chiark / gitweb /
NEWS: mention set-log-level, --user, --system
[elogind.git] / man / systemd.swap.xml
index 6b2abed..9a3905a 100644 (file)
@@ -9,16 +9,16 @@
   Copyright 2010 Lennart Poettering
 
   systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
-  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
-  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
+  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.
 
   systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
-  General Public License for more details.
+  Lesser General Public License for more details.
 
-  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
   along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 -->
 
 
         <refnamediv>
                 <refname>systemd.swap</refname>
-                <refpurpose>systemd swap configuration files</refpurpose>
+                <refpurpose>Swap unit configuration</refpurpose>
         </refnamediv>
 
         <refsynopsisdiv>
-                <para><filename>systemd.swap</filename></para>
+                <para><filename><replaceable>swap</replaceable>.swap</filename></para>
         </refsynopsisdiv>
 
         <refsect1>
                 specific configuration options are configured in the
                 [Swap] section.</para>
 
-                <para>Swap units must be named after the devices they
-                control. Example: the swap device
-                <filename>/dev/sda5</filename> must be configured in a
+                <para>Additional options are listed in
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.exec</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
+                which define the execution environment the
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>swapon</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                binary is executed in, and in
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.kill</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                which define the way the processes are
+                terminated.</para>
+
+                <para>Swap units must be named after the devices
+                or files they control. Example: the swap device
+                <filename noindex='true'>/dev/sda5</filename> must be configured in a
                 unit file <filename>dev-sda5.swap</filename>. For
                 details about the escaping logic used to convert a
                 file system path to a unit name see
                 <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.unit</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>.</para>
+
+                <para>All swap units automatically get the appropriate
+                dependencies on the devices or on the mount points
+                of the files they are activated from.</para>
+
+                <para>Swap units with
+                <varname>DefaultDependencies=</varname> enabled
+                implicitly acquire a conflicting dependency to
+                <filename>umount.target</filename> so that they are
+                deactivated at shutdown.</para>
         </refsect1>
 
         <refsect1>
                 <para>Swap units may either be configured via unit
                 files, or via <filename>/etc/fstab</filename> (see
                 <citerefentry><refentrytitle>fstab</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
-                for details).</para>
+                for details). Swaps listed in
+                <filename>/etc/fstab</filename> will be converted into
+                native units dynamically at boot and when the
+                configuration of the system manager is
+                reloaded. See
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd-fstab-generator</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                for details about the conversion.</para>
 
                 <para>If a swap device or file is configured in both
                 <filename>/etc/fstab</filename> and a unit file the
                 configuration in the latter takes precedence.</para>
+
+                <para>Unless the <option>noauto</option> option is set
+                for them all swap units configured in
+                <filename>/etc/fstab</filename> are also added as
+                requirements to <filename>swap.target</filename>, so
+                that they are waited for and activated during
+                boot.</para>
         </refsect1>
 
         <refsect1>
 
                 <para>Swap files must include a [Swap] section, which
                 carries information about the swap device it
-                supervises. The options specific to the [Swap] section
-                of swap units are the following:</para>
+                supervises. A number of options that may be used in
+                this section are shared with other unit types. These
+                options are documented in
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.exec</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                and
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.kill</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>. The
+                options specific to the [Swap] section of swap units
+                are the following:</para>
 
-                <variablelist>
+                <variablelist class='unit-directives'>
 
                         <varlistentry>
                                 <term><varname>What=</varname></term>
                                 paging. See
                                 <citerefentry><refentrytitle>swapon</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>
                                 for details. If this refers to a
-                                device node a dependency on the
+                                device node, a dependency on the
                                 respective device unit is
                                 automatically created. (See
                                 <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.device</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
                                 for more information.) If this refers
-                                to a file a dependency on the
+                                to a file, a dependency on the
                                 respective mount unit is automatically
                                 created. (See
                                 <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.mount</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
                                 file. This takes an integer. This
                                 setting is optional.</para></listitem>
                         </varlistentry>
+
+                        <varlistentry>
+                                <term><varname>TimeoutSec=</varname></term>
+                                <listitem><para>Configures the time to
+                                wait for the swapon command to
+                                finish. If a command does not exit
+                                within the configured time the swap
+                                will be considered failed and be shut
+                                down again. All commands still running
+                                will be terminated forcibly via
+                                <constant>SIGTERM</constant>, and after another delay of
+                                this time with <constant>SIGKILL</constant>. (See
+                                <option>KillMode=</option> in
+                                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.kill</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>.)
+                                Takes a unit-less value in seconds, or
+                                a time span value such as "5min
+                                20s". Pass 0 to disable the timeout
+                                logic. Defaults to
+                                90s.</para></listitem>
+                        </varlistentry>
                 </variablelist>
+
+                <para>Check
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.exec</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                and
+                <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.kill</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                for more settings.</para>
         </refsect1>
 
         <refsect1>
                   <title>See Also</title>
                   <para>
-                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
+                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
                           <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemctl</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
                           <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.unit</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
+                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.exec</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
+                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.kill</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
                           <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.device</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
                           <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.mount</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
-                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>swapon</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>
+                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>swapon</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
+                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd-fstab-generator</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
+                          <citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd.directives</refentrytitle><manvolnum>7</manvolnum></citerefentry>
                   </para>
         </refsect1>