chiark / gitweb /
logind: implement suspend/hibernate calls with inhibition logic
[elogind.git] / src / systemctl / systemctl.c
1 /*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
2
3 /***
4   This file is part of systemd.
5
6   Copyright 2010 Lennart Poettering
7
8   systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9   under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
10   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
11   (at your option) any later version.
12
13   systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
14   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16   Lesser General Public License for more details.
17
18   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
19   along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
20 ***/
21
22 #include <sys/reboot.h>
23 #include <stdio.h>
24 #include <getopt.h>
25 #include <stdbool.h>
26 #include <string.h>
27 #include <errno.h>
28 #include <sys/ioctl.h>
29 #include <termios.h>
30 #include <unistd.h>
31 #include <fcntl.h>
32 #include <sys/socket.h>
33 #include <sys/stat.h>
34 #include <stddef.h>
35 #include <sys/prctl.h>
36 #include <dbus/dbus.h>
37
38 #include <systemd/sd-daemon.h>
39 #include <systemd/sd-shutdown.h>
40
41 #include "log.h"
42 #include "util.h"
43 #include "macro.h"
44 #include "set.h"
45 #include "utmp-wtmp.h"
46 #include "special.h"
47 #include "initreq.h"
48 #include "path-util.h"
49 #include "strv.h"
50 #include "dbus-common.h"
51 #include "cgroup-show.h"
52 #include "cgroup-util.h"
53 #include "list.h"
54 #include "path-lookup.h"
55 #include "conf-parser.h"
56 #include "exit-status.h"
57 #include "bus-errors.h"
58 #include "build.h"
59 #include "unit-name.h"
60 #include "pager.h"
61 #include "spawn-ask-password-agent.h"
62 #include "spawn-polkit-agent.h"
63 #include "install.h"
64 #include "logs-show.h"
65 #include "path-util.h"
66
67 static const char *arg_type = NULL;
68 static char **arg_property = NULL;
69 static bool arg_all = false;
70 static const char *arg_job_mode = "replace";
71 static UnitFileScope arg_scope = UNIT_FILE_SYSTEM;
72 static bool arg_no_block = false;
73 static bool arg_no_legend = false;
74 static bool arg_no_pager = false;
75 static bool arg_no_wtmp = false;
76 static bool arg_no_sync = false;
77 static bool arg_no_wall = false;
78 static bool arg_no_reload = false;
79 static bool arg_dry = false;
80 static bool arg_quiet = false;
81 static bool arg_full = false;
82 static int arg_force = 0;
83 static bool arg_ask_password = true;
84 static bool arg_failed = false;
85 static bool arg_runtime = false;
86 static char **arg_wall = NULL;
87 static const char *arg_kill_who = NULL;
88 static const char *arg_kill_mode = NULL;
89 static int arg_signal = SIGTERM;
90 static const char *arg_root = NULL;
91 static usec_t arg_when = 0;
92 static enum action {
93         ACTION_INVALID,
94         ACTION_SYSTEMCTL,
95         ACTION_HALT,
96         ACTION_POWEROFF,
97         ACTION_REBOOT,
98         ACTION_KEXEC,
99         ACTION_EXIT,
100         ACTION_SUSPEND,
101         ACTION_HIBERNATE,
102         ACTION_RUNLEVEL2,
103         ACTION_RUNLEVEL3,
104         ACTION_RUNLEVEL4,
105         ACTION_RUNLEVEL5,
106         ACTION_RESCUE,
107         ACTION_EMERGENCY,
108         ACTION_DEFAULT,
109         ACTION_RELOAD,
110         ACTION_REEXEC,
111         ACTION_RUNLEVEL,
112         ACTION_CANCEL_SHUTDOWN,
113         _ACTION_MAX
114 } arg_action = ACTION_SYSTEMCTL;
115 static enum dot {
116         DOT_ALL,
117         DOT_ORDER,
118         DOT_REQUIRE
119 } arg_dot = DOT_ALL;
120 static enum transport {
121         TRANSPORT_NORMAL,
122         TRANSPORT_SSH,
123         TRANSPORT_POLKIT
124 } arg_transport = TRANSPORT_NORMAL;
125 static const char *arg_host = NULL;
126 static bool arg_follow = false;
127 static unsigned arg_lines = 10;
128 static OutputMode arg_output = OUTPUT_SHORT;
129
130 static bool private_bus = false;
131
132 static int daemon_reload(DBusConnection *bus, char **args);
133 static void halt_now(enum action a);
134
135 static bool on_tty(void) {
136         static int t = -1;
137
138         /* Note that this is invoked relatively early, before we start
139          * the pager. That means the value we return reflects whether
140          * we originally were started on a tty, not if we currently
141          * are. But this is intended, since we want colour and so on
142          * when run in our own pager. */
143
144         if (_unlikely_(t < 0))
145                 t = isatty(STDOUT_FILENO) > 0;
146
147         return t;
148 }
149
150 static void pager_open_if_enabled(void) {
151
152         /* Cache result before we open the pager */
153         on_tty();
154
155         if (arg_no_pager)
156                 return;
157
158         pager_open();
159 }
160
161 static void ask_password_agent_open_if_enabled(void) {
162
163         /* Open the password agent as a child process if necessary */
164
165         if (!arg_ask_password)
166                 return;
167
168         if (arg_scope != UNIT_FILE_SYSTEM)
169                 return;
170
171         ask_password_agent_open();
172 }
173
174 static void polkit_agent_open_if_enabled(void) {
175
176         /* Open the polkit agent as a child process if necessary */
177
178         if (!arg_ask_password)
179                 return;
180
181         if (arg_scope != UNIT_FILE_SYSTEM)
182                 return;
183
184         polkit_agent_open();
185 }
186
187 static const char *ansi_highlight_red(bool b) {
188
189         if (!on_tty())
190                 return "";
191
192         return b ? ANSI_HIGHLIGHT_RED_ON : ANSI_HIGHLIGHT_OFF;
193 }
194
195 static const char *ansi_highlight_green(bool b) {
196
197         if (!on_tty())
198                 return "";
199
200         return b ? ANSI_HIGHLIGHT_GREEN_ON : ANSI_HIGHLIGHT_OFF;
201 }
202
203 static bool error_is_no_service(const DBusError *error) {
204         assert(error);
205
206         if (!dbus_error_is_set(error))
207                 return false;
208
209         if (dbus_error_has_name(error, DBUS_ERROR_NAME_HAS_NO_OWNER))
210                 return true;
211
212         if (dbus_error_has_name(error, DBUS_ERROR_SERVICE_UNKNOWN))
213                 return true;
214
215         return startswith(error->name, "org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.Spawn.");
216 }
217
218 static int translate_bus_error_to_exit_status(int r, const DBusError *error) {
219         assert(error);
220
221         if (!dbus_error_is_set(error))
222                 return r;
223
224         if (dbus_error_has_name(error, DBUS_ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED) ||
225             dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_ONLY_BY_DEPENDENCY) ||
226             dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_NO_ISOLATION) ||
227             dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_TRANSACTION_IS_DESTRUCTIVE))
228                 return EXIT_NOPERMISSION;
229
230         if (dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_NO_SUCH_UNIT))
231                 return EXIT_NOTINSTALLED;
232
233         if (dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_JOB_TYPE_NOT_APPLICABLE) ||
234             dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED))
235                 return EXIT_NOTIMPLEMENTED;
236
237         if (dbus_error_has_name(error, BUS_ERROR_LOAD_FAILED))
238                 return EXIT_NOTCONFIGURED;
239
240         if (r != 0)
241                 return r;
242
243         return EXIT_FAILURE;
244 }
245
246 static void warn_wall(enum action a) {
247         static const char *table[_ACTION_MAX] = {
248                 [ACTION_HALT]      = "The system is going down for system halt NOW!",
249                 [ACTION_REBOOT]    = "The system is going down for reboot NOW!",
250                 [ACTION_POWEROFF]  = "The system is going down for power-off NOW!",
251                 [ACTION_KEXEC]     = "The system is going down for kexec reboot NOW!",
252                 [ACTION_RESCUE]    = "The system is going down to rescue mode NOW!",
253                 [ACTION_EMERGENCY] = "The system is going down to emergency mode NOW!"
254         };
255
256         if (arg_no_wall)
257                 return;
258
259         if (arg_wall) {
260                 char *p;
261
262                 p = strv_join(arg_wall, " ");
263                 if (!p) {
264                         log_error("Failed to join strings.");
265                         return;
266                 }
267
268                 if (*p) {
269                         utmp_wall(p, NULL);
270                         free(p);
271                         return;
272                 }
273
274                 free(p);
275         }
276
277         if (!table[a])
278                 return;
279
280         utmp_wall(table[a], NULL);
281 }
282
283 static bool avoid_bus(void) {
284
285         if (running_in_chroot() > 0)
286                 return true;
287
288         if (sd_booted() <= 0)
289                 return true;
290
291         if (!isempty(arg_root))
292                 return true;
293
294         if (arg_scope == UNIT_FILE_GLOBAL)
295                 return true;
296
297         return false;
298 }
299
300 struct unit_info {
301         const char *id;
302         const char *description;
303         const char *load_state;
304         const char *active_state;
305         const char *sub_state;
306         const char *following;
307         const char *unit_path;
308         uint32_t job_id;
309         const char *job_type;
310         const char *job_path;
311 };
312
313 static int compare_unit_info(const void *a, const void *b) {
314         const char *d1, *d2;
315         const struct unit_info *u = a, *v = b;
316
317         d1 = strrchr(u->id, '.');
318         d2 = strrchr(v->id, '.');
319
320         if (d1 && d2) {
321                 int r;
322
323                 if ((r = strcasecmp(d1, d2)) != 0)
324                         return r;
325         }
326
327         return strcasecmp(u->id, v->id);
328 }
329
330 static bool output_show_unit(const struct unit_info *u) {
331         const char *dot;
332
333         if (arg_failed)
334                 return streq(u->active_state, "failed");
335
336         return (!arg_type || ((dot = strrchr(u->id, '.')) &&
337                               streq(dot+1, arg_type))) &&
338                 (arg_all || !(streq(u->active_state, "inactive") || u->following[0]) || u->job_id > 0);
339 }
340
341 static void output_units_list(const struct unit_info *unit_infos, unsigned c) {
342         unsigned id_len, max_id_len, active_len, sub_len, job_len, desc_len, n_shown = 0;
343         const struct unit_info *u;
344
345         max_id_len = sizeof("UNIT")-1;
346         active_len = sizeof("ACTIVE")-1;
347         sub_len = sizeof("SUB")-1;
348         job_len = sizeof("JOB")-1;
349         desc_len = 0;
350
351         for (u = unit_infos; u < unit_infos + c; u++) {
352                 if (!output_show_unit(u))
353                         continue;
354
355                 max_id_len = MAX(max_id_len, strlen(u->id));
356                 active_len = MAX(active_len, strlen(u->active_state));
357                 sub_len = MAX(sub_len, strlen(u->sub_state));
358                 if (u->job_id != 0)
359                         job_len = MAX(job_len, strlen(u->job_type));
360         }
361
362         if (!arg_full) {
363                 unsigned basic_len;
364                 id_len = MIN(max_id_len, 25);
365                 basic_len = 5 + id_len + 6 + active_len + sub_len + job_len;
366                 if (basic_len < (unsigned) columns()) {
367                         unsigned extra_len, incr;
368                         extra_len = columns() - basic_len;
369                         /* Either UNIT already got 25, or is fully satisfied.
