chiark / gitweb /
journal,shared: add _cleanup_journal_close_
[elogind.git] / src / journal / sd-journal.c
1 /*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
2
3 /***
4   This file is part of systemd.
5
6   Copyright 2011 Lennart Poettering
7
8   systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9   under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
10   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
11   (at your option) any later version.
12
13   systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
14   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16   Lesser General Public License for more details.
17
18   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
19   along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
20 ***/
21
22 #include <errno.h>
23 #include <fcntl.h>
24 #include <stddef.h>
25 #include <unistd.h>
26 #include <sys/inotify.h>
27 #include <sys/poll.h>
28 #include <sys/vfs.h>
29 #include <linux/magic.h>
30
31 #include "sd-journal.h"
32 #include "journal-def.h"
33 #include "journal-file.h"
34 #include "hashmap.h"
35 #include "list.h"
36 #include "path-util.h"
37 #include "lookup3.h"
38 #include "compress.h"
39 #include "journal-internal.h"
40 #include "missing.h"
41 #include "catalog.h"
42 #include "replace-var.h"
43
44 #define JOURNAL_FILES_MAX 1024
45
46 #define JOURNAL_FILES_RECHECK_USEC (2 * USEC_PER_SEC)
47
48 #define REPLACE_VAR_MAX 256
49
50 #define DEFAULT_DATA_THRESHOLD (64*1024)
51
52 static void detach_location(sd_journal *j) {
53         Iterator i;
54         JournalFile *f;
55
56         assert(j);
57
58         j->current_file = NULL;
59         j->current_field = 0;
60
61         HASHMAP_FOREACH(f, j->files, i)
62                 f->current_offset = 0;
63 }
64
65 static void reset_location(sd_journal *j) {
66         assert(j);
67
68         detach_location(j);
69         zero(j->current_location);
70 }
71
72 static void init_location(Location *l, LocationType type, JournalFile *f, Object *o) {
73         assert(l);
74         assert(type == LOCATION_DISCRETE || type == LOCATION_SEEK);
75         assert(f);
76         assert(o->object.type == OBJECT_ENTRY);
77
78         l->type = type;
79         l->seqnum = le64toh(o->entry.seqnum);
80         l->seqnum_id = f->header->seqnum_id;
81         l->realtime = le64toh(o->entry.realtime);
82         l->monotonic = le64toh(o->entry.monotonic);
83         l->boot_id = o->entry.boot_id;
84         l->xor_hash = le64toh(o->entry.xor_hash);
85
86         l->seqnum_set = l->realtime_set = l->monotonic_set = l->xor_hash_set = true;
87 }
88
89 static void set_location(sd_journal *j, LocationType type, JournalFile *f, Object *o, uint64_t offset) {
90         assert(j);
91         assert(type == LOCATION_DISCRETE || type == LOCATION_SEEK);
92         assert(f);
93         assert(o);
94
95         init_location(&j->current_location, type, f, o);
96
97         j->current_file = f;
98         j->current_field = 0;
99
100         f->current_offset = offset;
101 }
102
103 static int match_is_valid(const void *data, size_t size) {
104         const char *b, *p;
105
106         assert(data);
107
108         if (size < 2)
109                 return false;
110
111         if (startswith(data, "__"))
112                 return false;
113
114         b = data;
115         for (p = b; p < b + size; p++) {
116
117                 if (*p == '=')
118                         return p > b;
119
120                 if (*p == '_')
121                         continue;
122
123                 if (*p >= 'A' && *p <= 'Z')
124                         continue;
125
126                 if (*p >= '0' && *p <= '9')
127                         continue;
128
129                 return false;
130         }
131
132         return false;
133 }
134
135 static bool same_field(const void *_a, size_t s, const void *_b, size_t t) {
136         const uint8_t *a = _a, *b = _b;
137         size_t j;
138
139         for (j = 0; j < s && j < t; j++) {
140
141                 if (a[j] != b[j])
142                         return false;
143
144                 if (a[j] == '=')
145                         return true;
146         }
147
148         return true;
149 }
150
151 static Match *match_new(Match *p, MatchType t) {
152         Match *m;
153
154         m = new0(Match, 1);
155         if (!m)
156                 return NULL;
157
158         m->type = t;
159
160         if (p) {
161                 m->parent = p;
162                 LIST_PREPEND(Match, matches, p->matches, m);
163         }
164
165         return m;
166 }
167
168 static void match_free(Match *m) {
169         assert(m);
170
171         while (m->matches)
172                 match_free(m->matches);
173
174         if (m->parent)
175                 LIST_REMOVE(Match, matches, m->parent->matches, m);
176
177         free(m->data);
178         free(m);
179 }
180
181 static void match_free_if_empty(Match *m) {
182         assert(m);
183
184         if (m->matches)
185                 return;
186
187         match_free(m);
188 }
189
190 _public_ int sd_journal_add_match(sd_journal *j, const void *data, size_t size) {
191         Match *l2, *l3, *add_here = NULL, *m;
192         le64_t le_hash;
193
194         if (!j)
195                 return -EINVAL;
196
197         if (!data)
198                 return -EINVAL;
199
200         if (size == 0)
201                 size = strlen(data);
202
203         if (!match_is_valid(data, size))
204                 return -EINVAL;
205
206         /* level 0: OR term
207          * level 1: AND terms
208          * level 2: OR terms
209          * level 3: concrete matches */
210
211         if (!j->level0) {
212                 j->level0 = match_new(NULL, MATCH_OR_TERM);
213                 if (!j->level0)
214                         return -ENOMEM;
215         }
216
217         if (!j->level1) {
218                 j->level1 = match_new(j->level0, MATCH_AND_TERM);
219                 if (!j->level1)
220                         return -ENOMEM;
221         }
222
223         assert(j->level0->type == MATCH_OR_TERM);
224         assert(j->level1->type == MATCH_AND_TERM);
225
226         le_hash = htole64(hash64(data, size));
227
228         LIST_FOREACH(matches, l2, j->level1->matches) {
229                 assert(l2->type == MATCH_OR_TERM);
230
231                 LIST_FOREACH(matches, l3, l2->matches) {
232                         assert(l3->type == MATCH_DISCRETE);
233
234                         /* Exactly the same match already? Then ignore
235                          * this addition */
236                         if (l3->le_hash == le_hash &&
237                             l3->size == size &&
238                             memcmp(l3->data, data, size) == 0)
239                                 return 0;
240
241                         /* Same field? Then let's add this to this OR term */
242                         if (same_field(data, size, l3->data, l3->size)) {
243                                 add_here = l2;
244                                 break;
245                         }
246                 }
247
248                 if (add_here)
249                         break;
250         }
251
252         if (!add_here) {
253                 add_here = match_new(j->level1, MATCH_OR_TERM);
254                 if (!add_here)
255                         goto fail;
256         }
257
258         m = match_new(add_here, MATCH_DISCRETE);
259         if (!m)
260                 goto fail;
261
262         m->le_hash = le_hash;
263         m->size = size;
264         m->data = memdup(data, size);
265         if (!m->data)
266                 goto fail;
267
268         detach_location(j);
269
270         return 0;
271
272 fail:
273         if (add_here)
274                 match_free_if_empty(add_here);
275
276         if (j->level1)
277                 match_free_if_empty(j->level1);
278
279         if (j->level0)
280                 match_free_if_empty(j->level0);
281
282         return -ENOMEM;
283 }
284
285 _public_ int sd_journal_add_disjunction(sd_journal *j) {
286         Match *m;
287
288         assert(j);
289
290         if (!j->level0)
291                 return 0;
292
293         if (!j->level1)
294                 return 0;
295
296         if (!j->level1->matches)
297                 return 0;
298
299         m = match_new(j->level0, MATCH_AND_TERM);
300         if (!m)
301                 return -ENOMEM;
302
303         j->level1 = m;
304         return 0;
305 }
306
307 static char *match_make_string(Match *m) {
308         char *p, *r;
309         Match *i;
310         bool enclose = false;
311
312         if (!m)
313                 return strdup("");
314
315         if (m->type == MATCH_DISCRETE)
316                 return strndup(m->data, m->size);
317
318         p = NULL;
319         LIST_FOREACH(matches, i, m->matches) {
320                 char *t, *k;
321
322                 t = match_make_string(i);
323                 if (!t) {
324                         free(p);
325                         return NULL;
326                 }
327
328                 if (p) {
329                         k = strjoin(p, m->type == MATCH_OR_TERM ? " OR " : " AND ", t, NULL);
330                         free(p);
331                         free(t);
332
333                         if (!k)
334                                 return NULL;
335
336                         p = k;
337
338                         enclose = true;
339                 } else {
340                         free(p);
341                         p = t;
342                 }
343         }
344
345         if (enclose) {
346                 r = strjoin("(", p, ")", NULL);
347                 free(p);
348                 return r;
349         }
350
351         return p;
352 }
353
354 char *journal_make_match_string(sd_journal *j) {
355         assert(j);
356
357         return match_make_string(j->level0);
358 }
359
360 _public_ void sd_journal_flush_matches(sd_journal *j) {
361
362         if (!j)
363                 return;
364
365         if (j->level0)
366                 match_free(j->level0);
367
368         j->level0 = j->level1 = NULL;
369
370         detach_location(j);
371 }
372
373 static int compare_entry_order(JournalFile *af, Object *_ao,
374                          JournalFile *bf, uint64_t bp) {
375
376         uint64_t a, b;
377         Object *ao, *bo;
378         int r;
379
380         assert(af);
381         assert(bf);
382         assert(_ao);
383
384         /* The mmap cache might invalidate the object from the first
385          * file if we look at the one from the second file. Hence
386          * temporarily copy the header of the first one, and look at
387          * that only. */
388         ao = alloca(offsetof(EntryObject, items));
389         memcpy(ao, _ao, offsetof(EntryObject, items));
390
391         r = journal_file_move_to_object(bf, OBJECT_ENTRY, bp, &bo);
392         if (r < 0)
393                 return strcmp(af->path, bf->path);
394
395         /* We operate on two different files here, hence we can access
396          * two objects at the same time, which we normally can't.
