chiark / gitweb /
systemctl: show exec status of all exited programs
[elogind.git] / src / unit.c
1 /*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8 -*-*/
2
3 /***
4   This file is part of systemd.
5
6   Copyright 2010 Lennart Poettering
7
8   systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9   under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
10   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
11   (at your option) any later version.
12
13   systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
14   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16   General Public License for more details.
17
18   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
19   along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
20 ***/
21
22 #include <assert.h>
23 #include <errno.h>
24 #include <string.h>
25 #include <sys/epoll.h>
26 #include <sys/timerfd.h>
27 #include <sys/poll.h>
28 #include <stdlib.h>
29 #include <unistd.h>
30
31 #include "set.h"
32 #include "unit.h"
33 #include "macro.h"
34 #include "strv.h"
35 #include "load-fragment.h"
36 #include "load-dropin.h"
37 #include "log.h"
38 #include "unit-name.h"
39 #include "specifier.h"
40 #include "dbus-unit.h"
41 #include "special.h"
42
43 const UnitVTable * const unit_vtable[_UNIT_TYPE_MAX] = {
44         [UNIT_SERVICE] = &service_vtable,
45         [UNIT_TIMER] = &timer_vtable,
46         [UNIT_SOCKET] = &socket_vtable,
47         [UNIT_TARGET] = &target_vtable,
48         [UNIT_DEVICE] = &device_vtable,
49         [UNIT_MOUNT] = &mount_vtable,
50         [UNIT_AUTOMOUNT] = &automount_vtable,
51         [UNIT_SNAPSHOT] = &snapshot_vtable,
52         [UNIT_SWAP] = &swap_vtable,
53         [UNIT_PATH] = &path_vtable
54 };
55
56 Unit *unit_new(Manager *m) {
57         Unit *u;
58
59         assert(m);
60
61         if (!(u = new0(Unit, 1)))
62                 return NULL;
63
64         if (!(u->meta.names = set_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func))) {
65                 free(u);
66                 return NULL;
67         }
68
69         u->meta.manager = m;
70         u->meta.type = _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID;
71         u->meta.deserialized_job = _JOB_TYPE_INVALID;
72         u->meta.default_dependencies = true;
73
74         return u;
75 }
76
77 bool unit_has_name(Unit *u, const char *name) {
78         assert(u);
79         assert(name);
80
81         return !!set_get(u->meta.names, (char*) name);
82 }
83
84 int unit_add_name(Unit *u, const char *text) {
85         UnitType t;
86         char *s = NULL, *i = NULL;
87         int r;
88
89         assert(u);
90         assert(text);
91
92         if (unit_name_is_template(text)) {
93                 if (!u->meta.instance)
94                         return -EINVAL;
95
96                 s = unit_name_replace_instance(text, u->meta.instance);
97         } else
98                 s = strdup(text);
99
100         if (!s)
101                 return -ENOMEM;
102
103         if (!unit_name_is_valid(s)) {
104                 r = -EINVAL;
105                 goto fail;
106         }
107
108         assert_se((t = unit_name_to_type(s)) >= 0);
109
110         if (u->meta.type != _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID && t != u->meta.type) {
111                 r = -EINVAL;
112                 goto fail;
113         }
114
115         if ((r = unit_name_to_instance(s, &i)) < 0)
116                 goto fail;
117
118         if (i && unit_vtable[t]->no_instances)
119                 goto fail;
120
121         if (u->meta.type != _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID && !streq_ptr(u->meta.instance, i)) {
122                 r = -EINVAL;
123                 goto fail;
124         }
125
126         if (unit_vtable[t]->no_alias &&
127             !set_isempty(u->meta.names) &&
128             !set_get(u->meta.names, s)) {
129                 r = -EEXIST;
130                 goto fail;
131         }
132
133         if (hashmap_size(u->meta.manager->units) >= MANAGER_MAX_NAMES) {
134                 r = -E2BIG;
135                 goto fail;
136         }
137
138         if ((r = set_put(u->meta.names, s)) < 0) {
139                 if (r == -EEXIST)
140                         r = 0;
141                 goto fail;
142         }
143
144         if ((r = hashmap_put(u->meta.manager->units, s, u)) < 0) {
145                 set_remove(u->meta.names, s);
146                 goto fail;
147         }
148
149         if (u->meta.type == _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID) {
150
151                 u->meta.type = t;
152                 u->meta.id = s;
153                 u->meta.instance = i;
154
155                 LIST_PREPEND(Meta, units_per_type, u->meta.manager->units_per_type[t], &u->meta);
156
157                 if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->init)
158                         UNIT_VTABLE(u)->init(u);
159         } else
160                 free(i);
161
162         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
163         return 0;
164
165 fail:
166         free(s);
167         free(i);
168
169         return r;
170 }
171
172 int unit_choose_id(Unit *u, const char *name) {
173         char *s, *t = NULL;
174
175         assert(u);
176         assert(name);
177
178         if (unit_name_is_template(name)) {
179
180                 if (!u->meta.instance)
181                         return -EINVAL;
182
183                 if (!(t = unit_name_replace_instance(name, u->meta.instance)))
184                         return -ENOMEM;
185
186                 name = t;
187         }
188
189         /* Selects one of the names of this unit as the id */
190         s = set_get(u->meta.names, (char*) name);
191         free(t);
192
193         if (!s)
194                 return -ENOENT;
195
196         u->meta.id = s;
197         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
198
199         return 0;
200 }
201
202 int unit_set_description(Unit *u, const char *description) {
203         char *s;
204
205         assert(u);
206
207         if (!(s = strdup(description)))
208                 return -ENOMEM;
209
210         free(u->meta.description);
211         u->meta.description = s;
212
213         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
214         return 0;
215 }
216
217 bool unit_check_gc(Unit *u) {
218         assert(u);
219
220         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB)
221                 return true;
222
223         if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->no_gc)
224                 return true;
225
226         if (u->meta.job)
227                 return true;
228
229         if (unit_active_state(u) != UNIT_INACTIVE)
230                 return true;
231
232         if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->check_gc)
233                 if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->check_gc(u))
234                         return true;
235
236         return false;
237 }
238
239 void unit_add_to_load_queue(Unit *u) {
240         assert(u);
241         assert(u->meta.type != _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID);
242
243         if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB || u->meta.in_load_queue)
244                 return;
245
246         LIST_PREPEND(Meta, load_queue, u->meta.manager->load_queue, &u->meta);
247         u->meta.in_load_queue = true;
248 }
249
250 void unit_add_to_cleanup_queue(Unit *u) {
251         assert(u);
252
253         if (u->meta.in_cleanup_queue)
254                 return;
255
256         LIST_PREPEND(Meta, cleanup_queue, u->meta.manager->cleanup_queue, &u->meta);
257         u->meta.in_cleanup_queue = true;
258 }
259
260 void unit_add_to_gc_queue(Unit *u) {
261         assert(u);
262
263         if (u->meta.in_gc_queue || u->meta.in_cleanup_queue)
264                 return;
265
266         if (unit_check_gc(u))
267                 return;
268
269         LIST_PREPEND(Meta, gc_queue, u->meta.manager->gc_queue, &u->meta);
270         u->meta.in_gc_queue = true;
271
272         u->meta.manager->n_in_gc_queue ++;
273
274         if (u->meta.manager->gc_queue_timestamp <= 0)
275                 u->meta.manager->gc_queue_timestamp = now(CLOCK_MONOTONIC);
276 }
277
278 void unit_add_to_dbus_queue(Unit *u) {
279         assert(u);
280         assert(u->meta.type != _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID);
281
282         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB || u->meta.in_dbus_queue)
283                 return;
284
285         /* Shortcut things if nobody cares */
286         if (!bus_has_subscriber(u->meta.manager)) {
287                 u->meta.sent_dbus_new_signal = true;
288                 return;
289         }
290
291         LIST_PREPEND(Meta, dbus_queue, u->meta.manager->dbus_unit_queue, &u->meta);
292         u->meta.in_dbus_queue = true;
293 }
294
295 static void bidi_set_free(Unit *u, Set *s) {
296         Iterator i;
297         Unit *other;
298
299         assert(u);
300
301         /* Frees the set and makes sure we are dropped from the
302          * inverse pointers */
303
304         SET_FOREACH(other, s, i) {
