chiark / gitweb /
core: add cgroup CPU controller support on the unified hierarchy
[elogind.git] / src / core / cgroup.c
index 54da471..b53b35d 100644 (file)
@@ -1,5 +1,3 @@
-/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
-
 /***
   This file is part of systemd.
 
 #include <fcntl.h>
 #include <fnmatch.h>
 
-#include "process-util.h"
-#include "path-util.h"
-// #include "special.h"
+#include "alloc-util.h"
 #include "cgroup-util.h"
 #include "cgroup.h"
+#include "fd-util.h"
+#include "fileio.h"
+#include "fs-util.h"
+#include "parse-util.h"
+#include "path-util.h"
+#include "process-util.h"
+//#include "special.h"
+#include "string-table.h"
+#include "string-util.h"
+#include "stdio-util.h"
 
 #define CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC ((usec_t) 100 * USEC_PER_MSEC)
 
-// UNNEEDED by elogind
-#if 0
+#if 0 /// UNNEEDED by elogind
+static void cgroup_compat_warn(void) {
+        static bool cgroup_compat_warned = false;
+
+        if (cgroup_compat_warned)
+                return;
+
+        log_warning("cgroup compatibility translation between legacy and unified hierarchy settings activated. See cgroup-compat debug messages for details.");
+        cgroup_compat_warned = true;
+}
+
+#define log_cgroup_compat(unit, fmt, ...) do {                                  \
+                cgroup_compat_warn();                                           \
+                log_unit_debug(unit, "cgroup-compat: " fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);     \
+        } while (false)
+
 void cgroup_context_init(CGroupContext *c) {
         assert(c);
 
         /* Initialize everything to the kernel defaults, assuming the
          * structure is preinitialized to 0 */
 
-        c->cpu_shares = (unsigned long) -1;
-        c->startup_cpu_shares = (unsigned long) -1;
-        c->memory_limit = (uint64_t) -1;
-        c->blockio_weight = (unsigned long) -1;
-        c->startup_blockio_weight = (unsigned long) -1;
-
+        c->cpu_weight = CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID;
+        c->startup_cpu_weight = CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID;
         c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec = USEC_INFINITY;
+
+        c->cpu_shares = CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_INVALID;
+        c->startup_cpu_shares = CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_INVALID;
+
+        c->memory_high = CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX;
+        c->memory_max = CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX;
+
+        c->memory_limit = CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX;
+
+        c->io_weight = CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID;
+        c->startup_io_weight = CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID;
+
+        c->blockio_weight = CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_INVALID;
+        c->startup_blockio_weight = CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_INVALID;
+
+        c->tasks_max = (uint64_t) -1;
 }
 
 void cgroup_context_free_device_allow(CGroupContext *c, CGroupDeviceAllow *a) {
@@ -56,6 +88,24 @@ void cgroup_context_free_device_allow(CGroupContext *c, CGroupDeviceAllow *a) {
         free(a);
 }
 
+void cgroup_context_free_io_device_weight(CGroupContext *c, CGroupIODeviceWeight *w) {
+        assert(c);
+        assert(w);
+
+        LIST_REMOVE(device_weights, c->io_device_weights, w);
+        free(w->path);
+        free(w);
+}
+
+void cgroup_context_free_io_device_limit(CGroupContext *c, CGroupIODeviceLimit *l) {
+        assert(c);
+        assert(l);
+
+        LIST_REMOVE(device_limits, c->io_device_limits, l);
+        free(l->path);
+        free(l);
+}
+
 void cgroup_context_free_blockio_device_weight(CGroupContext *c, CGroupBlockIODeviceWeight *w) {
         assert(c);
         assert(w);
@@ -77,6 +127,12 @@ void cgroup_context_free_blockio_device_bandwidth(CGroupContext *c, CGroupBlockI
 void cgroup_context_done(CGroupContext *c) {
         assert(c);
 
+        while (c->io_device_weights)
+                cgroup_context_free_io_device_weight(c, c->io_device_weights);
+
+        while (c->io_device_limits)
+                cgroup_context_free_io_device_limit(c, c->io_device_limits);
+
         while (c->blockio_device_weights)
                 cgroup_context_free_blockio_device_weight(c, c->blockio_device_weights);
 
@@ -88,6 +144,8 @@ void cgroup_context_done(CGroupContext *c) {
 }
 
 void cgroup_context_dump(CGroupContext *c, FILE* f, const char *prefix) {
+        CGroupIODeviceLimit *il;
+        CGroupIODeviceWeight *iw;
         CGroupBlockIODeviceBandwidth *b;
         CGroupBlockIODeviceWeight *w;
         CGroupDeviceAllow *a;
@@ -100,25 +158,45 @@ void cgroup_context_dump(CGroupContext *c, FILE* f, const char *prefix) {
 
         fprintf(f,
                 "%sCPUAccounting=%s\n"
+                "%sIOAccounting=%s\n"
                 "%sBlockIOAccounting=%s\n"
                 "%sMemoryAccounting=%s\n"
-                "%sCPUShares=%lu\n"
-                "%sStartupCPUShares=%lu\n"
+                "%sTasksAccounting=%s\n"
+                "%sCPUWeight=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sStartupCPUWeight=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sCPUShares=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sStartupCPUShares=%" PRIu64 "\n"
                 "%sCPUQuotaPerSecSec=%s\n"
-                "%sBlockIOWeight=%lu\n"
-                "%sStartupBlockIOWeight=%lu\n"
+                "%sIOWeight=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sStartupIOWeight=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sBlockIOWeight=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sStartupBlockIOWeight=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sMemoryLow=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sMemoryHigh=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sMemoryMax=%" PRIu64 "\n"
                 "%sMemoryLimit=%" PRIu64 "\n"
+                "%sTasksMax=%" PRIu64 "\n"
                 "%sDevicePolicy=%s\n"
                 "%sDelegate=%s\n",
                 prefix, yes_no(c->cpu_accounting),
+                prefix, yes_no(c->io_accounting),
                 prefix, yes_no(c->blockio_accounting),
                 prefix, yes_no(c->memory_accounting),
+                prefix, yes_no(c->tasks_accounting),
+                prefix, c->cpu_weight,
+                prefix, c->startup_cpu_weight,
                 prefix, c->cpu_shares,
                 prefix, c->startup_cpu_shares,
                 prefix, format_timespan(u, sizeof(u), c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec, 1),
+                prefix, c->io_weight,
+                prefix, c->startup_io_weight,
                 prefix, c->blockio_weight,
                 prefix, c->startup_blockio_weight,
+                prefix, c->memory_low,
+                prefix, c->memory_high,
+                prefix, c->memory_max,
                 prefix, c->memory_limit,
+                prefix, c->tasks_max,
                 prefix, cgroup_device_policy_to_string(c->device_policy),
                 prefix, yes_no(c->delegate));
 