370                          * Grant up to 25 to DESC now. */
371                         incr = MIN(extra_len, 25);
372                         desc_len += incr;
373                         extra_len -= incr;
374                         /* split the remaining space between UNIT and DESC,
375                          * but do not give UNIT more than it needs. */
376                         if (extra_len > 0) {
377                                 incr = MIN(extra_len / 2, max_id_len - id_len);
378                                 id_len += incr;
379                                 desc_len += extra_len - incr;
380                         }
381                 }
382         } else
383                 id_len = max_id_len;
384
385         if (!arg_no_legend) {
386                 printf("%-*s %-6s %-*s %-*s %-*s ", id_len, "UNIT", "LOAD",
387                        active_len, "ACTIVE", sub_len, "SUB", job_len, "JOB");
388                 if (!arg_full && arg_no_pager)
389                         printf("%.*s\n", desc_len, "DESCRIPTION");
390                 else
391                         printf("%s\n", "DESCRIPTION");
392         }
393
394         for (u = unit_infos; u < unit_infos + c; u++) {
395                 char *e;
396                 const char *on_loaded, *off_loaded;
397                 const char *on_active, *off_active;
398
399                 if (!output_show_unit(u))
400                         continue;
401
402                 n_shown++;
403
404                 if (streq(u->load_state, "error")) {
405                         on_loaded = ansi_highlight_red(true);
406                         off_loaded = ansi_highlight_red(false);
407                 } else
408                         on_loaded = off_loaded = "";
409
410                 if (streq(u->active_state, "failed")) {
411                         on_active = ansi_highlight_red(true);
412                         off_active = ansi_highlight_red(false);
413                 } else
414                         on_active = off_active = "";
415
416                 e = arg_full ? NULL : ellipsize(u->id, id_len, 33);
417
418                 printf("%-*s %s%-6s%s %s%-*s %-*s%s %-*s ",
419                        id_len, e ? e : u->id,
420                        on_loaded, u->load_state, off_loaded,
421                        on_active, active_len, u->active_state,
422                        sub_len, u->sub_state, off_active,
423                        job_len, u->job_id ? u->job_type : "");
424                 if (!arg_full && arg_no_pager)
425                         printf("%.*s\n", desc_len, u->description);
426                 else
427                         printf("%s\n", u->description);
428
429                 free(e);
430         }
431
432         if (!arg_no_legend) {
433                 printf("\nLOAD   = Reflects whether the unit definition was properly loaded.\n"
434                        "ACTIVE = The high-level unit activation state, i.e. generalization of SUB.\n"
435                        "SUB    = The low-level unit activation state, values depend on unit type.\n"
436                        "JOB    = Pending job for the unit.\n");
437
438                 if (arg_all)
439                         printf("\n%u units listed.\n", n_shown);
440                 else
441                         printf("\n%u units listed. Pass --all to see inactive units, too.\n", n_shown);
442         }
443 }
444
445 static int list_units(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
446         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
447         DBusError error;
448         int r;
449         DBusMessageIter iter, sub, sub2;
450         unsigned c = 0, n_units = 0;
451         struct unit_info *unit_infos = NULL;
452
453         dbus_error_init(&error);
454
455         assert(bus);
456
457         pager_open_if_enabled();
458
459         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
460                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
461                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
462                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
463                               "ListUnits"))) {
464                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
465                 return -ENOMEM;
466         }
467
468         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
469                 log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
470                 r = -EIO;
471                 goto finish;
472         }
473
474         if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
475             dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
476             dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT)  {
477                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
478                 r = -EIO;
479                 goto finish;
480         }
481
482         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
483
484         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
485                 struct unit_info *u;
486
487                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
488                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
489                         r = -EIO;
490                         goto finish;
491                 }
492
493                 if (c >= n_units) {
494                         struct unit_info *w;
495
496                         n_units = MAX(2*c, 16);
497                         w = realloc(unit_infos, sizeof(struct unit_info) * n_units);
498
499                         if (!w) {
500                                 log_error("Failed to allocate unit array.");
501                                 r = -ENOMEM;
502                                 goto finish;
503                         }
504
505                         unit_infos = w;
506                 }
507
508                 u = unit_infos+c;
509
510                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
511
512                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->id, true) < 0 ||
513                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->description, true) < 0 ||
514                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->load_state, true) < 0 ||
515                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->active_state, true) < 0 ||
516                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->sub_state, true) < 0 ||
517                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->following, true) < 0 ||
518                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &u->unit_path, true) < 0 ||
519                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &u->job_id, true) < 0 ||
520                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->job_type, true) < 0 ||
521                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &u->job_path, false) < 0) {
522                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
523                         r = -EIO;
524                         goto finish;
525                 }
526
527                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
528                 c++;
529         }
530
531         if (c > 0) {
532                 qsort(unit_infos, c, sizeof(struct unit_info), compare_unit_info);
533                 output_units_list(unit_infos, c);
534         }
535
536         r = 0;
537
538 finish:
539         if (m)
540                 dbus_message_unref(m);
541
542         if (reply)
543                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
544
545         free(unit_infos);
546
547         dbus_error_free(&error);
548
549         return r;
550 }
551
552 static int compare_unit_file_list(const void *a, const void *b) {
553         const char *d1, *d2;
554         const UnitFileList *u = a, *v = b;
555
556         d1 = strrchr(u->path, '.');
557         d2 = strrchr(v->path, '.');
558
559         if (d1 && d2) {
560                 int r;
561
562                 r = strcasecmp(d1, d2);
563                 if (r != 0)
564                         return r;
565         }
566
567         return strcasecmp(path_get_file_name(u->path), path_get_file_name(v->path));
568 }
569
570 static bool output_show_unit_file(const UnitFileList *u) {
571         const char *dot;
572
573         return !arg_type || ((dot = strrchr(u->path, '.')) && streq(dot+1, arg_type));
574 }
575
576 static void output_unit_file_list(const UnitFileList *units, unsigned c) {
577         unsigned max_id_len, id_cols, state_cols, n_shown = 0;
578         const UnitFileList *u;
579
580         max_id_len = sizeof("UNIT FILE")-1;
581         state_cols = sizeof("STATE")-1;
582         for (u = units; u < units + c; u++) {
583                 if (!output_show_unit_file(u))
584                         continue;
585
586                 max_id_len = MAX(max_id_len, strlen(path_get_file_name(u->path)));
587                 state_cols = MAX(state_cols, strlen(unit_file_state_to_string(u->state)));
588         }
589
590         if (!arg_full) {
591                 unsigned basic_cols;
592                 id_cols = MIN(max_id_len, 25);
593                 basic_cols = 1 + id_cols + state_cols;
594                 if (basic_cols < (unsigned) columns())
595                         id_cols += MIN(columns() - basic_cols, max_id_len - id_cols);
596         } else
597                 id_cols = max_id_len;
598
599         if (!arg_no_legend)
600                 printf("%-*s %-*s\n", id_cols, "UNIT FILE", state_cols, "STATE");
601
602         for (u = units; u < units + c; u++) {
603                 char *e;
604                 const char *on, *off;
605                 const char *id;
606
607                 if (!output_show_unit_file(u))
608                         continue;
609
610                 n_shown++;
611
612                 if (u->state == UNIT_FILE_MASKED ||
613                     u->state == UNIT_FILE_MASKED_RUNTIME ||
614                     u->state == UNIT_FILE_DISABLED) {
615                         on  = ansi_highlight_red(true);
616                         off = ansi_highlight_red(false);
617                 } else if (u->state == UNIT_FILE_ENABLED) {
618                         on  = ansi_highlight_green(true);
619                         off = ansi_highlight_green(false);
620                 } else
621                         on = off = "";
622
623                 id = path_get_file_name(u->path);
624
625                 e = arg_full ? NULL : ellipsize(id, id_cols, 33);
626
627                 printf("%-*s %s%-*s%s\n",
628                        id_cols, e ? e : id,
629                        on, state_cols, unit_file_state_to_string(u->state), off);
630
631                 free(e);
632         }
633
634         if (!arg_no_legend)
635                 printf("\n%u unit files listed.\n", n_shown);
636 }
637
638 static int list_unit_files(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
639         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
640         DBusError error;
641         int r;
642         DBusMessageIter iter, sub, sub2;
643         unsigned c = 0, n_units = 0;
644         UnitFileList *units = NULL;
645
646         dbus_error_init(&error);
647
648         pager_open_if_enabled();
649
650         if (avoid_bus()) {
651                 Hashmap *h;
652                 UnitFileList *u;
653                 Iterator i;
654
655                 h = hashmap_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func);
656                 if (!h) {
657                         log_error("Out of memory");
658                         return -ENOMEM;
659                 }
660
661                 r = unit_file_get_list(arg_scope, arg_root, h);
662                 if (r < 0) {
663                         unit_file_list_free(h);
664                         log_error("Failed to get unit file list: %s", strerror(-r));
665                         return r;
666                 }
667
668                 n_units = hashmap_size(h);
669                 units = new(UnitFileList, n_units);
670                 if (!units) {
671                         unit_file_list_free(h);
672                         log_error("Out of memory");
673                         return -ENOMEM;
674                 }
675
676                 HASHMAP_FOREACH(u, h, i) {
677                         memcpy(units + c++, u, sizeof(UnitFileList));
678                         free(u);
679                 }
680
681                 hashmap_free(h);
682         } else {
683                 assert(bus);
684
685                 m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
686                                 "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
687                                 "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
688                                 "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
689                                 "ListUnitFiles");
690                 if (!m) {
691                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
692                         return -ENOMEM;
693                 }
694
695                 reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error);
696                 if (!reply) {
697                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
698                         r = -EIO;
699                         goto finish;
700                 }
701
702                 if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
703                     dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
704                     dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT)  {
705                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
706                         r = -EIO;
707                         goto finish;
708                 }
709
710                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
711
712                 while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
713                         UnitFileList *u;
714                         const char *state;
715
716                         if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
717                                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
718                                 r = -EIO;
719                                 goto finish;
720                         }
721
722                         if (c >= n_units) {
723                                 UnitFileList *w;
724
725                                 n_units = MAX(2*c, 16);
726                                 w = realloc(units, sizeof(struct UnitFileList) * n_units);
727
728                                 if (!w) {
729                                         log_error("Failed to allocate unit array.");
730                                         r = -ENOMEM;
731                                         goto finish;
732                                 }
733
734                                 units = w;
735                         }
736
737                         u = units+c;
738
739                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
740
741                         if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &u->path, true) < 0 ||
742                             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &state, false) < 0) {
743                                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
744                                 r = -EIO;
745                                 goto finish;
746                         }
747
748                         u->state = unit_file_state_from_string(state);
749
750                         dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
751                         c++;
752                 }
753         }
754
755         if (c > 0) {
756                 qsort(units, c, sizeof(UnitFileList), compare_unit_file_list);
757                 output_unit_file_list(units, c);
758         }
759
760         r = 0;
761
762 finish:
763         if (m)
764                 dbus_message_unref(m);
765
766         if (reply)
767                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
768