305                 UnitDependency d;
306
307                 for (d = 0; d < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX; d++)
308                         set_remove(other->meta.dependencies[d], u);
309
310                 unit_add_to_gc_queue(other);
311         }
312
313         set_free(s);
314 }
315
316 void unit_free(Unit *u) {
317         UnitDependency d;
318         Iterator i;
319         char *t;
320
321         assert(u);
322
323         bus_unit_send_removed_signal(u);
324
325         if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB)
326                 if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->done)
327                         UNIT_VTABLE(u)->done(u);
328
329         SET_FOREACH(t, u->meta.names, i)
330                 hashmap_remove_value(u->meta.manager->units, t, u);
331
332         if (u->meta.job)
333                 job_free(u->meta.job);
334
335         for (d = 0; d < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX; d++)
336                 bidi_set_free(u, u->meta.dependencies[d]);
337
338         if (u->meta.type != _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID)
339                 LIST_REMOVE(Meta, units_per_type, u->meta.manager->units_per_type[u->meta.type], &u->meta);
340
341         if (u->meta.in_load_queue)
342                 LIST_REMOVE(Meta, load_queue, u->meta.manager->load_queue, &u->meta);
343
344         if (u->meta.in_dbus_queue)
345                 LIST_REMOVE(Meta, dbus_queue, u->meta.manager->dbus_unit_queue, &u->meta);
346
347         if (u->meta.in_cleanup_queue)
348                 LIST_REMOVE(Meta, cleanup_queue, u->meta.manager->cleanup_queue, &u->meta);
349
350         if (u->meta.in_gc_queue) {
351                 LIST_REMOVE(Meta, gc_queue, u->meta.manager->gc_queue, &u->meta);
352                 u->meta.manager->n_in_gc_queue--;
353         }
354
355         cgroup_bonding_free_list(u->meta.cgroup_bondings);
356
357         free(u->meta.description);
358         free(u->meta.fragment_path);
359
360         set_free_free(u->meta.names);
361
362         free(u->meta.instance);
363
364         free(u);
365 }
366
367 UnitActiveState unit_active_state(Unit *u) {
368         assert(u);
369
370         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_MERGED)
371                 return unit_active_state(unit_follow_merge(u));
372
373         /* After a reload it might happen that a unit is not correctly
374          * loaded but still has a process around. That's why we won't
375          * shortcut failed loading to UNIT_INACTIVE_MAINTENANCE. */
376
377         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->active_state(u);
378 }
379
380 const char* unit_sub_state_to_string(Unit *u) {
381         assert(u);
382
383         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->sub_state_to_string(u);
384 }
385
386 static void complete_move(Set **s, Set **other) {
387         assert(s);
388         assert(other);
389
390         if (!*other)
391                 return;
392
393         if (*s)
394                 set_move(*s, *other);
395         else {
396                 *s = *other;
397                 *other = NULL;
398         }
399 }
400
401 static void merge_names(Unit *u, Unit *other) {
402         char *t;
403         Iterator i;
404
405         assert(u);
406         assert(other);
407
408         complete_move(&u->meta.names, &other->meta.names);
409
410         set_free_free(other->meta.names);
411         other->meta.names = NULL;
412         other->meta.id = NULL;
413
414         SET_FOREACH(t, u->meta.names, i)
415                 assert_se(hashmap_replace(u->meta.manager->units, t, u) == 0);
416 }
417
418 static void merge_dependencies(Unit *u, Unit *other, UnitDependency d) {
419         Iterator i;
420         Unit *back;
421         int r;
422
423         assert(u);
424         assert(other);
425         assert(d < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX);
426
427         SET_FOREACH(back, other->meta.dependencies[d], i) {
428                 UnitDependency k;
429
430                 for (k = 0; k < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX; k++)
431                         if ((r = set_remove_and_put(back->meta.dependencies[k], other, u)) < 0) {
432
433                                 if (r == -EEXIST)
434                                         set_remove(back->meta.dependencies[k], other);
435                                 else
436                                         assert(r == -ENOENT);
437                         }
438         }
439
440         complete_move(&u->meta.dependencies[d], &other->meta.dependencies[d]);
441
442         set_free(other->meta.dependencies[d]);
443         other->meta.dependencies[d] = NULL;
444 }
445
446 int unit_merge(Unit *u, Unit *other) {
447         UnitDependency d;
448
449         assert(u);
450         assert(other);
451         assert(u->meta.manager == other->meta.manager);
452         assert(u->meta.type != _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID);
453
454         other = unit_follow_merge(other);
455
456         if (other == u)
457                 return 0;
458
459         if (u->meta.type != other->meta.type)
460                 return -EINVAL;
461
462         if (!streq_ptr(u->meta.instance, other->meta.instance))
463                 return -EINVAL;
464
465         if (other->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB &&
466             other->meta.load_state != UNIT_FAILED)
467                 return -EEXIST;
468
469         if (other->meta.job)
470                 return -EEXIST;
471
472         if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_MAINTENANCE(unit_active_state(other)))
473                 return -EEXIST;
474
475         /* Merge names */
476         merge_names(u, other);
477
478         /* Merge dependencies */
479         for (d = 0; d < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX; d++)
480                 merge_dependencies(u, other, d);
481
482         other->meta.load_state = UNIT_MERGED;
483         other->meta.merged_into = u;
484
485         /* If there is still some data attached to the other node, we
486          * don't need it anymore, and can free it. */
487         if (other->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB)
488                 if (UNIT_VTABLE(other)->done)
489                         UNIT_VTABLE(other)->done(other);
490
491         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
492         unit_add_to_cleanup_queue(other);
493
494         return 0;
495 }
496
497 int unit_merge_by_name(Unit *u, const char *name) {
498         Unit *other;
499         int r;
500         char *s = NULL;
501
502         assert(u);
503         assert(name);
504
505         if (unit_name_is_template(name)) {
506                 if (!u->meta.instance)
507                         return -EINVAL;
508
509                 if (!(s = unit_name_replace_instance(name, u->meta.instance)))
510                         return -ENOMEM;
511
512                 name = s;
513         }
514
515         if (!(other = manager_get_unit(u->meta.manager, name)))
516                 r = unit_add_name(u, name);
517         else
518                 r = unit_merge(u, other);
519
520         free(s);
521         return r;
522 }
523
524 Unit* unit_follow_merge(Unit *u) {
525         assert(u);
526
527         while (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_MERGED)
528                 assert_se(u = u->meta.merged_into);
529
530         return u;
531 }
532
533 int unit_add_exec_dependencies(Unit *u, ExecContext *c) {
534         int r;
535
536         assert(u);
537         assert(c);
538
539         if (c->std_output != EXEC_OUTPUT_KMSG &&
540             c->std_output != EXEC_OUTPUT_SYSLOG &&
541             c->std_error != EXEC_OUTPUT_KMSG &&
542             c->std_error != EXEC_OUTPUT_SYSLOG)
543                 return 0;
544
545         /* If syslog or kernel logging is requested, make sure our own
546          * logging daemon is run first. */
547
548         if ((r = unit_add_dependency_by_name(u, UNIT_AFTER, SPECIAL_LOGGER_SOCKET, NULL, true)) < 0)
549                 return r;
550
551         if (u->meta.manager->running_as == MANAGER_SYSTEM)
552                 if ((r = unit_add_dependency_by_name(u, UNIT_REQUIRES, SPECIAL_LOGGER_SOCKET, NULL, true)) < 0)
553                         return r;
554
555         return 0;
556 }
557
558 const char *unit_description(Unit *u) {
559         assert(u);
560
561         if (u->meta.description)
562                 return u->meta.description;
563
564         return u->meta.id;
565 }
566
567 void unit_dump(Unit *u, FILE *f, const char *prefix) {
568         char *t;
569         UnitDependency d;
570         Iterator i;
571         char *p2;
572         const char *prefix2;
573         CGroupBonding *b;
574         char
575                 timestamp1[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX],
576                 timestamp2[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX],
577                 timestamp3[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX],