397          *
398          * If contents and timestamps match, these entries are
399          * identical, even if the seqnum does not match */
400
401         if (sd_id128_equal(ao->entry.boot_id, bo->entry.boot_id) &&
402             ao->entry.monotonic == bo->entry.monotonic &&
403             ao->entry.realtime == bo->entry.realtime &&
404             ao->entry.xor_hash == bo->entry.xor_hash)
405                 return 0;
406
407         if (sd_id128_equal(af->header->seqnum_id, bf->header->seqnum_id)) {
408
409                 /* If this is from the same seqnum source, compare
410                  * seqnums */
411                 a = le64toh(ao->entry.seqnum);
412                 b = le64toh(bo->entry.seqnum);
413
414                 if (a < b)
415                         return -1;
416                 if (a > b)
417                         return 1;
418
419                 /* Wow! This is weird, different data but the same
420                  * seqnums? Something is borked, but let's make the
421                  * best of it and compare by time. */
422         }
423
424         if (sd_id128_equal(ao->entry.boot_id, bo->entry.boot_id)) {
425
426                 /* If the boot id matches compare monotonic time */
427                 a = le64toh(ao->entry.monotonic);
428                 b = le64toh(bo->entry.monotonic);
429
430                 if (a < b)
431                         return -1;
432                 if (a > b)
433                         return 1;
434         }
435
436         /* Otherwise compare UTC time */
437         a = le64toh(ao->entry.realtime);
438         b = le64toh(bo->entry.realtime);
439
440         if (a < b)
441                 return -1;
442         if (a > b)
443                 return 1;
444
445         /* Finally, compare by contents */
446         a = le64toh(ao->entry.xor_hash);
447         b = le64toh(bo->entry.xor_hash);
448
449         if (a < b)
450                 return -1;
451         if (a > b)
452                 return 1;
453
454         return 0;
455 }
456
457 static int compare_with_location(JournalFile *af, Object *ao, Location *l) {
458         uint64_t a;
459
460         assert(af);
461         assert(ao);
462         assert(l);
463         assert(l->type == LOCATION_DISCRETE || l->type == LOCATION_SEEK);
464
465         if (l->monotonic_set &&
466             sd_id128_equal(ao->entry.boot_id, l->boot_id) &&
467             l->realtime_set &&
468             le64toh(ao->entry.realtime) == l->realtime &&
469             l->xor_hash_set &&
470             le64toh(ao->entry.xor_hash) == l->xor_hash)
471                 return 0;
472
473         if (l->seqnum_set &&
474             sd_id128_equal(af->header->seqnum_id, l->seqnum_id)) {
475
476                 a = le64toh(ao->entry.seqnum);
477
478                 if (a < l->seqnum)
479                         return -1;
480                 if (a > l->seqnum)
481                         return 1;
482         }
483
484         if (l->monotonic_set &&
485             sd_id128_equal(ao->entry.boot_id, l->boot_id)) {
486
487                 a = le64toh(ao->entry.monotonic);
488
489                 if (a < l->monotonic)
490                         return -1;
491                 if (a > l->monotonic)
492                         return 1;
493         }
494
495         if (l->realtime_set) {
496
497                 a = le64toh(ao->entry.realtime);
498
499                 if (a < l->realtime)
500                         return -1;
501                 if (a > l->realtime)
502                         return 1;
503         }
504
505         if (l->xor_hash_set) {
506                 a = le64toh(ao->entry.xor_hash);
507
508                 if (a < l->xor_hash)
509                         return -1;
510                 if (a > l->xor_hash)
511                         return 1;
512         }
513
514         return 0;
515 }
516
517 static int next_for_match(
518                 sd_journal *j,
519                 Match *m,
520                 JournalFile *f,
521                 uint64_t after_offset,
522                 direction_t direction,
523                 Object **ret,
524                 uint64_t *offset) {
525
526         int r;
527         uint64_t np = 0;
528         Object *n;
529
530         assert(j);
531         assert(m);
532         assert(f);
533
534         if (m->type == MATCH_DISCRETE) {
535                 uint64_t dp;
536
537                 r = journal_file_find_data_object_with_hash(f, m->data, m->size, le64toh(m->le_hash), NULL, &dp);
538                 if (r <= 0)
539                         return r;
540
541                 return journal_file_move_to_entry_by_offset_for_data(f, dp, after_offset, direction, ret, offset);
542
543         } else if (m->type == MATCH_OR_TERM) {
544                 Match *i;
545
546                 /* Find the earliest match beyond after_offset */
547
548                 LIST_FOREACH(matches, i, m->matches) {
549                         uint64_t cp;
550
551                         r = next_for_match(j, i, f, after_offset, direction, NULL, &cp);
552                         if (r < 0)
553                                 return r;
554                         else if (r > 0) {
555                                 if (np == 0 || (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN ? np > cp : np < cp))
556                                         np = cp;
557                         }
558                 }
559
560         } else if (m->type == MATCH_AND_TERM) {
561                 Match *i;
562                 bool continue_looking;
563
564                 /* Always jump to the next matching entry and repeat
565                  * this until we fine and offset that matches for all
566                  * matches. */
567
568                 if (!m->matches)
569                         return 0;
570
571                 np = 0;
572                 do {
573                         continue_looking = false;
574
575                         LIST_FOREACH(matches, i, m->matches) {
576                                 uint64_t cp, limit;
577
578                                 if (np == 0)
579                                         limit = after_offset;
580                                 else if (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN)
581                                         limit = MAX(np, after_offset);
582                                 else
583                                         limit = MIN(np, after_offset);
584
585                                 r = next_for_match(j, i, f, limit, direction, NULL, &cp);
586                                 if (r <= 0)
587                                         return r;
588
589                                 if ((direction == DIRECTION_DOWN ? cp >= after_offset : cp <= after_offset) &&
590                                     (np == 0 || (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN ? cp > np : np < cp))) {
591                                         np = cp;
592                                         continue_looking = true;
593                                 }
594                         }
595
596                 } while (continue_looking);
597         }
598
599         if (np == 0)
600                 return 0;
601
602         r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, np, &n);
603         if (r < 0)
604                 return r;
605
606         if (ret)
607                 *ret = n;
608         if (offset)
609                 *offset = np;
610
611         return 1;
612 }
613
614 static int find_location_for_match(
615                 sd_journal *j,
616                 Match *m,
617                 JournalFile *f,
618                 direction_t direction,
619                 Object **ret,
620                 uint64_t *offset) {
621
622         int r;
623
624         assert(j);
625         assert(m);
626         assert(f);
627
628         if (m->type == MATCH_DISCRETE) {
629                 uint64_t dp;
630
631                 r = journal_file_find_data_object_with_hash(f, m->data, m->size, le64toh(m->le_hash), NULL, &dp);
632                 if (r <= 0)
633                         return r;
634
635                 /* FIXME: missing: find by monotonic */
636
637                 if (j->current_location.type == LOCATION_HEAD)
638                         return journal_file_next_entry_for_data(f, NULL, 0, dp, DIRECTION_DOWN, ret, offset);
639                 if (j->current_location.type == LOCATION_TAIL)
640                         return journal_file_next_entry_for_data(f, NULL, 0, dp, DIRECTION_UP, ret, offset);
641                 if (j->current_location.seqnum_set && sd_id128_equal(j->current_location.seqnum_id, f->header->seqnum_id))
642                         return journal_file_move_to_entry_by_seqnum_for_data(f, dp, j->current_location.seqnum, direction, ret, offset);
643                 if (j->current_location.monotonic_set) {
644                         r = journal_file_move_to_entry_by_monotonic_for_data(f, dp, j->current_location.boot_id, j->current_location.monotonic, direction, ret, offset);
645                         if (r != -ENOENT)
646                                 return r;
647                 }
648                 if (j->current_location.realtime_set)
649                         return journal_file_move_to_entry_by_realtime_for_data(f, dp, j->current_location.realtime, direction, ret, offset);
650
651                 return journal_file_next_entry_for_data(f, NULL, 0, dp, direction, ret, offset);
652
653         } else if (m->type == MATCH_OR_TERM) {
654                 uint64_t np = 0;
655                 Object *n;
656                 Match *i;
657
658                 /* Find the earliest match */
659
660                 LIST_FOREACH(matches, i, m->matches) {
661                         uint64_t cp;
662
663                         r = find_location_for_match(j, i, f, direction, NULL, &cp);
664                         if (r < 0)
665                                 return r;
