chiark / gitweb /
bootctl: add sd-boot support
[elogind.git] / src / boot / bootctl.c
index 51b51c4..3b6df42 100644 (file)
@@ -3,7 +3,8 @@
 /***
   This file is part of systemd.
 
-  Copyright 2013 Kay Sievers
+  Copyright 2013-2015 Kay Sievers
+  Copyright 2013 Lennart Poettering
 
   systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
   along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 ***/
 
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <stdbool.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
 #include <getopt.h>
-#include <locale.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <sys/statfs.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <errno.h>
 #include <string.h>
-#include <sys/timex.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <dirent.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <ftw.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <blkid/blkid.h>
 
-#include "boot.h"
+#include "efivars.h"
 #include "build.h"
 #include "util.h"
 #include "utf8.h"
 
-static void help(void) {
-        printf("%s [OPTIONS...] COMMAND ...\n\n"
-               "Query or change firmware and boot manager settings.\n\n"
-               "  -h --help              Show this help\n"
-               "     --version           Show package version\n"
-               "Commands:\n"
-               "  status                 Show current boot settings\n"
-               , program_invocation_short_name);
+static int verify_esp(const char *p, uint32_t *part, uint64_t *pstart, uint64_t *psize, sd_id128_t *uuid) {
+        struct statfs sfs;
+        struct stat st, st2;
+        char *t;
+        blkid_probe b = NULL;
+        int r;
+        const char *v;
+
+        if (statfs(p, &sfs) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to check file system type of %s: %m\n", p);
+                return -errno;
+        }
+
+        if (sfs.f_type != 0x4d44) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "File system %s is not a FAT EFI System Partition (ESP) file system.\n", p);
+                return -ENODEV;
+        }
+
+        if (stat(p, &st) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to determine block device node of %s: %m\n", p);
+                return -errno;
+        }
+
+        if (major(st.st_dev) == 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Block device node of %p is invalid.\n", p);
+                return -ENODEV;
+        }
+
+        r = asprintf(&t, "%s/..", p);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        r = stat(t, &st2);
+        free(t);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to determine block device node of parent of %s: %m\n", p);
+                return -errno;
+        }
+
+        if (st.st_dev == st2.st_dev) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Directory %s is not the root of the EFI System Partition (ESP) file system.\n", p);
+                return -ENODEV;
+        }
+
+        r = asprintf(&t, "/dev/block/%u:%u", major(st.st_dev), minor(st.st_dev));
+        if (r < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        errno = 0;
+        b = blkid_new_probe_from_filename(t);
+        free(t);
+        if (!b) {
+                if (errno != 0) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open file system %s: %m\n", p);
+                        return -errno;
+                }
+
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        blkid_probe_enable_superblocks(b, 1);
+        blkid_probe_set_superblocks_flags(b, BLKID_SUBLKS_TYPE);
+        blkid_probe_enable_partitions(b, 1);
+        blkid_probe_set_partitions_flags(b, BLKID_PARTS_ENTRY_DETAILS);
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_do_safeprobe(b);
+        if (r == -2) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "File system %s is ambigious.\n", p);
+                r = -ENODEV;
+                goto fail;
+        } else if (r == 1) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "File system %s does not contain a label.\n", p);
+                r = -ENODEV;
+                goto fail;
+        } else if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe file system %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "TYPE", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe file system type %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        if (strcmp(v, "vfat") != 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "File system %s is not a FAT EFI System Partition (ESP) file system after all.\n", p);
+                r = -ENODEV;
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "PART_ENTRY_SCHEME", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe partition scheme %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        if (strcmp(v, "gpt") != 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "File system %s is not on a GPT partition table.\n", p);
+                r = -ENODEV;
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "PART_ENTRY_TYPE", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe partition type UUID %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        if (strcmp(v, "c12a7328-f81f-11d2-ba4b-00a0c93ec93b") != 0) {
+                r = -ENODEV;
+                fprintf(stderr, "File system %s is not an EFI System Partition (ESP).\n", p);
+                goto fail;
+        }
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "PART_ENTRY_UUID", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe partition entry UUID %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+        sd_id128_from_string(v, uuid);
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "PART_ENTRY_NUMBER", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe partition number %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+        *part = strtoul(v, NULL, 10);
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "PART_ENTRY_OFFSET", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe partition offset %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+        *pstart = strtoul(v, NULL, 10);
+
+        errno = 0;
+        r = blkid_probe_lookup_value(b, "PART_ENTRY_SIZE", &v, NULL);
+        if (r != 0) {
+                r = errno ? -errno : -EIO;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to probe partition size %s: %s\n", p, strerror(-r));
+                goto fail;
+        }
+        *psize = strtoul(v, NULL, 10);
+
+        blkid_free_probe(b);
+        return 0;
+fail:
+        if (b)
+                blkid_free_probe(b);
+        return r;
 }
 