578                 timestamp4[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX];
579
580         assert(u);
581         assert(u->meta.type >= 0);
582
583         if (!prefix)
584                 prefix = "";
585         p2 = strappend(prefix, "\t");
586         prefix2 = p2 ? p2 : prefix;
587
588         fprintf(f,
589                 "%s-> Unit %s:\n"
590                 "%s\tDescription: %s\n"
591                 "%s\tInstance: %s\n"
592                 "%s\tUnit Load State: %s\n"
593                 "%s\tUnit Active State: %s\n"
594                 "%s\tInactive Exit Timestamp: %s\n"
595                 "%s\tActive Enter Timestamp: %s\n"
596                 "%s\tActive Exit Timestamp: %s\n"
597                 "%s\tInactive Enter Timestamp: %s\n"
598                 "%s\tGC Check Good: %s\n",
599                 prefix, u->meta.id,
600                 prefix, unit_description(u),
601                 prefix, strna(u->meta.instance),
602                 prefix, unit_load_state_to_string(u->meta.load_state),
603                 prefix, unit_active_state_to_string(unit_active_state(u)),
604                 prefix, strna(format_timestamp(timestamp1, sizeof(timestamp1), u->meta.inactive_exit_timestamp.realtime)),
605                 prefix, strna(format_timestamp(timestamp2, sizeof(timestamp2), u->meta.active_enter_timestamp.realtime)),
606                 prefix, strna(format_timestamp(timestamp3, sizeof(timestamp3), u->meta.active_exit_timestamp.realtime)),
607                 prefix, strna(format_timestamp(timestamp4, sizeof(timestamp4), u->meta.inactive_enter_timestamp.realtime)),
608                 prefix, yes_no(unit_check_gc(u)));
609
610         SET_FOREACH(t, u->meta.names, i)
611                 fprintf(f, "%s\tName: %s\n", prefix, t);
612
613         if (u->meta.fragment_path)
614                 fprintf(f, "%s\tFragment Path: %s\n", prefix, u->meta.fragment_path);
615
616         for (d = 0; d < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX; d++) {
617                 Unit *other;
618
619                 SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[d], i)
620                         fprintf(f, "%s\t%s: %s\n", prefix, unit_dependency_to_string(d), other->meta.id);
621         }
622
623         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_LOADED) {
624                 fprintf(f,
625                         "%s\tRecursive Stop: %s\n"
626                         "%s\tStopWhenUnneeded: %s\n"
627                         "%s\tOnlyByDependency: %s\n"
628                         "%s\tDefaultDependencies: %s\n",
629                         prefix, yes_no(u->meta.recursive_stop),
630                         prefix, yes_no(u->meta.stop_when_unneeded),
631                         prefix, yes_no(u->meta.only_by_dependency),
632                         prefix, yes_no(u->meta.default_dependencies));
633
634                 LIST_FOREACH(by_unit, b, u->meta.cgroup_bondings)
635                         fprintf(f, "%s\tControlGroup: %s:%s\n",
636                                 prefix, b->controller, b->path);
637
638                 if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->dump)
639                         UNIT_VTABLE(u)->dump(u, f, prefix2);
640
641         } else if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_MERGED)
642                 fprintf(f,
643                         "%s\tMerged into: %s\n",
644                         prefix, u->meta.merged_into->meta.id);
645
646         if (u->meta.job)
647                 job_dump(u->meta.job, f, prefix2);
648
649         free(p2);
650 }
651
652 /* Common implementation for multiple backends */
653 int unit_load_fragment_and_dropin(Unit *u) {
654         int r;
655
656         assert(u);
657
658         /* Load a .service file */
659         if ((r = unit_load_fragment(u)) < 0)
660                 return r;
661
662         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB)
663                 return -ENOENT;
664
665         /* Load drop-in directory data */
666         if ((r = unit_load_dropin(unit_follow_merge(u))) < 0)
667                 return r;
668
669         return 0;
670 }
671
672 /* Common implementation for multiple backends */
673 int unit_load_fragment_and_dropin_optional(Unit *u) {
674         int r;
675
676         assert(u);
677
678         /* Same as unit_load_fragment_and_dropin(), but whether
679          * something can be loaded or not doesn't matter. */
680
681         /* Load a .service file */
682         if ((r = unit_load_fragment(u)) < 0)
683                 return r;
684
685         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB)
686                 u->meta.load_state = UNIT_LOADED;
687
688         /* Load drop-in directory data */
689         if ((r = unit_load_dropin(unit_follow_merge(u))) < 0)
690                 return r;
691
692         return 0;
693 }
694
695 /* Common implementation for multiple backends */
696 int unit_load_nop(Unit *u) {
697         assert(u);
698
699         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB)
700                 u->meta.load_state = UNIT_LOADED;
701
702         return 0;
703 }
704
705 int unit_load(Unit *u) {
706         int r;
707
708         assert(u);
709
710         if (u->meta.in_load_queue) {
711                 LIST_REMOVE(Meta, load_queue, u->meta.manager->load_queue, &u->meta);
712                 u->meta.in_load_queue = false;
713         }
714
715         if (u->meta.type == _UNIT_TYPE_INVALID)
716                 return -EINVAL;
717
718         if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_STUB)
719                 return 0;
720
721         if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->load)
722                 if ((r = UNIT_VTABLE(u)->load(u)) < 0)
723                         goto fail;
724
725         if (u->meta.load_state == UNIT_STUB) {
726                 r = -ENOENT;
727                 goto fail;
728         }
729
730         assert((u->meta.load_state != UNIT_MERGED) == !u->meta.merged_into);
731
732         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(unit_follow_merge(u));
733         unit_add_to_gc_queue(u);
734
735         return 0;
736
737 fail:
738         u->meta.load_state = UNIT_FAILED;
739         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
740
741         log_notice("Failed to load configuration for %s: %s", u->meta.id, strerror(-r));
742
743         return r;
744 }
745
746 /* Errors:
747  *         -EBADR:     This unit type does not support starting.
748  *         -EALREADY:  Unit is already started.
749  *         -EAGAIN:    An operation is already in progress. Retry later.
750  *         -ECANCELED: Too many requests for now.
751  */
752 int unit_start(Unit *u) {
753         UnitActiveState state;
754
755         assert(u);
756
757         if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_LOADED)
758                 return -EINVAL;
759
760         /* If this is already (being) started, then this will
761          * succeed. Note that this will even succeed if this unit is
762          * not startable by the user. This is relied on to detect when
763          * we need to wait for units and when waiting is finished. */
764         state = unit_active_state(u);
765         if (UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(state))
766                 return -EALREADY;
767
768         /* If it is stopped, but we cannot start it, then fail */
769         if (!UNIT_VTABLE(u)->start)
770                 return -EBADR;
771
772         /* We don't suppress calls to ->start() here when we are
773          * already starting, to allow this request to be used as a
774          * "hurry up" call, for example when the unit is in some "auto
775          * restart" state where it waits for a holdoff timer to elapse
776          * before it will start again. */
777
778         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
779
780         unit_status_printf(u, "Starting %s...\n", unit_description(u));
781
782         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->start(u);
783 }
784
785 bool unit_can_start(Unit *u) {
786         assert(u);
787
788         return !!UNIT_VTABLE(u)->start;
789 }
790
791 /* Errors:
792  *         -EBADR:    This unit type does not support stopping.
793  *         -EALREADY: Unit is already stopped.
794  *         -EAGAIN:   An operation is already in progress. Retry later.
795  */
796 int unit_stop(Unit *u) {
797         UnitActiveState state;
798
799         assert(u);
800
801         state = unit_active_state(u);
802         if (UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_MAINTENANCE(state))
803                 return -EALREADY;
804
805         if (!UNIT_VTABLE(u)->stop)
806                 return -EBADR;
807
808         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
809
810         unit_status_printf(u, "Stopping %s...\n", unit_description(u));
811
812         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->stop(u);
813 }
814
815 /* Errors:
816  *         -EBADR:    This unit type does not support reloading.
817  *         -ENOEXEC:  Unit is not started.
818  *         -EAGAIN:   An operation is already in progress. Retry later.