666                         else if (r > 0) {
667                                 if (np == 0 || (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN ? np > cp : np < cp))
668                                         np = cp;
669                         }
670                 }
671
672                 if (np == 0)
673                         return 0;
674
675                 r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, np, &n);
676                 if (r < 0)
677                         return r;
678
679                 if (ret)
680                         *ret = n;
681                 if (offset)
682                         *offset = np;
683
684                 return 1;
685
686         } else {
687                 Match *i;
688                 uint64_t np = 0;
689
690                 assert(m->type == MATCH_AND_TERM);
691
692                 /* First jump to the last match, and then find the
693                  * next one where all matches match */
694
695                 if (!m->matches)
696                         return 0;
697
698                 LIST_FOREACH(matches, i, m->matches) {
699                         uint64_t cp;
700
701                         r = find_location_for_match(j, i, f, direction, NULL, &cp);
702                         if (r <= 0)
703                                 return r;
704
705                         if (np == 0 || (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN ? np < cp : np > cp))
706                                 np = cp;
707                 }
708
709                 return next_for_match(j, m, f, np, direction, ret, offset);
710         }
711 }
712
713 static int find_location_with_matches(
714                 sd_journal *j,
715                 JournalFile *f,
716                 direction_t direction,
717                 Object **ret,
718                 uint64_t *offset) {
719
720         int r;
721
722         assert(j);
723         assert(f);
724         assert(ret);
725         assert(offset);
726
727         if (!j->level0) {
728                 /* No matches is simple */
729
730                 if (j->current_location.type == LOCATION_HEAD)
731                         return journal_file_next_entry(f, NULL, 0, DIRECTION_DOWN, ret, offset);
732                 if (j->current_location.type == LOCATION_TAIL)
733                         return journal_file_next_entry(f, NULL, 0, DIRECTION_UP, ret, offset);
734                 if (j->current_location.seqnum_set && sd_id128_equal(j->current_location.seqnum_id, f->header->seqnum_id))
735                         return journal_file_move_to_entry_by_seqnum(f, j->current_location.seqnum, direction, ret, offset);
736                 if (j->current_location.monotonic_set) {
737                         r = journal_file_move_to_entry_by_monotonic(f, j->current_location.boot_id, j->current_location.monotonic, direction, ret, offset);
738                         if (r != -ENOENT)
739                                 return r;
740                 }
741                 if (j->current_location.realtime_set)
742                         return journal_file_move_to_entry_by_realtime(f, j->current_location.realtime, direction, ret, offset);
743
744                 return journal_file_next_entry(f, NULL, 0, direction, ret, offset);
745         } else
746                 return find_location_for_match(j, j->level0, f, direction, ret, offset);
747 }
748
749 static int next_with_matches(
750                 sd_journal *j,
751                 JournalFile *f,
752                 direction_t direction,
753                 Object **ret,
754                 uint64_t *offset) {
755
756         Object *c;
757         uint64_t cp;
758
759         assert(j);
760         assert(f);
761         assert(ret);
762         assert(offset);
763
764         c = *ret;
765         cp = *offset;
766
767         /* No matches is easy. We simple advance the file
768          * pointer by one. */
769         if (!j->level0)
770                 return journal_file_next_entry(f, c, cp, direction, ret, offset);
771
772         /* If we have a match then we look for the next matching entry
773          * with an offset at least one step larger */
774         return next_for_match(j, j->level0, f, direction == DIRECTION_DOWN ? cp+1 : cp-1, direction, ret, offset);
775 }
776
777 static int next_beyond_location(sd_journal *j, JournalFile *f, direction_t direction, Object **ret, uint64_t *offset) {
778         Object *c;
779         uint64_t cp;
780         int r;
781
782         assert(j);
783         assert(f);
784
785         if (f->current_offset > 0) {
786                 cp = f->current_offset;
787
788                 r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, cp, &c);
789                 if (r < 0)
790                         return r;
791
792                 r = next_with_matches(j, f, direction, &c, &cp);
793                 if (r <= 0)
794                         return r;
795         } else {
796                 r = find_location_with_matches(j, f, direction, &c, &cp);
797                 if (r <= 0)
798                         return r;
799         }
800
801         /* OK, we found the spot, now let's advance until to an entry
802          * that is actually different from what we were previously
803          * looking at. This is necessary to handle entries which exist
804          * in two (or more) journal files, and which shall all be
805          * suppressed but one. */
806
807         for (;;) {
808                 bool found;
809
810                 if (j->current_location.type == LOCATION_DISCRETE) {
811                         int k;
812
813                         k = compare_with_location(f, c, &j->current_location);
814                         if (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN)
815                                 found = k > 0;
816                         else
817                                 found = k < 0;
818                 } else
819                         found = true;
820
821                 if (found) {
822                         if (ret)
823                                 *ret = c;
824                         if (offset)
825                                 *offset = cp;
826                         return 1;
827                 }
828
829                 r = next_with_matches(j, f, direction, &c, &cp);
830                 if (r <= 0)
831                         return r;
832         }
833 }
834
835 static int real_journal_next(sd_journal *j, direction_t direction) {
836         JournalFile *f, *new_file = NULL;
837         uint64_t new_offset = 0;
838         Object *o;
839         uint64_t p;
840         Iterator i;
841         int r;
842
843         if (!j)
844                 return -EINVAL;
845
846         HASHMAP_FOREACH(f, j->files, i) {
847                 bool found;
848
849                 r = next_beyond_location(j, f, direction, &o, &p);
850                 if (r < 0) {
851                         log_debug("Can't iterate through %s, ignoring: %s", f->path, strerror(-r));
852                         continue;
853                 } else if (r == 0)
854                         continue;
855
856                 if (!new_file)
857                         found = true;
858                 else {
859                         int k;
860
861                         k = compare_entry_order(f, o, new_file, new_offset);
862
863                         if (direction == DIRECTION_DOWN)
864                                 found = k < 0;
865                         else
866                                 found = k > 0;
867                 }
868
869                 if (found) {
870                         new_file = f;
871                         new_offset = p;
872                 }
873         }
874
875         if (!new_file)
876                 return 0;
877
878         r = journal_file_move_to_object(new_file, OBJECT_ENTRY, new_offset, &o);
879         if (r < 0)
880                 return r;
881
882         set_location(j, LOCATION_DISCRETE, new_file, o, new_offset);
883
884         return 1;
885 }
886
887 _public_ int sd_journal_next(sd_journal *j) {
888         return real_journal_next(j, DIRECTION_DOWN);
889 }
890
891 _public_ int sd_journal_previous(sd_journal *j) {
892         return real_journal_next(j, DIRECTION_UP);
893 }
894
895 static int real_journal_next_skip(sd_journal *j, direction_t direction, uint64_t skip) {
896         int c = 0, r;
897
898         if (!j)
899                 return -EINVAL;
900
901         if (skip == 0) {
902                 /* If this is not a discrete skip, then at least
903                  * resolve the current location */
904                 if (j->current_location.type != LOCATION_DISCRETE)
905                         return real_journal_next(j, direction);
906
907                 return 0;
908         }
909
910         do {
911                 r = real_journal_next(j, direction);
912                 if (r < 0)
913                         return r;
914
915                 if (r == 0)
916                         return c;
917
918                 skip--;
919                 c++;
920         } while (skip > 0);
921
922         return c;
923 }
924
925 _public_ int sd_journal_next_skip(sd_journal *j, uint64_t skip) {
926         return real_journal_next_skip(j, DIRECTION_DOWN, skip);
927 }
928
929 _public_ int sd_journal_previous_skip(sd_journal *j, uint64_t skip) {
930         return real_journal_next_skip(j, DIRECTION_UP, skip);
931 }
932
933 _public_ int sd_journal_get_cursor(sd_journal *j, char **cursor) {
934         Object *o;
935         int r;
936         char bid[33], sid[33];
937
938         if (!j)
939                 return -EINVAL;
940         if (!cursor)
941                 return -EINVAL;
942
943         if (!j->current_file || j->current_file->current_offset <= 0)
944                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
945
946         r = journal_file_move_to_object(j->current_file, OBJECT_ENTRY, j->current_file->current_offset, &o);