-static int parse_argv(int argc, char *argv[]) {
-        enum {
-                ARG_VERSION = 0x100,
-        };
+/* search for "#### LoaderInfo: sd-boot 218 ####" string inside the binary */
+static int get_file_version(FILE *f, char **v) {
+        struct stat st;
+        char *buf;
+        const char *s, *e;
+        char *x = NULL;
+        int r = 0;
 
-        static const struct option options[] = {
-                { "help",        no_argument, NULL, 'h'          },
-                { "version",     no_argument, NULL, ARG_VERSION  },
-                {}
-        };
+        assert(f);
+        assert(v);
 
-        int c;
+        if (fstat(fileno(f), &st) < 0)
+                return -errno;
 
-        assert(argc >= 0);
-        assert(argv);
+        if (st.st_size < 27)
+                return 0;
 
-        while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "h", options, NULL)) >= 0)
+        buf = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fileno(f), 0);
+        if (buf == MAP_FAILED)
+                return -errno;
 
-                switch (c) {
+        s = memmem(buf, st.st_size - 8, "#### LoaderInfo: ", 17);
+        if (!s)
+                goto finish;
+        s += 17;
 
-                case 'h':
-                        help();
-                        return 0;
+        e = memmem(s, st.st_size - (s - buf), " ####", 5);
+        if (!e || e - s < 3) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Malformed version string.\n");
+                r = -EINVAL;
+                goto finish;
+        }
 
-                case ARG_VERSION:
-                        puts(PACKAGE_STRING);
-                        puts(SYSTEMD_FEATURES);
-                        return 0;
+        x = strndup(s, e - s);
+        if (!x) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                r = -ENOMEM;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+        r = 1;
 
-                case '?':
-                        return -EINVAL;
+finish:
+        munmap(buf, st.st_size);
+        *v = x;
+        return r;
+}
 
-                default:
-                        assert_not_reached("Unhandled option");
+static int enumerate_binaries(const char *esp_path, const char *path, const char *prefix) {
+        struct dirent *de;
+        char *p = NULL, *q = NULL;
+        DIR *d = NULL;
+        int r = 0, c = 0;
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s/%s", esp_path, path) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                r = -ENOMEM;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        d = opendir(p);
+        if (!d) {
+                if (errno == ENOENT) {
+                        r = 0;
+                        goto finish;
                 }
 
-        return 1;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read %s: %m\n", p);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        while ((de = readdir(d))) {
+                char *v;
+                size_t n;
+                FILE *f;
+
+                if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
+                        continue;
+
+                n = strlen(de->d_name);
+                if (n < 4 || strcasecmp(de->d_name + n - 4, ".efi") != 0)
+                        continue;
+
+                if (prefix && strncasecmp(de->d_name, prefix, strlen(prefix)) != 0)
+                        continue;
+
+                free(q);
+                q = NULL;
+                if (asprintf(&q, "%s/%s/%s", esp_path, path, de->d_name) < 0) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                        r = -ENOMEM;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                f = fopen(q, "re");
+                if (!f) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open %s for reading: %m\n", q);
+                        r = -errno;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                r = get_file_version(f, &v);
+                fclose(f);
+
+                if (r < 0)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                if (r > 0)
+                        printf("         File: └─/%s/%s (%s)\n", path, de->d_name, v);
+                else
+                        printf("         File: └─/%s/%s\n", path, de->d_name);
+
+                c++;
+                free(v);
+        }
+
+        r = c;
+
+finish:
+        if (d)
+                closedir(d);
+
+        free(p);
+        free(q);
+        return r;
 }
 
-static int boot_info_new(struct boot_info **info) {
-        struct boot_info *in;
-        int err;
+static int status_binaries(const char *esp_path, sd_id128_t partition) {
+        int r;
+
+        printf("Boot Loader Binaries:\n");
+
+        printf("          ESP: /dev/disk/by-partuuid/%02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n", SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL(partition));
+
+        r = enumerate_binaries(esp_path, "EFI/systemd", NULL);
+        if (r == 0)
+                fprintf(stderr, "sd-boot not installed in ESP.\n");
+        else if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        r = enumerate_binaries(esp_path, "EFI/Boot", "boot");
+        if (r == 0)
+                fprintf(stderr, "No default/fallback boot loader installed in ESP.\n");
+        else if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        printf("\n");
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int print_efi_option(uint16_t id, bool in_order) {
+        char *title = NULL;
+        char *path = NULL;
+        sd_id128_t partition;
+        bool active;
+        int r = 0;
+
+        r = efi_get_boot_option(id, &title, &partition, &path, &active);
+        if (r < 0)
+                goto finish;
 