819  */
820 int unit_reload(Unit *u) {
821         UnitActiveState state;
822
823         assert(u);
824
825         if (u->meta.load_state != UNIT_LOADED)
826                 return -EINVAL;
827
828         if (!unit_can_reload(u))
829                 return -EBADR;
830
831         state = unit_active_state(u);
832         if (unit_active_state(u) == UNIT_RELOADING)
833                 return -EALREADY;
834
835         if (unit_active_state(u) != UNIT_ACTIVE)
836                 return -ENOEXEC;
837
838         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
839         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->reload(u);
840 }
841
842 bool unit_can_reload(Unit *u) {
843         assert(u);
844
845         if (!UNIT_VTABLE(u)->reload)
846                 return false;
847
848         if (!UNIT_VTABLE(u)->can_reload)
849                 return true;
850
851         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->can_reload(u);
852 }
853
854 static void unit_check_uneeded(Unit *u) {
855         Iterator i;
856         Unit *other;
857
858         assert(u);
859
860         /* If this service shall be shut down when unneeded then do
861          * so. */
862
863         if (!u->meta.stop_when_unneeded)
864                 return;
865
866         if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(u)))
867                 return;
868
869         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRED_BY], i)
870                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
871                         return;
872
873         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRED_BY_OVERRIDABLE], i)
874                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
875                         return;
876
877         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_WANTED_BY], i)
878                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
879                         return;
880
881         log_info("Service %s is not needed anymore. Stopping.", u->meta.id);
882
883         /* Ok, nobody needs us anymore. Sniff. Then let's commit suicide */
884         manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_STOP, u, JOB_FAIL, true, NULL, NULL);
885 }
886
887 static void retroactively_start_dependencies(Unit *u) {
888         Iterator i;
889         Unit *other;
890
891         assert(u);
892         assert(UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(u)));
893
894         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRES], i)
895                 if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
896                         manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_START, other, JOB_REPLACE, true, NULL, NULL);
897
898         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRES_OVERRIDABLE], i)
899                 if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
900                         manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_START, other, JOB_FAIL, false, NULL, NULL);
901
902         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUISITE], i)
903                 if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
904                         manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_START, other, JOB_REPLACE, true, NULL, NULL);
905
906         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_WANTS], i)
907                 if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
908                         manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_START, other, JOB_FAIL, false, NULL, NULL);
909
910         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_CONFLICTS], i)
911                 if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
912                         manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_STOP, other, JOB_REPLACE, true, NULL, NULL);
913 }
914
915 static void retroactively_stop_dependencies(Unit *u) {
916         Iterator i;
917         Unit *other;
918
919         assert(u);
920         assert(UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(u)));
921
922         if (u->meta.recursive_stop) {
923                 /* Pull down units need us recursively if enabled */
924                 SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRED_BY], i)
925                         if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
926                                 manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, JOB_STOP, other, JOB_REPLACE, true, NULL, NULL);
927         }
928
929         /* Garbage collect services that might not be needed anymore, if enabled */
930         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRES], i)
931                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
932                         unit_check_uneeded(other);
933         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUIRES_OVERRIDABLE], i)
934                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
935                         unit_check_uneeded(other);
936         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_WANTS], i)
937                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
938                         unit_check_uneeded(other);
939         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUISITE], i)
940                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
941                         unit_check_uneeded(other);
942         SET_FOREACH(other, u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REQUISITE_OVERRIDABLE], i)
943                 if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(unit_active_state(other)))
944                         unit_check_uneeded(other);
945 }
946
947 void unit_notify(Unit *u, UnitActiveState os, UnitActiveState ns) {
948         dual_timestamp ts;
949
950         assert(u);
951         assert(os < _UNIT_ACTIVE_STATE_MAX);
952         assert(ns < _UNIT_ACTIVE_STATE_MAX);
953
954         /* Note that this is called for all low-level state changes,
955          * even if they might map to the same high-level
956          * UnitActiveState! That means that ns == os is OK an expected
957          * behaviour here. For example: if a mount point is remounted
958          * this function will be called too and the utmp code below
959          * relies on that! */
960
961         dual_timestamp_get(&ts);
962
963         if (UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_MAINTENANCE(os) && !UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_MAINTENANCE(ns))
964                 u->meta.inactive_exit_timestamp = ts;
965         else if (!UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_MAINTENANCE(os) && UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_MAINTENANCE(ns))
966                 u->meta.inactive_enter_timestamp = ts;
967
968         if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(os) && UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(ns))
969                 u->meta.active_enter_timestamp = ts;
970         else if (UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(os) && !UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(ns))
971                 u->meta.active_exit_timestamp = ts;
972
973         if (ns != os && ns == UNIT_MAINTENANCE)
974                 log_notice("Unit %s entered maintenance state.", u->meta.id);
975
976         timer_unit_notify(u, ns);
977         path_unit_notify(u, ns);
978
979         if (u->meta.job) {
980                 bool unexpected = false;
981
982                 if (u->meta.job->state == JOB_WAITING)
983
984                         /* So we reached a different state for this
985                          * job. Let's see if we can run it now if it
986                          * failed previously due to EAGAIN. */
987                         job_add_to_run_queue(u->meta.job);
988
989
990                 /* Let's check whether this state change constitutes a
991                  * finished job, or maybe cotradicts a running job and
992                  * hence needs to invalidate jobs. */
993
994                 switch (u->meta.job->type) {
995
996                 case JOB_START:
997                 case JOB_VERIFY_ACTIVE:
998
999                         if (UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(ns))
1000                                 job_finish_and_invalidate(u->meta.job, true);
1001                         else if (u->meta.job->state == JOB_RUNNING && ns != UNIT_ACTIVATING) {
1002                                 unexpected = true;
1003                                 job_finish_and_invalidate(u->meta.job, false);
1004                         }
1005
1006                         break;
1007
1008                 case JOB_RELOAD:
1009                 case JOB_RELOAD_OR_START:
1010
1011                         if (u->meta.job->state == JOB_RUNNING) {