@@ -129,9 +207,30 @@ void cgroup_context_dump(CGroupContext *c, FILE* f, const char *prefix) {
                         a->path,
                         a->r ? "r" : "", a->w ? "w" : "", a->m ? "m" : "");
 
+        LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, iw, c->io_device_weights)
+                fprintf(f,
+                        "%sIODeviceWeight=%s %" PRIu64,
+                        prefix,
+                        iw->path,
+                        iw->weight);
+
+        LIST_FOREACH(device_limits, il, c->io_device_limits) {
+                char buf[FORMAT_BYTES_MAX];
+                CGroupIOLimitType type;
+
+                for (type = 0; type < _CGROUP_IO_LIMIT_TYPE_MAX; type++)
+                        if (il->limits[type] != cgroup_io_limit_defaults[type])
+                                fprintf(f,
+                                        "%s%s=%s %s\n",
+                                        prefix,
+                                        cgroup_io_limit_type_to_string(type),
+                                        il->path,
+                                        format_bytes(buf, sizeof(buf), il->limits[type]));
+        }
+
         LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, w, c->blockio_device_weights)
                 fprintf(f,
-                        "%sBlockIODeviceWeight=%s %lu",
+                        "%sBlockIODeviceWeight=%s %" PRIu64,
                         prefix,
                         w->path,
                         w->weight);
@@ -139,16 +238,22 @@ void cgroup_context_dump(CGroupContext *c, FILE* f, const char *prefix) {
         LIST_FOREACH(device_bandwidths, b, c->blockio_device_bandwidths) {
                 char buf[FORMAT_BYTES_MAX];
 
-                fprintf(f,
-                        "%s%s=%s %s\n",
-                        prefix,
-                        b->read ? "BlockIOReadBandwidth" : "BlockIOWriteBandwidth",
-                        b->path,
-                        format_bytes(buf, sizeof(buf), b->bandwidth));
+                if (b->rbps != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                        fprintf(f,
+                                "%sBlockIOReadBandwidth=%s %s\n",
+                                prefix,
+                                b->path,
+                                format_bytes(buf, sizeof(buf), b->rbps));
+                if (b->wbps != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                        fprintf(f,
+                                "%sBlockIOWriteBandwidth=%s %s\n",
+                                prefix,
+                                b->path,
+                                format_bytes(buf, sizeof(buf), b->wbps));
         }
 }
 
-static int lookup_blkio_device(const char *p, dev_t *dev) {
+static int lookup_block_device(const char *p, dev_t *dev) {
         struct stat st;
         int r;
 
@@ -203,7 +308,7 @@ static int whitelist_device(const char *path, const char *node, const char *acc)
 
         r = cg_set_attribute("devices", path, "devices.allow", buf);
         if (r < 0)
-                log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EINVAL) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EINVAL, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
                                "Failed to set devices.allow on %s: %m", path);
 
         return r;
@@ -274,7 +379,7 @@ static int whitelist_major(const char *path, const char *name, char type, const
 
                 r = cg_set_attribute("devices", path, "devices.allow", buf);
                 if (r < 0)
-                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EINVAL) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EINVAL, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
                                        "Failed to set devices.allow on %s: %m", path);
         }
 