-        in = new0(struct boot_info, 1);
-        if (!in)
+        /* print only configured entries with partition information */
+        if (!path || sd_id128_equal(partition, SD_ID128_NULL))
+                return 0;
+
+        efi_tilt_backslashes(path);
+
+        printf("        Title: %s\n", strna(title));
+        printf("           ID: 0x%04X\n", id);
+        printf("       Status: %sactive%s\n", active ? "" : "in", in_order ? ", boot-order" : "");
+        printf("    Partition: /dev/disk/by-partuuid/%02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n", SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL(partition));
+        printf("         File: └─%s\n", path);
+        printf("\n");
+
+finish:
+        free(title);
+        free(path);
+        return r;
+}
+
+static int status_variables(void) {
+        int n_options, n_order;
+        uint16_t *options = NULL, *order = NULL;
+        int r, i;
+
+        if (!is_efi_boot()) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Not booted with EFI, not showing EFI variables.\n");
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        n_options = efi_get_boot_options(&options);
+        if (n_options < 0) {
+                if (n_options == -ENOENT)
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to access EFI variables, "
+                                "efivarfs needs to be available at /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/.\n");
+                else
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read EFI boot entries: %s\n", strerror(-n_options));
+                r = n_options;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        printf("Boot Loader Entries in EFI Variables:\n");
+        n_order = efi_get_boot_order(&order);
+        if (n_order == -ENOENT) {
+                n_order = 0;
+        } else if (n_order < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read EFI boot order.\n");
+                r = n_order;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        /* print entries in BootOrder first */
+        for (i = 0; i < n_order; i++)
+                print_efi_option(order[i], true);
+
+        /* print remaining entries */
+        for (i = 0; i < n_options; i++) {
+                int j;
+                bool found = false;
+
+                for (j = 0; j < n_order; j++)
+                        if (options[i] == order[j]) {
+                                found = true;
+                                break;
+                        }
+
+                if (found)
+                        continue;
+
+                print_efi_option(options[i], false);
+        }
+
+        r = 0;
+finish:
+        free(options);
+        free(order);
+
+        return r;
+}
+
+static int compare_product(const char *a, const char *b) {
+        size_t x, y;
+
+        assert(a);
+        assert(b);
+
+        x = strcspn(a, " ");
+        y = strcspn(b, " ");
+        if (x != y)
+                return x < y ? -1 : x > y ? 1 : 0;
+
+        return strncmp(a, b, x);
+}
+
+static int compare_version(const char *a, const char *b) {
+        assert(a);
+        assert(b);
+
+        a += strcspn(a, " ");
+        a += strspn(a, " ");
+        b += strcspn(b, " ");
+        b += strspn(b, " ");
+
+        return strverscmp(a, b);
+}
+
+static int version_check(FILE *f, const char *from, const char *to) {
+        FILE *g = NULL;
+        char *a = NULL, *b = NULL;
+        int r;
+
+        assert(f);
+        assert(from);
+        assert(to);
+
+        r = get_file_version(f, &a);
+        if (r < 0)
+                goto finish;
+        if (r == 0) {
+                r = -EINVAL;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Source file %s does not carry version information!\n", from);
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        g = fopen(to, "re");
+        if (!g) {
+                if (errno == ENOENT) {
+                        r = 0;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                r = -errno;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open %s for reading: %m\n", to);
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        r = get_file_version(g, &b);
+        if (r < 0)
+                goto finish;
+        if (r == 0 || compare_product(a, b) != 0) {
+                r = -EEXIST;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Skipping %s, since it's owned by another boot loader.\n", to);
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        if (compare_version(a, b) < 0) {
+                r = -EEXIST;
+                fprintf(stderr, "Skipping %s, since it's a newer boot loader version already.\n", to);
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        r = 0;
+
+finish:
+        free(a);
+        free(b);
+        if (g)
+                fclose(g);
+        return r;
+}
+
+static int copy_file(const char *from, const char *to, bool force) {
+        FILE *f = NULL, *g = NULL;
+        char *p = NULL;
+        int r;
+        struct timespec t[2];
+        struct stat st;
+
+        assert(from);
+        assert(to);
+
+        f = fopen(from, "re");
+        if (!f) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open %s for reading: %m\n", from);
+                return -errno;
+        }
+
+        if (!force) {
+                /* If this is an update, then let's compare versions first */
+                r = version_check(f, from, to);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        goto finish;
+        }
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s~", to) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                r = -ENOMEM;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        g = fopen(p, "wxe");
+        if (!g) {
+                /* Directory doesn't exist yet? Then let's skip this... */
+                if (!force && errno == ENOENT) {
+                        r = 0;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open %s for writing: %m\n", to);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        rewind(f);
+        do {
+                size_t k;
+                uint8_t buf[32*1024];
+
+                k = fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), f);
+                if (ferror(f)) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read %s: %m\n", from);
+                        r = -errno;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+                if (k == 0)
+                        break;
+
+                fwrite(buf, 1, k, g);
+                if (ferror(g)) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to write %s: %m\n", to);
+                        r = -errno;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+        } while (!feof(f));
+
+        fflush(g);
+        if (ferror(g)) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to write %s: %m\n", to);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        r = fstat(fileno(f), &st);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to get file timestamps of %s: %m", from);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        t[0] = st.st_atim;
+        t[1] = st.st_mtim;
+
+        r = futimens(fileno(g), t);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to change file timestamps for %s: %m", p);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        if (rename(p, to) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to rename %s to %s: %m\n", p, to);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        fprintf(stderr, "Copied %s to %s.\n", from, to);
+
+        free(p);
+        p = NULL;
+        r = 0;
+
+finish:
+        if (f)
+                fclose(f);
+        if (g)
+                fclose(g);
+        if (p) {
+                unlink(p);
+                free(p);
+        }
+        return r;
+}
+
+static char* strupper(char *s) {
+        char *p;
+
+        for (p = s; *p; p++)
+                *p = toupper(*p);
+
+        return s;
+}
+
+static int mkdir_one(const char *prefix, const char *suffix) {
+        char *p;
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s/%s", prefix, suffix) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
                 return -ENOMEM;
+        }
 