769         free(units);
770
771         dbus_error_free(&error);
772
773         return r;
774 }
775
776 static int dot_one_property(const char *name, const char *prop, DBusMessageIter *iter) {
777         static const char * const colors[] = {
778                 "Requires",              "[color=\"black\"]",
779                 "RequiresOverridable",   "[color=\"black\"]",
780                 "Requisite",             "[color=\"darkblue\"]",
781                 "RequisiteOverridable",  "[color=\"darkblue\"]",
782                 "Wants",                 "[color=\"darkgrey\"]",
783                 "Conflicts",             "[color=\"red\"]",
784                 "ConflictedBy",          "[color=\"red\"]",
785                 "After",                 "[color=\"green\"]"
786         };
787
788         const char *c = NULL;
789         unsigned i;
790
791         assert(name);
792         assert(prop);
793         assert(iter);
794
795         for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(colors); i += 2)
796                 if (streq(colors[i], prop)) {
797                         c = colors[i+1];
798                         break;
799                 }
800
801         if (!c)
802                 return 0;
803
804         if (arg_dot != DOT_ALL)
805                 if ((arg_dot == DOT_ORDER) != streq(prop, "After"))
806                         return 0;
807
808         switch (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(iter)) {
809
810         case DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY:
811
812                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRING) {
813                         DBusMessageIter sub;
814
815                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
816
817                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
818                                 const char *s;
819
820                                 assert(dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRING);
821                                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(&sub, &s);
822                                 printf("\t\"%s\"->\"%s\" %s;\n", name, s, c);
823
824                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
825                         }
826
827                         return 0;
828                 }
829         }
830
831         return 0;
832 }
833
834 static int dot_one(DBusConnection *bus, const char *name, const char *path) {
835         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
836         const char *interface = "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit";
837         int r;
838         DBusError error;
839         DBusMessageIter iter, sub, sub2, sub3;
840
841         assert(bus);
842         assert(path);
843
844         dbus_error_init(&error);
845
846         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
847                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
848                               path,
849                               "org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties",
850                               "GetAll"))) {
851                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
852                 r = -ENOMEM;
853                 goto finish;
854         }
855
856         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
857                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &interface,
858                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
859                 log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
860                 r = -ENOMEM;
861                 goto finish;
862         }
863
864         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
865                 log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
866                 r = -EIO;
867                 goto finish;
868         }
869
870         if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
871             dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
872             dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY)  {
873                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
874                 r = -EIO;
875                 goto finish;
876         }
877
878         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
879
880         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
881                 const char *prop;
882
883                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY) {
884                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
885                         r = -EIO;
886                         goto finish;
887                 }
888
889                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
890
891                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &prop, true) < 0) {
892                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
893                         r = -EIO;
894                         goto finish;
895                 }
896
897                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub2) != DBUS_TYPE_VARIANT)  {
898                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
899                         r = -EIO;
900                         goto finish;
901                 }
902
903                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub2, &sub3);
904
905                 if (dot_one_property(name, prop, &sub3)) {
906                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
907                         r = -EIO;
908                         goto finish;
909                 }
910
911                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
912         }
913
914         r = 0;
915
916 finish:
917         if (m)
918                 dbus_message_unref(m);
919
920         if (reply)
921                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
922
923         dbus_error_free(&error);
924
925         return r;
926 }
927
928 static int dot(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
929         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
930         DBusError error;
931         int r;
932         DBusMessageIter iter, sub, sub2;
933
934         dbus_error_init(&error);
935
936         assert(bus);
937
938         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
939                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
940                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
941                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
942                               "ListUnits"))) {
943                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
944                 return -ENOMEM;
945         }
946
947         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
948                 log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
949                 r = -EIO;
950                 goto finish;
951         }
952
953         if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
954             dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
955             dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT)  {
956                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
957                 r = -EIO;
958                 goto finish;
959         }
960
961         printf("digraph systemd {\n");
962
963         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
964         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
965                 const char *id, *description, *load_state, *active_state, *sub_state, *following, *unit_path;
966
967                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
968                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
969                         r = -EIO;
970                         goto finish;
971                 }
972
973                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
974
975                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &id, true) < 0 ||
976                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &description, true) < 0 ||
977                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &load_state, true) < 0 ||
978                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &active_state, true) < 0 ||
979                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &sub_state, true) < 0 ||
980                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &following, true) < 0 ||
981                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &unit_path, true) < 0) {
982                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
983                         r = -EIO;
984                         goto finish;
985                 }
986
987                 if ((r = dot_one(bus, id, unit_path)) < 0)
988                         goto finish;
989
990                 /* printf("\t\"%s\";\n", id); */
991                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
992         }
993
994         printf("}\n");
995
996         log_info("   Color legend: black     = Requires\n"
997                  "                 dark blue = Requisite\n"
998                  "                 dark grey = Wants\n"
999                  "                 red       = Conflicts\n"
1000                  "                 green     = After\n");
1001
1002         if (on_tty())
1003                 log_notice("-- You probably want to process this output with graphviz' dot tool.\n"
1004                            "-- Try a shell pipeline like 'systemctl dot | dot -Tsvg > systemd.svg'!\n");
1005
1006         r = 0;
1007
1008 finish:
1009         if (m)
1010                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1011
1012         if (reply)
1013                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1014
1015         dbus_error_free(&error);
1016
1017         return r;
1018 }
1019
1020 static int list_jobs(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1021         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
1022         DBusError error;
1023         int r;
1024         DBusMessageIter iter, sub, sub2;
1025         unsigned k = 0;
1026
1027         dbus_error_init(&error);
1028
1029         assert(bus);
1030
1031         pager_open_if_enabled();
1032
1033         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1034                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1035                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
1036                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
1037                               "ListJobs"))) {
1038                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1039                 return -ENOMEM;
1040         }
1041
1042         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
1043                 log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1044                 r = -EIO;
1045                 goto finish;
1046         }
1047
1048         if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
1049             dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
1050             dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT)  {
1051                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
1052                 r = -EIO;
1053                 goto finish;
1054         }
1055
1056         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
1057
1058         if (on_tty())
1059                 printf("%4s %-25s %-15s %-7s\n", "JOB", "UNIT", "TYPE", "STATE");
1060
1061         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
1062                 const char *name, *type, *state, *job_path, *unit_path;
1063                 uint32_t id;
1064                 char *e;
1065
1066                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
1067                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
1068                         r = -EIO;
1069                         goto finish;
1070                 }
1071
1072                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
1073
1074                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &id, true) < 0 ||
1075                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &name, true) < 0 ||
1076                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &type, true) < 0 ||
1077                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &state, true) < 0 ||
1078                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &job_path, true) < 0 ||
1079                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &unit_path, false) < 0) {
1080                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
1081                         r = -EIO;
1082                         goto finish;
1083                 }
1084
1085                 e = arg_full ? NULL : ellipsize(name, 25, 33);
1086                 printf("%4u %-25s %-15s %-7s\n", id, e ? e : name, type, state);
1087                 free(e);
1088
1089                 k++;
1090
1091                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
1092         }
1093
1094         if (on_tty())
1095                 printf("\n%u jobs listed.\n", k);
1096
1097         r = 0;
1098
1099 finish:
1100         if (m)
1101                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1102
1103         if (reply)
1104                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1105
1106         dbus_error_free(&error);
1107
1108         return r;
1109 }
1110
1111 static int load_unit(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1112         DBusMessage *m = NULL;
1113         DBusError error;
1114         int r;
1115         char **name;
1116
1117         dbus_error_init(&error);
1118
1119         assert(bus);
1120         assert(args);
1121
1122         STRV_FOREACH(name, args+1) {
1123                 DBusMessage *reply;
1124
1125                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1126                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1127                                       "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
1128                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
1129                                       "LoadUnit"))) {
1130                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1131                         r = -ENOMEM;
1132                         goto finish;
1133                 }
1134
1135                 if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1136                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, name,
1137                                               DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1138                         log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
1139                         r = -ENOMEM;
1140                         goto finish;
1141                 }
1142
1143                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
1144                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1145                         r = -EIO;
1146                         goto finish;
1147                 }
1148
1149                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1150                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1151
1152                 m = reply = NULL;
1153         }
1154
1155         r = 0;
1156
1157 finish:
1158         if (m)
1159                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1160
1161         dbus_error_free(&error);
1162
1163         return r;
1164 }
1165
1166 static int cancel_job(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1167         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
1168         DBusError error;
1169         int r;
1170         char **name;
1171
1172         dbus_error_init(&error);
1173
1174         assert(bus);
1175         assert(args);
1176
1177         if (strv_length(args) <= 1)
1178                 return daemon_reload(bus, args);
1179
1180         STRV_FOREACH(name, args+1) {
1181                 unsigned id;
1182                 const char *path;