@@ -285,10 +390,261 @@ fail:
         return -errno;
 }
 
-void cgroup_context_apply(CGroupContext *c, CGroupMask mask, const char *path, ManagerState state) {
+static bool cgroup_context_has_cpu_weight(CGroupContext *c) {
+        return c->cpu_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID ||
+                c->startup_cpu_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID;
+}
+
+static bool cgroup_context_has_cpu_shares(CGroupContext *c) {
+        return c->cpu_shares != CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_INVALID ||
+                c->startup_cpu_shares != CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_INVALID;
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_context_cpu_weight(CGroupContext *c, ManagerState state) {
+        if (IN_SET(state, MANAGER_STARTING, MANAGER_INITIALIZING) &&
+            c->startup_cpu_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID)
+                return c->startup_cpu_weight;
+        else if (c->cpu_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID)
+                return c->cpu_weight;
+        else
+                return CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT;
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_context_cpu_shares(CGroupContext *c, ManagerState state) {
+        if (IN_SET(state, MANAGER_STARTING, MANAGER_INITIALIZING) &&
+            c->startup_cpu_shares != CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_INVALID)
+                return c->startup_cpu_shares;
+        else if (c->cpu_shares != CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_INVALID)
+                return c->cpu_shares;
+        else
+                return CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_DEFAULT;
+}
+
+static void cgroup_apply_unified_cpu_config(Unit *u, uint64_t weight, uint64_t quota) {
+        char buf[MAX(DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t) + 1, (DECIMAL_STR_MAX(usec_t) + 1) * 2)];
+        int r;
+
+        xsprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", weight);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.weight", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set cpu.weight: %m");
+
+        if (quota != USEC_INFINITY)
+                xsprintf(buf, USEC_FMT " " USEC_FMT "\n",
+                         quota * CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC / USEC_PER_SEC, CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC);
+        else
+                xsprintf(buf, "max " USEC_FMT "\n", CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC);
+
+        r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.max", buf);
+
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set cpu.max: %m");
+}
+
+static void cgroup_apply_legacy_cpu_config(Unit *u, uint64_t shares, uint64_t quota) {
+        char buf[MAX(DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t), DECIMAL_STR_MAX(usec_t)) + 1];
+        int r;
+
+        xsprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", shares);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.shares", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set cpu.shares: %m");
+
+        xsprintf(buf, USEC_FMT "\n", CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.cfs_period_us", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set cpu.cfs_period_us: %m");
+
+        if (quota != USEC_INFINITY) {
+                xsprintf(buf, USEC_FMT "\n", quota * CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC / USEC_PER_SEC);
+                r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.cfs_quota_us", buf);
+        } else
+                r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.cfs_quota_us", "-1");
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set cpu.cfs_quota_us: %m");
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_cpu_shares_to_weight(uint64_t shares) {
+        return CLAMP(shares * CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT / CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_DEFAULT,
+                     CGROUP_WEIGHT_MIN, CGROUP_WEIGHT_MAX);
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_cpu_weight_to_shares(uint64_t weight) {
+        return CLAMP(weight * CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_DEFAULT / CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT,
+                     CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_MIN, CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_MAX);
+}
+
+static bool cgroup_context_has_io_config(CGroupContext *c) {
+        return c->io_accounting ||
+                c->io_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID ||
+                c->startup_io_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID ||
+                c->io_device_weights ||
+                c->io_device_limits;
+}
+
+static bool cgroup_context_has_blockio_config(CGroupContext *c) {
+        return c->blockio_accounting ||
+                c->blockio_weight != CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_INVALID ||
+                c->startup_blockio_weight != CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_INVALID ||
+                c->blockio_device_weights ||
+                c->blockio_device_bandwidths;
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_context_io_weight(CGroupContext *c, ManagerState state) {
+        if (IN_SET(state, MANAGER_STARTING, MANAGER_INITIALIZING) &&
+            c->startup_io_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID)
+                return c->startup_io_weight;
+        else if (c->io_weight != CGROUP_WEIGHT_INVALID)
+                return c->io_weight;
+        else
+                return CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT;
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_context_blkio_weight(CGroupContext *c, ManagerState state) {
+        if (IN_SET(state, MANAGER_STARTING, MANAGER_INITIALIZING) &&
+            c->startup_blockio_weight != CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_INVALID)
+                return c->startup_blockio_weight;
+        else if (c->blockio_weight != CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_INVALID)
+                return c->blockio_weight;
+        else
+                return CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_DEFAULT;
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_weight_blkio_to_io(uint64_t blkio_weight) {
+        return CLAMP(blkio_weight * CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT / CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_DEFAULT,
+                     CGROUP_WEIGHT_MIN, CGROUP_WEIGHT_MAX);
+}
+
+static uint64_t cgroup_weight_io_to_blkio(uint64_t io_weight) {
+        return CLAMP(io_weight * CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_DEFAULT / CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT,
+                     CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_MIN, CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_MAX);
+}
+
+static void cgroup_apply_io_device_weight(Unit *u, const char *dev_path, uint64_t io_weight) {
+        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(dev_t)*2+2+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1];
+        dev_t dev;
+        int r;
+
+        r = lookup_block_device(dev_path, &dev);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return;
+
+        xsprintf(buf, "%u:%u %" PRIu64 "\n", major(dev), minor(dev), io_weight);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("io", u->cgroup_path, "io.weight", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set io.weight: %m");
+}
+
+static void cgroup_apply_blkio_device_weight(Unit *u, const char *dev_path, uint64_t blkio_weight) {
+        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(dev_t)*2+2+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1];
+        dev_t dev;
+        int r;
+
+        r = lookup_block_device(dev_path, &dev);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return;
+
+        xsprintf(buf, "%u:%u %" PRIu64 "\n", major(dev), minor(dev), blkio_weight);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("blkio", u->cgroup_path, "blkio.weight_device", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set blkio.weight_device: %m");
+}
+
+static unsigned cgroup_apply_io_device_limit(Unit *u, const char *dev_path, uint64_t *limits) {
+        char limit_bufs[_CGROUP_IO_LIMIT_TYPE_MAX][DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)];
+        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(dev_t)*2+2+(6+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1)*4];
+        CGroupIOLimitType type;
+        dev_t dev;
+        unsigned n = 0;
+        int r;
+
+        r = lookup_block_device(dev_path, &dev);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return 0;
+
+        for (type = 0; type < _CGROUP_IO_LIMIT_TYPE_MAX; type++) {
+                if (limits[type] != cgroup_io_limit_defaults[type]) {
+                        xsprintf(limit_bufs[type], "%" PRIu64, limits[type]);
+                        n++;
+                } else {
+                        xsprintf(limit_bufs[type], "%s", limits[type] == CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX ? "max" : "0");
+                }
+        }
+
+        xsprintf(buf, "%u:%u rbps=%s wbps=%s riops=%s wiops=%s\n", major(dev), minor(dev),
+                 limit_bufs[CGROUP_IO_RBPS_MAX], limit_bufs[CGROUP_IO_WBPS_MAX],
+                 limit_bufs[CGROUP_IO_RIOPS_MAX], limit_bufs[CGROUP_IO_WIOPS_MAX]);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("io", u->cgroup_path, "io.max", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set io.max: %m");
+        return n;
+}
+
+static unsigned cgroup_apply_blkio_device_limit(Unit *u, const char *dev_path, uint64_t rbps, uint64_t wbps) {
+        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(dev_t)*2+2+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1];
+        dev_t dev;
+        unsigned n = 0;
+        int r;
+
+        r = lookup_block_device(dev_path, &dev);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return 0;
+
+        if (rbps != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                n++;
+        sprintf(buf, "%u:%u %" PRIu64 "\n", major(dev), minor(dev), rbps);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("blkio", u->cgroup_path, "blkio.throttle.read_bps_device", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set blkio.throttle.read_bps_device: %m");
+
+        if (wbps != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                n++;
+        sprintf(buf, "%u:%u %" PRIu64 "\n", major(dev), minor(dev), wbps);
+        r = cg_set_attribute("blkio", u->cgroup_path, "blkio.throttle.write_bps_device", buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set blkio.throttle.write_bps_device: %m");
+
+        return n;
+}
+
+static bool cgroup_context_has_unified_memory_config(CGroupContext *c) {
+        return c->memory_low > 0 || c->memory_high != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX || c->memory_max != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX;
+}
+
+static void cgroup_apply_unified_memory_limit(Unit *u, const char *file, uint64_t v) {
+        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t) + 1] = "max";
+        int r;
+
+        if (v != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                xsprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", v);
+
+        r = cg_set_attribute("memory", u->cgroup_path, file, buf);
+        if (r < 0)
+                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                              "Failed to set %s: %m", file);
+}
+
+static void cgroup_context_apply(Unit *u, CGroupMask mask, ManagerState state) {
+        const char *path;
+        CGroupContext *c;
         bool is_root;
         int r;
 
+        assert(u);
+
+        c = unit_get_cgroup_context(u);
+        path = u->cgroup_path;
+
         assert(c);
         assert(path);
 
@@ -307,106 +663,229 @@ void cgroup_context_apply(CGroupContext *c, CGroupMask mask, const char *path, M
          * and missing cgroups, i.e. EROFS and ENOENT. */
 
         if ((mask & CGROUP_MASK_CPU) && !is_root) {
-                char buf[MAX(DECIMAL_STR_MAX(unsigned long), DECIMAL_STR_MAX(usec_t)) + 1];
+                bool has_weight = cgroup_context_has_cpu_weight(c);
+                bool has_shares = cgroup_context_has_cpu_shares(c);
 
-                sprintf(buf, "%lu\n",
-                        IN_SET(state, MANAGER_STARTING, MANAGER_INITIALIZING) && c->startup_cpu_shares != (unsigned long) -1 ? c->startup_cpu_shares :
-                        c->cpu_shares != (unsigned long) -1 ? c->cpu_shares : 1024);
-                r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", path, "cpu.shares", buf);
-                if (r < 0)
-                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                       "Failed to set cpu.shares on %s: %m", path);
+                if (cg_unified() > 0) {
+                        uint64_t weight;
 