947         if (r < 0)
948                 return r;
949
950         sd_id128_to_string(j->current_file->header->seqnum_id, sid);
951         sd_id128_to_string(o->entry.boot_id, bid);
952
953         if (asprintf(cursor,
954                      "s=%s;i=%llx;b=%s;m=%llx;t=%llx;x=%llx",
955                      sid, (unsigned long long) le64toh(o->entry.seqnum),
956                      bid, (unsigned long long) le64toh(o->entry.monotonic),
957                      (unsigned long long) le64toh(o->entry.realtime),
958                      (unsigned long long) le64toh(o->entry.xor_hash)) < 0)
959                 return -ENOMEM;
960
961         return 0;
962 }
963
964 _public_ int sd_journal_seek_cursor(sd_journal *j, const char *cursor) {
965         char *w, *state;
966         size_t l;
967         unsigned long long seqnum, monotonic, realtime, xor_hash;
968         bool
969                 seqnum_id_set = false,
970                 seqnum_set = false,
971                 boot_id_set = false,
972                 monotonic_set = false,
973                 realtime_set = false,
974                 xor_hash_set = false;
975         sd_id128_t seqnum_id, boot_id;
976
977         if (!j)
978                 return -EINVAL;
979         if (isempty(cursor))
980                 return -EINVAL;
981
982         FOREACH_WORD_SEPARATOR(w, l, cursor, ";", state) {
983                 char *item;
984                 int k = 0;
985
986                 if (l < 2 || w[1] != '=')
987                         return -EINVAL;
988
989                 item = strndup(w, l);
990                 if (!item)
991                         return -ENOMEM;
992
993                 switch (w[0]) {
994
995                 case 's':
996                         seqnum_id_set = true;
997                         k = sd_id128_from_string(item+2, &seqnum_id);
998                         break;
999
1000                 case 'i':
1001                         seqnum_set = true;
1002                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &seqnum) != 1)
1003                                 k = -EINVAL;
1004                         break;
1005
1006                 case 'b':
1007                         boot_id_set = true;
1008                         k = sd_id128_from_string(item+2, &boot_id);
1009                         break;
1010
1011                 case 'm':
1012                         monotonic_set = true;
1013                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &monotonic) != 1)
1014                                 k = -EINVAL;
1015                         break;
1016
1017                 case 't':
1018                         realtime_set = true;
1019                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &realtime) != 1)
1020                                 k = -EINVAL;
1021                         break;
1022
1023                 case 'x':
1024                         xor_hash_set = true;
1025                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &xor_hash) != 1)
1026                                 k = -EINVAL;
1027                         break;
1028                 }
1029
1030                 free(item);
1031
1032                 if (k < 0)
1033                         return k;
1034         }
1035
1036         if ((!seqnum_set || !seqnum_id_set) &&
1037             (!monotonic_set || !boot_id_set) &&
1038             !realtime_set)
1039                 return -EINVAL;
1040
1041         reset_location(j);
1042
1043         j->current_location.type = LOCATION_SEEK;
1044
1045         if (realtime_set) {
1046                 j->current_location.realtime = (uint64_t) realtime;
1047                 j->current_location.realtime_set = true;
1048         }
1049
1050         if (seqnum_set && seqnum_id_set) {
1051                 j->current_location.seqnum = (uint64_t) seqnum;
1052                 j->current_location.seqnum_id = seqnum_id;
1053                 j->current_location.seqnum_set = true;
1054         }
1055
1056         if (monotonic_set && boot_id_set) {
1057                 j->current_location.monotonic = (uint64_t) monotonic;
1058                 j->current_location.boot_id = boot_id;
1059                 j->current_location.monotonic_set = true;
1060         }
1061
1062         if (xor_hash_set) {
1063                 j->current_location.xor_hash = (uint64_t) xor_hash;
1064                 j->current_location.xor_hash_set = true;
1065         }
1066
1067         return 0;
1068 }
1069
1070 _public_ int sd_journal_test_cursor(sd_journal *j, const char *cursor) {
1071         int r;
1072         char *w, *state;
1073         size_t l;
1074         Object *o;
1075
1076         if (!j)
1077                 return -EINVAL;
1078         if (isempty(cursor))
1079                 return -EINVAL;
1080
1081         if (!j->current_file || j->current_file->current_offset <= 0)
1082                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1083
1084         r = journal_file_move_to_object(j->current_file, OBJECT_ENTRY, j->current_file->current_offset, &o);
1085         if (r < 0)
1086                 return r;
1087
1088         FOREACH_WORD_SEPARATOR(w, l, cursor, ";", state) {
1089                 _cleanup_free_ char *item = NULL;
1090                 sd_id128_t id;
1091                 unsigned long long ll;
1092                 int k = 0;
1093
1094                 if (l < 2 || w[1] != '=')
1095                         return -EINVAL;
1096
1097                 item = strndup(w, l);
1098                 if (!item)
1099                         return -ENOMEM;
1100
1101                 switch (w[0]) {
1102
1103                 case 's':
1104                         k = sd_id128_from_string(item+2, &id);
1105                         if (k < 0)
1106                                 return k;
1107                         if (!sd_id128_equal(id, j->current_file->header->seqnum_id))
1108                                 return 0;
1109                         break;
1110
1111                 case 'i':
1112                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &ll) != 1)
1113                                 return -EINVAL;
1114                         if (ll != le64toh(o->entry.seqnum))
1115                                 return 0;
1116                         break;
1117
1118                 case 'b':
1119                         k = sd_id128_from_string(item+2, &id);
1120                         if (k < 0)
1121                                 return k;
1122                         if (!sd_id128_equal(id, o->entry.boot_id))
1123                                 return 0;
1124                         break;
1125
1126                 case 'm':
1127                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &ll) != 1)
1128                                 return -EINVAL;
1129                         if (ll != le64toh(o->entry.monotonic))
1130                                 return 0;
1131                         break;
1132
1133                 case 't':
1134                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &ll) != 1)
1135                                 return -EINVAL;
1136                         if (ll != le64toh(o->entry.realtime))
1137                                 return 0;
1138                         break;
1139
1140                 case 'x':
1141                         if (sscanf(item+2, "%llx", &ll) != 1)
1142                                 return -EINVAL;
1143                         if (ll != le64toh(o->entry.xor_hash))
1144                                 return 0;
1145                         break;
1146                 }
1147         }
1148
1149         return 1;
1150 }
1151
1152
1153 _public_ int sd_journal_seek_monotonic_usec(sd_journal *j, sd_id128_t boot_id, uint64_t usec) {
1154         if (!j)
1155                 return -EINVAL;
1156
1157         reset_location(j);
1158         j->current_location.type = LOCATION_SEEK;
1159         j->current_location.boot_id = boot_id;
1160         j->current_location.monotonic = usec;
1161         j->current_location.monotonic_set = true;
1162
1163         return 0;
1164 }
1165
1166 _public_ int sd_journal_seek_realtime_usec(sd_journal *j, uint64_t usec) {
1167         if (!j)
1168                 return -EINVAL;
1169
1170         reset_location(j);
1171         j->current_location.type = LOCATION_SEEK;
1172         j->current_location.realtime = usec;
1173         j->current_location.realtime_set = true;
1174
1175         return 0;
1176 }
1177
1178 _public_ int sd_journal_seek_head(sd_journal *j) {
1179         if (!j)
1180                 return -EINVAL;
1181
1182         reset_location(j);
1183         j->current_location.type = LOCATION_HEAD;
1184
1185         return 0;
1186 }
1187
1188 _public_ int sd_journal_seek_tail(sd_journal *j) {
1189         if (!j)
1190                 return -EINVAL;
1191
1192         reset_location(j);
1193         j->current_location.type = LOCATION_TAIL;
1194
1195         return 0;
1196 }
1197
1198 static void check_network(sd_journal *j, int fd) {
1199         struct statfs sfs;
1200
1201         assert(j);
1202
1203         if (j->on_network)
1204                 return;
1205
1206         if (fstatfs(fd, &sfs) < 0)
1207                 return;
1208
1209         j->on_network =
1210                 (long)sfs.f_type == (long)CIFS_MAGIC_NUMBER ||
1211                 sfs.f_type == CODA_SUPER_MAGIC ||
1212                 sfs.f_type == NCP_SUPER_MAGIC ||
1213                 sfs.f_type == NFS_SUPER_MAGIC ||
1214                 sfs.f_type == SMB_SUPER_MAGIC;
1215 }
1216
1217 static int add_file(sd_journal *j, const char *prefix, const char *filename) {
1218         char _cleanup_free_ *path = NULL;
1219         int r;
1220         JournalFile *f;
1221
1222         assert(j);
1223         assert(prefix);
1224         assert(filename);
1225
1226         if ((j->flags & SD_JOURNAL_SYSTEM_ONLY) &&
1227             !(streq(filename, "system.journal") ||
1228               streq(filename, "system.journal~") ||