1183
1184                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1185                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1186                                       "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
1187                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
1188                                       "GetJob"))) {
1189                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1190                         r = -ENOMEM;
1191                         goto finish;
1192                 }
1193
1194                 if ((r = safe_atou(*name, &id)) < 0) {
1195                         log_error("Failed to parse job id: %s", strerror(-r));
1196                         goto finish;
1197                 }
1198
1199                 assert_cc(sizeof(uint32_t) == sizeof(id));
1200                 if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1201                                               DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &id,
1202                                               DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1203                         log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
1204                         r = -ENOMEM;
1205                         goto finish;
1206                 }
1207
1208                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
1209                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1210                         r = -EIO;
1211                         goto finish;
1212                 }
1213
1214                 if (!dbus_message_get_args(reply, &error,
1215                                            DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1216                                            DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1217                         log_error("Failed to parse reply: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1218                         r = -EIO;
1219                         goto finish;
1220                 }
1221
1222                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1223                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1224                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1225                                       path,
1226                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Job",
1227                                       "Cancel"))) {
1228                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1229                         r = -ENOMEM;
1230                         goto finish;
1231                 }
1232
1233                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1234                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
1235                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1236                         r = -EIO;
1237                         goto finish;
1238                 }
1239
1240                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1241                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1242                 m = reply = NULL;
1243         }
1244
1245         r = 0;
1246
1247 finish:
1248         if (m)
1249                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1250
1251         if (reply)
1252                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1253
1254         dbus_error_free(&error);
1255
1256         return r;
1257 }
1258
1259 static bool need_daemon_reload(DBusConnection *bus, const char *unit) {
1260         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
1261         dbus_bool_t b = FALSE;
1262         DBusMessageIter iter, sub;
1263         const char
1264                 *interface = "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit",
1265                 *property = "NeedDaemonReload",
1266                 *path;
1267
1268         /* We ignore all errors here, since this is used to show a warning only */
1269
1270         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1271                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1272                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
1273                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
1274                               "GetUnit")))
1275                 goto finish;
1276
1277         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1278                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &unit,
1279                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID))
1280                 goto finish;
1281
1282         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, NULL)))
1283                 goto finish;
1284
1285         if (!dbus_message_get_args(reply, NULL,
1286                                    DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1287                                    DBUS_TYPE_INVALID))
1288                 goto finish;
1289
1290         dbus_message_unref(m);
1291         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1292                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1293                               path,
1294                               "org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties",
1295                               "Get")))
1296                 goto finish;
1297
1298         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1299                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &interface,
1300                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &property,
1301                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1302                 goto finish;
1303         }
1304
1305         dbus_message_unref(reply);
1306         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, NULL)))
1307                 goto finish;
1308
1309         if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
1310             dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_VARIANT)
1311                 goto finish;
1312
1313         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
1314
1315         if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN)
1316                 goto finish;
1317
1318         dbus_message_iter_get_basic(&sub, &b);
1319
1320 finish:
1321         if (m)
1322                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1323
1324         if (reply)
1325                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1326
1327         return b;
1328 }
1329
1330 typedef struct WaitData {
1331         Set *set;
1332         char *result;
1333 } WaitData;
1334
1335 static DBusHandlerResult wait_filter(DBusConnection *connection, DBusMessage *message, void *data) {
1336         DBusError error;
1337         WaitData *d = data;
1338
1339         assert(connection);
1340         assert(message);
1341         assert(d);
1342
1343         dbus_error_init(&error);
1344
1345         log_debug("Got D-Bus request: %s.%s() on %s",
1346                   dbus_message_get_interface(message),
1347                   dbus_message_get_member(message),
1348                   dbus_message_get_path(message));
1349
1350         if (dbus_message_is_signal(message, DBUS_INTERFACE_LOCAL, "Disconnected")) {
1351                 log_error("Warning! D-Bus connection terminated.");
1352                 dbus_connection_close(connection);
1353
1354         } else if (dbus_message_is_signal(message, "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager", "JobRemoved")) {
1355                 uint32_t id;
1356                 const char *path, *result, *unit;
1357                 dbus_bool_t success = true;
1358
1359                 if (dbus_message_get_args(message, &error,
1360                                           DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &id,
1361                                           DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1362                                           DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &unit,
1363                                           DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &result,
1364                                           DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1365                         char *p;
1366
1367                         p = set_remove(d->set, (char*) path);
1368                         free(p);
1369
1370                         if (*result)
1371                                 d->result = strdup(result);
1372
1373                         goto finish;
1374                 }
1375 #ifndef LEGACY
1376                 dbus_error_free(&error);
1377                 if (dbus_message_get_args(message, &error,
1378                                           DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &id,
1379                                           DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1380                                           DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &result,
1381                                           DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1382                         char *p;
1383
1384                         /* Compatibility with older systemd versions <
1385                          * 183 during upgrades. This should be dropped
1386                          * one day. */
1387                         p = set_remove(d->set, (char*) path);
1388                         free(p);
1389
1390                         if (*result)
1391                                 d->result = strdup(result);
1392
1393                         goto finish;
1394                 }
1395
1396                 dbus_error_free(&error);
1397                 if (dbus_message_get_args(message, &error,
1398                                           DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &id,
1399                                           DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1400                                           DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN, &success,
1401                                           DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1402                         char *p;
1403
1404                         /* Compatibility with older systemd versions <
1405                          * 19 during upgrades. This should be dropped
1406                          * one day */
1407
1408                         p = set_remove(d->set, (char*) path);
1409                         free(p);
1410
1411                         if (!success)
1412                                 d->result = strdup("failed");
1413
1414                         goto finish;
1415                 }
1416 #endif
1417
1418                 log_error("Failed to parse message: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1419         }
1420
1421 finish:
1422         dbus_error_free(&error);
1423         return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED;
1424 }
1425
1426 static int enable_wait_for_jobs(DBusConnection *bus) {
1427         DBusError error;
1428
1429         assert(bus);
1430
1431         if (private_bus)
1432                 return 0;
1433
1434         dbus_error_init(&error);
1435         dbus_bus_add_match(bus,
1436                            "type='signal',"
1437                            "sender='org.freedesktop.systemd1',"
1438                            "interface='org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager',"
1439                            "member='JobRemoved',"
1440                            "path='/org/freedesktop/systemd1'",
1441                            &error);
1442
1443         if (dbus_error_is_set(&error)) {
1444                 log_error("Failed to add match: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1445                 dbus_error_free(&error);
1446                 return -EIO;
1447         }
1448
1449         /* This is slightly dirty, since we don't undo the match registrations. */
1450         return 0;
1451 }
1452
1453 static int wait_for_jobs(DBusConnection *bus, Set *s) {
1454         int r;
1455         WaitData d;
1456
1457         assert(bus);
1458         assert(s);
1459
1460         zero(d);
1461         d.set = s;
1462
1463         if (!dbus_connection_add_filter(bus, wait_filter, &d, NULL)) {
1464                 log_error("Failed to add filter.");
1465                 r = -ENOMEM;
1466                 goto finish;
1467         }
1468
1469         while (!set_isempty(s) &&
1470                dbus_connection_read_write_dispatch(bus, -1))
1471                 ;
1472
1473         if (!arg_quiet && d.result) {
1474                 if (streq(d.result, "timeout"))
1475                         log_error("Job timed out.");
1476                 else if (streq(d.result, "canceled"))
1477                         log_error("Job canceled.");
1478                 else if (streq(d.result, "dependency"))
1479                         log_error("A dependency job failed. See system journal for details.");
1480                 else if (!streq(d.result, "done") && !streq(d.result, "skipped"))
1481                         log_error("Job failed. See system journal and 'systemctl status' for details.");
1482         }
1483
1484         if (streq_ptr(d.result, "timeout"))
1485                 r = -ETIME;
1486         else if (streq_ptr(d.result, "canceled"))
1487                 r = -ECANCELED;
1488         else if (!streq_ptr(d.result, "done") && !streq_ptr(d.result, "skipped"))
1489                 r = -EIO;
1490         else
1491                 r = 0;
1492
1493         free(d.result);
1494
1495 finish:
1496         /* This is slightly dirty, since we don't undo the filter registration. */
1497
1498         return r;
1499 }
1500
1501 static int start_unit_one(
1502                 DBusConnection *bus,
1503                 const char *method,
1504                 const char *name,
1505                 const char *mode,
1506                 DBusError *error,
1507                 Set *s) {
1508
1509         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
1510         const char *path;
1511         int r;
1512
1513         assert(bus);
1514         assert(method);
1515         assert(name);
1516         assert(mode);
1517         assert(error);
1518         assert(arg_no_block || s);
1519
1520         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1521                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1522                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
1523                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
1524                               method))) {
1525                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1526                 r = -ENOMEM;
1527                 goto finish;
1528         }
1529
1530         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1531                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &name,
1532                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &mode,
1533                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1534                 log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
1535                 r = -ENOMEM;
1536                 goto finish;
1537         }
1538
1539         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, error))) {
1540
1541                 if (arg_action != ACTION_SYSTEMCTL && error_is_no_service(error)) {
1542                         /* There's always a fallback possible for
1543                          * legacy actions. */
1544                         r = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1545                         goto finish;
1546                 }
1547
1548                 log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(error));
1549                 r = -EIO;
1550                 goto finish;
1551         }
1552
1553         if (!dbus_message_get_args(reply, error,
1554                                    DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1555                                    DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1556                 log_error("Failed to parse reply: %s", bus_error_message(error));