-                sprintf(buf, USEC_FMT "\n", CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC);
-                r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", path, "cpu.cfs_period_us", buf);
-                if (r < 0)
-                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                       "Failed to set cpu.cfs_period_us on %s: %m", path);
+                        if (has_weight)
+                                weight = cgroup_context_cpu_weight(c, state);
+                        else if (has_shares) {
+                                uint64_t shares = cgroup_context_cpu_shares(c, state);
 
-                if (c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec != USEC_INFINITY) {
-                        sprintf(buf, USEC_FMT "\n", c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec * CGROUP_CPU_QUOTA_PERIOD_USEC / USEC_PER_SEC);
-                        r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", path, "cpu.cfs_quota_us", buf);
-                } else
-                        r = cg_set_attribute("cpu", path, "cpu.cfs_quota_us", "-1");
-                if (r < 0)
-                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                       "Failed to set cpu.cfs_quota_us on %s: %m", path);
+                                weight = cgroup_cpu_shares_to_weight(shares);
+
+                                log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying [Startup]CpuShares %" PRIu64 " as [Startup]CpuWeight %" PRIu64 " on %s",
+                                                  shares, weight, path);
+                        } else
+                                weight = CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT;
+
+                        cgroup_apply_unified_cpu_config(u, weight, c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec);
+                } else {
+                        uint64_t shares;
+
+                        if (has_shares)
+                                shares = cgroup_context_cpu_shares(c, state);
+                        else if (has_weight) {
+                                uint64_t weight = cgroup_context_cpu_weight(c, state);
+
+                                shares = cgroup_cpu_weight_to_shares(weight);
+
+                                log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying [Startup]CpuWeight %" PRIu64 " as [Startup]CpuShares %" PRIu64 " on %s",
+                                                  weight, shares, path);
+                        } else
+                                shares = CGROUP_CPU_SHARES_DEFAULT;
+
+                        cgroup_apply_legacy_cpu_config(u, shares, c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec);
+                }
+        }
+
+        if (mask & CGROUP_MASK_IO) {
+                bool has_io = cgroup_context_has_io_config(c);
+                bool has_blockio = cgroup_context_has_blockio_config(c);
+
+                if (!is_root) {
+                        char buf[8+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1];
+                        uint64_t weight;
+
+                        if (has_io)
+                                weight = cgroup_context_io_weight(c, state);
+                        else if (has_blockio) {
+                                uint64_t blkio_weight = cgroup_context_blkio_weight(c, state);
+
+                                weight = cgroup_weight_blkio_to_io(blkio_weight);
+
+                                log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying [Startup]BlockIOWeight %" PRIu64 " as [Startup]IOWeight %" PRIu64,
+                                                  blkio_weight, weight);
+                        } else
+                                weight = CGROUP_WEIGHT_DEFAULT;
+
+                        xsprintf(buf, "default %" PRIu64 "\n", weight);
+                        r = cg_set_attribute("io", path, "io.weight", buf);
+                        if (r < 0)
+                                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                                              "Failed to set io.weight: %m");
+
+                        if (has_io) {
+                                CGroupIODeviceWeight *w;
+
+                                /* FIXME: no way to reset this list */
+                                LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, w, c->io_device_weights)
+                                        cgroup_apply_io_device_weight(u, w->path, w->weight);
+                        } else if (has_blockio) {
+                                CGroupBlockIODeviceWeight *w;
+
+                                /* FIXME: no way to reset this list */
+                                LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, w, c->blockio_device_weights) {
+                                        weight = cgroup_weight_blkio_to_io(w->weight);
+
+                                        log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying BlockIODeviceWeight %" PRIu64 " as IODeviceWeight %" PRIu64 " for %s",
+                                                          w->weight, weight, w->path);
+
+                                        cgroup_apply_io_device_weight(u, w->path, weight);
+                                }
+                        }
+                }
+
+                /* Apply limits and free ones without config. */
+                if (has_io) {
+                        CGroupIODeviceLimit *l, *next;
+
+                        LIST_FOREACH_SAFE(device_limits, l, next, c->io_device_limits) {
+                                if (!cgroup_apply_io_device_limit(u, l->path, l->limits))
+                                        cgroup_context_free_io_device_limit(c, l);
+                        }
+                } else if (has_blockio) {
+                        CGroupBlockIODeviceBandwidth *b, *next;
+
+                        LIST_FOREACH_SAFE(device_bandwidths, b, next, c->blockio_device_bandwidths) {
+                                uint64_t limits[_CGROUP_IO_LIMIT_TYPE_MAX];
+                                CGroupIOLimitType type;
+
+                                for (type = 0; type < _CGROUP_IO_LIMIT_TYPE_MAX; type++)
+                                        limits[type] = cgroup_io_limit_defaults[type];
+
+                                limits[CGROUP_IO_RBPS_MAX] = b->rbps;
+                                limits[CGROUP_IO_WBPS_MAX] = b->wbps;
+
+                                log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying BlockIO{Read|Write}Bandwidth %" PRIu64 " %" PRIu64 " as IO{Read|Write}BandwidthMax for %s",
+                                                  b->rbps, b->wbps, b->path);
+
+                                if (!cgroup_apply_io_device_limit(u, b->path, limits))
+                                        cgroup_context_free_blockio_device_bandwidth(c, b);
+                        }
+                }
         }
 
         if (mask & CGROUP_MASK_BLKIO) {
-                char buf[MAX3(DECIMAL_STR_MAX(unsigned long)+1,
-                              DECIMAL_STR_MAX(dev_t)*2+2+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(unsigned long)*1,
-                              DECIMAL_STR_MAX(dev_t)*2+2+DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1)];
-                CGroupBlockIODeviceWeight *w;
-                CGroupBlockIODeviceBandwidth *b;
+                bool has_io = cgroup_context_has_io_config(c);
+                bool has_blockio = cgroup_context_has_blockio_config(c);
 
