u->id)))
+                        return -ENOMEM;
 
-                        r = load_from_path(u, k);
-                        free(k);
+                r = load_from_path(u, k);
+                free(k);
 
-                        if (r < 0)
-                                return r;
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
 
-                        if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB)
-                                SET_FOREACH(t, u->meta.names, i) {
+                if (u->load_state == UNIT_STUB)
+                        SET_FOREACH(t, u->names, i) {
 
-                                        if (t == u->meta.id)
-                                                continue;
+                                if (t == u->id)
+                                        continue;
 
-                                        if (!(k = unit_name_template(t)))
-                                                return -ENOMEM;
+                                if (!(k = unit_name_template(t)))
+                                        return -ENOMEM;
 
-                                        r = load_from_path(u, k);
-                                        free(k);
+                                r = load_from_path(u, k);
+                                free(k);
 
-                                        if (r < 0)
-                                                return r;
+                                if (r < 0)
+                                        return r;
 
-                                        if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB)
-                                                break;
-                                }
-                }
+                                if (u->load_state != UNIT_STUB)
+                                        break;
+                        }
         }
 
         return 0;
 }
 
 void unit_dump_config_items(FILE *f) {
-        /* OK, this wins a prize for extreme ugliness. */
+        static const struct {
+                const ConfigParserCallback callback;
+                const char *rvalue;
+        } table[] = {
+                { config_parse_int,                   "INTEGER" },
+                { config_parse_unsigned,              "UNSIGNED" },
+                { config_parse_size,                  "SIZE" },
+                { config_parse_bool,                  "BOOLEAN" },
+                { config_parse_string,                "STRING" },
+                { config_parse_path,                  "PATH" },
+                { config_parse_unit_path_printf,      "PATH" },
+                { config_parse_strv,                  "STRING [...]" },
+                { config_parse_exec_nice,             "NICE" },
+                { config_parse_exec_oom_score_adjust, "OOMSCOREADJUST" },
+                { config_parse_exec_io_class,         "IOCLASS" },
+                { config_parse_exec_io_priority,      "IOPRIORITY" },
+                { config_parse_exec_cpu_sched_policy, "CPUSCHEDPOLICY" },
+                { config_parse_exec_cpu_sched_prio,   "CPUSCHEDPRIO" },
+                { config_parse_exec_cpu_affinity,     "CPUAFFINITY" },
+                { config_parse_mode,                  "MODE" },
+                { config_parse_unit_env_file,         "FILE" },
+                { config_parse_output,                "OUTPUT" },
+                { config_parse_input,                 "INPUT" },
+                { config_parse_facility,              "FACILITY" },
+                { config_parse_level,                 "LEVEL" },
+                { config_parse_exec_capabilities,     "CAPABILITIES" },
+                { config_parse_exec_secure_bits,      "SECUREBITS" },
+                { config_parse_exec_bounding_set,     "BOUNDINGSET" },
+                { config_parse_exec_timer_slack_nsec, "TIMERSLACK" },
+                { config_parse_limit,                 "LIMIT" },
+                { config_parse_unit_cgroup,           "CGROUP [...]" },
+                { config_parse_unit_deps,             "UNIT [...]" },
+                { config_parse_unit_names,            "UNIT [...]" },
+                { config_parse_exec,                  "PATH [ARGUMENT [...]]" },
+                { config_parse_service_type,          "SERVICETYPE" },
+                { config_parse_service_restart,       "SERVICERESTART" },
+#ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
+                { config_parse_sysv_priority,         "SYSVPRIORITY" },
+#else
+                { config_parse_warn_compat,           "NOTSUPPORTED" },
+#endif
+                { config_parse_kill_mode,             "KILLMODE" },
+                { config_parse_kill_signal,           "SIGNAL" },
+                { config_parse_socket_listen,         "SOCKET [...]" },
+                { config_parse_socket_bind,           "SOCKETBIND" },
+                { config_parse_socket_bindtodevice,   "NETWORKINTERFACE" },
+                { config_parse_usec,                  "SECONDS" },
+                { config_parse_path_strv,             "PATH [...]" },
+                { config_parse_exec_mount_flags,      "MOUNTFLAG [...]" },
+                { config_parse_unit_string_printf,    "STRING" },
+                { config_parse_timer,                 "TIMER" },
+                { config_parse_timer_unit,            "NAME" },
+                { config_parse_path_spec,             "PATH" },
+                { config_parse_path_unit,             "UNIT" },
+                { config_parse_notify_access,         "ACCESS" },
+                { config_parse_ip_tos,                "TOS" },
+                { config_parse_unit_condition_path,   "CONDITION" },
+                { config_parse_unit_condition_string, "CONDITION" },
+                { config_parse_unit_condition_null,   "CONDITION" },
+        };
 
-        load_from_path(NULL, (const void*) f);
+        const char *prev = NULL;
+        const char *i;
+
+        assert(f);
+
+        NULSTR_FOREACH(i, load_fragment_gperf_nulstr) {
+                const char *rvalue = "OTHER", *lvalue;
+                unsigned j;
+                size_t prefix_len;
+                const char *dot;
+                const ConfigPerfItem *p;
+
+                assert_se(p = load_fragment_gperf_lookup(i, strlen(i)));
+
+                dot = strchr(i, '.');
+                lvalue = dot ? dot + 1 : i;
+                prefix_len = dot-i;
+
+                if (dot)
+                        if (!prev || strncmp(prev, i, prefix_len+1) != 0) {
+                                if (prev)
+                                        fputc('\n', f);
+
+                                fprintf(f, "[%.*s]\n", (int) prefix_len, i);
+                        }
+
+                for (j = 0; j < ELEMENTSOF(table); j++)
+                        if (p->parse == table[j].callback) {
+                                rvalue = table[j].rvalue;
+                                break;
+                        }
+
+                fprintf(f, "%s=%s\n", lvalue, rvalue);
+                prev = i;
+        }
 }