1557                 r = -EIO;
1558                 goto finish;
1559         }
1560
1561         if (need_daemon_reload(bus, name))
1562                 log_warning("Warning: Unit file of created job changed on disk, 'systemctl %s daemon-reload' recommended.",
1563                             arg_scope == UNIT_FILE_SYSTEM ? "--system" : "--user");
1564
1565         if (!arg_no_block) {
1566                 char *p;
1567
1568                 if (!(p = strdup(path))) {
1569                         log_error("Failed to duplicate path.");
1570                         r = -ENOMEM;
1571                         goto finish;
1572                 }
1573
1574                 if ((r = set_put(s, p)) < 0) {
1575                         free(p);
1576                         log_error("Failed to add path to set.");
1577                         goto finish;
1578                 }
1579         }
1580
1581         r = 0;
1582
1583 finish:
1584         if (m)
1585                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1586
1587         if (reply)
1588                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1589
1590         return r;
1591 }
1592
1593 static enum action verb_to_action(const char *verb) {
1594         if (streq(verb, "halt"))
1595                 return ACTION_HALT;
1596         else if (streq(verb, "poweroff"))
1597                 return ACTION_POWEROFF;
1598         else if (streq(verb, "reboot"))
1599                 return ACTION_REBOOT;
1600         else if (streq(verb, "kexec"))
1601                 return ACTION_KEXEC;
1602         else if (streq(verb, "rescue"))
1603                 return ACTION_RESCUE;
1604         else if (streq(verb, "emergency"))
1605                 return ACTION_EMERGENCY;
1606         else if (streq(verb, "default"))
1607                 return ACTION_DEFAULT;
1608         else if (streq(verb, "exit"))
1609                 return ACTION_EXIT;
1610         else if (streq(verb, "suspend"))
1611                 return ACTION_SUSPEND;
1612         else if (streq(verb, "hibernate"))
1613                 return ACTION_HIBERNATE;
1614         else
1615                 return ACTION_INVALID;
1616 }
1617
1618 static int start_unit(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1619
1620         static const char * const table[_ACTION_MAX] = {
1621                 [ACTION_HALT] = SPECIAL_HALT_TARGET,
1622                 [ACTION_POWEROFF] = SPECIAL_POWEROFF_TARGET,
1623                 [ACTION_REBOOT] = SPECIAL_REBOOT_TARGET,
1624                 [ACTION_KEXEC] = SPECIAL_KEXEC_TARGET,
1625                 [ACTION_RUNLEVEL2] = SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL2_TARGET,
1626                 [ACTION_RUNLEVEL3] = SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL3_TARGET,
1627                 [ACTION_RUNLEVEL4] = SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL4_TARGET,
1628                 [ACTION_RUNLEVEL5] = SPECIAL_RUNLEVEL5_TARGET,
1629                 [ACTION_RESCUE] = SPECIAL_RESCUE_TARGET,
1630                 [ACTION_EMERGENCY] = SPECIAL_EMERGENCY_TARGET,
1631                 [ACTION_DEFAULT] = SPECIAL_DEFAULT_TARGET,
1632                 [ACTION_EXIT] = SPECIAL_EXIT_TARGET,
1633                 [ACTION_SUSPEND] = SPECIAL_SUSPEND_TARGET,
1634                 [ACTION_HIBERNATE] = SPECIAL_HIBERNATE_TARGET
1635         };
1636
1637         int r, ret = 0;
1638         const char *method, *mode, *one_name;
1639         Set *s = NULL;
1640         DBusError error;
1641         char **name;
1642
1643         dbus_error_init(&error);
1644
1645         assert(bus);
1646
1647         ask_password_agent_open_if_enabled();
1648
1649         if (arg_action == ACTION_SYSTEMCTL) {
1650                 method =
1651                         streq(args[0], "stop") ||
1652                         streq(args[0], "condstop")              ? "StopUnit" :
1653                         streq(args[0], "reload")                ? "ReloadUnit" :
1654                         streq(args[0], "restart")               ? "RestartUnit" :
1655
1656                         streq(args[0], "try-restart")           ||
1657                         streq(args[0], "condrestart")           ? "TryRestartUnit" :
1658
1659                         streq(args[0], "reload-or-restart")     ? "ReloadOrRestartUnit" :
1660
1661                         streq(args[0], "reload-or-try-restart") ||
1662                         streq(args[0], "condreload") ||
1663
1664                         streq(args[0], "force-reload")          ? "ReloadOrTryRestartUnit" :
1665                                                                   "StartUnit";
1666
1667                 mode =
1668                         (streq(args[0], "isolate") ||
1669                          streq(args[0], "rescue")  ||
1670                          streq(args[0], "emergency")) ? "isolate" : arg_job_mode;
1671
1672                 one_name = table[verb_to_action(args[0])];
1673
1674         } else {
1675                 assert(arg_action < ELEMENTSOF(table));
1676                 assert(table[arg_action]);
1677
1678                 method = "StartUnit";
1679
1680                 mode = (arg_action == ACTION_EMERGENCY ||
1681                         arg_action == ACTION_RESCUE ||
1682                         arg_action == ACTION_RUNLEVEL2 ||
1683                         arg_action == ACTION_RUNLEVEL3 ||
1684                         arg_action == ACTION_RUNLEVEL4 ||
1685                         arg_action == ACTION_RUNLEVEL5) ? "isolate" : "replace";
1686
1687                 one_name = table[arg_action];
1688         }
1689
1690         if (!arg_no_block) {
1691                 if ((ret = enable_wait_for_jobs(bus)) < 0) {
1692                         log_error("Could not watch jobs: %s", strerror(-ret));
1693                         goto finish;
1694                 }
1695
1696                 if (!(s = set_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func))) {
1697                         log_error("Failed to allocate set.");
1698                         ret = -ENOMEM;
1699                         goto finish;
1700                 }
1701         }
1702
1703         if (one_name) {
1704                 if ((ret = start_unit_one(bus, method, one_name, mode, &error, s)) <= 0)
1705                         goto finish;
1706         } else {
1707                 STRV_FOREACH(name, args+1)
1708                         if ((r = start_unit_one(bus, method, *name, mode, &error, s)) != 0) {
1709                                 ret = translate_bus_error_to_exit_status(r, &error);
1710                                 dbus_error_free(&error);
1711                         }
1712         }
1713
1714         if (!arg_no_block)
1715                 if ((r = wait_for_jobs(bus, s)) < 0) {
1716                         ret = r;
1717                         goto finish;
1718                 }
1719
1720 finish:
1721         if (s)
1722                 set_free_free(s);
1723
1724         dbus_error_free(&error);
1725
1726         return ret;
1727 }
1728
1729 /* Ask systemd-logind, which might grant access to unprivileged users
1730  * through PolicyKit */
1731 static int reboot_with_logind(DBusConnection *bus, enum action a) {
1732 #ifdef HAVE_LOGIND
1733         const char *method;
1734         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
1735         DBusError error;
1736         dbus_bool_t interactive = true;
1737         int r;
1738
1739         dbus_error_init(&error);
1740
1741         polkit_agent_open_if_enabled();
1742
1743         switch (a) {
1744
1745         case ACTION_REBOOT:
1746                 method = "Reboot";
1747                 break;
1748
1749         case ACTION_POWEROFF:
1750                 method = "PowerOff";
1751                 break;
1752
1753         case ACTION_SUSPEND:
1754                 method = "Suspend";
1755                 break;
1756
1757         case ACTION_HIBERNATE:
1758                 method = "Hibernate";
1759                 break;
1760
1761         default:
1762                 return -EINVAL;
1763         }
1764
1765         m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1766                                 "org.freedesktop.login1",
1767                                 "/org/freedesktop/login1",
1768                                 "org.freedesktop.login1.Manager",
1769                                 method);
1770         if (!m) {
1771                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1772                 r = -ENOMEM;
1773                 goto finish;
1774         }
1775
1776         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1777                                       DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN, &interactive,
1778                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1779                 log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
1780                 r = -ENOMEM;
1781                 goto finish;
1782         }
1783
1784         reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error);
1785         if (!reply) {
1786                 if (error_is_no_service(&error)) {
1787                         log_debug("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1788                         r = -ENOENT;
1789                         goto finish;
1790                 }
1791
1792                 if (dbus_error_has_name(&error, DBUS_ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED)) {
1793                         log_debug("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1794                         r = -EACCES;
1795                         goto finish;
1796                 }
1797
1798                 log_info("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1799                 r = -EIO;
1800                 goto finish;
1801         }
1802
1803         r = 0;
1804
1805 finish:
1806         if (m)
1807                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1808
1809         if (reply)
1810                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1811
1812         dbus_error_free(&error);
1813
1814         return r;
1815 #else
1816         return -ENOSYS;
1817 #endif
1818 }
1819
1820 static int start_special(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1821         enum action a;
1822         int r;
1823
1824         assert(args);
1825
1826         a = verb_to_action(args[0]);
1827
1828         if (arg_force >= 2 && geteuid() != 0) {
1829                 log_error("Must be root.");
1830                 return -EPERM;
1831         }
1832
1833         if (arg_force >= 2 &&
1834             (a == ACTION_HALT ||
1835              a == ACTION_POWEROFF ||
1836              a == ACTION_REBOOT))
1837                 halt_now(a);
1838
1839         if (arg_force >= 1 &&
1840             (a == ACTION_HALT ||
1841              a == ACTION_POWEROFF ||
1842              a == ACTION_REBOOT ||
1843              a == ACTION_KEXEC ||
1844              a == ACTION_EXIT))
1845                 return daemon_reload(bus, args);
1846
1847         /* first try logind, to allow authentication with polkit */
1848         if (geteuid() != 0 &&
1849             (a == ACTION_POWEROFF ||
1850              a == ACTION_REBOOT ||
1851              a == ACTION_SUSPEND ||
1852              a == ACTION_HIBERNATE)) {
1853                 r = reboot_with_logind(bus, a);
1854                 if (r >= 0)
1855                         return r;
1856         }
1857
1858         r = start_unit(bus, args);
1859         if (r >= 0)
1860                 warn_wall(a);
1861
1862         return r;
1863 }
1864
1865 static int check_unit(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1866         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
1867         const char
1868                 *interface = "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Unit",
1869                 *property = "ActiveState";
1870         int r = 3; /* According to LSB: "program is not running" */
1871         DBusError error;
1872         char **name;
1873
1874         assert(bus);
1875         assert(args);
1876
1877         dbus_error_init(&error);
1878
1879         STRV_FOREACH(name, args+1) {
1880                 const char *path = NULL;
1881                 const char *state;
1882                 DBusMessageIter iter, sub;
1883
1884                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1885                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1886                                       "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
1887                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
1888                                       "GetUnit"))) {
1889                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1890                         r = -ENOMEM;
1891                         goto finish;
1892                 }
1893
1894                 if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1895                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, name,
1896                                               DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1897                         log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
1898                         r = -ENOMEM;
1899                         goto finish;
1900                 }
1901
1902                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
1903
1904                         /* Hmm, cannot figure out anything about this unit... */
1905                         if (!arg_quiet)
1906                                 puts("unknown");
1907
1908                         dbus_error_free(&error);
1909                         dbus_message_unref(m);
1910                         m = NULL;
1911                         continue;
1912                 }
1913
1914                 if (!dbus_message_get_args(reply, &error,
1915                                            DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &path,
1916                                            DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1917                         log_error("Failed to parse reply: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1918                         r = -EIO;
1919                         goto finish;
1920                 }
1921
1922                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1923                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
1924                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
1925                                       path,
1926                                       "org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties",
1927                                       "Get"))) {
1928                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
1929                         r = -ENOMEM;
1930                         goto finish;
1931                 }
1932
1933                 if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
1934                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &interface,
1935                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &property,
1936                                               DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
1937                         log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
1938                         r = -ENOMEM;
1939                         goto finish;
1940                 }
1941
1942                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1943                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
1944                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
1945                         r = -EIO;
1946                         goto finish;
1947                 }
1948
1949                 if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
1950                     dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_VARIANT)  {
1951                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
1952                         r = -EIO;
1953                         goto finish;
1954                 }
1955