-        err = sd_id128_get_machine(&in->machine_id);
-        if (err < 0)
-                goto err;
+        if (mkdir(p, 0700) < 0) {
+                if (errno != EEXIST) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create %s: %m\n", p);
+                        free(p);
+                        return -errno;
+                }
+        } else
+                fprintf(stderr, "Created %s.\n", p);
 
-        err = sd_id128_get_boot(&in->boot_id);
-        if (err < 0)
-                goto err;
+        free(p);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int create_dirs(const char *esp_path) {
+        int r;
+
+        r = mkdir_one(esp_path, "EFI");
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        r = mkdir_one(esp_path, "EFI/systemd");
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        r = mkdir_one(esp_path, "EFI/Boot");
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
 
-        in->fw_entry_active = -1;
-        in->loader_entry_active = -1;
+        r = mkdir_one(esp_path, "loader");
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        r = mkdir_one(esp_path, "loader/entries");
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
 
-        *info = in;
         return 0;
-err:
-        free(in);
-        return err;
 }
 
-static void boot_info_entries_free(struct boot_info_entry *entries, size_t n) {
-        size_t i;
+static int copy_one_file(const char *esp_path, const char *name, bool force) {
+        _cleanup_free_ char *p = NULL;
+        _cleanup_free_ char *q = NULL;
+        _cleanup_free_ char *v = NULL;
+        int r;
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, SD_BOOTLIBDIR "/%s", name) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
 
-        for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
-                free(entries[i].title);
-                free(entries[i].path);
+        if (asprintf(&q, "%s/EFI/systemd/%s", esp_path, name) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
         }
-        free(entries);
+
+        r = copy_file(p, q, force);
+
+        if (startswith(name, "sd-boot")) {
+                int k;
+
+                /* Create the EFI default boot loader name (specified for removable devices) */
+                if (asprintf(&v, "%s/EFI/Boot/BOOT%s", esp_path, name + strlen("sd-boot")) < 0) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                        return -ENOMEM;
+                }
+                strupper(strrchr(v, '/') + 1);
+
+                k = copy_file(p, v, force);
+                if (k < 0 && r == 0)
+                        return k;
+        }
+
+        return r;
 }
 
-static void boot_info_free(struct boot_info *info) {
-        free(info->fw_type);
-        free(info->fw_info);
-        boot_info_entries_free(info->fw_entries, info->fw_entries_count);
-        free(info->fw_entries_order);
-        free(info->loader);
-        free(info->loader_image_path);
-        free(info->loader_options_added);
-        boot_info_entries_free(info->loader_entries, info->loader_entries_count);
-        free(info);
+static int install_binaries(const char *esp_path, bool force) {
+        struct dirent *de;
+        DIR *d;
+        int r = 0;
+
+        if (force) {
+                /* Don't create any of these directories when we are
+                 * just updating. When we update we'll drop-in our
+                 * files (unless there are newer ones already), but we
+                 * won't create the directories for them in the first
+                 * place. */
+                r = create_dirs(esp_path);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        return r;
+        }
+
+        d = opendir(SD_BOOTLIBDIR);
+        if (!d) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open "SD_BOOTLIBDIR": %m\n");
+                return -errno;
+        }
+
+        while ((de = readdir(d))) {
+                size_t n;
+                int k;
+
+                if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
+                        continue;
+
+                n = strlen(de->d_name);
+                if (n < 4 || strcmp(de->d_name + n - 4, ".efi") != 0)
+                        continue;
+
+                k = copy_one_file(esp_path, de->d_name, force);
+                if (k < 0 && r == 0)
+                        r = k;
+        }
+
+        closedir(d);
+        return r;
 }
 
-static int show_status(char **args, unsigned n) {
-        char buf[64];
-        struct boot_info *info;
+static bool same_entry(uint16_t id, const sd_id128_t uuid, const char *path) {
+        char *opath = NULL;
+        sd_id128_t ouuid;
         int err;
+        bool same = false;
 