                 if (!is_root) {
-                        sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", IN_SET(state, MANAGER_STARTING, MANAGER_INITIALIZING) && c->startup_blockio_weight != (unsigned long) -1 ? c->startup_blockio_weight :
-                                c->blockio_weight != (unsigned long) -1 ? c->blockio_weight : 1000);
+                        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t)+1];
+                        uint64_t weight;
+
+                        if (has_blockio)
+                                weight = cgroup_context_blkio_weight(c, state);
+                        else if (has_io) {
+                                uint64_t io_weight = cgroup_context_io_weight(c, state);
+
+                                weight = cgroup_weight_io_to_blkio(cgroup_context_io_weight(c, state));
+
+                                log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying [Startup]IOWeight %" PRIu64 " as [Startup]BlockIOWeight %" PRIu64,
+                                                  io_weight, weight);
+                        } else
+                                weight = CGROUP_BLKIO_WEIGHT_DEFAULT;
+
+                        xsprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", weight);
                         r = cg_set_attribute("blkio", path, "blkio.weight", buf);
                         if (r < 0)
-                                log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                               "Failed to set blkio.weight on %s: %m", path);
-
-                        /* FIXME: no way to reset this list */
-                        LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, w, c->blockio_device_weights) {
-                                dev_t dev;
-
-                                r = lookup_blkio_device(w->path, &dev);
-                                if (r < 0)
-                                        continue;
-
-                                sprintf(buf, "%u:%u %lu", major(dev), minor(dev), w->weight);
-                                r = cg_set_attribute("blkio", path, "blkio.weight_device", buf);
-                                if (r < 0)
-                                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                                       "Failed to set blkio.weight_device on %s: %m", path);
+                                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                                              "Failed to set blkio.weight: %m");
+
+                        if (has_blockio) {
+                                CGroupBlockIODeviceWeight *w;
+
+                                /* FIXME: no way to reset this list */
+                                LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, w, c->blockio_device_weights)
+                                        cgroup_apply_blkio_device_weight(u, w->path, w->weight);
+                        } else if (has_io) {
+                                CGroupIODeviceWeight *w;
+
+                                /* FIXME: no way to reset this list */
+                                LIST_FOREACH(device_weights, w, c->io_device_weights) {
+                                        weight = cgroup_weight_io_to_blkio(w->weight);
+
+                                        log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying IODeviceWeight %" PRIu64 " as BlockIODeviceWeight %" PRIu64 " for %s",
+                                                          w->weight, weight, w->path);
+
+                                        cgroup_apply_blkio_device_weight(u, w->path, weight);
+                                }
                         }
                 }
 
-                /* FIXME: no way to reset this list */
-                LIST_FOREACH(device_bandwidths, b, c->blockio_device_bandwidths) {
-                        const char *a;
-                        dev_t dev;
+                /* Apply limits and free ones without config. */
+                if (has_blockio) {
+                        CGroupBlockIODeviceBandwidth *b, *next;
 
-                        r = lookup_blkio_device(b->path, &dev);
-                        if (r < 0)
-                                continue;
+                        LIST_FOREACH_SAFE(device_bandwidths, b, next, c->blockio_device_bandwidths) {
+                                if (!cgroup_apply_blkio_device_limit(u, b->path, b->rbps, b->wbps))
+                                        cgroup_context_free_blockio_device_bandwidth(c, b);
+                        }
+                } else if (has_io) {
+                        CGroupIODeviceLimit *l, *next;
 
-                        a = b->read ? "blkio.throttle.read_bps_device" : "blkio.throttle.write_bps_device";
+                        LIST_FOREACH_SAFE(device_limits, l, next, c->io_device_limits) {
+                                log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying IO{Read|Write}Bandwidth %" PRIu64 " %" PRIu64 " as BlockIO{Read|Write}BandwidthMax for %s",
+                                                  l->limits[CGROUP_IO_RBPS_MAX], l->limits[CGROUP_IO_WBPS_MAX], l->path);
 
-                        sprintf(buf, "%u:%u %" PRIu64 "\n", major(dev), minor(dev), b->bandwidth);
-                        r = cg_set_attribute("blkio", path, a, buf);
-                        if (r < 0)
-                                log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                               "Failed to set %s on %s: %m", a, path);
+                                if (!cgroup_apply_blkio_device_limit(u, l->path, l->limits[CGROUP_IO_RBPS_MAX], l->limits[CGROUP_IO_WBPS_MAX]))
+                                        cgroup_context_free_io_device_limit(c, l);
+                        }
                 }
         }
 
         if ((mask & CGROUP_MASK_MEMORY) && !is_root) {
-                if (c->memory_limit != (uint64_t) -1) {
-                        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t) + 1];
+                if (cg_unified() > 0) {
+                        uint64_t max = c->memory_max;
 
-                        sprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", c->memory_limit);
+                        if (cgroup_context_has_unified_memory_config(c))
+                                max = c->memory_max;
+                        else {
+                                max = c->memory_limit;
 
-                        if (cg_unified() <= 0)
-                                r = cg_set_attribute("memory", path, "memory.limit_in_bytes", buf);
-                        else
-                                r = cg_set_attribute("memory", path, "memory.max", buf);
+                                if (max != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                                        log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying MemoryLimit %" PRIu64 " as MemoryMax", max);
+                        }
 
+                        cgroup_apply_unified_memory_limit(u, "memory.low", c->memory_low);
+                        cgroup_apply_unified_memory_limit(u, "memory.high", c->memory_high);
+                        cgroup_apply_unified_memory_limit(u, "memory.max", max);
                 } else {
-                        if (cg_unified() <= 0)
-                                r = cg_set_attribute("memory", path, "memory.limit_in_bytes", "-1");
+                        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t) + 1];
+                        uint64_t val = c->memory_limit;
+
+                        if (val == CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX) {
+                                val = c->memory_max;
+
+                                if (val != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                                        log_cgroup_compat(u, "Applying MemoryMax %" PRIi64 " as MemoryLimit", c->memory_max);
+                        }
+
+                        if (val == CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX)
+                                strncpy(buf, "-1\n", sizeof(buf));
                         else
-                                r = cg_set_attribute("memory", path, "memory.max", "max");
-                }
+                                xsprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", val);
 
-                if (r < 0)
-                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                       "Failed to set memory.limit_in_bytes/memory.max on %s: %m", path);
+                        r = cg_set_attribute("memory", path, "memory.limit_in_bytes", buf);
+                        if (r < 0)
+                                log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                                              "Failed to set memory.limit_in_bytes: %m");
+                }
         }
 
-        if ((mask & CGROUP_MASK_DEVICE) && !is_root) {
+        if ((mask & CGROUP_MASK_DEVICES) && !is_root) {
                 CGroupDeviceAllow *a;
 
                 /* Changing the devices list of a populated cgroup
@@ -418,8 +897,8 @@ void cgroup_context_apply(CGroupContext *c, CGroupMask mask, const char *path, M
                 else
                         r = cg_set_attribute("devices", path, "devices.allow", "a");
                 if (r < 0)
-                        log_full_errno(IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EINVAL) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
-                                       "Failed to reset devices.list on %s: %m", path);
+                        log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EINVAL, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                                      "Failed to reset devices.list: %m");
 
                 if (c->device_policy == CGROUP_CLOSED ||
                     (c->device_policy == CGROUP_AUTO && c->device_allow)) {
@@ -430,7 +909,11 @@ void cgroup_context_apply(CGroupContext *c, CGroupMask mask, const char *path, M
                                 "/dev/random\0" "rwm\0"
                                 "/dev/urandom\0" "rwm\0"
                                 "/dev/tty\0" "rwm\0"
-                                "/dev/pts/ptmx\0" "rw\0"; /* /dev/pts/ptmx may not be duplicated, but accessed */
+                                "/dev/pts/ptmx\0" "rw\0" /* /dev/pts/ptmx may not be duplicated, but accessed */
+                                /* Allow /run/elogind/inaccessible/{chr,blk} devices for mapping InaccessiblePaths */
+                                /* Allow /run/systemd/inaccessible/{chr,blk} devices for mapping InaccessiblePaths */
+                                "/run/systemd/inaccessible/chr\0" "rwm\0"
+                                "/run/systemd/inaccessible/blk\0" "rwm\0";
 