1012                                 if (ns == UNIT_ACTIVE)
1013                                         job_finish_and_invalidate(u->meta.job, true);
1014                                 else if (ns != UNIT_ACTIVATING && ns != UNIT_RELOADING) {
1015                                         unexpected = true;
1016                                         job_finish_and_invalidate(u->meta.job, false);
1017                                 }
1018                         }
1019
1020                         break;
1021
1022                 case JOB_STOP:
1023                 case JOB_RESTART:
1024                 case JOB_TRY_RESTART:
1025
1026                         if (ns == UNIT_INACTIVE || ns == UNIT_MAINTENANCE)
1027                                 job_finish_and_invalidate(u->meta.job, true);
1028                         else if (u->meta.job->state == JOB_RUNNING && ns != UNIT_DEACTIVATING) {
1029                                 unexpected = true;
1030                                 job_finish_and_invalidate(u->meta.job, false);
1031                         }
1032
1033                         break;
1034
1035                 default:
1036                         assert_not_reached("Job type unknown");
1037                 }
1038
1039                 /* If this state change happened without being
1040                  * requested by a job, then let's retroactively start
1041                  * or stop dependencies */
1042
1043                 if (unexpected) {
1044                         if (UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(os) && UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(ns))
1045                                 retroactively_start_dependencies(u);
1046                         else if (UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_ACTIVATING(os) && UNIT_IS_INACTIVE_OR_DEACTIVATING(ns))
1047                                 retroactively_stop_dependencies(u);
1048                 }
1049         }
1050
1051         /* Some names are special */
1052         if (UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(ns)) {
1053                 if (unit_has_name(u, SPECIAL_DBUS_SERVICE)) {
1054                         /* The bus just might have become available,
1055                          * hence try to connect to it, if we aren't
1056                          * yet connected. */
1057                         bus_init(u->meta.manager);
1058                 }
1059
1060                 if (unit_has_name(u, SPECIAL_SYSLOG_SERVICE))
1061                         /* The syslog daemon just might have become
1062                          * available, hence try to connect to it, if
1063                          * we aren't yet connected. */
1064                         log_open();
1065
1066                 if (u->meta.type == UNIT_MOUNT)
1067                         /* Another directory became available, let's
1068                          * check if that is enough to write our utmp
1069                          * entry. */
1070                         manager_write_utmp_reboot(u->meta.manager);
1071
1072                 if (u->meta.type == UNIT_TARGET)
1073                         /* A target got activated, maybe this is a runlevel? */
1074                         manager_write_utmp_runlevel(u->meta.manager, u);
1075
1076         } else if (!UNIT_IS_ACTIVE_OR_RELOADING(ns)) {
1077
1078                 if (unit_has_name(u, SPECIAL_SYSLOG_SERVICE))
1079                         /* The syslog daemon might just have
1080                          * terminated, hence try to disconnect from
1081                          * it. */
1082                         log_close_syslog();
1083
1084                 /* We don't care about D-Bus here, since we'll get an
1085                  * asynchronous notification for it anyway. */
1086         }
1087
1088         /* Maybe we finished startup and are now ready for being
1089          * stopped because unneeded? */
1090         unit_check_uneeded(u);
1091
1092         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
1093         unit_add_to_gc_queue(u);
1094 }
1095
1096 int unit_watch_fd(Unit *u, int fd, uint32_t events, Watch *w) {
1097         struct epoll_event ev;
1098
1099         assert(u);
1100         assert(fd >= 0);
1101         assert(w);
1102         assert(w->type == WATCH_INVALID || (w->type == WATCH_FD && w->fd == fd && w->data.unit == u));
1103
1104         zero(ev);
1105         ev.data.ptr = w;
1106         ev.events = events;
1107
1108         if (epoll_ctl(u->meta.manager->epoll_fd,
1109                       w->type == WATCH_INVALID ? EPOLL_CTL_ADD : EPOLL_CTL_MOD,
1110                       fd,
1111                       &ev) < 0)
1112                 return -errno;
1113
1114         w->fd = fd;
1115         w->type = WATCH_FD;
1116         w->data.unit = u;
1117
1118         return 0;
1119 }
1120
1121 void unit_unwatch_fd(Unit *u, Watch *w) {
1122         assert(u);
1123         assert(w);
1124
1125         if (w->type == WATCH_INVALID)
1126                 return;
1127
1128         assert(w->type == WATCH_FD);
1129         assert(w->data.unit == u);
1130         assert_se(epoll_ctl(u->meta.manager->epoll_fd, EPOLL_CTL_DEL, w->fd, NULL) >= 0);
1131
1132         w->fd = -1;
1133         w->type = WATCH_INVALID;
1134         w->data.unit = NULL;
1135 }
1136
1137 int unit_watch_pid(Unit *u, pid_t pid) {
1138         assert(u);
1139         assert(pid >= 1);
1140
1141         /* Watch a specific PID. We only support one unit watching
1142          * each PID for now. */
1143
1144         return hashmap_put(u->meta.manager->watch_pids, UINT32_TO_PTR(pid), u);
1145 }
1146
1147 void unit_unwatch_pid(Unit *u, pid_t pid) {
1148         assert(u);
1149         assert(pid >= 1);
1150
1151         hashmap_remove_value(u->meta.manager->watch_pids, UINT32_TO_PTR(pid), u);
1152 }
1153
1154 int unit_watch_timer(Unit *u, usec_t delay, Watch *w) {
1155         struct itimerspec its;
1156         int flags, fd;
1157         bool ours;
1158
1159         assert(u);
1160         assert(w);
1161         assert(w->type == WATCH_INVALID || (w->type == WATCH_TIMER && w->data.unit == u));
1162
1163         /* This will try to reuse the old timer if there is one */
1164
1165         if (w->type == WATCH_TIMER) {
1166                 ours = false;
1167                 fd = w->fd;
1168         } else {
1169                 ours = true;
1170                 if ((fd = timerfd_create(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, TFD_NONBLOCK|TFD_CLOEXEC)) < 0)
1171                         return -errno;
1172         }
1173
1174         zero(its);
1175
1176         if (delay <= 0) {
1177                 /* Set absolute time in the past, but not 0, since we
1178                  * don't want to disarm the timer */
1179                 its.it_value.tv_sec = 0;
1180                 its.it_value.tv_nsec = 1;
1181
1182                 flags = TFD_TIMER_ABSTIME;
1183         } else {
1184                 timespec_store(&its.it_value, delay);
1185                 flags = 0;
1186         }
1187
1188         /* This will also flush the elapse counter */
1189         if (timerfd_settime(fd, flags, &its, NULL) < 0)
1190                 goto fail;
1191
1192         if (w->type == WATCH_INVALID) {
1193                 struct epoll_event ev;
1194
1195                 zero(ev);
1196                 ev.data.ptr = w;
1197                 ev.events = EPOLLIN;
1198
1199                 if (epoll_ctl(u->meta.manager->epoll_fd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, fd, &ev) < 0)
1200                         goto fail;
1201         }
1202
1203         w->fd = fd;
1204         w->type = WATCH_TIMER;
1205         w->data.unit = u;
1206
1207         return 0;
1208
1209 fail:
1210         if (ours)
1211                 close_nointr_nofail(fd);
1212
1213         return -errno;
1214 }
1215
1216 void unit_unwatch_timer(Unit *u, Watch *w) {
1217         assert(u);
1218         assert(w);
1219
1220         if (w->type == WATCH_INVALID)
1221                 return;
1222
1223         assert(w->type == WATCH_TIMER && w->data.unit == u);
1224
1225         assert_se(epoll_ctl(u->meta.manager->epoll_fd, EPOLL_CTL_DEL, w->fd, NULL) >= 0);
1226         close_nointr_nofail(w->fd);
1227
1228         w->fd = -1;
1229         w->type = WATCH_INVALID;
1230         w->data.unit = NULL;
1231 }
1232
1233 bool unit_job_is_applicable(Unit *u, JobType j) {
1234         assert(u);
1235         assert(j >= 0 && j < _JOB_TYPE_MAX);
1236
1237         switch (j) {
1238
1239         case JOB_VERIFY_ACTIVE:
1240         case JOB_START:
1241                 return true;
1242
1243         case JOB_STOP:
1244         case JOB_RESTART:
1245         case JOB_TRY_RESTART:
1246                 return unit_can_start(u);
1247
1248         case JOB_RELOAD:
1249                 return unit_can_reload(u);
1250