1229               (startswith(filename, "system@") &&
1230                (endswith(filename, ".journal") || endswith(filename, ".journal~")))))
1231                 return 0;
1232
1233         path = strjoin(prefix, "/", filename, NULL);
1234         if (!path)
1235                 return -ENOMEM;
1236
1237         if (hashmap_get(j->files, path))
1238                 return 0;
1239
1240         if (hashmap_size(j->files) >= JOURNAL_FILES_MAX) {
1241                 log_debug("Too many open journal files, not adding %s, ignoring.", path);
1242                 return 0;
1243         }
1244
1245         r = journal_file_open(path, O_RDONLY, 0, false, false, NULL, j->mmap, NULL, &f);
1246         if (r < 0) {
1247                 if (errno == ENOENT)
1248                         return 0;
1249
1250                 return r;
1251         }
1252
1253         /* journal_file_dump(f); */
1254
1255         r = hashmap_put(j->files, f->path, f);
1256         if (r < 0) {
1257                 journal_file_close(f);
1258                 return r;
1259         }
1260
1261         log_debug("File %s got added.", f->path);
1262
1263         check_network(j, f->fd);
1264
1265         j->current_invalidate_counter ++;
1266
1267         return 0;
1268 }
1269
1270 static int remove_file(sd_journal *j, const char *prefix, const char *filename) {
1271         char *path;
1272         JournalFile *f;
1273
1274         assert(j);
1275         assert(prefix);
1276         assert(filename);
1277
1278         path = strjoin(prefix, "/", filename, NULL);
1279         if (!path)
1280                 return -ENOMEM;
1281
1282         f = hashmap_get(j->files, path);
1283         free(path);
1284         if (!f)
1285                 return 0;
1286
1287         hashmap_remove(j->files, f->path);
1288
1289         log_debug("File %s got removed.", f->path);
1290
1291         if (j->current_file == f) {
1292                 j->current_file = NULL;
1293                 j->current_field = 0;
1294         }
1295
1296         if (j->unique_file == f) {
1297                 j->unique_file = NULL;
1298                 j->unique_offset = 0;
1299         }
1300
1301         journal_file_close(f);
1302
1303         j->current_invalidate_counter ++;
1304
1305         return 0;
1306 }
1307
1308 static int add_directory(sd_journal *j, const char *prefix, const char *dirname) {
1309         char _cleanup_free_ *path = NULL;
1310         int r;
1311         DIR _cleanup_closedir_ *d = NULL;
1312         sd_id128_t id, mid;
1313         Directory *m;
1314
1315         assert(j);
1316         assert(prefix);
1317         assert(dirname);
1318
1319         log_debug("Considering %s/%s.", prefix, dirname);
1320
1321         if ((j->flags & SD_JOURNAL_LOCAL_ONLY) &&
1322             (sd_id128_from_string(dirname, &id) < 0 ||
1323              sd_id128_get_machine(&mid) < 0 ||
1324              !(sd_id128_equal(id, mid) || path_startswith(prefix, "/run"))))
1325             return 0;
1326
1327         path = strjoin(prefix, "/", dirname, NULL);
1328         if (!path)
1329                 return -ENOMEM;
1330
1331         d = opendir(path);
1332         if (!d) {
1333                 log_debug("Failed to open %s: %m", path);
1334                 if (errno == ENOENT)
1335                         return 0;
1336                 return -errno;
1337         }
1338
1339         m = hashmap_get(j->directories_by_path, path);
1340         if (!m) {
1341                 m = new0(Directory, 1);
1342                 if (!m)
1343                         return -ENOMEM;
1344
1345                 m->is_root = false;
1346                 m->path = path;
1347
1348                 if (hashmap_put(j->directories_by_path, m->path, m) < 0) {
1349                         free(m);
1350                         return -ENOMEM;
1351                 }
1352
1353                 path = NULL; /* avoid freeing in cleanup */
1354                 j->current_invalidate_counter ++;
1355
1356                 log_debug("Directory %s got added.", m->path);
1357
1358         } else if (m->is_root)
1359                 return 0;
1360
1361         if (m->wd <= 0 && j->inotify_fd >= 0) {
1362
1363                 m->wd = inotify_add_watch(j->inotify_fd, m->path,
1364                                           IN_CREATE|IN_MOVED_TO|IN_MODIFY|IN_ATTRIB|IN_DELETE|
1365                                           IN_DELETE_SELF|IN_MOVE_SELF|IN_UNMOUNT|IN_MOVED_FROM|
1366                                           IN_ONLYDIR);
1367
1368                 if (m->wd > 0 && hashmap_put(j->directories_by_wd, INT_TO_PTR(m->wd), m) < 0)
1369                         inotify_rm_watch(j->inotify_fd, m->wd);
1370         }
1371
1372         for (;;) {
1373                 struct dirent *de;
1374                 union dirent_storage buf;
1375
1376                 r = readdir_r(d, &buf.de, &de);
1377                 if (r != 0 || !de)
1378                         break;
1379
1380                 if (dirent_is_file_with_suffix(de, ".journal") ||
1381                     dirent_is_file_with_suffix(de, ".journal~")) {
1382                         r = add_file(j, m->path, de->d_name);
1383                         if (r < 0)
1384                                 log_debug("Failed to add file %s/%s: %s", m->path, de->d_name, strerror(-r));
1385                 }
1386         }
1387
1388         check_network(j, dirfd(d));
1389
1390         return 0;
1391 }
1392
1393 static int add_root_directory(sd_journal *j, const char *p) {
1394         DIR _cleanup_closedir_ *d = NULL;
1395         Directory *m;
1396         int r;
1397
1398         assert(j);
1399         assert(p);
1400
1401         if ((j->flags & SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY) &&
1402             !path_startswith(p, "/run"))
1403                 return -EINVAL;
1404
1405         d = opendir(p);
1406         if (!d)
1407                 return -errno;
1408
1409         m = hashmap_get(j->directories_by_path, p);
1410         if (!m) {
1411                 m = new0(Directory, 1);
1412                 if (!m)
1413                         return -ENOMEM;
1414
1415                 m->is_root = true;
1416                 m->path = strdup(p);
1417                 if (!m->path) {
1418                         free(m);
1419                         return -ENOMEM;
1420                 }
1421
1422                 if (hashmap_put(j->directories_by_path, m->path, m) < 0) {
1423                         free(m->path);
1424                         free(m);
1425                         return -ENOMEM;
1426                 }
1427
1428                 j->current_invalidate_counter ++;
1429
1430                 log_debug("Root directory %s got added.", m->path);
1431
1432         } else if (!m->is_root)
1433                 return 0;
1434
1435         if (m->wd <= 0 && j->inotify_fd >= 0) {
1436
1437                 m->wd = inotify_add_watch(j->inotify_fd, m->path,
1438                                           IN_CREATE|IN_MOVED_TO|IN_MODIFY|IN_ATTRIB|IN_DELETE|
1439                                           IN_ONLYDIR);
1440
1441                 if (m->wd > 0 && hashmap_put(j->directories_by_wd, INT_TO_PTR(m->wd), m) < 0)
1442                         inotify_rm_watch(j->inotify_fd, m->wd);
1443         }
1444
1445         for (;;) {
1446                 struct dirent *de;
1447                 union dirent_storage buf;
1448                 sd_id128_t id;
1449
1450                 r = readdir_r(d, &buf.de, &de);
1451                 if (r != 0 || !de)
1452                         break;
1453
1454                 if (dirent_is_file_with_suffix(de, ".journal") ||
1455                     dirent_is_file_with_suffix(de, ".journal~")) {
1456                         r = add_file(j, m->path, de->d_name);
1457                         if (r < 0)
1458                                 log_debug("Failed to add file %s/%s: %s", m->path, de->d_name, strerror(-r));
1459
1460                 } else if ((de->d_type == DT_DIR || de->d_type == DT_LNK || de->d_type == DT_UNKNOWN) &&
1461                            sd_id128_from_string(de->d_name, &id) >= 0) {
1462
1463                         r = add_directory(j, m->path, de->d_name);
1464                         if (r < 0)
1465                                 log_debug("Failed to add directory %s/%s: %s", m->path, de->d_name, strerror(-r));
1466                 }
1467         }
1468
1469         check_network(j, dirfd(d));
1470
1471         return 0;
1472 }
1473
1474 static int remove_directory(sd_journal *j, Directory *d) {
1475         assert(j);
1476
1477         if (d->wd > 0) {
1478                 hashmap_remove(j->directories_by_wd, INT_TO_PTR(d->wd));
1479
1480                 if (j->inotify_fd >= 0)
1481                         inotify_rm_watch(j->inotify_fd, d->wd);
1482         }
1483
1484         hashmap_remove(j->directories_by_path, d->path);
1485
1486         if (d->is_root)
1487                 log_debug("Root directory %s got removed.", d->path);
1488         else
1489                 log_debug("Directory %s got removed.", d->path);
1490
1491         free(d->path);
1492         free(d);
1493
1494         return 0;
1495 }
1496
1497 static int add_search_paths(sd_journal *j) {
1498
1499         const char search_paths[] =
1500                 "/run/log/journal\0"
1501                 "/var/log/journal\0";
1502         const char *p;
1503
1504         assert(j);
1505
1506         /* We ignore most errors here, since the idea is to only open
1507          * what's actually accessible, and ignore the rest. */
1508
1509         NULSTR_FOREACH(p, search_paths)
1510                 add_root_directory(j, p);
1511
1512         return 0;
1513 }
1514
1515 static int allocate_inotify(sd_journal *j) {
1516         assert(j);
1517
1518         if (j->inotify_fd < 0) {
1519                 j->inotify_fd = inotify_init1(IN_NONBLOCK|IN_CLOEXEC);
1520                 if (j->inotify_fd < 0)
1521                         return -errno;