                         const char *x, *y;
 
@@ -465,9 +948,24 @@ void cgroup_context_apply(CGroupContext *c, CGroupMask mask, const char *path, M
                         else if (startswith(a->path, "char-"))
                                 whitelist_major(path, a->path + 5, 'c', acc);
                         else
-                                log_debug("Ignoring device %s while writing cgroup attribute.", a->path);
+                                log_unit_debug(u, "Ignoring device %s while writing cgroup attribute.", a->path);
                 }
         }
+
+        if ((mask & CGROUP_MASK_PIDS) && !is_root) {
+
+                if (c->tasks_max != (uint64_t) -1) {
+                        char buf[DECIMAL_STR_MAX(uint64_t) + 2];
+
+                        sprintf(buf, "%" PRIu64 "\n", c->tasks_max);
+                        r = cg_set_attribute("pids", path, "pids.max", buf);
+                } else
+                        r = cg_set_attribute("pids", path, "pids.max", "max");
+
+                if (r < 0)
+                        log_unit_full(u, IN_SET(r, -ENOENT, -EROFS, -EACCES) ? LOG_DEBUG : LOG_WARNING, r,
+                                      "Failed to set pids.max: %m");
+        }
 }
 
 CGroupMask cgroup_context_get_mask(CGroupContext *c) {
@@ -476,25 +974,26 @@ CGroupMask cgroup_context_get_mask(CGroupContext *c) {
         /* Figure out which controllers we need */
 
         if (c->cpu_accounting ||
-            c->cpu_shares != (unsigned long) -1 ||
-            c->startup_cpu_shares != (unsigned long) -1 ||
+            cgroup_context_has_cpu_weight(c) ||
+            cgroup_context_has_cpu_shares(c) ||
             c->cpu_quota_per_sec_usec != USEC_INFINITY)
                 mask |= CGROUP_MASK_CPUACCT | CGROUP_MASK_CPU;
 
-        if (c->blockio_accounting ||
-            c->blockio_weight != (unsigned long) -1 ||
-            c->startup_blockio_weight != (unsigned long) -1 ||
-            c->blockio_device_weights ||
-            c->blockio_device_bandwidths)
-                mask |= CGROUP_MASK_BLKIO;
+        if (cgroup_context_has_io_config(c) || cgroup_context_has_blockio_config(c))
+                mask |= CGROUP_MASK_IO | CGROUP_MASK_BLKIO;
 
         if (c->memory_accounting ||
-            c->memory_limit != (uint64_t) -1)
+            c->memory_limit != CGROUP_LIMIT_MAX ||
+            cgroup_context_has_unified_memory_config(c))
                 mask |= CGROUP_MASK_MEMORY;
 
         if (c->device_allow ||
             c->device_policy != CGROUP_AUTO)
-                mask |= CGROUP_MASK_DEVICE;
+                mask |= CGROUP_MASK_DEVICES;
+
+        if (c->tasks_accounting ||
+            c->tasks_max != (uint64_t) -1)
+                mask |= CGROUP_MASK_PIDS;
 
         return mask;
 }
@@ -736,7 +1235,7 @@ int unit_set_cgroup_path(Unit *u, const char *path) {
 }
 
 int unit_watch_cgroup(Unit *u) {
-        _cleanup_free_ char *populated = NULL;
+        _cleanup_free_ char *events = NULL;
         int r;
 
         assert(u);
@@ -750,7 +1249,7 @@ int unit_watch_cgroup(Unit *u) {
         /* Only applies to the unified hierarchy */
         r = cg_unified();
         if (r < 0)
-                return log_unit_error_errno(u, r, "Failed detect wether the unified hierarchy is used: %m");
+                return log_unit_error_errno(u, r, "Failed detect whether the unified hierarchy is used: %m");
         if (r == 0)
                 return 0;
 
@@ -762,11 +1261,11 @@ int unit_watch_cgroup(Unit *u) {
         if (r < 0)
                 return log_oom();
 
-        r = cg_get_path(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, u->cgroup_path, "cgroup.populated", &populated);
+        r = cg_get_path(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, u->cgroup_path, "cgroup.events", &events);
         if (r < 0)
                 return log_oom();
 
-        u->cgroup_inotify_wd = inotify_add_watch(u->manager->cgroup_inotify_fd, populated, IN_MODIFY);
+        u->cgroup_inotify_wd = inotify_add_watch(u->manager->cgroup_inotify_fd, events, IN_MODIFY);
         if (u->cgroup_inotify_wd < 0) {
 
                 if (errno == ENOENT) /* If the directory is already
@@ -828,6 +1327,7 @@ static int unit_create_cgroup(
         /* Keep track that this is now realized */
         u->cgroup_realized = true;
         u->cgroup_realized_mask = target_mask;
+        u->cgroup_enabled_mask = enable_mask;
 
         if (u->type != UNIT_SLICE && !c->delegate) {
 
@@ -857,10 +1357,10 @@ int unit_attach_pids_to_cgroup(Unit *u) {
         return 0;
 }
 
-static bool unit_has_mask_realized(Unit *u, CGroupMask target_mask) {
+static bool unit_has_mask_realized(Unit *u, CGroupMask target_mask, CGroupMask enable_mask) {
         assert(u);
 
-        return u->cgroup_realized && u->cgroup_realized_mask == target_mask;
+        return u->cgroup_realized && u->cgroup_realized_mask == target_mask && u->cgroup_enabled_mask == enable_mask;
 }
 
 /* Check if necessary controllers and attributes for a unit are in place.
@@ -881,7 +1381,9 @@ static int unit_realize_cgroup_now(Unit *u, ManagerState state) {
         }
 
         target_mask = unit_get_target_mask(u);
-        if (unit_has_mask_realized(u, target_mask))
+        enable_mask = unit_get_enable_mask(u);
+
+        if (unit_has_mask_realized(u, target_mask, enable_mask))
                 return 0;
 
         /* First, realize parents */
@@ -892,13 +1394,12 @@ static int unit_realize_cgroup_now(Unit *u, ManagerState state) {
         }
 
         /* And then do the real work */
-        enable_mask = unit_get_enable_mask(u);
         r = unit_create_cgroup(u, target_mask, enable_mask);
         if (r < 0)
                 return r;
 