1251         case JOB_RELOAD_OR_START:
1252                 return unit_can_reload(u) && unit_can_start(u);
1253
1254         default:
1255                 assert_not_reached("Invalid job type");
1256         }
1257 }
1258
1259 int unit_add_dependency(Unit *u, UnitDependency d, Unit *other, bool add_reference) {
1260
1261         static const UnitDependency inverse_table[_UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX] = {
1262                 [UNIT_REQUIRES] = UNIT_REQUIRED_BY,
1263                 [UNIT_REQUIRES_OVERRIDABLE] = UNIT_REQUIRED_BY_OVERRIDABLE,
1264                 [UNIT_WANTS] = UNIT_WANTED_BY,
1265                 [UNIT_REQUISITE] = UNIT_REQUIRED_BY,
1266                 [UNIT_REQUISITE_OVERRIDABLE] = UNIT_REQUIRED_BY_OVERRIDABLE,
1267                 [UNIT_REQUIRED_BY] = _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_INVALID,
1268                 [UNIT_REQUIRED_BY_OVERRIDABLE] = _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_INVALID,
1269                 [UNIT_WANTED_BY] = _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_INVALID,
1270                 [UNIT_CONFLICTS] = UNIT_CONFLICTS,
1271                 [UNIT_BEFORE] = UNIT_AFTER,
1272                 [UNIT_AFTER] = UNIT_BEFORE,
1273                 [UNIT_REFERENCES] = UNIT_REFERENCED_BY,
1274                 [UNIT_REFERENCED_BY] = UNIT_REFERENCES
1275         };
1276         int r, q = 0, v = 0, w = 0;
1277
1278         assert(u);
1279         assert(d >= 0 && d < _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX);
1280         assert(inverse_table[d] != _UNIT_DEPENDENCY_INVALID);
1281         assert(other);
1282
1283         /* We won't allow dependencies on ourselves. We will not
1284          * consider them an error however. */
1285         if (u == other)
1286                 return 0;
1287
1288         if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->no_requires &&
1289             (d == UNIT_REQUIRES ||
1290              d == UNIT_REQUIRES_OVERRIDABLE ||
1291              d == UNIT_REQUISITE ||
1292              d == UNIT_REQUISITE_OVERRIDABLE)) {
1293                     return -EINVAL;
1294         }
1295
1296         if ((r = set_ensure_allocated(&u->meta.dependencies[d], trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func)) < 0 ||
1297             (r = set_ensure_allocated(&other->meta.dependencies[inverse_table[d]], trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func)) < 0)
1298                 return r;
1299
1300         if (add_reference)
1301                 if ((r = set_ensure_allocated(&u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REFERENCES], trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func)) < 0 ||
1302                     (r = set_ensure_allocated(&other->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REFERENCED_BY], trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func)) < 0)
1303                         return r;
1304
1305         if ((q = set_put(u->meta.dependencies[d], other)) < 0)
1306                 return q;
1307
1308         if ((v = set_put(other->meta.dependencies[inverse_table[d]], u)) < 0) {
1309                 r = v;
1310                 goto fail;
1311         }
1312
1313         if (add_reference) {
1314                 if ((w = set_put(u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REFERENCES], other)) < 0) {
1315                         r = w;
1316                         goto fail;
1317                 }
1318
1319                 if ((r = set_put(other->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REFERENCED_BY], u)) < 0)
1320                         goto fail;
1321         }
1322
1323         unit_add_to_dbus_queue(u);
1324         return 0;
1325
1326 fail:
1327         if (q > 0)
1328                 set_remove(u->meta.dependencies[d], other);
1329
1330         if (v > 0)
1331                 set_remove(other->meta.dependencies[inverse_table[d]], u);
1332
1333         if (w > 0)
1334                 set_remove(u->meta.dependencies[UNIT_REFERENCES], other);
1335
1336         return r;
1337 }
1338
1339 int unit_add_two_dependencies(Unit *u, UnitDependency d, UnitDependency e, Unit *other, bool add_reference) {
1340         int r;
1341
1342         assert(u);
1343
1344         if ((r = unit_add_dependency(u, d, other, add_reference)) < 0)
1345                 return r;
1346
1347         if ((r = unit_add_dependency(u, e, other, add_reference)) < 0)
1348                 return r;
1349
1350         return 0;
1351 }
1352
1353 static const char *resolve_template(Unit *u, const char *name, const char*path, char **p) {
1354         char *s;
1355
1356         assert(u);
1357         assert(name || path);
1358
1359         if (!name)
1360                 name = file_name_from_path(path);
1361
1362         if (!unit_name_is_template(name)) {
1363                 *p = NULL;
1364                 return name;
1365         }
1366
1367         if (u->meta.instance)
1368                 s = unit_name_replace_instance(name, u->meta.instance);
1369         else {
1370                 char *i;
1371
1372                 if (!(i = unit_name_to_prefix(u->meta.id)))
1373                         return NULL;
1374
1375                 s = unit_name_replace_instance(name, i);
1376                 free(i);
1377         }
1378
1379         if (!s)
1380                 return NULL;
1381
1382         *p = s;
1383         return s;
1384 }
1385
1386 int unit_add_dependency_by_name(Unit *u, UnitDependency d, const char *name, const char *path, bool add_reference) {
1387         Unit *other;
1388         int r;
1389         char *s;
1390
1391         assert(u);
1392         assert(name || path);
1393
1394         if (!(name = resolve_template(u, name, path, &s)))
1395                 return -ENOMEM;
1396
1397         if ((r = manager_load_unit(u->meta.manager, name, path, NULL, &other)) < 0)
1398                 goto finish;
1399
1400         r = unit_add_dependency(u, d, other, add_reference);
1401
1402 finish:
1403         free(s);
1404         return r;
1405 }
1406
1407 int unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name(Unit *u, UnitDependency d, UnitDependency e, const char *name, const char *path, bool add_reference) {
1408         Unit *other;
1409         int r;
1410         char *s;
1411
1412         assert(u);
1413         assert(name || path);
1414
1415         if (!(name = resolve_template(u, name, path, &s)))
1416                 return -ENOMEM;
1417
1418         if ((r = manager_load_unit(u->meta.manager, name, path, NULL, &other)) < 0)
1419                 goto finish;
1420
1421         r = unit_add_two_dependencies(u, d, e, other, add_reference);
1422
1423 finish:
1424         free(s);
1425         return r;
1426 }
1427
1428 int unit_add_dependency_by_name_inverse(Unit *u, UnitDependency d, const char *name, const char *path, bool add_reference) {
1429         Unit *other;
1430         int r;
1431         char *s;
1432
1433         assert(u);
1434         assert(name || path);
1435
1436         if (!(name = resolve_template(u, name, path, &s)))
1437                 return -ENOMEM;
1438
1439         if ((r = manager_load_unit(u->meta.manager, name, path, NULL, &other)) < 0)
1440                 goto finish;
1441
1442         r = unit_add_dependency(other, d, u, add_reference);
1443
1444 finish:
1445         free(s);
1446         return r;
1447 }
1448
1449 int unit_add_two_dependencies_by_name_inverse(Unit *u, UnitDependency d, UnitDependency e, const char *name, const char *path, bool add_reference) {
1450         Unit *other;
1451         int r;
1452         char *s;
1453
1454         assert(u);
1455         assert(name || path);
1456
1457         if (!(name = resolve_template(u, name, path, &s)))
1458                 return -ENOMEM;
1459
1460         if ((r = manager_load_unit(u->meta.manager, name, path, NULL, &other)) < 0)
1461                 goto finish;
1462
1463         if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies(other, d, e, u, add_reference)) < 0)
1464                 goto finish;
1465
1466 finish:
1467         free(s);
1468         return r;
1469 }
1470
1471 int set_unit_path(const char *p) {
1472         char *cwd, *c;
1473         int r;
1474
1475         /* This is mostly for debug purposes */
1476
1477         if (path_is_absolute(p)) {
1478                 if (!(c = strdup(p)))
1479                         return -ENOMEM;
1480         } else {
1481                 if (!(cwd = get_current_dir_name()))
1482                         return -errno;
1483
1484                 r = asprintf(&c, "%s/%s", cwd, p);
1485                 free(cwd);
1486
1487                 if (r < 0)
1488                         return -ENOMEM;
1489         }
1490
1491         if (setenv("SYSTEMD_UNIT_PATH", c, 0) < 0) {
1492                 r = -errno;
1493                 free(c);
1494                 return r;
1495         }
1496
1497         return 0;