-        err = boot_info_new(&info);
+        err = efi_get_boot_option(id, NULL, &ouuid, &opath, NULL);
         if (err < 0)
+                return false;
+        if (!sd_id128_equal(uuid, ouuid))
+                goto finish;
+
+        if (!streq_ptr(path, opath))
+                goto finish;
+
+        same = true;
+
+finish:
+        return same;
+}
+
+static int find_slot(sd_id128_t uuid, const char *path, uint16_t *id) {
+        uint16_t *options = NULL;
+        int n_options;
+        int i;
+        uint16_t new_id = 0;
+        bool existing = false;
+
+        n_options = efi_get_boot_options(&options);
+        if (n_options < 0)
+                return n_options;
+
+        /* find already existing sd-boot entry */
+        for (i = 0; i < n_options; i++)
+                if (same_entry(options[i], uuid, path)) {
+                        new_id = options[i];
+                        existing = true;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+        /* find free slot in the sorted BootXXXX variable list */
+        for (i = 0; i < n_options; i++)
+                if (i != options[i]) {
+                        new_id = i;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+        /* use the next one */
+        if (i == 0xffff)
+                return -ENOSPC;
+        new_id = i;
+
+finish:
+        *id = new_id;
+        free(options);
+        return existing;
+}
+
+static int insert_into_order(uint16_t slot, bool first) {
+        uint16_t *order = NULL;
+        uint16_t *new_order;
+        int n_order;
+        int i;
+        int err = 0;
+
+        n_order = efi_get_boot_order(&order);
+        if (n_order <= 0) {
+                /* no entry, add us */
+                err = efi_set_boot_order(&slot, 1);
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        /* are we the first and only one? */
+        if (n_order == 1 && order[0] == slot)
+                goto finish;
+
+        /* are we already in the boot order? */
+        for (i = 0; i < n_order; i++) {
+                if (order[i] != slot)
+                        continue;
+
+                /* we do not require to be the first one, all is fine */
+                if (!first)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                /* move us to the first slot */
+                memmove(&order[1], order, i * sizeof(uint16_t));
+                order[0] = slot;
+                efi_set_boot_order(order, n_order);
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        /* extend array */
+        new_order = realloc(order, (n_order+1) * sizeof(uint16_t));
+        if (!new_order) {
+                err = -ENOMEM;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+        order = new_order;
+
+        /* add us to the top or end of the list */
+        if (first) {
+                memmove(&order[1], order, n_order * sizeof(uint16_t));
+                order[0] = slot;
+        } else
+                order[n_order] = slot;
+
+        efi_set_boot_order(order, n_order+1);
+
+finish:
+        free(order);
+        return err;
+}
+
+static int remove_from_order(uint16_t slot) {
+        uint16_t *order = NULL;
+        int n_order;
+        int i;
+        int err = 0;
+
+        n_order = efi_get_boot_order(&order);
+        if (n_order < 0)
+                return n_order;
+        if (n_order == 0)
+                return 0;
+
+        for (i = 0; i < n_order; i++) {
+                if (order[i] != slot)
+                        continue;
+
+                if (i+1 < n_order)
+                        memmove(&order[i], &order[i+1], (n_order - i) * sizeof(uint16_t));
+                efi_set_boot_order(order, n_order-1);
+                break;
+        }
+
+        free(order);
+        return err;
+}
+
+static int install_variables(const char *esp_path,
+                             uint32_t part, uint64_t pstart, uint64_t psize,
+                             sd_id128_t uuid, const char *path,
+                             bool first) {
+        char *p = NULL;
+        uint16_t *options = NULL;
+        uint16_t slot;
+        int r;
+
+        if (!is_efi_boot()) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Not booted with EFI, skipping EFI variable setup.\n");
+                return 0;
+        }
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s%s", esp_path, path) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
                 return -ENOMEM;
+        }
 
-        err = boot_info_query(info);
-
-        printf("System:\n");
-        printf("   Machine ID: %s\n", sd_id128_to_string(info->machine_id, buf));
-        printf("      Boot ID: %s\n", sd_id128_to_string(info->boot_id, buf));
-        if (info->fw_type)
-                printf("     Firmware: %s (%s)\n", info->fw_type, strna(info->fw_info));
-        if (info->fw_secure_boot >= 0)
-                printf("  Secure Boot: %s\n", info->fw_secure_boot ? "enabled" : "disabled");
-        if (info->fw_secure_boot_setup_mode >= 0)
-                printf("   Setup Mode: %s\n", info->fw_secure_boot_setup_mode ? "setup" : "user");
-        printf("\n");
+        if (access(p, F_OK) < 0) {
+                if (errno == ENOENT)
+                        r = 0;
+                else
+                        r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
 
-        if (info->fw_entry_active >= 0) {
-                printf("Selected Firmware Entry:\n");
-                printf("        Title: %s\n", strna(info->fw_entries[info->fw_entry_active].title));
-                if (!sd_id128_equal(info->fw_entries[info->fw_entry_active].part_uuid, SD_ID128_NULL))
-                        printf("    Partition: /dev/disk/by-partuuid/%02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
-                               SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL(info->fw_entries[info->fw_entry_active].part_uuid));
+        r = find_slot(uuid, path, &slot);
+        if (r < 0) {
+                if (r == -ENOENT)
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to access EFI variables. Is the \"efivarfs\" filesystem mounted?\n");
                 else
-                        printf("    Partition: n/a\n");
-                if (info->fw_entries[info->fw_entry_active].path)
-                        printf("         File: %s%s\n", draw_special_char(DRAW_TREE_RIGHT), info->fw_entries[info->fw_entry_active].path);
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to determine current boot order: %s\n", strerror(-r));
+                goto finish;
         }
-        printf("\n");
 