         /* Finally, apply the necessary attributes. */
-        cgroup_context_apply(unit_get_cgroup_context(u), target_mask, u->cgroup_path, state);
+        cgroup_context_apply(u, target_mask, state);
 
         return 0;
 }
@@ -961,7 +1462,7 @@ static void unit_queue_siblings(Unit *u) {
                         /* If the unit doesn't need any new controllers
                          * and has current ones realized, it doesn't need
                          * any changes. */
-                        if (unit_has_mask_realized(m, unit_get_target_mask(m)))
+                        if (unit_has_mask_realized(m, unit_get_target_mask(m), unit_get_enable_mask(m)))
                                 continue;
 
                         unit_add_to_cgroup_queue(m);
@@ -1029,7 +1530,7 @@ void unit_prune_cgroup(Unit *u) {
 
         r = cg_trim_everywhere(u->manager->cgroup_supported, u->cgroup_path, !is_root_slice);
         if (r < 0) {
-                log_debug_errno(r, "Failed to destroy cgroup %s, ignoring: %m", u->cgroup_path);
+                log_unit_debug_errno(u, r, "Failed to destroy cgroup %s, ignoring: %m", u->cgroup_path);
                 return;
         }
 
@@ -1040,6 +1541,7 @@ void unit_prune_cgroup(Unit *u) {
 
         u->cgroup_realized = false;
         u->cgroup_realized_mask = 0;
+        u->cgroup_enabled_mask = 0;
 }
 
 int unit_search_main_pid(Unit *u, pid_t *ret) {
@@ -1065,7 +1567,7 @@ int unit_search_main_pid(Unit *u, pid_t *ret) {
                         continue;
 
                 /* Ignore processes that aren't our kids */
-                if (get_parent_of_pid(npid, &ppid) >= 0 && ppid != mypid)
+                if (get_process_ppid(npid, &ppid) >= 0 && ppid != mypid)
                         continue;
 
                 if (pid != 0)
@@ -1230,8 +1732,7 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
         if (r < 0)
                 return log_error_errno(r, "Cannot determine cgroup we are running in: %m");
 
-/// elogind does not support systemd scopes and slices
-#if 0
+#if 0 /// elogind does not support systemd scopes and slices
         /* Chop off the init scope, if we are already located in it */
         e = endswith(m->cgroup_root, "/" SPECIAL_INIT_SCOPE);
 
@@ -1239,7 +1740,7 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
          * it. This is to support live upgrades from older systemd
          * versions where PID 1 was moved there. Also see
          * cg_get_root_path(). */
-        if (!e) {
+        if (!e && MANAGER_IS_SYSTEM(m)) {
                 e = endswith(m->cgroup_root, "/" SPECIAL_SYSTEM_SLICE);
                 if (!e)
                         e = endswith(m->cgroup_root, "/system"); /* even more legacy */
@@ -1275,10 +1776,10 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
                 /* 3. Install agent */
                 if (unified) {
 
-                        /* In the unified hierarchy we can can get
+                        /* In the unified hierarchy we can get
                          * cgroup empty notifications via inotify. */
-/// elogind does not support the unified hierarchy, yet.
-#if 0
+
+#if 0 /// elogind does not support the unified hierarchy, yet.
                         m->cgroup_inotify_event_source = sd_event_source_unref(m->cgroup_inotify_event_source);
                         safe_close(m->cgroup_inotify_fd);
 
@@ -1290,7 +1791,9 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
                         if (r < 0)
                                 return log_error_errno(r, "Failed to watch control group inotify object: %m");
 
-                        r = sd_event_source_set_priority(m->cgroup_inotify_event_source, SD_EVENT_PRIORITY_IDLE - 5);
+                        /* Process cgroup empty notifications early, but after service notifications and SIGCHLD. Also
+                         * see handling of cgroup agent notifications, for the classic cgroup hierarchy support. */
+                        r = sd_event_source_set_priority(m->cgroup_inotify_event_source, SD_EVENT_PRIORITY_NORMAL-5);
                         if (r < 0)
                                 return log_error_errno(r, "Failed to set priority of inotify event source: %m");
 
@@ -1299,14 +1802,15 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
 #else
                         return log_error_errno(EOPNOTSUPP, "Unified cgroup hierarchy not supported: %m");
 #endif // 0
-                } else if (m->running_as == MANAGER_SYSTEM) {
+                } else if (MANAGER_IS_SYSTEM(m)) {
+
                         /* On the legacy hierarchy we only get
                          * notifications via cgroup agents. (Which
                          * isn't really reliable, since it does not
                          * generate events when control groups with
                          * children run empty. */
 
-                        r = cg_install_release_agent(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, ELOGIND_CGROUP_AGENT_PATH);
+                        r = cg_install_release_agent(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, SYSTEMD_CGROUP_AGENT_PATH);
                         if (r < 0)
                                 log_warning_errno(r, "Failed to install release agent, ignoring: %m");
                         else if (r > 0)
@@ -1315,8 +1819,7 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
                                 log_debug("Release agent already installed.");
                 }
 
-/// elogind is not meant to run in systemd init scope
-#if 0
+#if 0 /// elogind is not meant to run in systemd init scope
                 /* 4. Make sure we are in the special "init.scope" unit in the root slice. */
                 scope_path = strjoina(m->cgroup_root, "/" SPECIAL_INIT_SCOPE);
                 r = cg_create_and_attach(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, scope_path, 0);
@@ -1338,11 +1841,9 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
 
                 /* also, move all other userspace processes remaining
                  * in the root cgroup into that scope. */
-                if (!streq(m->cgroup_root, scope_path)) {
-                        r = cg_migrate(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, m->cgroup_root, SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, scope_path, false);
-                        if (r < 0)
-                                log_warning_errno(r, "Couldn't move remaining userspace processes, ignoring: %m");
-                }
+                r = cg_migrate(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, m->cgroup_root, SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, scope_path, 0);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        log_warning_errno(r, "Couldn't move remaining userspace processes, ignoring: %m");
 
                 /* 5. And pin it, so that it cannot be unmounted */
                 safe_close(m->pin_cgroupfs_fd);
@@ -1361,7 +1862,7 @@ int manager_setup_cgroup(Manager *m) {
                 return log_error_errno(r, "Failed to determine supported controllers: %m");
 
         for (c = 0; c < _CGROUP_CONTROLLER_MAX; c++)
-                log_debug("Controller '%s' supported: %s", cgroup_controller_to_string(c), yes_no(m->cgroup_supported & c));
+                log_debug("Controller '%s' supported: %s", cgroup_controller_to_string(c), yes_no(m->cgroup_supported & CGROUP_CONTROLLER_TO_MASK(c)));
 
         return 0;
 }
@@ -1374,8 +1875,7 @@ void manager_shutdown_cgroup(Manager *m, bool delete) {
         if (delete && m->cgroup_root)
                 (void) cg_trim(SYSTEMD_CGROUP_CONTROLLER, m->cgroup_root, false);
 