1522         }
1523
1524         if (!j->directories_by_wd) {
1525                 j->directories_by_wd = hashmap_new(trivial_hash_func, trivial_compare_func);
1526                 if (!j->directories_by_wd)
1527                         return -ENOMEM;
1528         }
1529
1530         return 0;
1531 }
1532
1533 static sd_journal *journal_new(int flags, const char *path) {
1534         sd_journal *j;
1535
1536         j = new0(sd_journal, 1);
1537         if (!j)
1538                 return NULL;
1539
1540         j->inotify_fd = -1;
1541         j->flags = flags;
1542         j->data_threshold = DEFAULT_DATA_THRESHOLD;
1543
1544         if (path) {
1545                 j->path = strdup(path);
1546                 if (!j->path)
1547                         goto fail;
1548         }
1549
1550         j->files = hashmap_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func);
1551         j->directories_by_path = hashmap_new(string_hash_func, string_compare_func);
1552         j->mmap = mmap_cache_new();
1553         if (!j->files || !j->directories_by_path || !j->mmap)
1554                 goto fail;
1555
1556         return j;
1557
1558 fail:
1559         sd_journal_close(j);
1560         return NULL;
1561 }
1562
1563 _public_ int sd_journal_open(sd_journal **ret, int flags) {
1564         sd_journal *j;
1565         int r;
1566
1567         if (!ret)
1568                 return -EINVAL;
1569
1570         if (flags & ~(SD_JOURNAL_LOCAL_ONLY|
1571                       SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY|
1572                       SD_JOURNAL_SYSTEM_ONLY))
1573                 return -EINVAL;
1574
1575         j = journal_new(flags, NULL);
1576         if (!j)
1577                 return -ENOMEM;
1578
1579         r = add_search_paths(j);
1580         if (r < 0)
1581                 goto fail;
1582
1583         *ret = j;
1584         return 0;
1585
1586 fail:
1587         sd_journal_close(j);
1588
1589         return r;
1590 }
1591
1592 _public_ int sd_journal_open_directory(sd_journal **ret, const char *path, int flags) {
1593         sd_journal *j;
1594         int r;
1595
1596         if (!ret)
1597                 return -EINVAL;
1598
1599         if (!path || !path_is_absolute(path))
1600                 return -EINVAL;
1601
1602         if (flags != 0)
1603                 return -EINVAL;
1604
1605         j = journal_new(flags, path);
1606         if (!j)
1607                 return -ENOMEM;
1608
1609         r = add_root_directory(j, path);
1610         if (r < 0)
1611                 goto fail;
1612
1613         *ret = j;
1614         return 0;
1615
1616 fail:
1617         sd_journal_close(j);
1618
1619         return r;
1620 }
1621
1622 _public_ void sd_journal_close(sd_journal *j) {
1623         Directory *d;
1624         JournalFile *f;
1625
1626         if (!j)
1627                 return;
1628
1629         while ((f = hashmap_steal_first(j->files)))
1630                 journal_file_close(f);
1631
1632         hashmap_free(j->files);
1633
1634         while ((d = hashmap_first(j->directories_by_path)))
1635                 remove_directory(j, d);
1636
1637         while ((d = hashmap_first(j->directories_by_wd)))
1638                 remove_directory(j, d);
1639
1640         hashmap_free(j->directories_by_path);
1641         hashmap_free(j->directories_by_wd);
1642
1643         if (j->inotify_fd >= 0)
1644                 close_nointr_nofail(j->inotify_fd);
1645
1646         sd_journal_flush_matches(j);
1647
1648         if (j->mmap)
1649                 mmap_cache_unref(j->mmap);
1650
1651         free(j->path);
1652         free(j->unique_field);
1653         free(j);
1654 }
1655
1656 _public_ int sd_journal_get_realtime_usec(sd_journal *j, uint64_t *ret) {
1657         Object *o;
1658         JournalFile *f;
1659         int r;
1660
1661         if (!j)
1662                 return -EINVAL;
1663         if (!ret)
1664                 return -EINVAL;
1665
1666         f = j->current_file;
1667         if (!f)
1668                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1669
1670         if (f->current_offset <= 0)
1671                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1672
1673         r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, f->current_offset, &o);
1674         if (r < 0)
1675                 return r;
1676
1677         *ret = le64toh(o->entry.realtime);
1678         return 0;
1679 }
1680
1681 _public_ int sd_journal_get_monotonic_usec(sd_journal *j, uint64_t *ret, sd_id128_t *ret_boot_id) {
1682         Object *o;
1683         JournalFile *f;
1684         int r;
1685         sd_id128_t id;
1686
1687         if (!j)
1688                 return -EINVAL;
1689
1690         f = j->current_file;
1691         if (!f)
1692                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1693
1694         if (f->current_offset <= 0)
1695                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1696
1697         r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, f->current_offset, &o);
1698         if (r < 0)
1699                 return r;
1700
1701         if (ret_boot_id)
1702                 *ret_boot_id = o->entry.boot_id;
1703         else {
1704                 r = sd_id128_get_boot(&id);
1705                 if (r < 0)
1706                         return r;
1707
1708                 if (!sd_id128_equal(id, o->entry.boot_id))
1709                         return -ESTALE;
1710         }
1711
1712         if (ret)
1713                 *ret = le64toh(o->entry.monotonic);
1714
1715         return 0;
1716 }
1717
1718 static bool field_is_valid(const char *field) {
1719         const char *p;
1720
1721         assert(field);
1722
1723         if (isempty(field))
1724                 return false;
1725
1726         if (startswith(field, "__"))
1727                 return false;
1728
1729         for (p = field; *p; p++) {
1730
1731                 if (*p == '_')
1732                         continue;
1733
1734                 if (*p >= 'A' && *p <= 'Z')
1735                         continue;
1736
1737                 if (*p >= '0' && *p <= '9')
1738                         continue;
1739
1740                 return false;
1741         }
1742
1743         return true;
1744 }
1745
1746 _public_ int sd_journal_get_data(sd_journal *j, const char *field, const void **data, size_t *size) {
1747         JournalFile *f;
1748         uint64_t i, n;
1749         size_t field_length;
1750         int r;
1751         Object *o;
1752
1753         if (!j)
1754                 return -EINVAL;
1755         if (!field)
1756                 return -EINVAL;
1757         if (!data)
1758                 return -EINVAL;
1759         if (!size)
1760                 return -EINVAL;
1761
1762         if (!field_is_valid(field))
1763                 return -EINVAL;
1764
1765         f = j->current_file;
1766         if (!f)
1767                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1768
1769         if (f->current_offset <= 0)
1770                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1771
1772         r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, f->current_offset, &o);
1773         if (r < 0)
1774                 return r;
1775
1776         field_length = strlen(field);
1777
1778         n = journal_file_entry_n_items(o);
1779         for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
1780                 uint64_t p, l;
1781                 le64_t le_hash;
1782                 size_t t;
1783
1784                 p = le64toh(o->entry.items[i].object_offset);
1785                 le_hash = o->entry.items[i].hash;
1786                 r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_DATA, p, &o);
1787                 if (r < 0)
1788                         return r;
1789
1790                 if (le_hash != o->data.hash)
1791                         return -EBADMSG;
1792
1793                 l = le64toh(o->object.size) - offsetof(Object, data.payload);
1794
1795                 if (o->object.flags & OBJECT_COMPRESSED) {
1796
1797 #ifdef HAVE_XZ
1798                         if (uncompress_startswith(o->data.payload, l,
1799                                                   &f->compress_buffer, &f->compress_buffer_size,
1800                                                   field, field_length, '=')) {
1801
1802                                 uint64_t rsize;
1803
1804                                 if (!uncompress_blob(o->data.payload, l,
1805                                                      &f->compress_buffer, &f->compress_buffer_size, &rsize,
1806                                                      j->data_threshold))
1807                                         return -EBADMSG;
1808
1809                                 *data = f->compress_buffer;
1810                                 *size = (size_t) rsize;
1811
1812                                 return 0;
1813                         }
1814 #else
1815                         return -EPROTONOSUPPORT;
1816 #endif
1817
1818                 } else if (l >= field_length+1 &&
1819                            memcmp(o->data.payload, field, field_length) == 0 &&
1820                            o->data.payload[field_length] == '=') {
1821
1822                         t = (size_t) l;
1823
1824                         if ((uint64_t) t != l)
1825                                 return -E2BIG;
1826
1827                         *data = o->data.payload;
1828                         *size = t;
1829
1830                         return 0;
1831                 }
1832
1833                 r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, f->current_offset, &o);
1834                 if (r < 0)
1835                         return r;
1836         }
1837
1838         return -ENOENT;
1839 }
1840
1841 static int return_data(sd_journal *j, JournalFile *f, Object *o, const void **data, size_t *size) {
1842         size_t t;
1843         uint64_t l;
1844