-        if (info->loader) {
-                printf("Boot Loader:\n");
-                printf("      Product: %s\n", info->loader);
-                if (!sd_id128_equal(info->loader_part_uuid, SD_ID128_NULL))
-                        printf("    Partition: /dev/disk/by-partuuid/%02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
-                               SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL(info->loader_part_uuid));
-                        else
-                                printf("    Partition: n/a\n");
-                printf("         File: %s%s\n", draw_special_char(DRAW_TREE_RIGHT), strna(info->loader_image_path));
-                printf("\n");
+        if (first || r == false) {
+                r = efi_add_boot_option(slot, "Linux Boot Manager",
+                                        part, pstart, psize,
+                                        uuid, path);
+                if (r < 0) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create EFI Boot variable entry: %s\n", strerror(-r));
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+                fprintf(stderr, "Created EFI boot entry \"Linux Boot Manager\".\n");
+        }
+
+        insert_into_order(slot, first);
+
+finish:
+        free(p);
+        free(options);
+        return r;
+}
+
+static int remove_boot_efi(const char *esp_path) {
+        struct dirent *de;
+        char *p = NULL, *q = NULL;
+        DIR *d = NULL;
+        int r = 0, c = 0;
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s/EFI/Boot", esp_path) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        d = opendir(p);
+        if (!d) {
+                if (errno == ENOENT) {
+                        r = 0;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read %s: %m\n", p);
+                r = -errno;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        while ((de = readdir(d))) {
+                char *v;
+                size_t n;
+                FILE *f;
+
+                if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
+                        continue;
+
+                n = strlen(de->d_name);
+                if (n < 4 || strcasecmp(de->d_name + n - 4, ".EFI") != 0)
+                        continue;
+
+                if (strncasecmp(de->d_name, "Boot", 4) != 0)
+                        continue;
+
+                free(q);
+                q = NULL;
+                if (asprintf(&q, "%s/%s", p, de->d_name) < 0) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                        r = -ENOMEM;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                f = fopen(q, "re");
+                if (!f) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open %s for reading: %m\n", q);
+                        r = -errno;
+                        goto finish;
+                }
+
+                r = get_file_version(f, &v);
+                fclose(f);
+
+                if (r < 0)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                if (r > 0 && strncmp(v, "sd-boot ", 10) == 0) {
+
+                        r = unlink(q);
+                        if (r < 0) {
+                                fprintf(stderr, "Failed to remove %s: %m\n", q);
+                                r = -errno;
+                                free(v);
+                                goto finish;
+                        } else
+                                fprintf(stderr, "Removed %s.\n", q);
+                }
+
+                c++;
+                free(v);
+        }
+
+        r = c;
+
+finish:
+        if (d)
+                closedir(d);
+        free(p);
+        free(q);
+
+        return r;
+}
+
+static int rmdir_one(const char *prefix, const char *suffix) {
+        char *p;
 
-                if (info->loader_entry_active >= 0) {
-                        printf("Selected Boot Loader Entry:\n");
-                        printf("        Title: %s\n", strna(info->loader_entries[info->loader_entry_active].title));
-                        printf("         File: %s\n", info->loader_entries[info->loader_entry_active].path);
-                        if (info->loader_options_added)
-                                printf("      Options: %s\n", info->loader_options_added);
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s/%s", prefix, suffix) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        if (rmdir(p) < 0) {
+                if (errno != ENOENT && errno != ENOTEMPTY) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to remove %s: %m\n", p);
+                        free(p);
+                        return -errno;
                 }
         } else
-                printf("No suitable data is provided by the boot manager. See:\n"
-                       "  http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/BootLoaderInterface\n"
-                       "  http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Specifications/BootLoaderSpec\n"
-                       "for details.\n");
-        printf("\n");
+                fprintf(stderr, "Removed %s.\n", p);
 
-        boot_info_free(info);
-        return err;
+        free(p);
+        return 0;
 }
 