1498 }
1499
1500 char *unit_dbus_path(Unit *u) {
1501         char *p, *e;
1502
1503         assert(u);
1504
1505         if (!(e = bus_path_escape(u->meta.id)))
1506                 return NULL;
1507
1508         if (asprintf(&p, "/org/freedesktop/systemd1/unit/%s", e) < 0) {
1509                 free(e);
1510                 return NULL;
1511         }
1512
1513         free(e);
1514         return p;
1515 }
1516
1517 int unit_add_cgroup(Unit *u, CGroupBonding *b) {
1518         CGroupBonding *l;
1519         int r;
1520
1521         assert(u);
1522         assert(b);
1523         assert(b->path);
1524
1525         /* Ensure this hasn't been added yet */
1526         assert(!b->unit);
1527
1528         l = hashmap_get(u->meta.manager->cgroup_bondings, b->path);
1529         LIST_PREPEND(CGroupBonding, by_path, l, b);
1530
1531         if ((r = hashmap_replace(u->meta.manager->cgroup_bondings, b->path, l)) < 0) {
1532                 LIST_REMOVE(CGroupBonding, by_path, l, b);
1533                 return r;
1534         }
1535
1536         LIST_PREPEND(CGroupBonding, by_unit, u->meta.cgroup_bondings, b);
1537         b->unit = u;
1538
1539         return 0;
1540 }
1541
1542 static char *default_cgroup_path(Unit *u) {
1543         char *p;
1544         int r;
1545
1546         assert(u);
1547
1548         if (u->meta.instance) {
1549                 char *t;
1550
1551                 if (!(t = unit_name_template(u->meta.id)))
1552                         return NULL;
1553
1554                 r = asprintf(&p, "%s/%s/%s", u->meta.manager->cgroup_hierarchy, t, u->meta.instance);
1555                 free(t);
1556         } else
1557                 r = asprintf(&p, "%s/%s", u->meta.manager->cgroup_hierarchy, u->meta.id);
1558
1559         return r < 0 ? NULL : p;
1560 }
1561
1562 int unit_add_cgroup_from_text(Unit *u, const char *name) {
1563         size_t n;
1564         char *controller = NULL, *path = NULL;
1565         CGroupBonding *b = NULL;
1566         int r;
1567
1568         assert(u);
1569         assert(name);
1570
1571         /* Detect controller name */
1572         n = strcspn(name, ":");
1573
1574         if (name[n] == 0 ||
1575             (name[n] == ':' && name[n+1] == 0)) {
1576
1577                 /* Only controller name, no path? */
1578
1579                 if (!(path = default_cgroup_path(u)))
1580                         return -ENOMEM;
1581
1582         } else {
1583                 const char *p;
1584
1585                 /* Controller name, and path. */
1586                 p = name+n+1;
1587
1588                 if (!path_is_absolute(p))
1589                         return -EINVAL;
1590
1591                 if (!(path = strdup(p)))
1592                         return -ENOMEM;
1593         }
1594
1595         if (n > 0)
1596                 controller = strndup(name, n);
1597         else
1598                 controller = strdup(u->meta.manager->cgroup_controller);
1599
1600         if (!controller) {
1601                 r = -ENOMEM;
1602                 goto fail;
1603         }
1604
1605         if (cgroup_bonding_find_list(u->meta.cgroup_bondings, controller)) {
1606                 r = -EEXIST;
1607                 goto fail;
1608         }
1609
1610         if (!(b = new0(CGroupBonding, 1))) {
1611                 r = -ENOMEM;
1612                 goto fail;
1613         }
1614
1615         b->controller = controller;
1616         b->path = path;
1617         b->only_us = false;
1618         b->clean_up = false;
1619
1620         if ((r = unit_add_cgroup(u, b)) < 0)
1621                 goto fail;
1622
1623         return 0;
1624
1625 fail:
1626         free(path);
1627         free(controller);
1628         free(b);
1629
1630         return r;
1631 }
1632
1633 int unit_add_default_cgroup(Unit *u) {
1634         CGroupBonding *b;
1635         int r = -ENOMEM;
1636
1637         assert(u);
1638
1639         /* Adds in the default cgroup data, if it wasn't specified yet */
1640
1641         if (unit_get_default_cgroup(u))
1642                 return 0;
1643
1644         if (!(b = new0(CGroupBonding, 1)))
1645                 return -ENOMEM;
1646
1647         if (!(b->controller = strdup(u->meta.manager->cgroup_controller)))
1648                 goto fail;
1649
1650         if (!(b->path = default_cgroup_path(u)))
1651                 goto fail;
1652
1653         b->clean_up = true;
1654         b->only_us = true;
1655
1656         if ((r = unit_add_cgroup(u, b)) < 0)
1657                 goto fail;
1658
1659         return 0;
1660
1661 fail:
1662         free(b->path);
1663         free(b->controller);
1664         free(b);
1665
1666         return r;
1667 }
1668
1669 CGroupBonding* unit_get_default_cgroup(Unit *u) {
1670         assert(u);
1671
1672         return cgroup_bonding_find_list(u->meta.cgroup_bondings, u->meta.manager->cgroup_controller);
1673 }
1674
1675 int unit_load_related_unit(Unit *u, const char *type, Unit **_found) {
1676         char *t;
1677         int r;
1678
1679         assert(u);
1680         assert(type);
1681         assert(_found);
1682
1683         if (!(t = unit_name_change_suffix(u->meta.id, type)))
1684                 return -ENOMEM;
1685
1686         assert(!unit_has_name(u, t));
1687
1688         r = manager_load_unit(u->meta.manager, t, NULL, NULL, _found);
1689         free(t);
1690
1691         assert(r < 0 || *_found != u);
1692
1693         return r;
1694 }
1695
1696 int unit_get_related_unit(Unit *u, const char *type, Unit **_found) {
1697         Unit *found;
1698         char *t;
1699
1700         assert(u);
1701         assert(type);
1702         assert(_found);
1703
1704         if (!(t = unit_name_change_suffix(u->meta.id, type)))
1705                 return -ENOMEM;
1706
1707         assert(!unit_has_name(u, t));
1708
1709         found = manager_get_unit(u->meta.manager, t);
1710         free(t);
1711
1712         if (!found)
1713                 return -ENOENT;
1714
1715         *_found = found;
1716         return 0;
1717 }
1718
1719 static char *specifier_prefix_and_instance(char specifier, void *data, void *userdata) {
1720         Unit *u = userdata;
1721         assert(u);
1722
1723         return unit_name_to_prefix_and_instance(u->meta.id);
1724 }
1725
1726 static char *specifier_prefix(char specifier, void *data, void *userdata) {
1727         Unit *u = userdata;
1728         assert(u);
1729
1730         return unit_name_to_prefix(u->meta.id);
1731 }
1732
1733 static char *specifier_prefix_unescaped(char specifier, void *data, void *userdata) {
1734         Unit *u = userdata;
1735         char *p, *r;
1736
1737         assert(u);
1738
1739         if (!(p = unit_name_to_prefix(u->meta.id)))
1740                 return NULL;
1741
1742         r = unit_name_unescape(p);
1743         free(p);
1744
1745         return r;
1746 }
1747
1748 static char *specifier_instance_unescaped(char specifier, void *data, void *userdata) {
1749         Unit *u = userdata;
1750         assert(u);
1751
1752         if (u->meta.instance)
1753                 return unit_name_unescape(u->meta.instance);
1754
1755         return strdup("");
1756 }
1757
1758 char *unit_name_printf(Unit *u, const char* format) {
1759
1760         /*
1761          * This will use the passed string as format string and
1762          * replace the following specifiers:
1763          *
1764          * %n: the full id of the unit                 (foo@bar.waldo)
1765          * %N: the id of the unit without the suffix   (foo@bar)
1766          * %p: the prefix                              (foo)
1767          * %i: the instance                            (bar)
1768          */
1769
1770         const Specifier table[] = {
1771                 { 'n', specifier_string,              u->meta.id },
1772                 { 'N', specifier_prefix_and_instance, NULL },
1773                 { 'p', specifier_prefix,              NULL },
1774                 { 'i', specifier_string,              u->meta.instance },
1775                 { 0, NULL, NULL }
1776         };
1777
1778         assert(u);
1779         assert(format);
1780
1781         return specifier_printf(format, table, u);
1782 }
1783
1784 char *unit_full_printf(Unit *u, const char *format) {
1785
1786         /* This is similar to unit_name_printf() but also supports
1787          * unescaping */
1788
1789         const Specifier table[] = {
1790                 { 'n', specifier_string,              u->meta.id },
1791                 { 'N', specifier_prefix_and_instance, NULL },
1792                 { 'p', specifier_prefix,              NULL },
1793                 { 'P', specifier_prefix_unescaped,    NULL },
1794                 { 'i', specifier_string,              u->meta.instance },
1795                 { 'I', specifier_instance_unescaped,  NULL },
1796                 { 0, NULL, NULL }
1797         };
1798
1799         assert(u);
1800         assert(format);