-/// elogind does not support the unified hierarchy, yet.
-#if 0
+#if 0 /// elogind does not support the unified hierarchy, yet.
         m->cgroup_inotify_wd_unit = hashmap_free(m->cgroup_inotify_wd_unit);
 
         m->cgroup_inotify_event_source = sd_event_source_unref(m->cgroup_inotify_event_source);
@@ -1387,8 +1887,7 @@ void manager_shutdown_cgroup(Manager *m, bool delete) {
         m->cgroup_root = mfree(m->cgroup_root);
 }
 
-/// UNNEEDED by elogind
-#if 0
+#if 0 /// UNNEEDED by elogind
 Unit* manager_get_unit_by_cgroup(Manager *m, const char *cgroup) {
         char *p;
         Unit *u;
@@ -1453,20 +1952,45 @@ Unit *manager_get_unit_by_pid(Manager *m, pid_t pid) {
 
         return manager_get_unit_by_pid_cgroup(m, pid);
 }
+#endif // 0
 
+#if 0 /// elogind must substitute this with its own variant
 int manager_notify_cgroup_empty(Manager *m, const char *cgroup) {
         Unit *u;
 
         assert(m);
         assert(cgroup);
 
+        log_debug("Got cgroup empty notification for: %s", cgroup);
+
         u = manager_get_unit_by_cgroup(m, cgroup);
         if (!u)
                 return 0;
 
         return unit_notify_cgroup_empty(u);
 }
+#else
+int manager_notify_cgroup_empty(Manager *m, const char *cgroup) {
+        Session *s;
+
+        assert(m);
+        assert(cgroup);
 
+        log_debug("Got cgroup empty notification for: %s", cgroup);
+
+        s = hashmap_get(m->sessions, cgroup);
+
+        if (s) {
+                session_finalize(s);
+                session_free(s);
+        } else
+                log_warning("Session not found: %s", cgroup);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+#endif // 0
+
+#if 0 /// UNNEEDED by elogind
 int unit_get_memory_current(Unit *u, uint64_t *ret) {
         _cleanup_free_ char *v = NULL;
         int r;
@@ -1492,9 +2016,8 @@ int unit_get_memory_current(Unit *u, uint64_t *ret) {
         return safe_atou64(v, ret);
 }
 
-static int unit_get_cpu_usage_raw(Unit *u, nsec_t *ret) {
+int unit_get_tasks_current(Unit *u, uint64_t *ret) {
         _cleanup_free_ char *v = NULL;
-        uint64_t ns;
         int r;
 
         assert(u);
@@ -1503,18 +2026,60 @@ static int unit_get_cpu_usage_raw(Unit *u, nsec_t *ret) {
         if (!u->cgroup_path)
                 return -ENODATA;
 
-        if ((u->cgroup_realized_mask & CGROUP_MASK_CPUACCT) == 0)
+        if ((u->cgroup_realized_mask & CGROUP_MASK_PIDS) == 0)
                 return -ENODATA;
 
-        r = cg_get_attribute("cpuacct", u->cgroup_path, "cpuacct.usage", &v);
+        r = cg_get_attribute("pids", u->cgroup_path, "pids.current", &v);
         if (r == -ENOENT)
                 return -ENODATA;
         if (r < 0)
                 return r;
 
-        r = safe_atou64(v, &ns);
-        if (r < 0)
-                return r;
+        return safe_atou64(v, ret);
+}
+
+static int unit_get_cpu_usage_raw(Unit *u, nsec_t *ret) {
+        _cleanup_free_ char *v = NULL;
+        uint64_t ns;
+        int r;
+
+        assert(u);
+        assert(ret);
+
+        if (!u->cgroup_path)
+                return -ENODATA;
+
+        if (cg_unified() > 0) {
+                const char *keys[] = { "usage_usec", NULL };
+                _cleanup_free_ char *val = NULL;
+                uint64_t us;
+
+                if ((u->cgroup_realized_mask & CGROUP_MASK_CPU) == 0)
+                        return -ENODATA;
+
+                r = cg_get_keyed_attribute("cpu", u->cgroup_path, "cpu.stat", keys, &val);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
+                r = safe_atou64(val, &us);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
+                ns = us * NSEC_PER_USEC;
+        } else {
+                if ((u->cgroup_realized_mask & CGROUP_MASK_CPUACCT) == 0)
+                        return -ENODATA;
+
+                r = cg_get_attribute("cpuacct", u->cgroup_path, "cpuacct.usage", &v);
+                if (r == -ENOENT)
+                        return -ENODATA;
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+
+                r = safe_atou64(v, &ns);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+        }
 
         *ret = ns;
         return 0;
@@ -1528,8 +2093,8 @@ int unit_get_cpu_usage(Unit *u, nsec_t *ret) {
         if (r < 0)
                 return r;
 
-        if (ns > u->cpuacct_usage_base)
-                ns -= u->cpuacct_usage_base;
+        if (ns > u->cpu_usage_base)
+                ns -= u->cpu_usage_base;
         else
                 ns = 0;
 
@@ -1545,11 +2110,11 @@ int unit_reset_cpu_usage(Unit *u) {
 
         r = unit_get_cpu_usage_raw(u, &ns);
         if (r < 0) {
-                u->cpuacct_usage_base = 0;
+                u->cpu_usage_base = 0;
                 return r;
         }
 
-        u->cpuacct_usage_base = ns;
+        u->cpu_usage_base = ns;
         return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1565,6 +2130,36 @@ bool unit_cgroup_delegate(Unit *u) {
         return c->delegate;
 }
 
+void unit_invalidate_cgroup(Unit *u, CGroupMask m) {
+        assert(u);
+
+        if (!UNIT_HAS_CGROUP_CONTEXT(u))
+                return;
+
+        if (m == 0)
+                return;
+
+        /* always invalidate compat pairs together */
+        if (m & (CGROUP_MASK_IO | CGROUP_MASK_BLKIO))
+                m |= CGROUP_MASK_IO | CGROUP_MASK_BLKIO;
+
+        if ((u->cgroup_realized_mask & m) == 0)
+                return;
+
+        u->cgroup_realized_mask &= ~m;
+        unit_add_to_cgroup_queue(u);
+}
+
+void manager_invalidate_startup_units(Manager *m) {
+        Iterator i;
+        Unit *u;
+
+        assert(m);
+
+        SET_FOREACH(u, m->startup_units, i)
+                unit_invalidate_cgroup(u, CGROUP_MASK_CPU|CGROUP_MASK_IO|CGROUP_MASK_BLKIO);
+}
+
 static const char* const cgroup_device_policy_table[_CGROUP_DEVICE_POLICY_MAX] = {
         [CGROUP_AUTO] = "auto",
         [CGROUP_CLOSED] = "closed",