1956                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
1957
1958                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_STRING)  {
1959                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
1960                         r = -EIO;
1961                         goto finish;
1962                 }
1963
1964                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(&sub, &state);
1965
1966                 if (!arg_quiet)
1967                         puts(state);
1968
1969                 if (streq(state, "active") || streq(state, "reloading"))
1970                         r = 0;
1971
1972                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1973                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1974                 m = reply = NULL;
1975         }
1976
1977 finish:
1978         if (m)
1979                 dbus_message_unref(m);
1980
1981         if (reply)
1982                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
1983
1984         dbus_error_free(&error);
1985
1986         return r;
1987 }
1988
1989 static int kill_unit(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
1990         DBusMessage *m = NULL;
1991         int r = 0;
1992         DBusError error;
1993         char **name;
1994
1995         assert(bus);
1996         assert(args);
1997
1998         dbus_error_init(&error);
1999
2000         if (!arg_kill_who)
2001                 arg_kill_who = "all";
2002
2003         if (!arg_kill_mode)
2004                 arg_kill_mode = streq(arg_kill_who, "all") ? "control-group" : "process";
2005
2006         STRV_FOREACH(name, args+1) {
2007                 DBusMessage *reply;
2008
2009                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
2010                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
2011                                       "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
2012                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
2013                                       "KillUnit"))) {
2014                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
2015                         r = -ENOMEM;
2016                         goto finish;
2017                 }
2018
2019                 if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
2020                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, name,
2021                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &arg_kill_who,
2022                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &arg_kill_mode,
2023                                               DBUS_TYPE_INT32, &arg_signal,
2024                                               DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
2025                         log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
2026                         r = -ENOMEM;
2027                         goto finish;
2028                 }
2029
2030                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
2031                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
2032                         dbus_error_free(&error);
2033                         r = -EIO;
2034                 }
2035
2036                 dbus_message_unref(m);
2037
2038                 if (reply)
2039                         dbus_message_unref(reply);
2040                 m = reply = NULL;
2041         }
2042
2043 finish:
2044         if (m)
2045                 dbus_message_unref(m);
2046
2047         dbus_error_free(&error);
2048
2049         return r;
2050 }
2051
2052 typedef struct ExecStatusInfo {
2053         char *name;
2054
2055         char *path;
2056         char **argv;
2057
2058         bool ignore;
2059
2060         usec_t start_timestamp;
2061         usec_t exit_timestamp;
2062         pid_t pid;
2063         int code;
2064         int status;
2065
2066         LIST_FIELDS(struct ExecStatusInfo, exec);
2067 } ExecStatusInfo;
2068
2069 static void exec_status_info_free(ExecStatusInfo *i) {
2070         assert(i);
2071
2072         free(i->name);
2073         free(i->path);
2074         strv_free(i->argv);
2075         free(i);
2076 }
2077
2078 static int exec_status_info_deserialize(DBusMessageIter *sub, ExecStatusInfo *i) {
2079         uint64_t start_timestamp, exit_timestamp, start_timestamp_monotonic, exit_timestamp_monotonic;
2080         DBusMessageIter sub2, sub3;
2081         const char*path;
2082         unsigned n;
2083         uint32_t pid;
2084         int32_t code, status;
2085         dbus_bool_t ignore;
2086
2087         assert(i);
2088         assert(i);
2089
2090         if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(sub) != DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT)
2091                 return -EIO;
2092
2093         dbus_message_iter_recurse(sub, &sub2);
2094
2095         if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &path, true) < 0)
2096                 return -EIO;
2097
2098         if (!(i->path = strdup(path)))
2099                 return -ENOMEM;
2100
2101         if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub2) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
2102             dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&sub2) != DBUS_TYPE_STRING)
2103                 return -EIO;
2104
2105         n = 0;
2106         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub2, &sub3);
2107         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub3) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
2108                 assert(dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub3) == DBUS_TYPE_STRING);
2109                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub3);
2110                 n++;
2111         }
2112
2113
2114         if (!(i->argv = new0(char*, n+1)))
2115                 return -ENOMEM;
2116
2117         n = 0;
2118         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub2, &sub3);
2119         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub3) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
2120                 const char *s;
2121
2122                 assert(dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub3) == DBUS_TYPE_STRING);
2123                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(&sub3, &s);
2124                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub3);
2125
2126                 if (!(i->argv[n++] = strdup(s)))
2127                         return -ENOMEM;
2128         }
2129
2130         if (!dbus_message_iter_next(&sub2) ||
2131             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN, &ignore, true) < 0 ||
2132             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &start_timestamp, true) < 0 ||
2133             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &start_timestamp_monotonic, true) < 0 ||
2134             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &exit_timestamp, true) < 0 ||
2135             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &exit_timestamp_monotonic, true) < 0 ||
2136             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &pid, true) < 0 ||
2137             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_INT32, &code, true) < 0 ||
2138             bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_INT32, &status, false) < 0)
2139                 return -EIO;
2140
2141         i->ignore = ignore;
2142         i->start_timestamp = (usec_t) start_timestamp;
2143         i->exit_timestamp = (usec_t) exit_timestamp;
2144         i->pid = (pid_t) pid;
2145         i->code = code;
2146         i->status = status;
2147
2148         return 0;
2149 }
2150
2151 typedef struct UnitStatusInfo {
2152         const char *id;
2153         const char *load_state;
2154         const char *active_state;
2155         const char *sub_state;
2156         const char *unit_file_state;
2157
2158         const char *description;
2159         const char *following;
2160
2161         const char *path;
2162         const char *default_control_group;
2163
2164         const char *load_error;
2165         const char *result;
2166
2167         usec_t inactive_exit_timestamp;
2168         usec_t inactive_exit_timestamp_monotonic;
2169         usec_t active_enter_timestamp;
2170         usec_t active_exit_timestamp;
2171         usec_t inactive_enter_timestamp;
2172
2173         bool need_daemon_reload;
2174
2175         /* Service */
2176         pid_t main_pid;
2177         pid_t control_pid;
2178         const char *status_text;
2179         bool running:1;
2180 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
2181         bool is_sysv:1;
2182 #endif
2183
2184         usec_t start_timestamp;
2185         usec_t exit_timestamp;
2186
2187         int exit_code, exit_status;
2188
2189         usec_t condition_timestamp;
2190         bool condition_result;
2191
2192         /* Socket */
2193         unsigned n_accepted;
2194         unsigned n_connections;
2195         bool accept;
2196
2197         /* Device */
2198         const char *sysfs_path;
2199
2200         /* Mount, Automount */
2201         const char *where;
2202
2203         /* Swap */
2204         const char *what;
2205
2206         LIST_HEAD(ExecStatusInfo, exec);
2207 } UnitStatusInfo;
2208
2209 static void print_status_info(UnitStatusInfo *i) {
2210         ExecStatusInfo *p;
2211         const char *on, *off, *ss;
2212         usec_t timestamp;
2213         char since1[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_PRETTY_MAX], *s1;
2214         char since2[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX], *s2;
2215
2216         assert(i);
2217
2218         /* This shows pretty information about a unit. See
2219          * print_property() for a low-level property printer */
2220
2221         printf("%s", strna(i->id));
2222
2223         if (i->description && !streq_ptr(i->id, i->description))
2224                 printf(" - %s", i->description);
2225
2226         printf("\n");
2227
2228         if (i->following)
2229                 printf("\t  Follow: unit currently follows state of %s\n", i->following);
2230
2231         if (streq_ptr(i->load_state, "error")) {
2232                 on = ansi_highlight_red(true);
2233                 off = ansi_highlight_red(false);
2234         } else
2235                 on = off = "";
2236
2237         if (i->load_error)
2238                 printf("\t  Loaded: %s%s%s (Reason: %s)\n", on, strna(i->load_state), off, i->load_error);
2239         else if (i->path && i->unit_file_state)
2240                 printf("\t  Loaded: %s%s%s (%s; %s)\n", on, strna(i->load_state), off, i->path, i->unit_file_state);
2241         else if (i->path)
2242                 printf("\t  Loaded: %s%s%s (%s)\n", on, strna(i->load_state), off, i->path);
2243         else
2244                 printf("\t  Loaded: %s%s%s\n", on, strna(i->load_state), off);
2245
2246         ss = streq_ptr(i->active_state, i->sub_state) ? NULL : i->sub_state;
2247
2248         if (streq_ptr(i->active_state, "failed")) {
2249                 on = ansi_highlight_red(true);
2250                 off = ansi_highlight_red(false);
2251         } else if (streq_ptr(i->active_state, "active") || streq_ptr(i->active_state, "reloading")) {
2252                 on = ansi_highlight_green(true);
2253                 off = ansi_highlight_green(false);
2254         } else
2255                 on = off = "";
2256
2257         if (ss)
2258                 printf("\t  Active: %s%s (%s)%s",
2259                        on,
2260                        strna(i->active_state),
2261                        ss,
2262                        off);
2263         else
2264                 printf("\t  Active: %s%s%s",
2265                        on,
2266                        strna(i->active_state),
2267                        off);
2268
2269         if (!isempty(i->result) && !streq(i->result, "success"))
2270                 printf(" (Result: %s)", i->result);
2271
2272         timestamp = (streq_ptr(i->active_state, "active")      ||
2273                      streq_ptr(i->active_state, "reloading"))   ? i->active_enter_timestamp :
2274                     (streq_ptr(i->active_state, "inactive")    ||
2275                      streq_ptr(i->active_state, "failed"))      ? i->inactive_enter_timestamp :
2276                     streq_ptr(i->active_state, "activating")    ? i->inactive_exit_timestamp :
2277                                                                   i->active_exit_timestamp;
2278
2279         s1 = format_timestamp_pretty(since1, sizeof(since1), timestamp);
2280         s2 = format_timestamp(since2, sizeof(since2), timestamp);
2281
2282         if (s1)
2283                 printf(" since %s; %s\n", s2, s1);
2284         else if (s2)
2285                 printf(" since %s\n", s2);
2286         else
2287                 printf("\n");
2288
2289         if (!i->condition_result && i->condition_timestamp > 0) {
2290                 s1 = format_timestamp_pretty(since1, sizeof(since1), i->condition_timestamp);
2291                 s2 = format_timestamp(since2, sizeof(since2), i->condition_timestamp);
2292
2293                 if (s1)
2294                         printf("\t          start condition failed at %s; %s\n", s2, s1);
2295                 else if (s2)
2296                         printf("\t          start condition failed at %s\n", s2);
2297         }
2298
2299         if (i->sysfs_path)
2300                 printf("\t  Device: %s\n", i->sysfs_path);
2301         if (i->where)
2302                 printf("\t   Where: %s\n", i->where);
2303         if (i->what)
2304                 printf("\t    What: %s\n", i->what);
2305
2306         if (i->accept)
2307                 printf("\tAccepted: %u; Connected: %u\n", i->n_accepted, i->n_connections);
2308
2309         LIST_FOREACH(exec, p, i->exec) {
2310                 char *t;
2311                 bool good;
2312
2313                 /* Only show exited processes here */
2314                 if (p->code == 0)
2315                         continue;
2316
2317                 t = strv_join(p->argv, " ");
2318                 printf("\t Process: %u %s=%s ", p->pid, p->name, strna(t));
2319                 free(t);
2320
2321 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
2322                 if (i->is_sysv)
2323                         good = is_clean_exit_lsb(p->code, p->status);
2324                 else
2325 #endif
2326                         good = is_clean_exit(p->code, p->status);
2327
2328                 if (!good) {
2329                         on = ansi_highlight_red(true);
2330                         off = ansi_highlight_red(false);
2331                 } else
2332                         on = off = "";
2333
2334                 printf("%s(code=%s, ", on, sigchld_code_to_string(p->code));
2335
2336                 if (p->code == CLD_EXITED) {
2337                         const char *c;
2338
2339                         printf("status=%i", p->status);
2340
2341 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
2342                         if ((c = exit_status_to_string(p->status, i->is_sysv ? EXIT_STATUS_LSB : EXIT_STATUS_SYSTEMD)))
2343 #else
2344                         if ((c = exit_status_to_string(p->status, EXIT_STATUS_SYSTEMD)))
2345 #endif
2346                                 printf("/%s", c);
2347
2348                 } else
2349                         printf("signal=%s", signal_to_string(p->status));
2350
2351                 printf(")%s\n", off);
2352
2353                 if (i->main_pid == p->pid &&
2354                     i->start_timestamp == p->start_timestamp &&
2355                     i->exit_timestamp == p->start_timestamp)
2356                         /* Let's not show this twice */
2357                         i->main_pid = 0;
2358
2359                 if (p->pid == i->control_pid)
2360                         i->control_pid = 0;
2361         }
2362
2363         if (i->main_pid > 0 || i->control_pid > 0) {
2364                 printf("\t");
2365
2366                 if (i->main_pid > 0) {
2367                         printf("Main PID: %u", (unsigned) i->main_pid);
2368
2369                         if (i->running) {
2370                                 char *t = NULL;