1845         l = le64toh(o->object.size) - offsetof(Object, data.payload);
1846         t = (size_t) l;
1847
1848         /* We can't read objects larger than 4G on a 32bit machine */
1849         if ((uint64_t) t != l)
1850                 return -E2BIG;
1851
1852         if (o->object.flags & OBJECT_COMPRESSED) {
1853 #ifdef HAVE_XZ
1854                 uint64_t rsize;
1855
1856                 if (!uncompress_blob(o->data.payload, l, &f->compress_buffer, &f->compress_buffer_size, &rsize, j->data_threshold))
1857                         return -EBADMSG;
1858
1859                 *data = f->compress_buffer;
1860                 *size = (size_t) rsize;
1861 #else
1862                 return -EPROTONOSUPPORT;
1863 #endif
1864         } else {
1865                 *data = o->data.payload;
1866                 *size = t;
1867         }
1868
1869         return 0;
1870 }
1871
1872 _public_ int sd_journal_enumerate_data(sd_journal *j, const void **data, size_t *size) {
1873         JournalFile *f;
1874         uint64_t p, n;
1875         le64_t le_hash;
1876         int r;
1877         Object *o;
1878
1879         if (!j)
1880                 return -EINVAL;
1881         if (!data)
1882                 return -EINVAL;
1883         if (!size)
1884                 return -EINVAL;
1885
1886         f = j->current_file;
1887         if (!f)
1888                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1889
1890         if (f->current_offset <= 0)
1891                 return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
1892
1893         r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_ENTRY, f->current_offset, &o);
1894         if (r < 0)
1895                 return r;
1896
1897         n = journal_file_entry_n_items(o);
1898         if (j->current_field >= n)
1899                 return 0;
1900
1901         p = le64toh(o->entry.items[j->current_field].object_offset);
1902         le_hash = o->entry.items[j->current_field].hash;
1903         r = journal_file_move_to_object(f, OBJECT_DATA, p, &o);
1904         if (r < 0)
1905                 return r;
1906
1907         if (le_hash != o->data.hash)
1908                 return -EBADMSG;
1909
1910         r = return_data(j, f, o, data, size);
1911         if (r < 0)
1912                 return r;
1913
1914         j->current_field ++;
1915
1916         return 1;
1917 }
1918
1919 _public_ void sd_journal_restart_data(sd_journal *j) {
1920         if (!j)
1921                 return;
1922
1923         j->current_field = 0;
1924 }
1925
1926 _public_ int sd_journal_get_fd(sd_journal *j) {
1927         int r;
1928
1929         if (!j)
1930                 return -EINVAL;
1931
1932         if (j->inotify_fd >= 0)
1933                 return j->inotify_fd;
1934
1935         r = allocate_inotify(j);
1936         if (r < 0)
1937                 return r;
1938
1939         /* Iterate through all dirs again, to add them to the
1940          * inotify */
1941         if (j->path)
1942                 r = add_root_directory(j, j->path);
1943         else
1944                 r = add_search_paths(j);
1945         if (r < 0)
1946                 return r;
1947
1948         return j->inotify_fd;
1949 }
1950
1951 static void process_inotify_event(sd_journal *j, struct inotify_event *e) {
1952         Directory *d;
1953         int r;
1954
1955         assert(j);
1956         assert(e);
1957
1958         /* Is this a subdirectory we watch? */
1959         d = hashmap_get(j->directories_by_wd, INT_TO_PTR(e->wd));
1960         if (d) {
1961                 sd_id128_t id;
1962
1963                 if (!(e->mask & IN_ISDIR) && e->len > 0 &&
1964                     (endswith(e->name, ".journal") ||
1965                      endswith(e->name, ".journal~"))) {
1966
1967                         /* Event for a journal file */
1968
1969                         if (e->mask & (IN_CREATE|IN_MOVED_TO|IN_MODIFY|IN_ATTRIB)) {
1970                                 r = add_file(j, d->path, e->name);
1971                                 if (r < 0)
1972                                         log_debug("Failed to add file %s/%s: %s", d->path, e->name, strerror(-r));
1973
1974                         } else if (e->mask & (IN_DELETE|IN_MOVED_FROM|IN_UNMOUNT)) {
1975
1976                                 r = remove_file(j, d->path, e->name);
1977                                 if (r < 0)
1978                                         log_debug("Failed to remove file %s/%s: %s", d->path, e->name, strerror(-r));
1979                         }
1980
1981                 } else if (!d->is_root && e->len == 0) {
1982
1983                         /* Event for a subdirectory */
1984
1985                         if (e->mask & (IN_DELETE_SELF|IN_MOVE_SELF|IN_UNMOUNT)) {
1986                                 r = remove_directory(j, d);
1987                                 if (r < 0)
1988                                         log_debug("Failed to remove directory %s: %s", d->path, strerror(-r));
1989                         }
1990
1991
1992                 } else if (d->is_root && (e->mask & IN_ISDIR) && e->len > 0 && sd_id128_from_string(e->name, &id) >= 0) {
1993
1994                         /* Event for root directory */
1995
1996                         if (e->mask & (IN_CREATE|IN_MOVED_TO|IN_MODIFY|IN_ATTRIB)) {
1997                                 r = add_directory(j, d->path, e->name);
1998                                 if (r < 0)
1999                                         log_debug("Failed to add directory %s/%s: %s", d->path, e->name, strerror(-r));
2000                         }
2001                 }
2002
2003                 return;
2004         }
2005
2006         if (e->mask & IN_IGNORED)
2007                 return;
2008
2009         log_warning("Unknown inotify event.");
2010 }
2011
2012 static int determine_change(sd_journal *j) {
2013         bool b;
2014
2015         assert(j);
2016
2017         b = j->current_invalidate_counter != j->last_invalidate_counter;
2018         j->last_invalidate_counter = j->current_invalidate_counter;
2019
2020         return b ? SD_JOURNAL_INVALIDATE : SD_JOURNAL_APPEND;
2021 }
2022
2023 _public_ int sd_journal_process(sd_journal *j) {
2024         uint8_t buffer[sizeof(struct inotify_event) + FILENAME_MAX] _alignas_(struct inotify_event);
2025         bool got_something = false;
2026
2027         if (!j)
2028                 return -EINVAL;
2029
2030         for (;;) {
2031                 struct inotify_event *e;
2032                 ssize_t l;
2033
2034                 l = read(j->inotify_fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
2035                 if (l < 0) {
2036                         if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EINTR)
2037                                 return got_something ? determine_change(j) : SD_JOURNAL_NOP;
2038
2039                         return -errno;
2040                 }
2041
2042                 got_something = true;
2043
2044                 e = (struct inotify_event*) buffer;
2045                 while (l > 0) {
2046                         size_t step;
2047
2048                         process_inotify_event(j, e);
2049
2050                         step = sizeof(struct inotify_event) + e->len;
2051                         assert(step <= (size_t) l);
2052
2053                         e = (struct inotify_event*) ((uint8_t*) e + step);
2054                         l -= step;
2055                 }
2056         }
2057
2058         return determine_change(j);
2059 }
2060
2061 _public_ int sd_journal_wait(sd_journal *j, uint64_t timeout_usec) {
2062         int r;
2063
2064         assert(j);
2065
2066         if (j->inotify_fd < 0) {
2067
2068                 /* This is the first invocation, hence create the
2069                  * inotify watch */
2070                 r = sd_journal_get_fd(j);
2071                 if (r < 0)
2072                         return r;
2073
2074                 /* The journal might have changed since the context
2075                  * object was created and we weren't watching before,
2076                  * hence don't wait for anything, and return
2077                  * immediately. */
2078                 return determine_change(j);
2079         }
2080
2081         if (j->on_network) {
2082                 /* If we are on the network we need to regularly check
2083                  * for changes manually */
2084
2085                 if (timeout_usec == (uint64_t) -1 || timeout_usec > JOURNAL_FILES_RECHECK_USEC)
2086                         timeout_usec = JOURNAL_FILES_RECHECK_USEC;
2087         }
2088
2089         do {
2090                 r = fd_wait_for_event(j->inotify_fd, POLLIN, timeout_usec);
2091         } while (r == -EINTR);
2092
2093         if (r < 0)
2094                 return r;
2095
2096         return sd_journal_process(j);
2097 }
2098
2099 _public_ int sd_journal_get_cutoff_realtime_usec(sd_journal *j, uint64_t *from, uint64_t *to) {
2100         Iterator i;
2101         JournalFile *f;
2102         bool first = true;
2103         int r;
2104
2105         if (!j)
2106                 return -EINVAL;
2107         if (!from && !to)
2108                 return -EINVAL;
2109
2110         HASHMAP_FOREACH(f, j->files, i) {
2111                 usec_t fr, t;
2112
2113                 r = journal_file_get_cutoff_realtime_usec(f, &fr, &t);
2114                 if (r == -ENOENT)
2115                         continue;
2116                 if (r < 0)
2117                         return r;
2118                 if (r == 0)
2119                         continue;
2120
2121                 if (first) {
2122                         if (from)
2123                                 *from = fr;
2124                         if (to)
2125                                 *to = t;
2126                         first = false;
2127                 } else {
2128                         if (from)
2129                                 *from = MIN(fr, *from);
2130                         if (to)
2131                                 *to = MAX(t, *to);