-static int bootctl_main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
-        static const struct {
-                const char* verb;
-                const enum {
-                        MORE,
-                        LESS,
-                        EQUAL
-                } argc_cmp;
-                const int argc;
-                int (* const dispatch)(char **args, unsigned n);
-        } verbs[] = {
-                { "status",                LESS,   1, show_status      },
+
+static int remove_binaries(const char *esp_path) {
+        char *p;
+        int r, q;
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s/EFI/sd-boot", esp_path) < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        r = rm_rf(p, false, false, false);
+        free(p);
+
+        q = remove_boot_efi(esp_path);
+        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                r = q;
+
+        q = rmdir_one(esp_path, "loader/entries");
+        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                r = q;
+
+        q = rmdir_one(esp_path, "loader");
+        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                r = q;
+
+        q = rmdir_one(esp_path, "EFI/Boot");
+        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                r = q;
+
+        q = rmdir_one(esp_path, "EFI/sd-boot");
+        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                r = q;
+
+        q = rmdir_one(esp_path, "EFI");
+        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                r = q;
+
+        return r;
+}
+
+static int remove_variables(sd_id128_t uuid, const char *path, bool in_order) {
+        uint16_t slot;
+        int r;
+
+        if (!is_efi_boot())
+                return 0;
+
+        r = find_slot(uuid, path, &slot);
+        if (r != 1)
+                return 0;
+
+        r = efi_remove_boot_option(slot);
+        if (r < 0)
+                return r;
+
+        if (in_order)
+                remove_from_order(slot);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int install_loader_config(const char *esp_path) {
+        char *p = NULL;
+        char line[64];
+        char *machine = NULL;
+        FILE *f;
+
+        f = fopen("/etc/machine-id", "re");
+        if (!f)
+                return -errno;
+
+        if (fgets(line, sizeof(line), f) != NULL) {
+                char *s;
+
+                s = strchr(line, '\n');
+                if (s)
+                        s[0] = '\0';
+                if (strlen(line) == 32)
+                        machine = line;
+        }
+
+        fclose(f);
+
+        if (!machine)
+                return -ESRCH;
+
+        if (asprintf(&p, "%s/%s", esp_path, "loader/loader.conf") < 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\n");
+                return -ENOMEM;
+        }
+
+        f = fopen(p, "wxe");
+        if (f) {
+                fprintf(f, "#timeout 3\n");
+                fprintf(f, "default %s-*\n", machine);
+                fclose(f);
+        }
+
+        free(p);
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static int help(void) {
+        printf("%s [COMMAND] [OPTIONS...]\n"
+               "\n"
+               "Install, update or remove the sdboot EFI boot manager.\n\n"
+               "  -h --help          Show this help\n"
+               "     --version       Print version\n"
+               "     --path=PATH     Path to the EFI System Partition (ESP)\n"
+               "     --no-variables  Don't touch EFI variables\n"
+               "\n"
+               "Comands:\n"
+               "     status          Show status of installed sd-boot and EFI variables\n"
+               "     install         Install sd-boot to the ESP and EFI variables\n"
+               "     update          Update sd-boot in the ESP and EFI variables\n"
+               "     remove          Remove sd-boot from the ESP and EFI variables\n",
+               program_invocation_short_name);
+
+        return 0;
+}
+
+static const char *arg_path = NULL;
+static bool arg_touch_variables = true;
+
+static int parse_argv(int argc, char *argv[]) {
+        enum {
+                ARG_PATH = 0x100,
+                ARG_VERSION,
+                ARG_NO_VARIABLES,
         };
 
-        int left;
-        unsigned i;
+        static const struct option options[] = {
+                { "help",         no_argument,       NULL, 'h'              },
+                { "version",      no_argument,       NULL, ARG_VERSION      },
+                { "path",         required_argument, NULL, ARG_PATH         },
+                { "no-variables", no_argument,       NULL, ARG_NO_VARIABLES },
+                { NULL,           0,                 NULL, 0                }
+        };
+
+        int c;
 
         assert(argc >= 0);
         assert(argv);
 
-        left = argc - optind;
+        while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "h", options, NULL)) >= 0) {
+                switch (c) {
 
-        if (left <= 0)
-                /* Special rule: no arguments means "status" */
-                i = 0;
-        else {
-                if (streq(argv[optind], "help")) {
+                case 'h':
                         help();
                         return 0;
-                }
 
-                for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(verbs); i++)
-                        if (streq(argv[optind], verbs[i].verb))
-                                break;
+                case ARG_VERSION:
+                        printf(VERSION "\n");
+                        return 0;
 
-                if (i >= ELEMENTSOF(verbs)) {
-                        log_error("Unknown operation %s", argv[optind]);
+                case ARG_PATH:
+                        arg_path = optarg;
+                        break;
+
+                case ARG_NO_VARIABLES:
+                        arg_touch_variables = false;
+                        break;
+
+                case '?':
+                        return -EINVAL;
+
+                default:
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Unknown option code '%c'.\n", c);
                         return -EINVAL;
                 }
         }
 