2371                                 get_process_comm(i->main_pid, &t);
2372                                 if (t) {
2373                                         printf(" (%s)", t);
2374                                         free(t);
2375                                 }
2376                         } else if (i->exit_code > 0) {
2377                                 printf(" (code=%s, ", sigchld_code_to_string(i->exit_code));
2378
2379                                 if (i->exit_code == CLD_EXITED) {
2380                                         const char *c;
2381
2382                                         printf("status=%i", i->exit_status);
2383
2384 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
2385                                         if ((c = exit_status_to_string(i->exit_status, i->is_sysv ? EXIT_STATUS_LSB : EXIT_STATUS_SYSTEMD)))
2386 #else
2387                                         if ((c = exit_status_to_string(i->exit_status, EXIT_STATUS_SYSTEMD)))
2388 #endif
2389                                                 printf("/%s", c);
2390
2391                                 } else
2392                                         printf("signal=%s", signal_to_string(i->exit_status));
2393                                 printf(")");
2394                         }
2395                 }
2396
2397                 if (i->main_pid > 0 && i->control_pid > 0)
2398                         printf(";");
2399
2400                 if (i->control_pid > 0) {
2401                         char *t = NULL;
2402
2403                         printf(" Control: %u", (unsigned) i->control_pid);
2404
2405                         get_process_comm(i->control_pid, &t);
2406                         if (t) {
2407                                 printf(" (%s)", t);
2408                                 free(t);
2409                         }
2410                 }
2411
2412                 printf("\n");
2413         }
2414
2415         if (i->status_text)
2416                 printf("\t  Status: \"%s\"\n", i->status_text);
2417
2418         if (i->default_control_group) {
2419                 unsigned c;
2420
2421                 printf("\t  CGroup: %s\n", i->default_control_group);
2422
2423                 if (arg_transport != TRANSPORT_SSH) {
2424                         unsigned k = 0;
2425                         pid_t extra[2];
2426
2427                         c = columns();
2428                         if (c > 18)
2429                                 c -= 18;
2430                         else
2431                                 c = 0;
2432
2433                         if (i->main_pid > 0)
2434                                 extra[k++] = i->main_pid;
2435
2436                         if (i->control_pid > 0)
2437                                 extra[k++] = i->control_pid;
2438
2439                         show_cgroup_and_extra_by_spec(i->default_control_group, "\t\t  ", c, false, arg_all, extra, k);
2440                 }
2441         }
2442
2443         if (i->id && arg_transport != TRANSPORT_SSH) {
2444                 printf("\n");
2445                 show_journal_by_unit(i->id, arg_output, 0, i->inactive_exit_timestamp_monotonic, arg_lines, arg_all, arg_follow);
2446         }
2447
2448         if (i->need_daemon_reload)
2449                 printf("\n%sWarning:%s Unit file changed on disk, 'systemctl %s daemon-reload' recommended.\n",
2450                        ansi_highlight_red(true),
2451                        ansi_highlight_red(false),
2452                        arg_scope == UNIT_FILE_SYSTEM ? "--system" : "--user");
2453 }
2454
2455 static int status_property(const char *name, DBusMessageIter *iter, UnitStatusInfo *i) {
2456
2457         assert(name);
2458         assert(iter);
2459         assert(i);
2460
2461         switch (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(iter)) {
2462
2463         case DBUS_TYPE_STRING: {
2464                 const char *s;
2465
2466                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(iter, &s);
2467
2468                 if (!isempty(s)) {
2469                         if (streq(name, "Id"))
2470                                 i->id = s;
2471                         else if (streq(name, "LoadState"))
2472                                 i->load_state = s;
2473                         else if (streq(name, "ActiveState"))
2474                                 i->active_state = s;
2475                         else if (streq(name, "SubState"))
2476                                 i->sub_state = s;
2477                         else if (streq(name, "Description"))
2478                                 i->description = s;
2479                         else if (streq(name, "FragmentPath"))
2480                                 i->path = s;
2481 #ifdef HAVE_SYSV_COMPAT
2482                         else if (streq(name, "SysVPath")) {
2483                                 i->is_sysv = true;
2484                                 i->path = s;
2485                         }
2486 #endif
2487                         else if (streq(name, "DefaultControlGroup"))
2488                                 i->default_control_group = s;
2489                         else if (streq(name, "StatusText"))
2490                                 i->status_text = s;
2491                         else if (streq(name, "SysFSPath"))
2492                                 i->sysfs_path = s;
2493                         else if (streq(name, "Where"))
2494                                 i->where = s;
2495                         else if (streq(name, "What"))
2496                                 i->what = s;
2497                         else if (streq(name, "Following"))
2498                                 i->following = s;
2499                         else if (streq(name, "UnitFileState"))
2500                                 i->unit_file_state = s;
2501                         else if (streq(name, "Result"))
2502                                 i->result = s;
2503                 }
2504
2505                 break;
2506         }
2507
2508         case DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN: {
2509                 dbus_bool_t b;
2510
2511                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(iter, &b);
2512
2513                 if (streq(name, "Accept"))
2514                         i->accept = b;
2515                 else if (streq(name, "NeedDaemonReload"))
2516                         i->need_daemon_reload = b;
2517                 else if (streq(name, "ConditionResult"))
2518                         i->condition_result = b;
2519
2520                 break;
2521         }
2522
2523         case DBUS_TYPE_UINT32: {
2524                 uint32_t u;
2525
2526                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(iter, &u);
2527
2528                 if (streq(name, "MainPID")) {
2529                         if (u > 0) {
2530                                 i->main_pid = (pid_t) u;
2531                                 i->running = true;
2532                         }
2533                 } else if (streq(name, "ControlPID"))
2534                         i->control_pid = (pid_t) u;
2535                 else if (streq(name, "ExecMainPID")) {
2536                         if (u > 0)
2537                                 i->main_pid = (pid_t) u;
2538                 } else if (streq(name, "NAccepted"))
2539                         i->n_accepted = u;
2540                 else if (streq(name, "NConnections"))
2541                         i->n_connections = u;
2542
2543                 break;
2544         }
2545
2546         case DBUS_TYPE_INT32: {
2547                 int32_t j;
2548
2549                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(iter, &j);
2550
2551                 if (streq(name, "ExecMainCode"))
2552                         i->exit_code = (int) j;
2553                 else if (streq(name, "ExecMainStatus"))
2554                         i->exit_status = (int) j;
2555
2556                 break;
2557         }
2558
2559         case DBUS_TYPE_UINT64: {
2560                 uint64_t u;
2561
2562                 dbus_message_iter_get_basic(iter, &u);
2563
2564                 if (streq(name, "ExecMainStartTimestamp"))
2565                         i->start_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2566                 else if (streq(name, "ExecMainExitTimestamp"))
2567                         i->exit_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2568                 else if (streq(name, "ActiveEnterTimestamp"))
2569                         i->active_enter_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2570                 else if (streq(name, "InactiveEnterTimestamp"))
2571                         i->inactive_enter_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2572                 else if (streq(name, "InactiveExitTimestamp"))
2573                         i->inactive_exit_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2574                 else if (streq(name, "InactiveExitTimestampMonotonic"))
2575                         i->inactive_exit_timestamp_monotonic = (usec_t) u;
2576                 else if (streq(name, "ActiveExitTimestamp"))
2577                         i->active_exit_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2578                 else if (streq(name, "ConditionTimestamp"))
2579                         i->condition_timestamp = (usec_t) u;
2580
2581                 break;
2582         }
2583
2584         case DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY: {
2585
2586                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT &&
2587                     startswith(name, "Exec")) {
2588                         DBusMessageIter sub;
2589
2590                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2591                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
2592                                 ExecStatusInfo *info;
2593                                 int r;
2594
2595                                 if (!(info = new0(ExecStatusInfo, 1)))
2596                                         return -ENOMEM;
2597
2598                                 if (!(info->name = strdup(name))) {
2599                                         free(info);
2600                                         return -ENOMEM;
2601                                 }
2602
2603                                 if ((r = exec_status_info_deserialize(&sub, info)) < 0) {
2604                                         free(info);
2605                                         return r;
2606                                 }
2607
2608                                 LIST_PREPEND(ExecStatusInfo, exec, i->exec, info);
2609
2610                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2611                         }
2612                 }
2613
2614                 break;
2615         }
2616
2617         case DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT: {
2618
2619                 if (streq(name, "LoadError")) {
2620                         DBusMessageIter sub;
2621                         const char *n, *message;
2622                         int r;
2623
2624                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2625
2626                         r = bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &n, true);
2627                         if (r < 0)
2628                                 return r;
2629
2630                         r = bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &message, false);
2631                         if (r < 0)
2632                                 return r;
2633
2634                         if (!isempty(message))
2635                                 i->load_error = message;
2636                 }
2637
2638                 break;
2639         }
2640         }
2641
2642         return 0;
2643 }
2644
2645 static int print_property(const char *name, DBusMessageIter *iter) {
2646         assert(name);
2647         assert(iter);
2648
2649         /* This is a low-level property printer, see
2650          * print_status_info() for the nicer output */
2651
2652         if (arg_property && !strv_find(arg_property, name))
2653                 return 0;
2654
2655         switch (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(iter)) {
2656
2657         case DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT: {
2658                 DBusMessageIter sub;
2659                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2660
2661                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_UINT32 && streq(name, "Job")) {
2662                         uint32_t u;
2663
2664                         dbus_message_iter_get_basic(&sub, &u);
2665
2666                         if (u)
2667                                 printf("%s=%u\n", name, (unsigned) u);
2668                         else if (arg_all)
2669                                 printf("%s=\n", name);
2670
2671                         return 0;
2672                 } else if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRING && streq(name, "Unit")) {
2673                         const char *s;
2674
2675                         dbus_message_iter_get_basic(&sub, &s);
2676
2677                         if (arg_all || s[0])
2678                                 printf("%s=%s\n", name, s);
2679
2680                         return 0;
2681                 } else if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRING && streq(name, "LoadError")) {
2682                         const char *a = NULL, *b = NULL;
2683
2684                         if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &a, true) >= 0)
2685                                 bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &b, false);
2686
2687                         if (arg_all || !isempty(a) || !isempty(b))
2688                                 printf("%s=%s \"%s\"\n", name, strempty(a), strempty(b));
2689
2690                         return 0;
2691                 }
2692
2693                 break;
2694         }
2695
2696         case DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY:
2697
2698                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT && streq(name, "EnvironmentFiles")) {
2699                         DBusMessageIter sub, sub2;
2700
2701                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2702                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
2703                                 const char *path;
2704                                 dbus_bool_t ignore;
2705
2706                                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
2707
2708                                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &path, true) >= 0 &&
2709                                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN, &ignore, false) >= 0)
2710                                         printf("EnvironmentFile=%s (ignore_errors=%s)\n", path, yes_no(ignore));
2711
2712                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2713                         }
2714
2715                         return 0;
2716
2717                 } else if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT && streq(name, "Paths")) {
2718                         DBusMessageIter sub, sub2;
2719
2720                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2721                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
2722                                 const char *type, *path;
2723
2724                                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
2725
2726                                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &type, true) >= 0 &&
2727                                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &path, false) >= 0)
2728                                         printf("%s=%s\n", type, path);
2729
2730                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2731                         }
2732
2733                         return 0;
2734
2735                 } else if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT && streq(name, "Timers")) {
2736                         DBusMessageIter sub, sub2;
2737
2738                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2739                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
2740                                 const char *base;
2741                                 uint64_t value, next_elapse;
2742
2743                                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
2744
2745                                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &base, true) >= 0 &&
2746                                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &value, true) >= 0 &&
2747                                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &next_elapse, false) >= 0) {
2748                                         char timespan1[FORMAT_TIMESPAN_MAX], timespan2[FORMAT_TIMESPAN_MAX];
2749
2750                                         printf("%s={ value=%s ; next_elapse=%s }\n",
2751                                                base,
2752                                                format_timespan(timespan1, sizeof(timespan1), value),
2753                                                format_timespan(timespan2, sizeof(timespan2), next_elapse));
2754                                 }
2755
2756                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2757                         }
2758
2759                         return 0;
2760
2761                 } else if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT && streq(name, "ControlGroupAttributes")) {
2762                         DBusMessageIter sub, sub2;
2763
2764                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2765                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
2766                                 const char *controller, *attr, *value;
2767
2768                                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
2769
2770                                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &controller, true) >= 0 &&
2771                                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &attr, true) >= 0 &&
2772                                     bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &value, false) >= 0) {
2773
2774                                         printf("ControlGroupAttribute={ controller=%s ; attribute=%s ; value=\"%s\" }\n",
2775                                                controller,
2776                                                attr,
2777                                                value);
2778                                 }
2779
2780                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2781                         }
2782
2783                         return 0;
2784
2785                 } else if (dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(iter) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT && startswith(name, "Exec")) {
2786                         DBusMessageIter sub;
2787
2788                         dbus_message_iter_recurse(iter, &sub);
2789                         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) == DBUS_TYPE_STRUCT) {
2790                                 ExecStatusInfo info;
2791
2792                                 zero(info);
2793                                 if (exec_status_info_deserialize(&sub, &info) >= 0) {
2794                                         char timestamp1[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX], timestamp2[FORMAT_TIMESTAMP_MAX];
2795                                         char *t;
2796
2797                                         t = strv_join(info.argv, " ");
2798
2799                                         printf("%s={ path=%s ; argv[]=%s ; ignore_errors=%s ; start_time=[%s] ; stop_time=[%s] ; pid=%u ; code=%s ; status=%i%s%s }\n",
2800                                                name,
2801                                                strna(info.path),
2802                                                strna(t),
2803                                                yes_no(info.ignore),
2804                                                strna(format_timestamp(timestamp1, sizeof(timestamp1), info.start_timestamp)),
2805                                                strna(format_timestamp(timestamp2, sizeof(timestamp2), info.exit_timestamp)),
2806                                                (unsigned) info. pid,
2807                                                sigchld_code_to_string(info.code),
2808                                                info.status,
2809                                                info.code == CLD_EXITED ? "" : "/",
2810                                                strempty(info.code == CLD_EXITED ? NULL : signal_to_string(info.status)));
2811
2812                                         free(t);
2813                                 }
2814
2815                                 free(info.path);
2816                                 strv_free(info.argv);
2817
2818                                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2819                         }
2820
2821                         return 0;
2822                 }
2823
2824                 break;
2825         }
2826
2827         if (generic_print_property(name, iter, arg_all) > 0)
2828                 return 0;
2829
2830         if (arg_all)
2831                 printf("%s=[unprintable]\n", name);
2832
2833         return 0;
2834 }
2835
2836 static int show_one(const char *verb, DBusConnection *bus, const char *path, bool show_properties, bool *new_line) {
2837         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
2838         const char *interface = "";
2839         int r;
2840         DBusError error;
2841         DBusMessageIter iter, sub, sub2, sub3;
2842         UnitStatusInfo info;
2843         ExecStatusInfo *p;
2844
2845         assert(bus);
2846         assert(path);
2847         assert(new_line);
2848
2849         zero(info);
2850         dbus_error_init(&error);
2851
2852         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
2853                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
2854                               path,
2855                               "org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties",
2856                               "GetAll"))) {
2857                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
2858                 r = -ENOMEM;
2859                 goto finish;
2860         }
2861
2862         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
2863                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &interface,
2864                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
2865                 log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
2866                 r = -ENOMEM;
2867                 goto finish;
2868         }
2869
2870         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
2871                 log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
2872                 r = -EIO;
2873                 goto finish;
2874         }
2875
2876         if (!dbus_message_iter_init(reply, &iter) ||
2877             dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY ||
2878             dbus_message_iter_get_element_type(&iter) != DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY)  {
2879                 log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
2880                 r = -EIO;
2881                 goto finish;
2882         }
2883
2884         dbus_message_iter_recurse(&iter, &sub);
2885
2886         if (*new_line)
2887                 printf("\n");
2888
2889         *new_line = true;
2890
2891         while (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID) {
2892                 const char *name;
2893
2894                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub) != DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY) {
2895                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
2896                         r = -EIO;
2897                         goto finish;
2898                 }
2899
2900                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub, &sub2);
2901
2902                 if (bus_iter_get_basic_and_next(&sub2, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &name, true) < 0) {
2903                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
2904                         r = -EIO;
2905                         goto finish;
2906                 }
2907
2908                 if (dbus_message_iter_get_arg_type(&sub2) != DBUS_TYPE_VARIANT)  {
2909                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
2910                         r = -EIO;
2911                         goto finish;
2912                 }
2913
2914                 dbus_message_iter_recurse(&sub2, &sub3);
2915
2916                 if (show_properties)
2917                         r = print_property(name, &sub3);
2918                 else
2919                         r = status_property(name, &sub3, &info);
2920
2921                 if (r < 0) {
2922                         log_error("Failed to parse reply.");
2923                         r = -EIO;
2924                         goto finish;
2925                 }
2926
2927                 dbus_message_iter_next(&sub);
2928         }
2929
2930         r = 0;
2931
2932         if (!show_properties)
2933                 print_status_info(&info);
2934
2935         if (!streq_ptr(info.active_state, "active") &&
2936             !streq_ptr(info.active_state, "reloading") &&
2937             streq(verb, "status"))
2938                 /* According to LSB: "program not running" */
2939                 r = 3;
2940
2941         while ((p = info.exec)) {
2942                 LIST_REMOVE(ExecStatusInfo, exec, info.exec, p);
2943                 exec_status_info_free(p);
2944         }
2945
2946 finish:
2947         if (m)
2948                 dbus_message_unref(m);
2949
2950         if (reply)
2951                 dbus_message_unref(reply);
2952
2953         dbus_error_free(&error);
2954
2955         return r;
2956 }
2957
2958 static int show(DBusConnection *bus, char **args) {
2959         DBusMessage *m = NULL, *reply = NULL;
2960         int r, ret = 0;
2961         DBusError error;
2962         bool show_properties, new_line = false;
2963         char **name;
2964
2965         assert(bus);
2966         assert(args);
2967
2968         dbus_error_init(&error);
2969
2970         show_properties = !streq(args[0], "status");
2971
2972         if (show_properties)
2973                 pager_open_if_enabled();
2974
2975         if (show_properties && strv_length(args) <= 1) {
2976                 /* If not argument is specified inspect the manager
2977                  * itself */
2978
2979                 ret = show_one(args[0], bus, "/org/freedesktop/systemd1", show_properties, &new_line);
2980                 goto finish;
2981         }
2982
2983         STRV_FOREACH(name, args+1) {
2984                 const char *path = NULL;
2985                 uint32_t id;
2986
2987                 if (safe_atou32(*name, &id) < 0) {
2988
2989                         /* Interpret as unit name */
2990
2991                         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
2992                                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
2993                                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
2994                                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
2995                                               "LoadUnit"))) {
2996                                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
2997                                 ret = -ENOMEM;
2998                                 goto finish;
2999                         }
3000
3001                         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
3002                                                       DBUS_TYPE_STRING, name,
3003                                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
3004                                 log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
3005                                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3006                                 goto finish;
3007                         }
3008
3009                         if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
3010
3011                                 if (!dbus_error_has_name(&error, DBUS_ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED)) {
3012                                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
3013                                         ret = -EIO;
3014                                         goto finish;
3015                                 }
3016
3017                                 dbus_error_free(&error);
3018
3019                                 dbus_message_unref(m);
3020                                 if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
3021                                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
3022                                                       "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
3023                                                       "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
3024                                                       "GetUnit"))) {
3025                                         log_error("Could not allocate message.");
3026                                         ret = -ENOMEM;
3027                                         goto finish;
3028                                 }
3029
3030                                 if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
3031                                                               DBUS_TYPE_STRING, name,
3032                                                               DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
3033                                         log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
3034                                         ret = -ENOMEM;
3035                                         goto finish;
3036                                 }
3037
3038                                 if (!(reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block(bus, m, -1, &error))) {
3039                                         log_error("Failed to issue method call: %s", bus_error_message(&error));
3040
3041                                         if (dbus_error_has_name(&error, BUS_ERROR_NO_SUCH_UNIT))
3042                                                 ret = 4; /* According to LSB: "program or service status is unknown" */
3043                                         else
3044                                                 ret = -EIO;
3045                                         goto finish;
3046                                 }
3047                         }
3048
3049                 } else if (show_properties) {
3050
3051                         /* Interpret as job id */
3052
3053                         if (!(m = dbus_message_new_method_call(
3054                                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1",
3055                                               "/org/freedesktop/systemd1",
3056                                               "org.freedesktop.systemd1.Manager",
3057                                               "GetJob"))) {
3058                                 log_error("Could not allocate message.");
3059                                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3060                                 goto finish;
3061                         }
3062
3063                         if (!dbus_message_append_args(m,
3064                                                       DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &id,
3065                                                       DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)) {
3066                                 log_error("Could not append arguments to message.");
3067                                 ret = -ENOMEM;
3068         &nb