2132                 }
2133         }
2134
2135         return first ? 0 : 1;
2136 }
2137
2138 _public_ int sd_journal_get_cutoff_monotonic_usec(sd_journal *j, sd_id128_t boot_id, uint64_t *from, uint64_t *to) {
2139         Iterator i;
2140         JournalFile *f;
2141         bool first = true;
2142         int r;
2143
2144         if (!j)
2145                 return -EINVAL;
2146         if (!from && !to)
2147                 return -EINVAL;
2148
2149         HASHMAP_FOREACH(f, j->files, i) {
2150                 usec_t fr, t;
2151
2152                 r = journal_file_get_cutoff_monotonic_usec(f, boot_id, &fr, &t);
2153                 if (r == -ENOENT)
2154                         continue;
2155                 if (r < 0)
2156                         return r;
2157                 if (r == 0)
2158                         continue;
2159
2160                 if (first) {
2161                         if (from)
2162                                 *from = fr;
2163                         if (to)
2164                                 *to = t;
2165                         first = false;
2166                 } else {
2167                         if (from)
2168                                 *from = MIN(fr, *from);
2169                         if (to)
2170                                 *to = MAX(t, *to);
2171                 }
2172         }
2173
2174         return first ? 0 : 1;
2175 }
2176
2177 void journal_print_header(sd_journal *j) {
2178         Iterator i;
2179         JournalFile *f;
2180         bool newline = false;
2181
2182         assert(j);
2183
2184         HASHMAP_FOREACH(f, j->files, i) {
2185                 if (newline)
2186                         putchar('\n');
2187                 else
2188                         newline = true;
2189
2190                 journal_file_print_header(f);
2191         }
2192 }
2193
2194 _public_ int sd_journal_get_usage(sd_journal *j, uint64_t *bytes) {
2195         Iterator i;
2196         JournalFile *f;
2197         uint64_t sum = 0;
2198
2199         if (!j)
2200                 return -EINVAL;
2201         if (!bytes)
2202                 return -EINVAL;
2203
2204         HASHMAP_FOREACH(f, j->files, i) {
2205                 struct stat st;
2206
2207                 if (fstat(f->fd, &st) < 0)
2208                         return -errno;
2209
2210                 sum += (uint64_t) st.st_blocks * 512ULL;
2211         }
2212
2213         *bytes = sum;
2214         return 0;
2215 }
2216
2217 _public_ int sd_journal_query_unique(sd_journal *j, const char *field) {
2218         char *f;
2219
2220         if (!j)
2221                 return -EINVAL;
2222         if (isempty(field))
2223                 return -EINVAL;
2224         if (!field_is_valid(field))
2225                 return -EINVAL;
2226
2227         f = strdup(field);
2228         if (!f)
2229                 return -ENOMEM;
2230
2231         free(j->unique_field);
2232         j->unique_field = f;
2233         j->unique_file = NULL;
2234         j->unique_offset = 0;
2235
2236         return 0;
2237 }
2238
2239 _public_ int sd_journal_enumerate_unique(sd_journal *j, const void **data, size_t *l) {
2240         Object *o;
2241         size_t k;
2242         int r;
2243
2244         if (!j)
2245                 return -EINVAL;
2246         if (!data)
2247                 return -EINVAL;
2248         if (!l)
2249                 return -EINVAL;
2250         if (!j->unique_field)
2251                 return -EINVAL;
2252
2253         k = strlen(j->unique_field);
2254
2255         if (!j->unique_file) {
2256                 j->unique_file = hashmap_first(j->files);
2257                 if (!j->unique_file)
2258                         return 0;
2259                 j->unique_offset = 0;
2260         }
2261
2262         for (;;) {
2263                 JournalFile *of;
2264                 Iterator i;
2265                 const void *odata;
2266                 size_t ol;
2267                 bool found;
2268
2269                 /* Proceed to next data object in the field's linked list */
2270                 if (j->unique_offset == 0) {
2271                         r = journal_file_find_field_object(j->unique_file, j->unique_field, k, &o, NULL);
2272                         if (r < 0)
2273                                 return r;
2274
2275                         j->unique_offset = r > 0 ? le64toh(o->field.head_data_offset) : 0;
2276                 } else {
2277                         r = journal_file_move_to_object(j->unique_file, OBJECT_DATA, j->unique_offset, &o);
2278                         if (r < 0)
2279                                 return r;
2280
2281                         j->unique_offset = le64toh(o->data.next_field_offset);
2282                 }
2283
2284                 /* We reached the end of the list? Then start again, with the next file */
2285                 if (j->unique_offset == 0) {
2286                         JournalFile *n;
2287
2288                         n = hashmap_next(j->files, j->unique_file->path);
2289                         if (!n)
2290                                 return 0;
2291
2292                         j->unique_file = n;
2293                         continue;
2294                 }
2295
2296                 /* We do not use the type context here, but 0 instead,
2297                  * so that we can look at this data object at the same
2298                  * time as one on another file */
2299                 r = journal_file_move_to_object(j->unique_file, 0, j->unique_offset, &o);
2300                 if (r < 0)
2301                         return r;
2302
2303                 /* Let's do the type check by hand, since we used 0 context above. */
2304                 if (o->object.type != OBJECT_DATA)
2305                         return -EBADMSG;
2306
2307                 r = return_data(j, j->unique_file, o, &odata, &ol);
2308                 if (r < 0)
2309                         return r;
2310
2311                 /* OK, now let's see if we already returned this data
2312                  * object by checking if it exists in the earlier
2313                  * traversed files. */
2314                 found = false;
2315                 HASHMAP_FOREACH(of, j->files, i) {
2316                         Object *oo;
2317                         uint64_t op;
2318
2319                         if (of == j->unique_file)
2320                                 break;
2321
2322                         /* Skip this file it didn't have any fields
2323                          * indexed */
2324                         if (JOURNAL_HEADER_CONTAINS(of->header, n_fields) &&
2325                             le64toh(of->header->n_fields) <= 0)
2326                                 continue;
2327
2328                         r = journal_file_find_data_object_with_hash(of, odata, ol, le64toh(o->data.hash), &oo, &op);
2329                         if (r < 0)
2330                                 return r;
2331
2332                         if (r > 0)
2333                                 found = true;
2334                 }
2335
2336                 if (found)
2337                         continue;
2338
2339                 r = return_data(j, j->unique_file, o, data, l);
2340                 if (r < 0)
2341                         return r;
2342
2343                 return 1;
2344         }
2345 }
2346
2347 _public_ void sd_journal_restart_unique(sd_journal *j) {
2348         if (!j)
2349                 return;
2350
2351         j->unique_file = NULL;
2352         j->unique_offset = 0;
2353 }
2354
2355 _public_ int sd_journal_reliable_fd(sd_journal *j) {
2356         if (!j)
2357                 return -EINVAL;
2358
2359         return !j->on_network;
2360 }
2361
2362 static char *lookup_field(const char *field, void *userdata) {
2363         sd_journal *j = userdata;
2364         const void *data;
2365         size_t size, d;
2366         int r;
2367
2368         assert(field);
2369         assert(j);
2370
2371         r = sd_journal_get_data(j, field, &data, &size);
2372         if (r < 0 ||
2373             size > REPLACE_VAR_MAX)
2374                 return strdup(field);
2375
2376         d = strlen(field) + 1;
2377
2378         return strndup((const char*) data + d, size - d);
2379 }
2380
2381 _public_ int sd_journal_get_catalog(sd_journal *j, char **ret) {
2382         const void *data;
2383         size_t size;
2384         sd_id128_t id;
2385         _cleanup_free_ char *text = NULL, *cid = NULL;
2386         char *t;
2387         int r;
2388
2389         if (!j)
2390                 return -EINVAL;
2391         if (!ret)
2392                 return -EINVAL;
2393
2394         r = sd_journal_get_data(j, "MESSAGE_ID", &data, &size);
2395         if (r < 0)
2396                 return r;
2397
2398         cid = strndup((const char*) data + 11, size - 11);
2399         if (!cid)
2400                 return -ENOMEM;
2401
2402         r = sd_id128_from_string(cid, &id);
2403         if (r < 0)
2404                 return r;
2405
2406         r = catalog_get(id, &text);
2407         if (r < 0)
2408                 return r;
2409
2410         t = replace_var(text, lookup_field, j);
2411         if (!t)
2412                 return -ENOMEM;
2413
2414         *ret = t;
2415         return 0;
2416 }
2417
2418 _public_ int sd_journal_get_catalog_for_message_id(sd_id128_t id, char **ret) {
2419         if (!ret)
2420                 return -EINVAL;
2421
2422         return catalog_get(id, ret);
2423 }
2424
2425 _public_ int sd_journal_set_data_threshold(sd_journal *j, size_t sz) {
2426         if (!j)
2427                 return -EINVAL;
2428
2429         j->data_threshold = sz;
2430         return 0;
2431 }
2432
2433 _public_ int sd_journal_get_data_threshold(sd_journal *j, size_t *sz) {
2434         if (!j)
2435                 return -EINVAL;
2436         if (!sz)
2437                 return -EINVAL;
2438
2439         *sz = j->data_threshold;
2440         return 0;
2441 }