1801
1802         return specifier_printf(format, table, u);
1803 }
1804
1805 char **unit_full_printf_strv(Unit *u, char **l) {
1806         size_t n;
1807         char **r, **i, **j;
1808
1809         /* Applies unit_full_printf to every entry in l */
1810
1811         assert(u);
1812
1813         n = strv_length(l);
1814         if (!(r = new(char*, n+1)))
1815                 return NULL;
1816
1817         for (i = l, j = r; *i; i++, j++)
1818                 if (!(*j = unit_full_printf(u, *i)))
1819                         goto fail;
1820
1821         *j = NULL;
1822         return r;
1823
1824 fail:
1825         j--;
1826         while (j >= r)
1827                 free(*j);
1828
1829         free(r);
1830
1831         return NULL;
1832 }
1833
1834 int unit_watch_bus_name(Unit *u, const char *name) {
1835         assert(u);
1836         assert(name);
1837
1838         /* Watch a specific name on the bus. We only support one unit
1839          * watching each name for now. */
1840
1841         return hashmap_put(u->meta.manager->watch_bus, name, u);
1842 }
1843
1844 void unit_unwatch_bus_name(Unit *u, const char *name) {
1845         assert(u);
1846         assert(name);
1847
1848         hashmap_remove_value(u->meta.manager->watch_bus, name, u);
1849 }
1850
1851 bool unit_can_serialize(Unit *u) {
1852         assert(u);
1853
1854         return UNIT_VTABLE(u)->serialize && UNIT_VTABLE(u)->deserialize_item;
1855 }
1856
1857 int unit_serialize(Unit *u, FILE *f, FDSet *fds) {
1858         int r;
1859
1860         assert(u);
1861         assert(f);
1862         assert(fds);
1863
1864         if (!unit_can_serialize(u))
1865                 return 0;
1866
1867         if ((r = UNIT_VTABLE(u)->serialize(u, f, fds)) < 0)
1868                 return r;
1869
1870         if (u->meta.job)
1871                 unit_serialize_item(u, f, "job", job_type_to_string(u->meta.job->type));
1872
1873         /* End marker */
1874         fputc('\n', f);
1875         return 0;
1876 }
1877
1878 void unit_serialize_item_format(Unit *u, FILE *f, const char *key, const char *format, ...) {
1879         va_list ap;
1880
1881         assert(u);
1882         assert(f);
1883         assert(key);
1884         assert(format);
1885
1886         fputs(key, f);
1887         fputc('=', f);
1888
1889         va_start(ap, format);
1890         vfprintf(f, format, ap);
1891         va_end(ap);
1892
1893         fputc('\n', f);
1894 }
1895
1896 void unit_serialize_item(Unit *u, FILE *f, const char *key, const char *value) {
1897         assert(u);
1898         assert(f);
1899         assert(key);
1900         assert(value);
1901
1902         fprintf(f, "%s=%s\n", key, value);
1903 }
1904
1905 int unit_deserialize(Unit *u, FILE *f, FDSet *fds) {
1906         int r;
1907
1908         assert(u);
1909         assert(f);
1910         assert(fds);
1911
1912         if (!unit_can_serialize(u))
1913                 return 0;
1914
1915         for (;;) {
1916                 char line[1024], *l, *v;
1917                 size_t k;
1918
1919                 if (!fgets(line, sizeof(line), f)) {
1920                         if (feof(f))
1921                                 return 0;
1922                         return -errno;
1923                 }
1924
1925                 l = strstrip(line);
1926
1927                 /* End marker */
1928                 if (l[0] == 0)
1929                         return 0;
1930
1931                 k = strcspn(l, "=");
1932
1933                 if (l[k] == '=') {
1934                         l[k] = 0;
1935                         v = l+k+1;
1936                 } else
1937                         v = l+k;
1938
1939                 if (streq(l, "job")) {
1940                         JobType type;
1941
1942                         if ((type = job_type_from_string(v)) < 0)
1943                                 log_debug("Failed to parse job type value %s", v);
1944                         else
1945                                 u->meta.deserialized_job = type;
1946
1947                         continue;
1948                 }
1949
1950                 if ((r = UNIT_VTABLE(u)->deserialize_item(u, l, v, fds)) < 0)
1951                         return r;
1952         }
1953 }
1954
1955 int unit_add_node_link(Unit *u, const char *what, bool wants) {
1956         Unit *device;
1957         char *e;
1958         int r;
1959
1960         assert(u);
1961
1962         if (!what)
1963                 return 0;
1964
1965         /* Adds in links to the device node that this unit is based on */
1966
1967         if (!is_device_path(what))
1968                 return 0;
1969
1970         if (!(e = unit_name_build_escape(what+1, NULL, ".device")))
1971                 return -ENOMEM;
1972
1973         r = manager_load_unit(u->meta.manager, e, NULL, NULL, &device);
1974         free(e);
1975
1976         if (r < 0)
1977                 return r;
1978
1979         if ((r = unit_add_two_dependencies(u, UNIT_AFTER, UNIT_REQUIRES, device, true)) < 0)
1980                 return r;
1981
1982         if (wants)
1983                 if ((r = unit_add_dependency(device, UNIT_WANTS, u, false)) < 0)
1984                         return r;
1985
1986         return 0;
1987 }
1988
1989 int unit_coldplug(Unit *u) {
1990         int r;
1991
1992         assert(u);
1993
1994         if (UNIT_VTABLE(u)->coldplug)
1995                 if ((r = UNIT_VTABLE(u)->coldplug(u)) < 0)
1996                         return r;
1997
1998         if (u->meta.deserialized_job >= 0) {
1999                 if ((r = manager_add_job(u->meta.manager, u->meta.deserialized_job, u, JOB_FAIL, false, NULL, NULL)) < 0)
2000                         return r;
2001
2002                 u->meta.deserialized_job = _JOB_TYPE_INVALID;
2003         }
2004
2005         return 0;
2006 }
2007
2008 void unit_status_printf(Unit *u, const char *format, ...) {
2009         va_list ap;
2010
2011         assert(u);
2012         assert(format);
2013
2014         if (!UNIT_VTABLE(u)->show_status)
2015                 return;
2016
2017         if (u->meta.manager->running_as != MANAGER_SYSTEM)
2018                 return;
2019
2020         if (!u->meta.manager->show_status)
2021                 return;
2022
2023         if (!manager_is_booting_or_shutting_down(u->meta.manager))
2024                 return;
2025
2026         va_start(ap, format);
2027         status_vprintf(format, ap);
2028         va_end(ap);
2029 }
2030
2031 static const char* const unit_type_table[_UNIT_TYPE_MAX] = {
2032         [UNIT_SERVICE] = "service",
2033         [UNIT_TIMER] = "timer",
2034         [UNIT_SOCKET] = "socket",
2035         [UNIT_TARGET] = "target",
2036         [UNIT_DEVICE] = "device",
2037         [UNIT_MOUNT] = "mount",
2038         [UNIT_AUTOMOUNT] = "automount",
2039         [UNIT_SNAPSHOT] = "snapshot",
2040         [UNIT_SWAP] = "swap"
2041 };
2042
2043 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(unit_type, UnitType);
2044
2045 static const char* const unit_load_state_table[_UNIT_LOAD_STATE_MAX] = {
2046         [UNIT_STUB] = "stub",
2047         [UNIT_LOADED] = "loaded",
2048         [UNIT_FAILED] = "failed",
2049         [UNIT_MERGED] = "merged"
2050 };
2051
2052 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(unit_load_state, UnitLoadState);
2053
2054 static const char* const unit_active_state_table[_UNIT_ACTIVE_STATE_MAX] = {
2055         [UNIT_ACTIVE] = "active",
2056         [UNIT_RELOADING] = "reloading",
2057         [UNIT_INACTIVE] = "inactive",
2058         [UNIT_MAINTENANCE] = "maintenance",
2059         [UNIT_ACTIVATING] = "activating",
2060         [UNIT_DEACTIVATING] = "deactivating"
2061 };
2062
2063 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(unit_active_state, UnitActiveState);
2064
2065 static const char* const unit_dependency_table[_UNIT_DEPENDENCY_MAX] = {
2066         [UNIT_REQUIRES] = "Requires",
2067         [UNIT_REQUIRES_OVERRIDABLE] = "RequiresOverridable",
2068         [UNIT_WANTS] = "Wants",
2069         [UNIT_REQUISITE] = "Requisite",
2070         [UNIT_REQUISITE_OVERRIDABLE] = "RequisiteOverridable",
2071         [UNIT_REQUIRED_BY] = "RequiredBy",
2072         [UNIT_REQUIRED_BY_OVERRIDABLE] = "RequiredByOverridable",
2073         [UNIT_WANTED_BY] = "WantedBy",
2074         [UNIT_CONFLICTS] = "Conflicts",
2075         [UNIT_BEFORE] = "Before",
2076         [UNIT_AFTER] = "After",
2077         [UNIT_REFERENCES] = "References",
2078         [UNIT_REFERENCED_BY] = "ReferencedBy"
2079 };
2080
2081 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(unit_dependency, UnitDependency);
2082
2083 static const char* const kill_mode_table[_KILL_MODE_MAX] = {
2084         [KILL_CONTROL_GROUP] = "control-group",
2085         [KILL_PROCESS_GROUP] = "process-group",
2086         [KILL_PROCESS] = "process",
2087         [KILL_NONE] = "none"
2088 };
2089
2090 DEFINE_STRING_TABLE_LOOKUP(kill_mode, KillMode);