-        switch (verbs[i].argc_cmp) {
+        return 1;
+}
 
-        case EQUAL:
-                if (left != verbs[i].argc) {
-                        log_error("Invalid number of arguments.");
-                        return -EINVAL;
+static int bootctl_main(int argc, char*argv[]) {
+        enum action {
+                ACTION_STATUS,
+                ACTION_INSTALL,
+                ACTION_UPDATE,
+                ACTION_REMOVE
+        } arg_action = ACTION_STATUS;
+        static const struct {
+                const char* verb;
+                enum action action;
+        } verbs[] = {
+                { "status",  ACTION_STATUS },
+                { "install", ACTION_INSTALL },
+                { "update",  ACTION_UPDATE },
+                { "remove",  ACTION_REMOVE },
+        };
+
+        sd_id128_t uuid = {};
+        uint32_t part = 0;
+        uint64_t pstart = 0;
+        uint64_t psize = 0;
+        unsigned int i;
+        int q;
+        int r;
+
+        r = parse_argv(argc, argv);
+        if (r <= 0)
+                goto finish;
+
+        if (argv[optind]) {
+                for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(verbs); i++) {
+                        if (!streq(argv[optind], verbs[i].verb))
+                                continue;
+                        arg_action = verbs[i].action;
+                        break;
+                }
+                if (i >= ELEMENTSOF(verbs)) {
+                        fprintf(stderr, "Unknown operation %s\n", argv[optind]);
+                        r = -EINVAL;
+                        goto finish;
                 }
+        }
+
+        if (!arg_path)
+                arg_path = "/boot";
+
+        if (geteuid() != 0) {
+                fprintf(stderr, "Need to be root.\n");
+                r = -EPERM;
+                goto finish;
+        }
+
+        r = verify_esp(arg_path, &part, &pstart, &psize, &uuid);
+        if (r == -ENODEV && !arg_path)
+                fprintf(stderr, "You might want to use --path= to indicate the path to your ESP, in case it is not mounted to /boot.\n");
+        if (r < 0)
+                goto finish;
+
+        switch (arg_action) {
+        case ACTION_STATUS: {
+                _cleanup_free_ char *fw_type = NULL;
+                _cleanup_free_ char *fw_info = NULL;
+                _cleanup_free_ char *loader = NULL;
+                _cleanup_free_ char *loader_path = NULL;
+                sd_id128_t loader_part_uuid = {};
+
+                efi_get_variable_string(EFI_VENDOR_LOADER, "LoaderFirmwareType", &fw_type);
+                efi_get_variable_string(EFI_VENDOR_LOADER, "LoaderFirmwareInfo", &fw_info);
+                efi_get_variable_string(EFI_VENDOR_LOADER, "LoaderInfo", &loader);
+                efi_get_variable_string(EFI_VENDOR_LOADER, "LoaderImageIdentifier", &loader_path);
+                efi_tilt_backslashes(loader_path);
+                efi_loader_get_device_part_uuid(&loader_part_uuid);
+
+                printf("System:\n");
+                printf("     Firmware: %s (%s)\n", fw_type, strna(fw_info));
+                printf("  Secure Boot: %s\n", is_efi_secure_boot() ? "enabled" : "disabled");
+                printf("   Setup Mode: %s\n", is_efi_secure_boot_setup_mode() ? "setup" : "user");
+                printf("\n");
+
+                printf("Loader:\n");
+                printf("      Product: %s\n", strna(loader));
+                if (!sd_id128_equal(loader_part_uuid, SD_ID128_NULL))
+                        printf("    Partition: /dev/disk/by-partuuid/%02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
+                               SD_ID128_FORMAT_VAL(loader_part_uuid));
+                else
+                        printf("    Partition: n/a\n");
+                printf("         File: %s%s\n", draw_special_char(DRAW_TREE_RIGHT), strna(loader_path));
+                printf("\n");
+
+                r = status_binaries(arg_path, uuid);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                if (arg_touch_variables)
+                        r = status_variables();
                 break;
+        }
 
-        case MORE:
-                if (left < verbs[i].argc) {
-                        log_error("Too few arguments.");
-                        return -EINVAL;
-                }
+        case ACTION_INSTALL:
+        case ACTION_UPDATE:
+                umask(0002);
+
+                r = install_binaries(arg_path, arg_action == ACTION_INSTALL);
+                if (r < 0)
+                        goto finish;
+
+                if (arg_action == ACTION_INSTALL)
+                        install_loader_config(arg_path);
+
+                if (arg_touch_variables)
+                        r = install_variables(arg_path,
+                                              part, pstart, psize, uuid,
+                                              "/EFI/systemd/sd-boot" EFI_MACHINE_TYPE_NAME ".efi",
+                                              arg_action == ACTION_INSTALL);
                 break;
 
-        case LESS:
-                if (left > verbs[i].argc) {
-                        log_error("Too many arguments.");
-                        return -EINVAL;
+        case ACTION_REMOVE:
+                r = remove_binaries(arg_path);
+
+                if (arg_touch_variables) {
+                        q = remove_variables(uuid, "/EFI/systemd/sd-boot" EFI_MACHINE_TYPE_NAME ".efi", true);
+                        if (q < 0 && r == 0)
+                                r = q;
                 }
                 break;
-
-        default:
-                assert_not_reached("Unknown comparison operator.");
         }
 
-        return verbs[i].dispatch(argv + optind, left);
+finish:
+        return r < 0 ? EXIT_FAILURE : EXIT_SUCCESS;
 }
 
 int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {